Disease

Food Poisoning – Moscow

The Moscow Department of Rospotrebnadzor reported this week that dozens of people have been sickened after eating food from vending machines in Moscow. As of Wednesday, at least 51 people developed symptoms of food poisoning and 26 required hospitalization.

DR Congo – Ebola

The World Health Organization on Wednesday declared Congo’s Ebola outbreak an international health emergency, sounding a rarely used global alarm after the virus threatened to spread to a major city and into neighbouring countries.

Despite a highly effective vaccine and a swift international response after it was declared 11 months ago, the outbreak has proved tenacious in an unstable region beset by violence, becoming Congo’s worst ever, with almost 1,700 dead.

Flu Season

At least 300 people have died from the flu in Australia, more than double the number in all of 2018. The most virulent flu strains in years have already infected 136,000 people, compared to about 17,350 at the same point in past years.

Health officials say this year’s vaccine appears to be “strongly effective” against most of the flu strains circulating. They add that careful monitoring is needed to see if the early spike of the Australian influenza outbreak has implications for the upcoming 2019-20 flu season in the Northern Hemisphere.

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Disease

Syphilis – Alberta, Canada

Alberta health officials are reporting a dramatic and rapid increase in syphilis cases, prompting a provincial outbreak declaration. A total of 1,536 cases of infectious syphilis were reported in 2018 compared to 161 in 2014, almost a tenfold increase.

Hepatitis A – Flordia, USA

Florida health officials reported an additional 85 hepatitis A cases last week, bringing the total cases for the year to 1898.

Dengue Fever – Bangladesh

The numbers of dengue fever cases in Bangladesh started rising rapidly in June; however, since July 1 through July 16, 2,767 cases have been recorded with hundreds of cases added daily. Since the beginning of the year, 4,852 dengue cases have been reported in the country.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

From 1 through 31 May 2019, the National International Health Regulations (IHR) Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported 14 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV) infection, including five deaths.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Singapore

Officials in Singapore recorded the most dengue fever cases in a week in three and one half years last week, according to data from the National Environment Agency (NEA). 666 dengue cases were reported in the week ending 13 Jul 2019, 73 cases more than in the previous week.

Disease

Anthrax – Kenya

The Kisumu County, Kenya government is reporting a suspected anthrax outbreak that has sickened a half dozen people and killed one. A family reportedly slaughtered a sick cow and shared the meat with their neighbours.

Dengue Fever – Philippines

Eastern Visayas Officials with the Department of Health in the Eastern Visayas (Region 8), which encompasses Samar, Leyte and Biliran, are reporting an 86 percent increase in dengue fever compared to the same period in 2018. From January 1 to July 11 this year, 4,809 confirmed cases, including 19 fatalities have been recorded.

Disease

Syphilis – Europe

Syphilis cases have soared in Europe over the past decade and become, for the first time since the early 2000s, more common in some countries than new cases of HIV, health experts said on Friday.

Reported cases of the sexually transmitted disease are up by 70% since 2010, a report from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) showed – with the rise driven by more unprotected sex and riskier sexual behaviour among gay men.

Monkeypox – NIgeria

Since 2017, Nigeria has been experiencing the largest documented outbreak of human monkeypox caused by the West African clade of the virus, with some evidence of secondary human-to-human transmission, according to a newly published clinical and epidemiological report. More than 300 cases have been reported in the outbreak as of April 2019, according to the CDC.

African Swine Fever – China

China confirmed a new outbreak of African swine fever in Hubei province, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said on Thursday. The disease, which kills almost all pigs it infects, occurred on a farm of 102 pigs in Tuanfeng county in the east of the province.

Disease

Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic fever – Iran

The Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) virus has been the cause of 100-plus human infections in Iran annually since it was first reported about a decade ago. This calendar year in Iran (which begins in March), the Ministry of Health has reported 54 CCHF cases, including five deaths.

Disease

Diphtheria – Venezuela

In an update on the diphtheria outbreak in Venezuela, the outbreak that began three years ago is ongoing. According to data from the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), Venezuela has reported 324 diphtheria cases since the beginning of the year, including 15 fatalities.

Cholera – Yemen

Cholera cases have picked up dramatically in Yemen in 2019, in fact, during the first six months of this year, the total cholera cases are more than all of 2018. According to official data, Yemen saw 371,326 cholera cases, including 505 deaths in all of 2018. During the first six months (Jan. 1- Jun 30) this year, the total is 451,895, including 705 deaths.

Dengue Fever – Laos

The Laos Ministry of Health issued a warning this week as the trend of weekly reporting of dengue fever is increasing. According to a Vientiane Times report, health officials have advised people throughout the country to clear potential mosquito breeding sites as the current outbreak of dengue fever has claimed 27 lives and 11,561 people have contracted the virus so far this year through Sunday. Most of the infections and deaths were recorded in the capital and the southern provinces.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Ivory Coast

An outbreak of dengue fever has been ongoing in Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) since January 2019, with the upscale urban districts of Abidjan city being the most affected, according to the World Health Organization. Between 1 January and 25 June 2019, a total of 1,853 suspected dengue fever cases were reported, including two deaths.

Tetanus – Ukraine

Ukraine health officials are reminding the public to ensure they are vaccinated against tetanus as five cases, including one death have been reported in 2019 to date.

Disease

Japanese Encephalitis – India

In a follow-up on the Japanese encephalitis (JE) outbreak in Assam, India, government officials are now reporting some 190 cases and 49 deaths, as of July 5, according to local media. All districts of Assam, except Kokrajhar district, are currently affected by JE.

