Disease

Malaria outbreak: South Africa

In an update on the malaria situation in South Africa, health officials in Mpumalanga province have reported more than 1300 malaria cases and 14 deaths, according to a South African media report Thursday. The Bushbuckridge area recorded the highest number of malaria cases accounting for about half of the 1,330 reported cases were in the area.

Disease

DRC: Ebola Update

According to a World Health Organization (WHO) Situation Report today, officials report six additional Ebola virus disease (EVD) cases in Likati Health Zone, bringing the total to 43.

Yemen: Cholera Update

Since the last report on the cholera epidemic in Yemen, Sunday, an additional 3000 suspected cases were recorded, bringing the outbreak total to more than 32,300 cases in 25 days. The death toll has risen to 332.

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

On 5 May 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of 24 additional laboratory-confirmed human infections with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China.

On 13 May 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of 23 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China.

Disease

Nigeria: Meningitis

In an update on the Nigeria meningitis outbreak that began in mid-December 2016, the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) reported 14,005 suspected cases from 24 states through May 2017. The death toll has risen 1,114.

Niger: Meningitis

Since the beginning of the year through May 7, Niger has reported 3,037 meningococcal meningitis cases, including 179 fatalities. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) has deployed several emergency teams in Niger in order to contain the meningitis C outbreak that has been affecting many regions of the country since March. More than 358,800 people have been vaccinated.

Disease

Pakistan: Chikungunya Update

In a follow-up on the chikungunya outbreak in Pakistan, the Sindh Health Department has reported 627 suspected cases of the mosquito borne disease in Karachi since May 1, according to a Pakistan Today report Saturday. This brings the total case count in the city to 2722 since the beginning of the year.

Anthrax: Switzerland

In a follow-up on the animal anthrax case in Jura, Switzerland, the surveillance system set up by the Consumer and Veterinary Affairs Department in Jura detected a second bovine case, according to a Swiss media report. The infected cow was detected on May 12 from the Jura farm after presenting symptoms of the lethal disease.

Disease

Yemen cholera crisis spreading at ‘unprecedented’ speed

More than 50 deaths due to cholera have been reported in Yemen since the beginning of the week. According to WHO, more than 240 people have died from cholera in just the last three weeks, out of a total of 23,400 infections.

DRC Ebola outbreak

In an update on the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in Likati Health Zone, Bas Uele Province in north-east Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the World Health Organization (WHO) reported nine additional suspected EVD cases Thursday in Ngayi and Azande. This brings the total EVD cases to 29 (two confirmed, two probable and 25 suspected) and three deaths.

Disease

Cholera Outbreak in Nairobi, Kenya

The Nairobi county has activated cholera treatment centres following an outbreak of the disease in the city.

Health executive Bernard Muia and chief officer Sam Ochola yesterday said five cases of the disease have been confirmed. There were also reports that three people died after contracting the disease in the city.

Disease

China bird flu: 1st case in Shanxi Province

According to the Health and Family Planning Commission of Shanxi Province, a 66-year-old woman from Datong, Shanxi Province has contracted avian influenza A(H7N9), becoming the first such human case in the province. The patient is currently in serious but stable condition.

Foot and Mouth Disease Outbreak in Rwanda

The Ministry of Agriculture has banned livestock movement from Nyagatare District following an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in the area. The disease was first detected on Tuesday in some cows in Gabiro area. Local farmers supply more than 60 000 liters of milk per day to local milk processors. The ban will result in a substantial loss to the local milk and beef cattle industry.

Disease

Measles outbreak in Tajikistan: Update

The measles outbreak that began in mid-April in Rudaki district, Tajikistan, has grown to 345 cases through May 1, according to the International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies (IFRC).

The outbreak has now spread to the capital city of Dushanbe and the surrounding districts as well as Khatlon oblast and the trend of sharp increase in new cases is expected to continue.

Ebola Cases – DRC

Between 15 May and 16 May 2017, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported on two new suspected Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) cases in Azande (one case) and Nambwa (1 case) health areas in Lakati Health Zone in the north-east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

This brings the total suspected EVD cases to 21, including three deaths (case fatality rate of 14.3%).

The outbreak has now spread to the capital city of Dushanbe and the surrounding districts as well as Khatlon oblast and the trend of sharp increase in new cases is expected to continue.

