Disease

Newcastle Disease – USA

The California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) has detected virulent Newcastle disease in a small flock of backyard exhibition chickens in Los Angeles County. This is the first case of virulent Newcastle disease, previously referred to as exotic Newcastle disease, in the U.S. since 2003.

Anthrax – Uganda

Outbreaks of human and animal anthrax have been reported in the Arua, Kween and Kiruhura districts of Uganda. Goats, sheep and cattle have been affected by the outbreaks. The UN Children’s Fund says ten animal and twelve human cases had been reported.

Ebola – DRC – Update

Democratic Republic of Congo’s health ministry says there is one new death from Ebola, bringing to 26 the number of deaths from the deadly outbreak in Equateur province in the country’s northwest.

Four new cases have been confirmed as Ebola, said the health ministry in a statement released early on Sunday. A total of 46 cases of hemorrhagic fever have been reported in the current outbreak, including 21 confirmed cases of Ebola, 21 probable and four suspected.

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Disease

Chicken pox: Vietnam

Chickenpox is being reported in increasing numbers in the northern regions of Vietnam. The Bach Mai Hospital in Hanoi has received hundreds of adults with chickenpox, including dozens of severe complications such as multiple skin infections, pneumonia and encephalitis.

Disease

Measles in Europe: Significant outbreaks continue

The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) reported Friday that Romania and France lead EU/EEA countries this year in measles.

The highest number of cases to date in 2018 were in Romania (2,712), France (2,173), Greece (1,948) and Italy (805) respectively. Twenty two deaths have also been reported by these countries in 2018. Additionally, there is an ongoing outbreak in England, UK with 440 confirmed measles cases reported this year.

Cameroon reports human monkeypox infections

On Thursday, Cameroon’s Public Health Minister issued a press statement saying human monkeypox cases have been reported in Njikwa, Momo Division, in the North West Region and Akwaya, Manyu, in the South West Region. The number of cases was not disclosed.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Thailand

In a follow-up report, Thailand health officials recently reported the number of dengue cases has topped 10,000 for 2018. Since the beginning of the year through May 15, a total of 10,446 cases were reported from 77 provinces (morbidity rate was 15.97 / 100,000 population).

Emerging Virus

A new virus that causes acute illness and even death in pigs has shown the ability to be passed on to humans, according to researchers at Ohio State University and Holland’s Utrecht University.

Porcine deltacoronavirus was first identified in 2012 among Chinese pigs. It has since caused sometimes-fatal diarrhea and vomiting in Ohio swine.

Researchers say they have found the virus can readily infect laboratory-cultured cells of humans and other species. No human cases have so far been documented, but scientists say they are concerned about the possibility.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Reunion

In continuing coverage of the 2018 dengue epidemic on the Indian Ocean island of Reunion off the African coast, French health officials reported an additional 388 biologically confirmed and probable cases in the past week, bringing the total cases to 2980 confirmed or probable cases reported since the Jan. 1.

Disease

Sexually transmitted infections – California, USA

A record number of Californians were diagnosed with a sexually transmitted disease (STD) in 2017, according to a new report released by the California Department of Public Health (CDPH). More than 300,000 cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and early syphilis were reported: a 45 percent increase compared to five years ago.

Ebola – Democratic Republic of Congo

In a follow-up on the Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), since early April a total of 39 Ebola virus disease cases have been reported, including 19 deaths (case fatality rate = 49%) and three health care workers. Two probable cases (positive on rapid diagnostic test) were reported on 13 May 2018.

Disease

HIV – Philippines

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) situation continues to be a serious public health problem in the Philippines as health officials reported 912 new HIV cases in March 2018.

In fact, with a 140% increase in estimated annual new HIV infections from 2010 to 2016, UNAIDS said that the “the Philippines has become the country with the fastest growing HIV epidemic in Asia and the Pacific, and has become one of eight countries that account for more than 85% of new infections in the region.”

Ebola Advisory – Democratic Republic of Congo

Following the confirmation of a new Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) last week, several African countries have taken steps to prevent Ebola from crossing their border and Nigeria is just one of several.

Since the publication of the first Disease Outbreak News on the Ebola outbreak in Equateur province, Democratic Republic of the Congo on 10 May 2018, an additional seven suspected cases have been notified by the country’s Ministry of Health.

In other news, at least 93 children below the age of 15 years have been confirmed dead from the outbreak ravaging internally displaced people’s (IDPs) communities in Kandoyi, some 350 km from Bunia, the capital of Ituri Province. The causes of these community deaths are yet unknown but fever and anemia are the most common symptoms among casualties. Authorities said most victims have died at home following the near-collapse of the health system. The local inter organizations committee of aid agencies said the death rate was unusually high.

