Wildlife

Disease Outbreak Threatening California Sea Lions

A major outbreak of a deadly disease has sickened more than 200 seas lions along the Northern California coast, the Marine Mammal Center announced Tuesday.

Officials at the center said it was the second largest outbreak of leptospirosis in California sea lions in its recorded history. This year, 220 sea lions at the Marin Headlands-based center have tested positive for the bacterial infection, which affects their kidneys.

Though sea lions diagnosed with leptospirosis are treated with antibiotics and other supportive care, roughly two-thirds of the animals with the infection do not survive.

Other animal species, including humans and dogs, can become infected with the bacteria through contact with contaminated urine, water and soil.

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Disease

Measles – Israel

Israel has confirmed a measles outbreak in Jerusalem which has reported the highest number of newly diagnosed measles cases of the highly infectious disease in Israel. So far this year, 341 cases of measles have been reported in Jerusalem, which is more than half of all reported cases in Isreal. Moreover, during September alone, 213 new measles cases were reported by the World Health Organization.

Rare Polio-like Illness – USA

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has confirmed 62 cases of the rare polio-like neurological condition acute flaccid myelitis, also known as AFM, so far this year in the U.S. More than 90 percent of the cases involved children 18 or younger, with an average age of just 4 years old. Cases have been confirmed in 22 states. Officials said they are looking at an additional 65 possible cases of AFM. Health experts say the disease can lead to paralysis and even death, but no deaths have been reported so far this year.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Bangladesh

Since the beginning of the year through Oct. 15, Bangladesh has reported 7,450 dengue fever cases and at least 17 fatalities, according to the Institute of Epidemiology Disease Control And Research (IEDCR). This is a record for the number of dengue cases in a year.

Cholera – Zimbabwe – Update

The Zimbabwe cholera outbreak that began over a month ago continues to grow with 9,116 cases , including 54 deaths as of Friday. Fortunately, the weekly case incidence has been on a downward trend in recent weeks.

African Swine Fever – China

China reported a new African swine fever case on a farm with nearly 20,000 pigs on Monday, the largest farm yet to report the highly contagious disease in the world’s top pork producer.

The new case, one of numerous to be reported in northeast Liaoning province in recent days, underlines the escalating threat to the country’s $1 trillion pig industry from the disease despite a slew of initial measures imposed to curb its spread.

Pig prices have plunged in China’s northeast after farmers were unable to transport their herds out of infected provinces, while prices in the south have surged.

Disease

Chikungunya – Sudan – More cases

In a follow-up on the chikungunya outbreak in Kassala state, Sudan, the Kassala state Ministry of Health reported that the total number of people infected with chikungunya fever has risen to 15,944 cases as of Oct. 11. Four additional fatalities were also reported.

Hantavirus – Bolivia

The Bolivia Ministry of Health reported this week that 13 military personnel were infected with hantavirus in the military camps of the Joint Task Force of the Yungas, including one death and two cases requiring intensive care.

Measles – Thailand

The Yala Provincial Public Health Office in southern Thailand are reporting a measles outbreak that has affected hundreds. According to the National News Bureau of Thailand, 341 people have been infected and five have died since the outbreak began in September.

Disease

Measles – Ukraine – Update

Ukraine health officials reported (computer translated) an additional 554 measles cases (157 adults and 397 children) during the week ending October 6. This brings the total cases to date to 32,489 (13,013 adults and 19,476 children). In addition, 14 people died of complications of the measles: four adults and ten children.

Zika Virus – India

The Rajasthan Health Department is reporting 55 cases of Zika virus infection in Jaipur as of Saturday. The first case was confirmed on September 23 in the city’s Shastri Nagar area. All cases are from the western Indian state of Rajasthan’s capital and some of these victims are migrant workers from eastern states like Bihar

Dengue Fever – Spain

Spanish Health authorities confirmed recently the first known documented autochthonous dengue transmission in Spain. Two people living in the Region of Murcia had confirmed cases and third case, who resides in the Community of Madrid is pending confirmation.

Ebola – DR Congo

A second wave of the Ebola virus has been confirmed in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, where an initial outbreak has already killed 125 people, a minister said Saturday.

The latest wave is centred in Beni, a town in North Kivu near the border with Uganda. This second wave occurred as a result of community resistance to measures taken to tackle the disease.

Disease

Ebola – DR Congo

In an Ebola update in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the outbreak total climbed to 205 confirmed and probable cases (170 confirmed and 35 probable). According to the WHO, the worrisome security situation in Beni, the epicenter of the epidemic, has contributed to the rise in Ebola cases since September.

Israel – Monkeypox

The Israeli Health Ministry reported today on a imported monkeypox case in an Israeli who lives and works in the Port Harcourt area of southern Nigeria. The man got sick about a week after his return and was diagnosed today according to a report from Jerusalem’s Shaare Zedek Hospital.

This follows two imported monkeypox cases in England, also from travelers from Nigeria.

Disease

Zika Virus – India

India has recorded its biggest outbreak of Zika virus to date, with 32 cases confirmed in Jaipur, capital of the western state of Rajasthan. The first case was confirmed on September 23 in the city’s Shastri Nagar area, located close to some of the city’s main tourist attractions.

Disease

Rubella – Japan

Japanese health officials reported an additional 134 rubella cases the last week of September, bringing the total cases this year to 952 according to data reported by the National Institute of Infectious Diseases. This total is more than 10 times the total cases reported in 2017 (93). Tokyo alone has accounted for more than 300 cases.

