Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.9 Earthquake hits southeast of the Ryukyu Islands off Japan.

5.8 Earthquake hits eastern Turkey.

5.5 Earthquake hits southwest of Sumatra, Indonesia.

5.3 Earthquake hits Antofagasta, Chile.

5.1 Earthquake hits Minahasa, Sulawesi, Indonesia.

5.0 Earthquake hits west of Macquarie island.

5.0 Earthquake hits Panay in the Philippines.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

In the Eastern Pacific: Tropical Depression Greg is located about 1065 mi…1715 km E of South Point Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…NW or 305 degrees at 13 mph…20 km/h.

Hurricane Irwin is located about 905 mi…1455 km WSW of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…80 mph…130 km/h. Present movement…WSW or 255 degrees at 7 mph…11 km/h.

Hurricane Hilary is located about 460 mi…740 km S of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…105 mph…165 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 285 degrees at 12 mph…19 km/h.

In the Western Pacific: Typhoon 07w (Noru), located approximately 327 nm north-northeast of Minami Tori Shima, is tracking northwestward at 13 knots.

Tropical Depression 09w (Kulap), located approximately 475 nm north-northwest of Minami Tori Shima, is tracking west-southwestward at 11 knots.

Tropical storm 11w (Nesat), located approximately 427 nm east-northeast of Manila, Philippines, is tracking northward at 04 knots.

NewsBytes:

Illinois, USA – Severe thunderstorms that brought heavy rain, hail and strong winds to northern Illinois on Monday and Tuesday have exacerbated recent flooding in some areas. The storms caused flood levels to rise, just as they were starting to go down.

Global Warming

Alien species invasions and global warming a ‘deadly duo’, warn scientists

Invasions by alien species and global warming form a “deadly duo”, scientists have warned, with the march of Argentine ants in the UK a new example. The public are being asked to be on alert for invaders such as the raccoon dog and Asian hornet, as eradication can be near impossible after a species becomes established.

As trade and human travel has become globalised many thousands of species have crossed oceans or mountain ranges and become established in new regions. Recent research shows that ever more animals and plants are finding their way to foreign lands and that invasive species are a “primary threat” to economies, human wellbeing and wildlife.

For example, the Argentine ant is a species that has some indoor populations in London [and elsewhere], but in the last couple of years we have seen those indoor populations spread outdoors. A little bit more climate warming for the UK and we could see the Argentine ant settling in very well.

Screen Shot 2017 07 26 at 3 50 43 PM

Wildfires

Wildfires – Southern France

Parts of the French Riviera were evacuated late Tuesday and into Wednesday as forest fires burned swathes of land and threatened thousands of people, according to local police.

More than 10,000 residents and tourists were moved after a forest fire started near the coastal commune of Bormes-les-Mimosas, around 40 km (nearly 25 miles) from Toulon, one of the country’s southernmost towns.

A combination of strong Mistral winds and a lack of rain have fueled the fires, which took hold in the French Riviera and on the island of Corsica, off the southern French coast.

Screen Shot 2017 07 26 at 3 39 31 PM

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

In the Eastern Pacific: Tropical Storm Greg is located about 1345 mi…2165 km E of South Point Hawaii and about 1765 mi…2835 km WSW of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…45 mph…75 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 295 degrees at 9 mph…15 km/h.

Hurricane Irwin is located about 770 mi…1235 km SW of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…75 mph…120 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 300 degrees at 5 mph…7 km/h.

Hurricane Hilary is located about 360 mi…575 km S of Cabo Corrientes Mexico and about 565 mi…910 km SSE of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…105 mph…165 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 290 degrees at 10 mph…17 km/h.

In the Western Pacific: Typoon 07w (Noru), located approximately 221 nm east-northeast of Minami Tori Shima, is tracking east-northeastward at 08 knots.

Tropical storm 09w (Kulap), located approximately 512 nm north of Minami Tori Shima, is tracking westward at 15 knots.

Tropical storm 08w (Sonca), located approximately 87 nm northwest of Da Nang, Vietnam, is tracking westward at 12 knots.

NewsBytes:

Jummu and Kashmir, India – A flash flood in Thathri village, Doda district of Jammu and Kashmir has claimed the lives of at least six people. The flash flood damaged the Batote-Kishtwar National Highway, washing away half a dozen houses.

