Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.6 Earthquake hits off the east coast of Honshu, Japan.

5.0 Earthquake hits Tonga. 

5.0 Earthquake hits the Kermedec Islands. 

5.0 Earthquake hits the Dodecanese Islands-Turkey border region.

5.0 Earthquake hits southeastern Iran. 

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

In the Eastern Pacific: Tropical Storm Greg is located about 1565 mi…2515 km WSW of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…45 mph…75 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 285 degrees at 9 mph…15 km/h.

Tropical Storm Irwin is located about 745 mi…1195 km SW of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…50 mph…85 km/h. Present movement…W or 270 degrees at 5 mph…7 km/h.

Hurricane Hilary is located about 345 mi…560 km S of Manzanillo Mexico with maximum sustained winds…75 mph…120 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 300 degrees at 8 mph…13 km/h.

In the Western Pacific: Typoon 07w (Noru), located approximately 162 nm north-northwest of Minami Tori Shima, is tracking east-southeastward at 09 knots.

Tropical storm 09w (Kulap), located approximately 664 nm northwest of Minami Tori Shima, is tracking west-northwestward at 14 knots.

Tropical storm 08w (Sonca), located approximately 161 nm east-northeast of Da Nang, Vietnam, is tracking westward at 05 knots.

NewsBytes:

Kentucky, USA – Cars and a home were swept away in floodwaters after a bout of heavy rains pummeled parts of Northern Kentucky early Sunday. The flood waters were so powerful that they sent cars smashing into one another. A mobile home was also swept away by the floodwaters. 5 inches of rain were recorded in the Maysville area.

Global Warming

Climate change challenges sinking city of Venice

The Italian city of Venice is prone to frequent flooding because it has sunk five inches over the last century, but it is also grappling with a new challenge: sea-level rise, caused by climate change, which increases the severity.

“Acqua Alta,” meaning high water, has always been a fact of life here. Several times a year, high tides and storm surges flood the city, especially the famous Piazza San Marco. The worst flood occurred in November 1966, when the Venice lagoon rose more than six feet above sea level.

Acqua Alta events are usually less than boot high, last just a few hours, and the city cleans up and goes back to normal. But floods also eat away at the soft, permeable bricks that sit above the foundations of the buildings. Over time, Venetians have raised their doorways and in some cases abandoned their ground floors. But the flooding is getting worse as the water level in the Adriatic Sea and Venice Lagoon rises due to climate change. The sea level alone has risen five and half inches since 1900, according to city officials.

The Italian government does have a plan to protect Venice. It’s called the MOSE project. Conceived in the 1970s, it’s a series of 78 underwater gates secured to the floor of the Venice lagoon. During especially high tides, they will be pumped with air and rise to the surface to block rising water from reaching the city. Four giant barriers across three inlets are scheduled to be operational by 2019.

Screen Shot 2017 07 24 at 2 08 07 PM

Wildlife

New Species Of Sunfish

A new species of sunfish has been discovered for the first time in 130 years after washing up on a New Zealand beach. The two-tonne creature has been named Hoodwinker sunfish (Mola tecta) because of its elusiveness.

Iconic ocean sunfishes are the heaviest and most distinctive of all bony fishes, with some species weighing in excess of two tonnes and growing to three metres in length. The newly discovered species, named the Hoodwinker Sunfish, is thought to approach a similar size, researchers said. Marianne Nyegaard from Murdoch University in Australia uncovered the new species while researching the population genetics of ocean sunfish in the Indo-pacific region.

Fish 630 630

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.4 Earthquake hits Minahasa, Sulawesi, Indonesia.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Near Islands in the Aleutian Islands.

5.1 Earthquake hits near the east coast of Honshu, Japan.

5.0 Earthquake hits near the east coast of Honshu, Japan.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Izu Islands off Japan.

Aftershocks hit Greece

Two strong aftershocks have struck the Greek island of Kos within minutes of each other, sending startled residents and tourists scurrying away from homes and restaurants. A tremor measuring a preliminary 4.4 magnitude struck at 8.09pm local time (6.09on BST), sending restaurant customers scurrying toward the middle of the town’s main square, as far away as possible from buildings. Sixteen minutes later, a second 4.6-magnitude tremor struck, the Athens Geodynamics Institute reported. The first tremor had its epicentre only 13 miles northeast of Kos at a depth of 6 miles.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

In the Central Pacific: Post Tropical Cyclone Fernanda is dissipating – the final warning has been issued for this system.

In the Eastern Pacific: Tropical Storm Greg is located about 1290 mi…2080 km WSW of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…50 mph…85 km/h. Present movement…W or 270 degrees at 14 mph…22 km/h.

Tropical Storm Irwin is located about 665 mi…1070 km SSW of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…40 mph…65 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 285 degrees at 9 mph…15 km/h.

Tropical Storm Hilary is located about 485 mi…780 km SSE of Manzanillo Mexico and about 325 mi…520 km SSW of Acapulco Mexico with maximum sustained winds…40 mph…65 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 300 degrees at 15 mph…24 km/h.

