Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.7 earthquake hits Tonga.

5.7 earthquake hits southern Iran.

5.2 earthquake hits Kepulauan Mentawai, Indonesia.

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Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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In the Western Pacific Ocean : Tropical Storm 21w (Neoguri), located approximately 119 nm south-southeast of Yokosuka, Japan, is tracking north-northeastward at 17 knots.

Typhoon Bualoi (22w), located approximately 438 nm south-southeast of Iwo To, is tracking north-northwestward at 12 knots.

NewsBytes:

Somalia – Moderate to heavy rains continued in many parts of Somalia and within the Ethiopian highlands over the last week. River levels at Belet Weyne (Shabelle) are currently very high. Latest reports received in the evening of 21 October indicate that nearly 40 per cent of Belet Weyne town has been affected by flooding with an estimated 72,000 people having moved to Ceel Jaale highlands and surrounding areas. All villages in the north of Belet Weyne town have been affected and humanitarian partners are yet to establish the number of people displaced in these areas.

Texas, USA – A destructive tornado touched down in the northeastern part of Dallas on Sunday night (Oct. 20), knocking out power for more than 150,000 residents and causing significant property damage. Though the tornado cut through a densely populated area, no storm-related deaths have been reported.

India – In less than two months, North Karnataka districts have been hit by heavy rain and floods again. On Monday, the latest spell of torrential rain claimed four lives and two boys were swept away in separate incidents. Flood water inundated agricultural fields and entered houses in several parts of the State.

Global Warming

Climate change making stronger El Ninos

Climate change is making stronger El Ninos, which change weather worldwide and heat up an already warming planet, a new study finds.

Scientists examined 33 El Ninos — natural warming of equatorial Pacific that triggers weather extremes across the globe — since 1901. They found since the 1970s, El Ninos have been forming farther to the west in warmer waters, leading to stronger El Ninos in some cases.

A powerful El Nino can trigger drought in some places, like Australia and India. And it can cause flooding in other areas like California. The Pacific gets more hurricanes during an El Nino and the Atlantic gets fewer.

The shift for the origin of El Nino by hundreds of miles from the east of the International Dateline to the west of that point is important because the water to the west is naturally warmer.

Before 1978, 12 of the 14 El Ninos formed in the east. After 1978, all 11 were more central or western, according a study in Monday’s Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

There have been three “super” El Ninos, starting in 1982, 1997 and 2015 and all started in the west. During each of those El Ninos, the world broke new average temperature records.

Ozone Hole Shrinks

Abnormal weather patterns in the upper atmosphere over Antarctica dramatically limited ozone depletion in September and October. This resulted in the smallest ozone hole observed since 1982, NASA and NOAA scientists said.

Endangered Antarctic Glacier Could Soon Calve a Massive New Iceberg

Two cracks are growing in western Antarctica’s Pine Island Glacier, and they are an ominous warning that major ice loss is on the way. Two large rifts have widened near the edge of Pine Island Glacier on the West Antarctic ice sheet. If they continue to grow, they could release an iceberg four times bigger than Manhattan.

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Wildfires

Wildfires – Australia

A bush fire east of Narrabri is expected to burn for a number of weeks due to steep terrain, so North West residents may see smoke. The Kaputar fire continues to spread in all directions under variable winds, and approximately 7800 hectares are already burnt in the Kaputar National Park. No properties are currently under threat.

Wildfires – Colorado, USA

The Middle Mamm fire continues to burn, it is about 10 miles east of Rifle. It has burned about 1,235 acres and containment is around thirty-four percent.

The Cow Creek fire is about nine miles east of ridgeway. The Forest Service says it has now grown to 785 acres.

Disease

Rubber Tree Fugal Disease – Thailand

A key rubber tree-growing area in Thailand has been hit by an outbreak of a fungal disease, which could halve the area’s output. Thailand is the world’s top producer and exporter of the natural rubber, accounting for up to 40% of global rubber supply.

The disease, called Pestalotiopsis, has spread into Thailand after hitting plantations in neighboring Indonesia and Malaysia. The three countries account for around 70% of the world’s natural rubber production.

The Rubber Authority of Thailand said the disease, which causes leaves to turn yellow and spotted as it spreads, was recently found in three districts in Narathiwat, a key rubber growing province in southern Thailand.

Measles – Lebanon

Lebanon health officials are reporting a measles outbreak in the country. Since November 2018, a total of 1,171 cases have been reported and no deaths. Measles cases have been reported in all eight Lebanese governorates.

Lassa Fever – Nigeria

Nigerian health officials reported five additional confirmed Lassa fever cases in the week ending Oct. 13. No deaths were reported. This brings the outbreak total for 2019 to 726 confirmed cases, including 154 deaths (21% CFR).

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.4 earthquake hits Vanuatu.

5.1 earthquake hits Fiji.

5.0 earthquake hits the Carlsberg ridge.

5.0 earthquake hits Araucania, Chile.

5.0 earthquake hits off the west coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia.

5.0 earthquake hits Mindanao in the Philippines.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the Eastern Pacific Ocean: Remnants of Nineteen-E (Priscilla) are located about 70 mi…115 km ese of Cabo Corrientes Mexico with maximum sustained winds…30 mph…45 km/h. Present movement…nnw or 345 degrees at 10 mph…17 km/h.

In the Western Pacific Ocean : Tropical Storm 21w (Neoguri), located approximately 402 nm southwest of Yokosuka, Japan, is tracking northeastward at 10 knots.

Typhoon Bualoi (22w), located approximately 168 nm east-northeast of Andersen AFB, Guam, is tracking northwestward at 08 knots.