India – More than 25,000 people have been moved to higher ground and at least three are reported to have died in this latest period of floods in Gujarat. Water depths are typically a half to one metre in Banaskantha district, with many rural areas cut off as road, rail and power are all affected. The latest wave of floods in Assam has affected 90,000 people: 160 square km of land is underwater. This is a normal wet season in northeast India which contains the wettest place on earth. In West Bengal, Rajasthan and Gujarat, this recent amount of rain is abnormal. Another metre of rain is possible in western India over the next three days.

Myanmar – Flooding across large parts of Myanmar has displaced more than 100,000 people, causing two deaths, while dramatic riverbank erosion has washed away a Buddhist pagoda. Water levels have risen steadily since unrelenting monsoon rain began to lash the heart of the Southeast Asian country in early July, driving some people to higher land or seek shelter in Buddhist monasteries.

Global Warming

How Mongolia’s nomads are adapting to climate change

Harsh winters and dry summers are threatening the livelihoods of Mongolia’s nomadic herders. Some are banding together to safeguard their herds – and communities – from the extreme conditions.

For centuries, nomadic families have driven their livestock across Mongolia’s steppe, preserving a way of life that goes back generations. But changes in this vast, desolate landscape have forced them to adapt. Winters have become harsher, and extreme weather events more frequent.

Global warming is affecting Mongolia faster than other parts of the world. “Over the last 70 years, the average air temperature has risen by 2.1 degrees Celsius [3.8 degrees Fahrenheit] – one of the highest increases recorded on Earth

Mongolia is one of the last pastoral countries left on Earth. Its economy is dependent on the production of livestock, and around 80 percent of its territory is covered in grasslands. Living at the edge of the habitable world, pastoral nomadic people are highly vulnerable to changes. In response, some herders are forming communities and pooling their resources, in hopes that this will allow their traditional nomadic lifestyles to survive.

Around 28 percent of the Mongolian population lives at or below the poverty line, and many people survive on a subsistence basis. Because of this, and the fragile nature of pastures, extreme weather events are often disastrous in Mongolia. Experts are warning that pastures are at further risk due to overgrazing and climate change. A few centimeters more snow than average locks the forage under a thick frozen layer, and causes high mortality among the livestock.

Due to dzud, (a summer drought followed by a severe winter, generally causing serious loss of livestock) the winter of 1999 to 2000 resulted in the country losing 30 percent of its herds nationwide. As reported by Ulambayar in the scientific journal “World Development,” 2 million head of livestock, or 20 percent of the national herd, were lost in the dzud of 2009. And dzud events are projected to increase due to climate change.

Many nomads are abandoning their traditional lifestyle and migrating to the cities. The capital of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, is already reeling under the impacts of rapid urbanization, which include off-the-charts air pollution.

39308091 401

Wildfires

Wildfires – Southern France and Corsica

Hundreds of firefighters were battling blazes across southern France on Monday, with one inferno spreading across 900 hectares of forest and threatening homes on the island of Corsica, emergency services said.

Residents were evacuated from homes at the edge of the town of Biguglia, on the island’s northeastern coast.

Another fire on the south of the island, which destroyed 110 hectares around the town of Aleria, was brought under control on Monday.

Elsewhere in France, a fire raged in the forests around Luberon in the Vaucluse region, covering 650 hectares. Several homes in the village of Mirabeau had to be evacuated, according to officials.

In the nearby Var region, another fire burned over 200 hectares at Gigaro, close to the Mediterranean resort of Saint-Tropez.

Disease

Vietnam: High hepatitis numbers, Dengue in the Mekong Delta

Vietnam’s health ministry recently reported the viral hepatitis burden in the country of less than 100 million people. According to Xinhua report Monday, the southeast Asian nation currently has 7.8 million of hepatitis B patients and 991,000 hepatitis C cases.

Among the hepatitis B patients, over 51,000 suffer from cirrhosis and over 14,000 others from liver cancer; and among the hepatitis C patients, more than 13,000 suffer from cirrhosis, and nearly 6,000 from liver cancer.

Vietnam has reported nearly 60,000 dengue fever cases year-to-date and according to local media, dengue cases are up in the Mekong Delta.

