Disease

Hepatitis A in los Angeles, California

Public health officials declared a hepatitis A outbreak in Los Angeles County Tuesday, saying there are now 10 people infected, two of whom are homeless and contracted the potentially fatal liver disease locally.

The two newer cases can’t be traced to San Diego County, where the infectious disease has affected 421 people, mostly among those who are homeless. In Santa Cruz County, more than 60 people have been infected. also among the homeless.

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Disease

Europe: Typhoid outbreak

European health officials have reported a typhoid outbreak that has sickened at least four people since the summer that has been linked to the European Rainbow gathering that took place in Tramonti di Sopra, Friuli-Venezia Giulia region, Italy, from 23 July to 21 August 2017.

To date, French authorities have reported three cases and Germany has reported one case. European authorities say additional cases are possibly associated with this event.

Yellow Fever Case in Nigeria

The Federal Government has confirmed a case of Yellow Fever in a young girl in Oke Owa Community, Ifelodun Local Government Area of Kwara State. Officials have begun an investigation in the affected area and surrounding communities and a vaccination campaign is being planned.

Disease

Malaria Health Alert in Costa Rica

The Costa Rican Health Ministry issued a health alert last week due to malaria outbreaks reported in neighboring Nicaragua and the first autochthonous transmission of malaria in the country since 2012. The health ministry said due to the high endemicity of malaria in Nicaragua and the high rate of constant migration between the two countries prompted the health alert.

Disease

Chikungunya – Italy

As of 14 September, fourteen autochthonous confirmed cases of chikungunya have been diagnosed in Italy, six in Rome and eight in the coastal area of Anzio (Lazio Region). There are additional cases being investigated.

Pneumonic plague outbreak reported in Madagascar

Twenty-two pneumonic plague cases, including five deaths have been reported in Madagascar since August. There was widespread panic in the eastern region of Tamatave which has not seen the plague for 100 years.

During the last decade, the island country reported more than 7,000 human plague cases, second most on the planet. There have been outbreaks every year in Madagascar since 1980, especially fueled by rats fleeing forest fires.

Cholera – Nigeria

The death toll as a result of cholera outbreak in Borno State has risen to 44, the State Commissioner of Health, Dr. Haruna Mshelia revealed on Friday.

The outbreak which has become a yearly occurrence in the troubled state, hit hard at internally displaced persons (IDPs) camps, where many of the death and affected victims were recorded.

Disease

Anthrax downs 42 hippos in Tanzania

More than 40 hippopotami in Ruaha National Park have succumbed to the lethal bacterial disease, anthrax, according to a local media report. A spokesman for the south-central sanctuary said this is the largest number of hippos to have been killed in the park by the disease.

Disease

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

On 18, 25 August and 4 September 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of four additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China.

Disease

Anthrax Reported in Kyrgyzstan

Officials in Kyrgyzstan are reporting an anthrax outbreak in the At-Bashinsky district of the Naryn region in eastern Kyrgyzstan, according to a local media account. Currently, three people are in the hospital, another 15 are under medical supervision. Doctors say the individuals contracted the dangerous bacterial infection cutting animal carcass. About 10 days later, the appearance of skin ulcers on the hands and forearms were noted.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Sri Lanka

As the Sri Lanka Health Ministry outlines plans to launch National Mosquito Control Week later this month, the total case count in the country has topped 150,000 cases, more than three times the numbers reported in 2016 at this time.

Cholera – Democratic Republic Congo

The World Health Organization on Saturday sounded the alarm over a cholera outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo which has already claimed 528 lives and reached “worrying proportions”.

The UN says cholera is a major public health problem in the country with millions of cases registered every year. Last year, the disease claimed 817 lives there, according to the WHO.

As of September 2, Congolese authorities had recorded 24,217 suspected cases. The outbreak has affected several cities and towns in the east, west and north, as well parts of the capital Kinshasa.

