Disease

Foot and Mouth Disease – Botswana

The Botswana Ministry of Agricultural Development and Food Security has confirmed a new outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in the Ngamiland District, about 1,500 km north-west of the capital Gaborone. In a statement issued on June 13, the Department of Veterinary Services (DVS) said five cattle have since been quarantined after exhibiting suspicious symptoms consistent with FMD.

Kenya – Multiple Outbreaks

The Kenya Ministry of Health reported this week on the outbreak situation in several counties throughout the country in 2018 to date to include cholera, measles, chikungunya and Rift Valley fever (RVF).

Cholera – A total of 4,954 cholera cases had been reported since the beginning of the year, including 75 deaths. Nineteen counties have been affected–Mombasa, Garissa, Siaya, Tharaka-Nithi, Meru, Kirinyaga, Busia, Tana River, Turkana, Murang’a, Trans Nzoia, West Pokot, Nairobi, Nakuru, Isiolo, Machakos, Elgeyo-Marakwet, Kiambu and Kilifi.

Measles – Outbreaks were reported in Wajir and Mandera counties in February with 39 and 103 cases recorded, respectively. The outbreaks have since been contained.

Chikungunya – Outbreaks of this mosquito borne viral disease have been reported from three counties: Mombasa (1302), Lamu (199) and Kilifi (7). These outbreaks have also since been contained.

Rift Valley fever (RVF) – The RVF fever outbreak in Kenya was confirmed on June 7 in humans. A total of 15 cases, including five deaths have been reported from Wajir, Eldas and Wajir sub-counties.

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Disease

Chikungunya – India

India has reported 9,175 suspected chikungunya cases through April 2018, according to the National Vector Borne Disease Control Program of the Ministry of Health. Karnataka state has reported the most cases at 4,879, followed by Gujarat (1357) and Maharashtra (966).

Rift Valley Fever – South Africa

An isolated outbreak of Rift Valley fever (RVF) has been detected on a single farm in the Jacobsdal area of Free State, South Africa, bordering Northern Cape. A total of 250 sheep deaths/abortions were documented and laboratory confirmed on 16 May 2018. No human cases have been detected to date.

Foot and Mouth Disease – Zimbabwe

An outbreak of foot and mouth disease has hit Gutu district which became the latest hard-hit area after Chiredzi in just a month, forcing the veterinary department to issue an order restricting the movement of cattle from the two districts.

Masvingo Beef Farmers Association Chairman Robert Makado confirmed the latest outbreak of foot and mouth in Gutu and blamed the veterinary department for failing to be proactive in dealing with the problem.

Disease

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever: Mauritania

The Mauritania Ministry of Health has reported a confirmed case of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in Ould Yengé commune, Guidimaka region located in the southern-most part of the country. The case-patient is a 58-year-old male herder from Elghabra locality who became ill on 16 April 2018 (reportedly) after tending to a sick cow days earlier.

Chikungunya: Brazil

The number of chikungunya cases reported in Rio de Janeiro state during the first quarter of 2018 is nearly triple the number seen during the same period last year. From January to March of this year there were 4,262 notifications of chikungunya.

Malaria: Venezuela

Venezuela has the highest percentage increase of malaria cases in the world, according to the latest data from the World Health Organization. In fact, the number of cases in the country have increased by a factor of 10 since 2010. In 2010, the country had recorded 45,000 cases of malaria. By 2016, the rate was already 240,613. However, the data from Caracas was questioned and other estimates put it at 300,000 cases.

Malaria: Uganda

Malaria figures in Uganda are alarming; with 2017 Ministry of Health statistics showing the disease still claims about 80,000 lives per year, equivalent to an average of 200 people every day.

Disease

Rift Valley fever – Gambia

On 3 January 2018, the Ministry of Health (MoH), Senegal notified WHO of a case of Rift Valley fever, a 52-year-old Korean man who was a resident of Gambia. The case was reported from a hospital in Dakar.

Yemen – Diphtheria and Cholera – Update

In an update on the diphtheria and cholera outbreak situation in war-torn Yemen, as of Feb. 10, there are 1,032 probable diphtheria cases, including 64 associated deaths, in 161 districts among 20 governorates in the country.

According to the World Health Organization, 1,068,520 cholera cases and 2,261 deaths as of February 25. The current outbreak started on Apr. 27, 2017. While the outbreak has slowed in recent months, UN health officials say that may change with the upcoming rainy seasons.