In the Western Pacific: Tropical storm 10w (Roke), located approximately 33 nm east of Hong Kong, is tracking west-northwestward at 12 knots.

Tropical depression 07w (Noru), located approximately 268 nm north-west of Minami Tori Shima, is tracking westward at 05 knots.

Tropical storm 09w (Kulap), located approximately 696 nm north of Wake Island, is tracking west-northwestward at 09 knots.

Tropical storm 08w (Sonca), located approximately 197 nm east-northeast of Da Nang, Vietnam, is tracking westward at 03 knots.

NewsBytes:

New Zealand – A ferocious storm has buffeted the lower South Island of New Zealand overnight (Friday-Saturday), with three states of emergency declared in Christchurch, Timaru and Otago and the city of Dunedin accessible only by air. The southern city of 120,000 people was cut off by road after major landslips blocked access. Small coastal communities on the Otago Penninsula are also cut off. Livestock in Canterbury and Otago were urgently being moved to higher ground with numerous rivers rising to near historic levels and threatening to burst their banks. It is the second largest flood of the Taieri River in Otago on record.

Iowa, USA – Heavy rains Friday night and Saturday deluged the community of Sumner, and basement flooding and sandbagging were taking place in several Northeast Iowa communities. As much as 10 inches of rain fell near Fredericksburg during the stretch, according to one calculation. Fairbank and other area communities also were hard hit, many receiving 5 or more inches of rain Friday night and Saturday.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.3 Earthquake hits Tarapaca, Chile.

5,000-Year-Long Earthquake-Tsunami Record

The discovery of sediment layers in a seaside cave represents the longest record of tsunamis in the Indian Ocean, and the clearest record of tsunamis anywhere in the world.

When the December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake occurred off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia, the 9.1 magnitude event — the third-largest tremor ever recorded on a seismograph — was so strong that it caused the entire planet to vibrate by as much as 0.4 inches. The quake triggered a series of devastating tsunamis that killed up to 280,000 people in fourteen countries, inundating some coastal communities with 100-foot-tall waves. The tsunamis are now regarded as being among the deadliest natural disasters in all of recorded history.

Motivated to better understand quake and tsunami dynamics, scientists Charles Rubin, Benjamin Horton, and their colleagues have been studying the seismic history of the region. Archaeologist Patrick Daly at the Earth Observatory of Singapore (EOS) suggested that they excavate a sea cave about 22 miles south of Banda Aceh, Sumatra.

Analysis of the find, published in the journal Nature Communications, provides a 5,000-year-long sedimentary snapshot of tsunamis in the region. The record shows that eleven tsunamis were generated between 7,900 and 2,900 years ago by earthquakes along the Sunda Megathrust, a 3,300-mile-long fault running from Myanmar to Sumatra along the floor of the Indian Ocean.

The investigation additionally determined that there were two tsunami-free millennia during the 5,000 years, and one century in which four tsunamis struck the coast. The scientists could see that smaller tsunamis tend to occur relatively close together, followed by long dormant periods. These, in turn, tend to be followed by very strong quakes and tsunamis, such as the one that struck in 2004.

According to the researchers, the 5,000-year record of tsunamis represents the first such discovery in a sea cave, the first record of tsunamis over this long of a period in the Indian Ocean, and the clearest record of tsunamis from anywhere in the world.

Sk 2017 04 article text width desktop

The stratigraphy of the sea cave in Sumatra excavated by scientists from the Earth Observatory of Singapore, Rutgers, and other institutions shows lighter bands of sand deposited by tsunamis over a period of 5,000 years and darker bands of organic material, largely consisting of bat guano.

Sk 2017 04 article main desktop

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the Central Pacific: Tropical Storm Fernanda is located about 635 mi…1020 km E of Hilo Hawaii and about 825 mi…1330 km E of Honolulu Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…40 mph…65 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 285 degrees at 8 mph…13 km/h.

In the Eastern Pacific: Tropical Storm Greg is located about 1010 mi…1630 km WSW of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…50 mph…85 km/h. Present movement…W or 275 degrees at 13 mph…20 km/h.

Tropical Depression Nine-E is located about 420 mi…680 km S of Puerto Angel Mexico and about 550 mi…885 km SSE of Acapulco Mexico with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 285 degrees at 13 mph…20 km/h.

In the Western Pacific: Tropical storm 10w (Roke), located approximately 252 nm east-southeast of Hong Kong, is tracking west-northwestward at 20 knots.

Tropical depression 07w (Noru), located approximately 245 nm north of Minami Tori Shima, is tracking westward at 05 knots.

Tropical storm 09w (Kulap), located approximately 675 nm north-northeast of Wake Island, is tracking westward at 18 knots.

Tropical depression 08w (Eight), located approximately 238 nm east-northeast of Da Nang, Vietnam, is tracking westward at 06 knots.

Gl sst mm

Nature – Images

Interesting Images

Mars Moon – Phobos

Over the course of 22 minutes, Hubble took 13 separate exposures, allowing astronomers to create a time-lapse image showing the tiny moon Phobos during its orbital trek (white dots) around Mars. The grooves on Mars’s moon Phobos could have been produced by tidal forces—the mutual gravitational pull of the planet and the moon.