Disease

Ebola – Democratic Republic Congo – Update

From 4 April through 9 May 2018, a total of 32 Ebola virus disease cases (among which two are confirmed, 18 probable and 12 suspected cases) were reported from Bikoro health zone, Equateur province, including 18 deaths. Three of the 32 cases were among healthcare workers. The patients presented with fever, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, myalgia and arthralgia, and some also showed haemorrhagic signs and symptoms. All cases were reported from the catchment area of the Ikoko-Impenge health facility, located 30 km from the central health zone office of Bikoro, which is 280 km by road from Mbandaka, the capital of Equateur province.

Disease

Measles – Ukraine

The Ukraine Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health reported an additional 1078 people affected by measles: 479 adults and 599 children in the most recent week. Since the beginning of the year, 13,883 people were affected by measles – 5,603 adults and 8,280 children. During this time, eight people died of the complications of the disease.

Disease

Ebola – Democratic Republic of Congo

The Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo declared a new outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Bikoro in Equateur Province today (8 May). The outbreak declaration occurred after laboratory results confirmed two cases of EVD. At least 17 people have died in the area of northwestern Democratic Republic of Congo where health officials have now confirmed an outbreak of Ebola.

Disease

Syphilis – Palm Springs, California, USA

The Riverside County public health staff is warning of a Syphilis outbreak in the Coachella Valley. he county is still sourcing the reason behind the outbreak, but they do know that men who practice sex with men make-up most of the cases. The county’s number of Syphilis cases in Palm Springs and North Palm Springs are ten times more than the rest of the county. The number of cases was not disclosed.

Disease

Peru alert: Guillain-Barré syndrome

The Peru Ministry of Health announced an investigation into a cluster of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) in the city of Trujillo in the La Libertad Region in the northwestern part of the country.

Eight cases of an acute neurological syndrome compatible with the Guillain-Barré syndrome has been reported between April 21 and May 1 at the Bethlehem Hospital in the city of Trujillo, three of them are in care intensive with assisted breathing. This has prompted officials to call on the public to go to the health facility if they feel sudden muscle weakness.

South Africa: Diphtheria

Health officials in South Africa have issued a health alert due to recent diphtheria cases reported in KwaZulu-Natal Province. Since Mar 30, three diphtheria cases, aged 20, 11 and 10 years, have been reported.

Two of the cases were confirmed toxin-producing Corynebacterium diphtheriae, while another case was classified as probable. This resulted in two fatalities.

Health service providers have been advised that any person who presents with an upper respiratory tract illness characterized by a sore throat, low-grade fever and an adherent (pseudo)membrane of the nose, pharynx, tonsils or larynx should be considered as a suspected case.

Uganda: Cholera

Government has confirmed an outbreak of infectious cholera in the country including Makindye division in Kampala. At least five people have died of cholera across the country in the past few days according to ministry of Health acting director Dr Henry Mwebesa. Three people died in Tororo over the weekend while another two (all Kenyans) also died last week and more than 40 others are currently infected in Amudat district.

Disease

France: Hundreds of horses sickened with Equine Herpes Virus

Since March, twenty-two Equine Herpes Virus (EHV-1) outbreaks involving at least 200 horses, predominantly sport horses like Thoroughbreds and Trotters have been reported in France, in the Great West , but also in Ile-de-France, in the east and in the Gironde.

However, all the cases are not reported to the RESPE and with the information gathered, the actual numbers are likely underreported. Officials say the situation seems to be stabilizing with no new outbreak confirmed since Apr. 27. Many competitions were cancelled because of the outbreaks.

Disease

Kenya – Mystery Disease

Five people have died and 70 others hospitalized following an outbreak of a mysterious disease in Kerio Valley, along the border of Baringo and Elgeyo-Marakwet Counties. The patients are complaining of abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhoea and are being treated at the AIC Lodengo Kolowa in Tiaty Sub-county. The number of patients was growing as more are streaming in every day all with similar symptoms, according to the health officials.

Disease

Tick and Mosquito-borne Diseases Are On the Rise

Illnesses from mosquito, tick and flea bites are on the rise in the United States, according to a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

The report found that during the 13-year study period, the number of reported illnesses from mosquito, tick and flea bites more than tripled, going from about 27,300 cases in 2004 to 96,000 cases in 2016. Overall, more than 640,000 cases of these so-called vector-borne diseases were reported during the study period.

What’s more, nine germs spread by these insects — including Zika virus and chikungunya virus, which spread by mosquitoes, and babesiosis, which spreads by ticks — were discovered or introduced to the U.S. during the study period, according to the report.

It has been suggested that the effects of climate change are expanding the range of ticks, fleas and mosquitos as well as the period of their active season.