Chikungunya – Mombasa, Kenya

From mid-December 2017 through 3 February 2018, the Ministry of Health (MoH) of Kenya reported 453 cases, including 32 laboratory-confirmed cases and 421 suspected cases, of chikungunya from Mombasa County.

Disease

Hepatitis E – Namibia

During the week ending on 13 October 2017, the first identified case was admitted to a public hospital in Windhoek district, with signs and symptoms of hepatitis E. During the week ending on 8 January 2018, a total of 237 probable and confirmed cases have been seen at various health facilities in Windhoek district with the same signs and symptoms.

Cholera – United Republic of Tanzania

From 1 January 2017 through 31 December, 4985 cases including 99 deaths have been reported in Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar.

Cholera – Zambia

In a follow-up on the cholera outbreak in Zambia, the cholera outbreak in Zambia continues to escalate. During the past week, an additional 613 cases were reported. As of 8 January 2018, a cumulative total of 2,672 cases with 63 deaths (case fatality rate 2.4%) have been registered.

Lassa Fever – Nigeria

Three medical personnel at the Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki in Ebonyi State have been killed by Lassa fever. Confirming the incident, the state Commissioner for Health, said two of the dead patients were medical doctors while the third person was a nurse. He revealed that the index patient who was treated by one of the doctors and nurse survived and had been discharged.

Kenya – Chikungunya outbreak

The Kenyan Ministry of Health has reported an outbreak of chikungunya in the coastal city of Mombasa. As of 8 January 2018, a total of 45 suspected cases of chikungunya and no deaths have been documented.

Disease

Cape Verde: Malaria

In a follow-up on the locally transmitted malaria increases reported on Cabo Verde this year, 254 indigenous cases were reported through Sep. 24. Most cases (75%) have not sought treatment until 48-96 hours after illness onset. Despite this, case fatality rates have remained low (0.4%), with one death reported in an indigenous case to date.

Liberia: measles

The Liberia Ministry of Health has reported a measles outbreak in Bong County in north-central Liberia. As of 27 Sep 2017, a total of 16 cases (4 confirmed and 12 epidemiologically linked) were reported in the community.

Italy: Measles

As of 26 September, 183 cases have been notified to the Lazio Region of Italy, which includes the coastal areas of Anzio and Latina as well as the city of Rome. Of the notified cases, 109 are confirmed and 74 additional cases are being investigated (all with an epidemiological link to the Lazio Region). Three more confirmed cases have also been notified from other areas with a travel history to Anzio.

Disease

Chikungunya – Italy

As of 26 September, 183 cases have been notified to the Lazio Region of Italy, which includes the coastal areas of Anzio and Latina as well as the city of Rome. Of the notified cases, 109 are confirmed and 74 additional cases are being investigated (all with an epidemiological link to the Lazio Region). Three more confirmed cases have also been notified from other areas with a travel history to Anzio.

Iran – Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever

In a follow-up on the Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) outbreak in Iran since March, officials report the number of cases have surpassed 120 in the past six months from 13 different provinces. Of this total, eight deaths have been recorded since March.

Madascar – Plague

In an update on the plague situation in Madagascar, in the past five weeks 104 cases have been reported, with half (52) cases being pneumonic plague, according to a World Health Organization (WHO) update. Of the 104 cases, 20 were fatal for a case-fatality rate on more than 19 percent.

Bangladesh – Acute Watery Diahhroea, Cholera

Red Crescent mobile clinics in Cox’s Bazar are treating an increasing number of people with acute watery diarrhoea, raising concerns about a possible outbreak of disease among the estimated 480,000 people who have fled Myanmar’s Rakhine state in recent weeks.

Red Crescent Society volunteers and staff have provided purified water to more than 30,000 people. They are also building latrines and showers to improve sanitation and safeguard the security and dignity of women and girls, but the needs outpace the delivery of services.

900 000 vaccines have been despatched to the affected areas.

Disease

Chikungunya – Italy

As of 14 September, fourteen autochthonous confirmed cases of chikungunya have been diagnosed in Italy, six in Rome and eight in the coastal area of Anzio (Lazio Region). There are additional cases being investigated.

Pneumonic plague outbreak reported in Madagascar

Twenty-two pneumonic plague cases, including five deaths have been reported in Madagascar since August. There was widespread panic in the eastern region of Tamatave which has not seen the plague for 100 years.

During the last decade, the island country reported more than 7,000 human plague cases, second most on the planet. There have been outbreaks every year in Madagascar since 1980, especially fueled by rats fleeing forest fires.

Cholera – Nigeria

The death toll as a result of cholera outbreak in Borno State has risen to 44, the State Commissioner of Health, Dr. Haruna Mshelia revealed on Friday.

