Disease

Eastern Equine Encephalitis – Michigan, USA

In a follow-up on the Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) situation in Michigan, state health officials are urging residents to protect themselves from mosquito bites as four additional cases of Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) have been confirmed in Southwest Michigan – including two that were fatal. To date, seven confirmed human cases of EEE have been reported in Michigan with onset dates in July.

Bats – Australia

Queensland, Australia health officials are reminding people not to handle bats–dead or alive–after six Wide Bay people have required treatment after being scratched or bitten in the past 16 days. Officials say all bats are potential carriers of Australian Bat Lyssavirus (ABLV) and any bite or scratch from a bat poses a risk of infection, which is why only trained and vaccinated professionals should handle them.

African Swine Fever – South Korea

South Korea is the latest country to confirm an outbreak of African swine fever (ASF). The outbreak of ASF in South Korea was announced by the agriculture minister on Tuesday. Around 4,000 pigs will be culled and the disease alert level has been raised to the maximum.

Advertisements

Disease

Measles – Dr Congo

The measles outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is the largest in the world and continues to trend and spread geographically. Through September 1 this year, officials have reported 179,477 suspected measles cases including 3,559 deaths (CFR 2.0%). Cases have been reported from more than 90 percent health zones across the country.

Chikungunya – Ethiopia

In a follow-up on the chikungunya outbreak in Dire Dawa, Ethiopia, health officials continues to see an increasing trend in cases since the end of July. During the week ending September 8, officials saw an additional 7,264 new suspected cases from nine urban kebeles, or neighborhoods in Dire Dawa City Administration.

Brain-eating Amoeba – Pakistan

The the second time in two days, Karachi officials report a fatality due to the brain-eating amoeba, Naegleria fowleri. The 14th case occurred in a 26-year-old man from Gulistan-e-Jauhar Block-27. He was was taken to the Aga Khan University Hospital [AKUH] last week after complaining of fever, vomiting and headache.

Yellow Fever – Nigeria

In a follow-up on the yellow fever outbreak in Bauchi state, Nigeria, the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) now report that since the first confirmed case was reported on the 29th of August, 169 suspected and 15 laboratory confirmed cases by RT-PCR have been reported. Of this total, 23 people have died

.

Disease

Measles – Romania

In a follow-up on the measles situation in Romania, the Institutul Naţional de Sănătate Publică reported an additional 54 new confirmed cases in 9 counties and in Bucharest during the past week. In 2019 through Sept. 6, 2,614 cases, including five deaths have been reported, the most in the EU.

Polio – Global

The total number of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases on the globe has increased to 78 cases with the addition of five cases from Pakistan and Afghanistan during the past week.

Listeriosis – Spain

On 16 August 2019, Regional Health Authorities in Andalusia, Spain, reported an outbreak of listeriosis, caused by the bacteria Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes), associated with the consumption of a chilled roasted pork meat product manufactured in Spain by Magrudis Company Limited and sold under the brand name “La Mechá”. From 7 July through 13 September , a total of 222 confirmed cases linked to this outbreak have been reported in five regions of Spain.

Italy – Superbug NDM-1 outbreak reported in Tuscany

Health officials in Tuscany, Italy are reporting an outbreak of the antibiotic resistant superbug bacterium, New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase-1 (NDM-1) Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in hospitals since November 2018. Between November 2018 and August 31, 2019 the NDM bacteria were isolated in the blood of 75 patients. Infections vary from being asymptomatic to potentially life-threatening or fatal. The level of risk depends on which part of the body is affected by the infection, and the general health of the patient.

African Swine Fever – Japan

Japanese officials have culled 753 pigs in Saitama Prefecture north of Tokyo after detecting an outbreak of swine fever. The cull, which took place on Saturday, was necessary after it was determined that pigs raised in the prefecture for shipment to central Japan were infected. Saitama also decided to halt shipments from two other pig farms in the area of the outbreak.

Dengue Fever – Nepal

Six people have died of dengue and over 5096 diagnosed positive across Nepal since the outbreak was declared in May. The first outbreak of the disease in the Himalayan nation occurred in 2006 when 5 cases were identified.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Western Hemisphere

In the Western hemisphere, the number of dengue cases reported through August is 2,384,029 cases and 949 deaths. The number of cases reported in 2019 as August 31 is higher than the annual totals reported in 2016, 2017, and 2018, and the total by the end of the year will likely exceed the total reported in the epidemic year of 2015.

In Colombia, 84,664 cases of dengue and 919 cases of severe dengue have been reported to date. In addition, 169 deaths have been recorded. The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) indicated that Colombia has the second highest incidence in this new cycle of the epidemic. The El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon, the country’s geographical conditions, and the natural cycle of the disease have generated an increase in dengue cases since the final quarter of 2018.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Guam

Following recent reports of two imported dengue fever cases on Guam, the Department of Public Health and Social Services has reported the first autochthonous dengue transmission on the island in 75 years. The individual had no travel history outside of Guam.