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Wildlife

Turtle Traffickers Caught

Florida, USA wildlife officials have uncovered a trafficking ring of thousands of smuggled turtles following a long-term undercover investigation. The poachers would target habitats known for specific species of turtles and “depleted the species so much” that they had to expand to other parts of the state. The turtles were sold wholesale for up to $300 each and retailed for as much as $10,000 in Asia. In one month alone, an estimated $60,000 worth of turtles were trafficked out of Florida.

Turtles are one of the most threatened animal groups on the planet. The illegal trade of turtles is having a global impact on many turtle species and our ecosystems. More than 600 turtles were returned to the wild as a result of the investigation.

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Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.4 earthquake hits Fiji.

5.3 earthquake hits Tonga.

5.2 earthquake hits Mindanao in the Philippines.

5.2 earthquake hits east Timor.

5.2 earthquake hits the Rota region in the North Mariana Islands.

5.1 earthquake hits Mindanao in the philippines.

Two 5.0 earthquakes hit Tonga.

5.0 earthquake hits the South Sandwich Islands.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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In the Eastern Pacific Ocean: Tropical Depression Nineteen-E is located about 105 mi…170 km s of Manzanillo Mexico with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…n or 355 degrees at 7 mph…11 km/h.

In the Western Pacific Ocean : Typhoon 21w (Neoguri), located approximately 142 nm south-southeast of Kadena AFB, Okinawa, Japan, is tracking northeastward at 14 knots.

Typhoon Bualoi (22w), located approximately 334 nm east-southeast of Andersen AFB, Guam, is tracking northwestward at 11 knots.

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NewsBytes:

Russia – At least 15 people have died and 13 others have been missing after a dam collapse at a gold mine in Siberia. The dam, on the Seiba river in the region of Krasnoyarsk, burst after heavy rain on Saturday.

Niger – Floods in southeast Niger have forced 23,000 people to flee their homes since early October, officials said Saturday, threatening a new humanitarian crisis in a region already wracked by Boko Haram Islamist violence. Heavy rains have caused the Komadougou Yobe river that flows through the semi-desert Diffa region into Lake Chad to burst its banks, inundating villages, flooding fields and damaging crops. Two villages near the city of Diffa were “completely submerged” and 2,500 households have been forced to move.

UK – Drivers in the north east have been warned to take care after severe flooding left vehicles submerged and roads closed off. Emergency services were called out to incidents across Aberdeenshire and Aberdeen overnight with firefighters pumping water away from homes.

Florida, USA – The streets in St Marks, Florida were flooded by Tropical Storm Nestor on Saturday as the storm moved across the panhandle.

Global Warming

Climate Change Affecting New Zealand

Climate change, pollution and fishing are causing irreversible damage to New Zealand’s marine environment and putting many birds and mammals at risk of extinction, according to a new report from the nation’s Ministry for the Environment.

The report said New Zealand’s coastline, which stretches for about 15,000 kilometers, is also under increasing pressure from development and shipping. Agriculture, forestry and urbanization are increasing the amount of sediment, chemicals and plastics flowing into the oceans, and contaminating the coastline, it said.

The report said 90 percent of the country’s seabirds and about a quarter of its marine mammals are threatened with extinction, and that 16 percent of New Zealand’s fish stocks had been overfished.

The report also confirmed that New Zealand’s sea temperature had risen and was consistent with the global average. It also found sea levels were rising faster than before.

There was a warning, too, that New Zealand could expect more frequent marine heat waves, similar to those in 2017 and 2018, and ocean acidification.

Wildfires

Wildfires – Australia

A new bushfire is threatening homes in NSW’s scorched north. The blaze ignited at Tubbamurra, north of Armidale, on Saturday and has quickly moved east towards about homes at nearby Backwater. The region has hosted the worst of all blazes in NSW so far this bushfire season. Two people have died, dozens of homes have been destroyed and 3100 square kilometres – equivalent to a quarter of the area of Greater Sydney – has been scorched since July in bushfires in the state’s far north coast and New England regions.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.3 earthquake hits northern Alaska.

Three 5.3 earthquakes hit Tonga.

5.3 earthquake hits Fiji.

5.2 earthquake hits northern Alaska.

5.2 earthquake hits Mindanao in the Philippines.

5.1 earthquake hits Kepulauan Samgihe, Indonesia.

5.0 earthquake hits Myanmar.

5.0 earthquake hits Mindanao in the Philippines.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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In the Atlantic Ocean: Tropical Storm Nestor is located about 80 mi…125 km wsw of Panama City Florida and about 110 mi…175 km w of Apalachicola Florida with maximum sustained winds…50 mph…85 km/h. Present movement…ne or 45 degrees at 17 mph…28 km/h.

In the Eastern Pacific Ocean: Tropical Depression Octave is located about 1340 mi…2160 km wsw of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…ne or 45 degrees at 2 mph…4 km/h.

In the Western Pacific Ocean : Typhoon 21w (Neoguri), located approximately 295 nm south of Kadena AFB, Okinawa, Japan, is tracking northwestward at 07 knots.

Tropical storm 22w (Twenty-Two), located approximately 628 nm east-southeast of Andersen AFB, Guam, is tracking west-northwestward at 16 knots.

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NewsBytes:

Sudan – Unprecedented flooding caused by heavy rains has affected nearly 200,000 people in northeast South Sudan, the UN refugee agency said Friday. Situated in the Upper Nile region, the affected area is home to more than 150,000 refugees from Sudan, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) said in a statement. The UN agency said floodwaters have submerged major roads, making access to the refugee camps difficult and leading to closer of schools. The floods have also impacted access to public services, including hospitals and damaged sanitation facilities, increasing health risks.