Disease

Diarrhoea, gastro outbreak hits Punjab – Pakistan

As per official record of the health department, the number of gastro and diarrhea patients reached 210,954 in the government-run hospitals, including 74,337 cases in Lahore since January 1, 2017. Moreover, the death toll due to the disease is being willfully not recorded in the hospitals in a bid to minimise the havoc in the province.

To make matters worse, the statistics compiled by the provincial headquarters did not include the figures of those patients who are visiting private hospitals, clinics and health centres in large numbers. If all data is included, the number of patients might be three times the current figures.

Although the government-run hospitals are crowded with gastroenteritis and diarrhea patients, the functionaries of the Punjab health department are hesitant to declare the outbreak officially.

Disease

Cholera Outbreak in Yemen – Update

The cholera outbreak in war-torn Yemen has killed 115 people and left 8,500 ill as hospitals struggle to cope with an influx of patients, the International Committee of the Red Cross said Sunday. 24 cholera cases were registered in the Habra prison. The degrading of sanitation and health systems have been cited as the cause of the outbreak of the disease.

Disease

Rabies: Virginia. USA

The Virginia Department of Health (VDH) is investigating a rare confirmed case of human rabies. The Virginia resident was bitten by a dog while traveling in India.

Ebola confirmed in Democratic Republic of Congo

The DRC Ministry of Health in a statement said case was confirmed from tests on nine people who came down with a hemorrhagic fever in Bas-Uele province in the northeast of the country on or after Apr. 22. According to reports, at least 3 people have died.

Officials say this is a very remote area.

Ebola was confirmed by the reference laboratory in Kinshasa.

This is the first EVD case reported in Africa since the West Africa outbreak in 2014-2015 where a total of 28,616 Ebola cases have been reported in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, with 11,310 deaths.

Disease

Anthrax in Kenya

A slaughterhouse in Makongeni, Thika has been shut down after six people were admitted at Thika level 5 Hospital following an anthrax outbreak suspected to have emanated from the abattoir.

Brazil declares end to Zika emergency after fall in cases

Brazil declared an end to its public health emergency over the Zika virus on Thursday, 18 months after a surge in cases drew headlines around the world.

The mosquito-borne virus wasn’t considered a major health threat until the 2015 outbreak revealed that Zika can lead to severe birth defects. One of those defects, microcephaly, causes babies to be born with skulls much smaller than expected.

From January through mid-April, the Health Ministry recorded 95% fewer cases than during the same period last year. The incidence of microcephaly has fallen as well.

Cholera in Yemen

The United Nations on Thursday confirmed 58 cases of cholera and 47 cholera-associated deaths across war-torn Yemen in the past two weeks, the second such outbreak in a year.

Disease

Portugal hepatitis A outbreak

In a follow-up on the hepatitis A outbreak in Portugal, the outbreak that began earlier this year has grown to 242 cases, according to a local media report. This is up from 138 cases one month ago.

South Africa malaria update

In an update on the malaria situation in South Africa, in the Limpopo Province, malaria transmission is ongoing, mainly in Mopani and Vhembe Districts, with some increase in cases in adjacent areas of the northern Kruger National Park. However, the number of new cases of malaria in the province is starting to decline.

In Mpumalanga Province, a malaria outbreak has been declared in the Bushbuckridge area related to increased numbers of malaria cases.

There are a number of reasons for the increase in malaria transmission in recent weeks. The malaria areas of South Africa are prone to epidemics because of the seasonal nature of malaria in the region. The current situation is due to a combination of increased rainfall and temperatures, and reduced insecticide spray coverage in some areas has probably contributed.

Vector control by indoor spraying is expensive and labor-intensive, and the malaria control program has to adjust its spraying activities according to available budget, and because certain areas have been effectively cleared of malaria for a number of years. However, they still remain at risk of outbreaks if circumstances are favorable for the vectors.

Foot and Mouth Disease: Cambodia

Authorities in Svay Rieng province on Wednesday said the latest outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease had been brought under control by timely treatment, though their numbers on how many cows the contagious virus had infected varied wildly.

Meas Sok, chief of Svay Chrum district’s Chhoeuteal commune, said about 200 cows were infected beginning last month and that speedy vaccinations had since brought the number down to 30.

Disease

Switzerland reports anthrax case

Officials with the Swiss Federal Veterinary Office have reported an animal anthrax case on a canton of Jura farm near the border with France to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) Monday. One cow that died suddenly tested positive for Bacillus anthracis, the bacterial agent of anthrax while officials say two other animals have fever. It is the first case of anthrax in Switzerland in 20 years.

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

On 30 April 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of 18 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in mainland China.|