Disease

Measles – South Africa

An outbreak of measles has been declared in KwaZulu-Natal Province. An increase in number of laboratory-confirmed measles cases was observed in Ethekwini and Umgungundlovu districts from July 2017. As of 5 September 2017, a total of 23 laboratory-confirmed measles cases has been reported in four of the 11 districts in KwaZulu-Natal.

Disease

Brazil announces end of yellow fever outbreak

The Brazilian Ministry of Health announced Wednesday the end of the yellow fever outbreak. The last case was registered in June. The outbreak that started in Dec 2016 accounted for 777 confirmed cases and 261 deaths. The southeastern region was the hardest hit seeing the vast majority of cases. Nearly 37 million yellow fever vaccine doses were dispensed.

Cholera Outbreak in the Philippines

More than 100 people have been sickened by cholera in a barangay, or village near the beaches in the municipality of Oas in Albay province, according to an Abante report. One individual has died. The outbreak began Saturday when residents of the area started reported symptoms of vomiting and diarrhea.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 13 and 30 August 2017, the National IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported 12 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), including one death and, and one death from a previously reported case.

Foot and Mouth Disease – Zimbabwe

The government of Botswana announced on Thursday that it has donated a vaccine for Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) to neighbouring Zimbabwe in order to assist the country to tackle the current disease outbreak. Botswana, once an avid exporter of beef to the European Union (EU) faced serious challenges with several outbreaks of FMD over the last couple of years, greatly jeopardizing the growth of the country’s beef sector. Most of the previous FMD outbreaks in Botswana started in the northern and northwestern regions of the country, where it shares a border with Zimbabwe.

Disease

Swine Flu – India

Swine flu has claimed 44 lives in Madhya Pradesh with five patients each succumbing to the deadly H1N1 virus in Bhopal and Indore districts since July 1 this year, a senior official said today. So far, 226 positive cases of swine flu have been reported from different districts of Madhya Pradesh.

Disease

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

On 4 August 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of one additional laboratory-confirmed case of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China.

Bird Flu Spreads in Western Cape, South Africa

The Western Cape Agriculture Department says that fresh outbreaks of bird flu in the province are likely. A duck farm in the Joostenbergvlakte is the latest casualty. Tens of thousands of the animals died or had to culled recently, while 96 workers have lost their jobs.

Last week thousands of chickens were also killed due to bird flu which hit a commercial poultry farm in the Paardeberg region. Meanwhile, three ostrich farms in Heidelberg remain under quarantine after the deadly flu strain first emerged there.

Disease

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever – Uganda

Officials with the Uganda Ministry of Health have reported an outbreak of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) in the central region of the country. Eight cases, including two deaths have been reported from Nakaseke and Kiboga Districts as of Aug. 28.

Brazil: Visceral leishmaniasis outbreak

In the state of Tocantinópolis in the Northern region of Brazil, officials are reporting an outbreak of visceral leishmaniasis, or kala-azar in the city of Tocantinópolis. According to a G1 report (computer translated), the city is on alert after reporting more than 400 cases in dogs and nine in humans since the beginning of the year.

Sydney, Australia – Hepatitis A

A hepatitis A outbreak has hit Sydney with 12 cases confirmed in the past five weeks. NSW Health has launched an investigation, saying 10 of the people contracted the disease in Australia. The average is two cases of locally acquired hepatitis A each year.

Bulgaria – Newcastle Disease

The Bulgarian Food Safety Agency has reported an outbreak of Newcastle disease in Kardzhali. The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) received an immediate notification on Monday, 4 September.

The outbreak was initially observed on 1 September in backyard birds, and confirmed on the same date after a real-time PCR test was conducted at the National Reference Laboratory for avian influenza and Newcastle disease. According to the report, a total of 1370 birds were found susceptible, out of which 157 birds were affected and killed as a result. The remaining 1213 birds were killed and disposed of.

Disease

Foot and Mouth – South Africa

An outbreak of foot and mouth disease has been notified in Limpopo, South Africa. Although the outbreak began on 24 August, it was only notified on 31 August. Mozambique has meanwhile banned all meat imports from South Africa and has ordered increased vigilance to prevent infected animals entering the country.