Dengue fever has increased sharply this year among children aged between 10-15 in the Mekong Delta, especially in Can Tho city. Since the beginning of this year, dengue-related deaths have been reported in Dong Thap, Tien Giang and Tra Vinh provinces.

Romania measles update:

Between 1 January 2016 and 21 July 2017, the Romania National Center for Communicable Disease Control and Control has reported 8,246 measles cases and 32 deaths. Last week, the Health Ministry and the Interior Ministry started a vaccination campaign against measles. There are about 180,000 unvaccinated kids in Romania, according to the Health Ministry.

Swine Flu in Myanmar

A six-year-old boy died and 13 more people were infected in a new outbreak of H1N1 influenza in Myanmar, health authorities said Monday. News about the rise in H1N1 infection spread quickly in Yangon, with some people wearing masks on their faces.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.6 Earthquake hits off the east coast of Honshu, Japan.

5.0 Earthquake hits Tonga. 

5.0 Earthquake hits the Kermedec Islands. 

5.0 Earthquake hits the Dodecanese Islands-Turkey border region.

5.0 Earthquake hits southeastern Iran. 

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

In the Eastern Pacific: Tropical Storm Greg is located about 1565 mi…2515 km WSW of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…45 mph…75 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 285 degrees at 9 mph…15 km/h.

Tropical Storm Irwin is located about 745 mi…1195 km SW of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…50 mph…85 km/h. Present movement…W or 270 degrees at 5 mph…7 km/h.

Hurricane Hilary is located about 345 mi…560 km S of Manzanillo Mexico with maximum sustained winds…75 mph…120 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 300 degrees at 8 mph…13 km/h.

In the Western Pacific: Typoon 07w (Noru), located approximately 162 nm north-northwest of Minami Tori Shima, is tracking east-southeastward at 09 knots.

Tropical storm 09w (Kulap), located approximately 664 nm northwest of Minami Tori Shima, is tracking west-northwestward at 14 knots.

Tropical storm 08w (Sonca), located approximately 161 nm east-northeast of Da Nang, Vietnam, is tracking westward at 05 knots.

NewsBytes:

Kentucky, USA – Cars and a home were swept away in floodwaters after a bout of heavy rains pummeled parts of Northern Kentucky early Sunday. The flood waters were so powerful that they sent cars smashing into one another. A mobile home was also swept away by the floodwaters. 5 inches of rain were recorded in the Maysville area.

Global Warming

Climate change challenges sinking city of Venice

The Italian city of Venice is prone to frequent flooding because it has sunk five inches over the last century, but it is also grappling with a new challenge: sea-level rise, caused by climate change, which increases the severity.

“Acqua Alta,” meaning high water, has always been a fact of life here. Several times a year, high tides and storm surges flood the city, especially the famous Piazza San Marco. The worst flood occurred in November 1966, when the Venice lagoon rose more than six feet above sea level.

Acqua Alta events are usually less than boot high, last just a few hours, and the city cleans up and goes back to normal. But floods also eat away at the soft, permeable bricks that sit above the foundations of the buildings. Over time, Venetians have raised their doorways and in some cases abandoned their ground floors. But the flooding is getting worse as the water level in the Adriatic Sea and Venice Lagoon rises due to climate change. The sea level alone has risen five and half inches since 1900, according to city officials.

The Italian government does have a plan to protect Venice. It’s called the MOSE project. Conceived in the 1970s, it’s a series of 78 underwater gates secured to the floor of the Venice lagoon. During especially high tides, they will be pumped with air and rise to the surface to block rising water from reaching the city. Four giant barriers across three inlets are scheduled to be operational by 2019.

Screen Shot 2017 07 24 at 2 08 07 PM

Wildlife

New Species Of Sunfish

A new species of sunfish has been discovered for the first time in 130 years after washing up on a New Zealand beach. The two-tonne creature has been named Hoodwinker sunfish (Mola tecta) because of its elusiveness.

Iconic ocean sunfishes are the heaviest and most distinctive of all bony fishes, with some species weighing in excess of two tonnes and growing to three metres in length. The newly discovered species, named the Hoodwinker Sunfish, is thought to approach a similar size, researchers said. Marianne Nyegaard from Murdoch University in Australia uncovered the new species while researching the population genetics of ocean sunfish in the Indo-pacific region.

Fish 630 630