7 21 17 mars phobos

7 21 17 mars phobos 2

Wildfires

Wildfires – Montana, USA

A series of wildfires burning in Eastern Montana blew up on Thursday and now have torched approximately 48,000 acres — or 75 square miles.

The Bridge Coulee Fire was discovered Wednesday afternoon 16 miles north of Mosby and grew from 2,500 acres Thursday afternoon to over 32,000 acres by late evening.

There are three other fires in Garfield County that are being combined with the Bridge Coulee into the Lodgepole Complex which are estimated to cover nearly 48,000 acres.

The Baker fire, 20 miles north of Sand Springs, has burned 10,000 acres while the South Breaks fire, which is 27 miles northeast of Mosby has burned over 5,000 acres. The third blaze is the Square Butte fire which has burned over 800 acres 19 miles north of Sand Springs.

Disease

Dengue fever – Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka’s dengue epidemic has gone over the 100,000 cases mark with the health ministry putting the tally at 101,698 as of today. This is more than 4-times higher than the average number of cases for the same period between 2010 and 2016.

Dengue Fever – Vietnam

Vietnam has seen in excess of 50,000 dengue fever cases in 2017 to date, including 15 deaths and the capital city of Hanoi has been struck hard in recent weeks by the mosquito borne viral disease, according the Strait Times. The report notes that in just the past week, 1,100 cases have been reported.

Kenya cholera update

In a follow-up on the cholera situation in Kenya, the World Health Organization (WHO) reports a total of 1216 suspected cases including 14 deaths (case fatality rate: 1.2%) have been reported since 1 January 2017.

The cholera outbreak has appeared in Kenya in two waves. The first cholera outbreak reported in 2017 was in Tana River County. The outbreak started on 10 October 2016 and was controlled by April 2017.

A second wave of cholera outbreaks started in Garissa County on 2 April 2017 and was reported later in nine other counties including Nairobi, Murang’a, Vihiga, Mombasa, Turkana, Kericho, Nakuru, Kiambu, and Narok. The outbreak is being reported in the general population and in refugee camps.

Nigeria Cholera Update

Seventeen persons have been confirmed dead in 1,617 reported suspected cases as a cholera outbreak continues to ravage Kwara State in North-central Nigeria.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.7 Earthquake hits the Dodecanese Islands – Turkish border region.

At least two tourists have been killed and around 200 others injured after a powerful earthquake shook the Greek Islands and Turkish coast, triggering a small tsunami.

The 6.7-magnitude quake struck in the Aegean Sea on Thursday night south of the Turkish city of Bodrum and east of the small Greek island of Kos – both areas popular with British holidaymakers.

The earthquake triggered a small tsunami that caused flooding in Bodrum and parts of Kos, which took the brunt of the impact with significant damage to buildings.

Tens of thousands of tourists spent the night outdoors on Kos, many sleeping on sunbeds along beaches and in squares.

TELEMMGLPICT000135329390 1 large trans NvBQzQNjv4BqEDjTm7JpzhSGR1 8ApEWQA1vLvhkMtVb21dMmpQBfEs

5.7 Earthquake hits the Pacific-Antarctic ridge.

5.5 Earthquakehits Vanuatu.

5.2 Earthquake hits the Komandorskiye Ostrova region, Russia.

5.2 Earthquake hits the Mariana Islands.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Dodecanese Islands – Turkish border region.

5.0 Earthquake hits off the west coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia.

5.0 Earthquake hits New Guinea, Papua New Guinea.

Yellowstone Earthquake Swarm Continues

Researchers have now recorded more than 1,200 earthquakes at Yellowstone National Park, part of an ongoing earthquake swarm now in its sixth week.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

In the Central Pacific: Tropical Storm Fernanda is located about 825 mi…1330 km E of Hilo Hawaii and about 1020 mi…1640 km E of Honolulu Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…50 mph…85 km/h. Present movement…W or 280 degrees at 12 mph…19 km/h.

In the Eastern Pacific: Tropical Storm Greg is located about 800 mi…1285 km SW of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…50 mph…85 km/h. Present movement…W or 280 degrees at 10 mph…17 km/h.

Post Tropical Depression Eight-E is dissipating. The final warning has been issued for this system.

In the Western Pacific: Tropical depression 07w (Noru), located approximately 257 nm north-northeast of Minami Tori Shima, is tracking westward at 10 knots.

Tropical storm 09w (Kulap), located approximately 723 nm northeast of Wake Island, is tracking northward at 10 knots.

Tropical depression 08w (Eight), located approximately 271 nm south of Hong Kong, is tracking west-northwestward at 11 knots.

NewsBytes:

Lancashire, England – Flash floods have hit several homes and businesses in parts of Lancashire. Torrential downpours affected properties in Blackpool, Lancaster and Carnforth on Wednesday night, leaving some homes swamped in up to six inches of water. Firefighters attended several properties to pump out water or isolate electrics. There were no reports of any injuries.