Ebola – DR Congo

Ebola virus disease (EVD) transmission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo continued to ease this past week, with 40 new confirmed cases reported in North Kivu and Ituri provinces; this is the lowest weekly incidence since March 2019. While these signs are promising, it remains too soon to tell if this trend will persist.

Disease

Gastroenteritis – Australia

Officials with New South Wales Health (NSW Health) urging parents and carers to keep young children at home if they are sick amid a rise in viral gastro cases. NSW Health’s Acting Manager of Enteric and Zoonotic Diseases said the warning has been prompted by an increase in gastroenteritis outbreaks at childcare centres across the state and a high number of children aged under 5 seeking treatment at emergency departments. “Nearly 100 childcare centres reported outbreaks of gastro in August and at least 820 children and 165 staff have fallen ill.”

Disease

Mysterious Dog Disease – Norway

Norwegian authorities haven’t been able to detect the cause behind an unexplained disease that is estimated to have killed dozens of dogs in the country in recent days, officials said Saturday. The majority of cases have been reported in and around the capital Oslo, but also in the cities of Bergen and Trondheim, and the northern Nordland municipality.

The Norwegian Veterinary Institute said Friday that it had detected two unspecified bacteria in autopsies, but was unable to clarify whether that was the cause of the outbreak.

Disease

Yellow Fever – Nigeria

The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control has confirmed four cases of yellow fever in Bauchi State.

Ebola – DR Congo

The intensity of Ebola virus disease (EVD) transmission in the North Kivu, South Kivu, and Ituri provinces remains substantial, with 57 new cases reported since the last Update on 29 August.

Disease

Measles – Brazil

Over the past 90 days, 2,753 confirmed measles cases were reported in 13 Brazilian states, most of them in the State of Sao Paolo. According to the new epidemiological bulletin of the disease, from June 9 to August 31, 2019, Brazil reported 20,292 cases, of which 15,430 were under investigation and 2,109 were discarded. Four deaths due to the disease were recorded: three deaths in the state of São Paulo (two children and one adult); and one in the state of Pernambuco (a child). All four cases were unvaccinated (all three children were under the age of one).

Disease

Streptococcus Suis – Thailand

The Thailand Department of Disease Control (DDC) has reported 265 Streptococcus suis cases this year through August 17, including 23 deaths. The disease were mostly found in the northern regions followed by the northeastern regions.

Measles – New Zealand

Measles is circulating in New Zealand, particularly in the Auckland region. From 1 January 2019 to 5 September 2019 there have been 1051 confirmed cases of measles notified across New Zealand. 877 of these confirmed cases are in the Auckland region.

Dengue Fever – Palau

In a follow-up on the dengue outbreak in Palau, the Palau Ministry of Health reported 26 new cases during the past week, bringing the outbreak total to 570 cases since Dec. 2018. There have been two deaths attributed to dengue infection during this outbreak.

Disease

Leishmaniasis – Kenya

In a follow-up on the Leishmaniasis outbreak in Kenya, health officials reported an additional 65 cases of the parasitic infection during the week ending August 25. This brings the outbreak total to 2,314 cases since the beginning of the year.

Measles – Ukraine

Since the beginning of the year to August 23, 2019, 57,482 people became ill with measles – 27,176 adults and 30,306 children. More than 115,000 measles cases have been reported since 2017. The death toll has reached 40 with another death this week.

Disease

Chikungunya – Ethiopia

In a follow-up on a report on the chikungunya outbreak in Ethiopia, the number of cases has risen to 15,192 in the eastern city of Dire Dawa, according to French-China report.

Listeria – Spain

In a follow-up on the listeriosis outbreak in Spain associated with the consumption of roasted pork meat, Spanish health officials report an additional 29 cases, bringing the total to 204. Andalusia, in southern Spain has reported the bulk of the cases with 197. Three deaths have been reported.

Lassa Fever – Liberia

Liberian authorities at the Ministry of Health (MoH) have confirmed an outbreak of Lassa fever across the country. According to MoH data, a total of 92 suspected cases between January 1 and August 25, 2019, including 21 deaths, have been reported.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Bangladesh

In August 2019 to date, the Bangladesh Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) has reported 50,974 dengue fever cases. What makes this even more astounding is this total for one month tops the total cases reported in the country from 2000 through 2018 (50,148).

Polio – Pakistan

Five additional wild polioviruses type 1 (WPV1) cases were reported in the past week in Pakistan. This brings Pakistan’s total to 58 this year with the global total now 71.