Dengue Fever – Singapore

The number of dengue fever cases in Singapore continues to rise with officials reporting about 500 cases during the most recent week. In fact, the National Environmental Agency (NEA) says a total of 6,117 dengue cases were reported this year during the first six months.

Disease

Ebola – DR Congo – Update

Deaths from the 11-month-old epidemic of Ebola in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) have crossed the 1,600 mark and a new fatality has been reported near the border with Uganda, the health ministry said on Friday. As of Thursday, the health authorities had recorded 2,382 cases of Ebola, of which 1,606 had been fatal.

Disease

White-nose Syndrome – California, USA

The fungus that causes White-nose Syndrome (WNS), a deadly disease of bats, has been detected in low levels in California for the first time. Fungal DNA of Pseudogymnoascus destructans (Pd) was detected in samples collected this spring from bats on private land in the Plumas County town of Chester.

Hepatitis A – Costa Rica

The Costa Rica Ministry of Health reports the outbreak of Hepatitis A (HAV) in the canton of Alajuela continues. As of June 28, there are 140 cases of HAV laboratory confirmed this year, 43 in June.

African Swine Fever

China – China’s agriculture ministry said on Friday it had confirmed an African swine fever outbreak in Luchuan county in the southwestern region of Guangxi that killed nine pigs on a farm. China has reported 143 outbreaks of the incurable disease since August last year, and culled almost 1.2 million pigs. Many outbreaks are not reported, farmers have told Reuters, and as many as half of China’s breeding pigs may have died or been slaughtered because of the spreading disease.

Bulgaria – Bulgarian Food Safety Agency (BFSA) on Friday evening confirmed a second outbreak of African swine fever in domestic pigs in three days, and the third since last August. The disease was located in a backyard pig farm in the village of Novachene near Danube River, only 16 km southeast of the village of Zhernov where the previous case was confirmed on Wednesday.

Poliovirus – Pakistan, Angola

Five additional wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases have been confirmed in Pakistan this past week, according to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. Two cases were reported from Torghar district, two from Bannu district, and one from North Waziristan in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. Year-to-date, Pakistan has recorded 32 WPV1 cases.

Meanwhile Angola reported their second cVDPV2 outbreak this year. This one was in Kuvango district, Huila province.

Disease

Dengue Fever

Sri Lanka – Sri Lanka’s Epidemiology Unit has reported more than 25,000 dengue fever cases so far this year, according to new data published today. Through July 5, 25,267 dengue cases have been reported with Colombo reporting one-fifth of the cases nationwide. 35 deaths have been reported.

Philippines – In the Western Visayas region of the Philippines, the governor of Iloilo province announced he will issue an executive order declaring an outbreak in the province. According to the data of the Provincial Health Office from January 1 to June 28, the province has already recorded 3,897 cases of dengue with the death toll in the Philippines approaching 400.

Vietnam – Health officials in Vietnam’s most populous city, Ho Chi Minh City (HCM City), aka Saigon have reported more than 24,000 dengue fever cases during the first six months of the year.

Ebola – DR Congo

Graphic showing the current situation.

Screen Shot 2019 07 05 at 3 29 48 PM

HIV – Pakistan

More than 700 have children have now been found to be infected with HIV in a huge outbreak in southern Pakistan, making up more than 80 per cent of those who tested positive for the virus.

An outbreak of the virus in Sindh province prompted the World Health Organization to carry out a screening programme, which found 876 people to be infected with the virus – 82 per cent of whom were under the age of 15. The outbreak, which was first discovered in April, has been described as unprecedented in Asia because of the large numbers of children affected.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Honduras

The government of Honduras declared a state of emergency in mid-June in 12 or the 18 departments in the country due to the ongoing dengue fever epidemic. Through the first week of June, a total of 11,436 cases had been reported, including more than 4000 severe dengue cases and 63 fatalities.

White-Nose Syndrome in Bats Spreads

A fungus that causes white-nose syndrome (WNS), a deadly disease of hibernating bats but not a direct health risk for humans, has been detected in North Dakota for the first time.

Hepatitis A – Florida, USA

Florida state health officials reported an additional 90 hepatitis A cases during the week ending June 29, bringing the total to 1718 since the beginning of the year and 2266 since the outbreak began in 2018.

Ebola Spreads northwards in DR Congo

South Sudan is facing another potential threat with the first confirmed case of Ebola near its border with the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) reported. This is specifically significant as the country’s healthcare system has been weakened by years of civil war, making it vulnerable to the potential spread of the deadly virus.

The case was registered in the DRC town of Ariwara, situated in north-eastern Ituri province and about 70km from the border with South Sudan’s Yei River State. Despite being identified as having been exposed to Ebola and warned not to travel, the 40-year-old woman had travelled nearly 500km to Ariwara from Beni in the DRC’s North Kivu province.

Disease

Ebola – DR Congo

Over the weekend and through today, the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s (DRC) ministry of health recorded 41 more cases of the deadly disease, including another case detected in a vaccinated health worker.

According to the latest updates to the World Health Organization’s (WHO’s) Ebola dashboard, the DRC will likely confirm 13 more cases of the viral disease today, raising outbreak totals to 2,338 cases. As of yesterday, 1,563 people had died in the outbreak, and 309 suspected cases are under investigation.

Schistosomiasis – Myanmar

Myanmar continues to see high numbers of schistosomiasis infections. Since the beginning of the year, more than 200 people were found to be confirmed infected by the parasitic disease, mostly children.

Japanese Encephalitis

In the state of Assam in northeastern India, the Japanese encephalitis (JE) situation has got to the point that the Union minister of health and family welfare (MoHFW) sent a team to the state to review the situation. As of Monday, at least 22 people have died, while 59 positive cases of JE have been confirmed.