Legionnaires Disease – New York, USA

One person has died of Legionnaires’ disease in a cluster of 16 cases in the Manhattan neighborhood of Washington Heights, New York City health officials confirmed on Wednesday.

Disease

Ebola –  DR Congo

Congolese authorities announced a ban on Wednesday on harbouring suspected Ebola patients and promised police protection for health workers at burials, in a bid to fight back against local resistance to efforts to combat the disease.

Residents of eastern Congo have attacked health workers and refused to cooperate with government efforts to combat Ebola there, the country’s second major outbreak of the disease this year, which is believed to have killed 118 people since July.

Ebola has spread to Beni, a city of several hundred thousand people where scores of people have been confirmed infected. The authorities worry that without the cooperation of the local population they will have difficulty containing it.

The Health Ministry has been reporting 1-2 new confirmed cases a day in recent weeks, but reported seven late on Tuesday — six in Beni and one in the town of Masereka, 100 km away. It blamed the faster pace on community resistance to measures to fight the outbreak.

Disease

African Swine Fever – China

China’s northeastern province of Liaoning has reported new cases of African swine fever, the agriculture ministry said on Monday. The outbreak was confirmed on pig farms in several villages in Yingkou city, Liaoning province, killing 93 pigs and infecting 334, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said in a statement published on its website.

Disease

Cholera – Somalia – Update

The Ministry of Health of Somalia announced today 30 new cases of cholera and no deaths for the week ending Sept. 23, bringing the outbreak total to 6394, including 42 associated deaths (case-fatality rate 0.7%) since the beginning of the current outbreak in December 2017.

West Nile Virus – Europe

During the past week, European health officials reported 50 additional human West Nile virus (WNV) infections. The cases were reported from Greece (22), Romania (19), Hungary (7), Bulgaria (1) and the Czech Republic (1). EU neighbouring countries reported 30 cases, all in Serbia. 18 fatalities were reported by Greece (8), Romania (6), Serbia (3) and the Czech Republic (1).

The total human WNV cases reported year to date in Europe is 1,317 with Italy (495), Greece (283) and Romania (256) reporting the most. Cases so far exceed the total number in previous five years.

Disease

Ebola – DR Coongo

The Congolese health ministry on Saturday reported a further five confirmed cases of Ebola in the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo, blaming the higher-than-normal daily increase on community resistance to disease response efforts.

The current epidemic in Congo’s North Kivu and Ituri provinces has seen 140 confirmed cases since July, 108 of whom have died, according to the ministry’s daily bulletin, which has been reporting an average of one to two new confirmed cases per day in recent weeks.

Newcastle Disease – Zimbabwe

In the past six days, farmers in the Mvuma area, Midlands Province have lost a number of chickens to a suspected outbreak of the Newcastle disease. Newcastle disease is a contagious viral bird disease affecting domestic and wild avian species. Most farmers said the disease had wiped out chickens from several homesteads, leaving the chicken runs virtually empty in the past few days.

Disease

Cholera – Niger – Update

Niger health officials reported the first cases of this most recent cholera outbreak in early July, and since that time, the outbreak has ballooned to thousands of cases that have spread to multiple regions of the country. As of 1 October 2018, 3692 cases (14% of these were cases in Nigerian residents seeking care in Niger) with 68 deaths (case fatality rate = 1.8%) have been reported from twelve health districts in four regions: Dosso, Maradi, Tahoua, and Zinder.

Monkeypox – Nigeria

On 26 September 2017, WHO was alerted to a suspected outbreak of monkeypox in Yenagoa Local Government Area (LGA) in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. The index cluster was reported in a family. All of whom developed similar symptoms of fever and generalized skin rash over a period of four weeks. Epidemiological investigations into the cluster show that all infected cases had a contact with monkey about a month prior to onset.

Disease

Typhus – California, USA

An outbreak of flea-borne typhus has hit downtown Los Angeles, the county Department of Public Health said Thursday. Health officials say they are investigating several cases of flea-borne typhus, a disease that infected fleas can spread to humans. While the fleas can come from cats, rats, and opossums, pets and animals do not get sick from typhus.

In people, however, typhus can cause high fever, chills, headache, and rash. It is not transmitted from person to person and can be treated with antibiotics.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

From 1 June through 16 September 2018, the International Health Regulations (IHR 2005) National Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported 32 additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), including 10 deaths.

Dengue Fever – Mexico

Health authorities of the state of Chiapas, on the southernmost tip of Mexico, are reporting a large number of dengue fever cases, prompting a health alert in the area. The state Department of Public Health has revealed that 2,600 cases have been treated this year, 1,350 confirmed and 8 deaths have been recorded.

Measles – Brazil – Update

The Brazil Ministry of Health reported that as of October 1, there are 1,935 measles cases confirmed throughout the country. In Amazonas, there are 1,525, and in Roraima, 330. The outbreaks are all related to importation, as the genotype of the virus (D8) that is circulating in the country is the same that circulates in Venezuela, a country that has been facing an outbreak of the disease since 2017.

More Cholera Cases – Nigeria

The Yobe State Ministry of Health reported Oct 1 that 36 additional cholera cases have been reported from four local government areas (LGAs)–Gujba, Gulani, Damaturu and Fune. No new fatalities were reported.