The outbreak which has become a yearly occurrence in the troubled state, hit hard at internally displaced persons (IDPs) camps, where many of the death and affected victims were recorded.

Disease

Bangladesh – Chikungunya Outbreak in Dhaka

Bangladesh’s capital Dhaka is reeling from a “major outbreak of chikungunya”, a viral disease spread by the Aedes mosquito, which is also responsible for Zika virus, with the hospitals reporting nearly 3,000 cases of the disease since May.

Disease

Yemen: Cholera epidemic

After reporting more than 7,000 additional cholera cases in the past day, health officials report the case tally in the Yemen epidemic has reached 200,420 suspected cholera cases, including 1,310 deaths since Apr. 27.

First Chikungunya-infected Aedes aegypti mosquitos found in Brazil

While more than 13,000 cases of Chikungunya viral disease were reported in Brazil in 2015, scientists had never before detected the virus in a captured mosquito in this country. Now, researchers have identified a mosquito–caught in the Brazilian city of Aracaju–that’s naturally infected with the East-Central-South-African (ECSA) genotype of Chikungunya.

Chikungunya, which often causes a fever and joint pain, is endemic in Africa and Asia and was first reported to be transmitted within Brazil in 2014.

Disease

Pakistan: Chikungunya Update

In a follow-up on the chikungunya outbreak in Pakistan, the Sindh Health Department has reported 627 suspected cases of the mosquito borne disease in Karachi since May 1, according to a Pakistan Today report Saturday. This brings the total case count in the city to 2722 since the beginning of the year.

Anthrax: Switzerland

In a follow-up on the animal anthrax case in Jura, Switzerland, the surveillance system set up by the Consumer and Veterinary Affairs Department in Jura detected a second bovine case, according to a Swiss media report. The infected cow was detected on May 12 from the Jura farm after presenting symptoms of the lethal disease.

Disease

Qatar reports 2nd MERS case in a month

Health officials in Qatar have reported an additional Middle East Respiratory syndrome (MERS) case in 2017 in a 25-year-old patient, according to a news release. This is the second case reported in Qatar in less than a month and the 20th case since the coronavirus was first detected in 2012.

Pakistan Chikungunya Tally

The number of suspected cases of chikungunya in the Karachi area has eclipsed 1,000 since Dec. 2016, according to the Pakistan Ministry of National Health Services. Between 19 December 2016 and 30 March 2017, a total of 1018 suspected cases of chikungunya have been reported in various districts in Karachi. No deaths have been reported so far.

Disease

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever death reported in Namibia

A farmworker from the Omaheke region on the eastern border of Namibia has died from Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF), according to Namibia health officials. According to a report in The Namibian, The unidentified man died on Feb. 22 after being admitted to the Gobabis District Hospital when he vomited blood. He was treated for fever, diarrhoea, and coughing a few days earlier.

Chikungunya in Pakistan

Pakistan’s Ministry of National Health Services, Regulations and Coordination has reported cases of chikungunya in the country for the first time. A total of 803 cases have been reported since 19 December 2016 in the Sindh province, including 29 cases reported in various towns in Karachi during the week of 10-16 February 2017.

New cholera cases in Haiti

Haiti has reported 1,897 cholera cases through January, according to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). 28 deaths were reported during this period. Since the cholera outbreak began in October 2010, months after the Jan. 12, 2010 earthquake, 797,691 cholera cases have been reported in Haiti, including 9,439 deaths.

Disease

Chikungunya Outbreak in the Philippines

Health officials M’lang, North Cotabato on the southern island of Mindanao have declared a chikungunya outbreak after some 50 people contracted the mosquito borne viral disease in the past week.

Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease in Vietnam

After reporting about 50,000 hand, foot and mouth disease cases in 2016, Vietnamese health officials with the General Department of Preventive Medicine are warning the public to take protective measures as more than 2100 cases have been seen in 57 localities so far in 2017.

More Bird Flu Cases in China

The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health today (February 16) received notification from the National Health and Family Planning Commission that 61 additional human cases of avian influenza A(H7N9), including seven deaths, were recorded from February 6 to 12.

New Antibiotic Discovered

A new antibiotic, produced by bacteria found on a species of African ant, found in Kenya is very potent against antibiotic-resistant ‘superbugs’ like MRSA according to scientists. Researchers at the University of East Anglia (UEA) and the John Innes Centre (JIC) discovered a new member of the Streptomyces bacteria family, isolated from the African fungus-growing plant-ant Tetraponera penzigi.