Disease

Measles – New Zealand

Officials with the Auckland Regional Public Health Service (ARPHS) report the number of measles confirmed has now reached 60 to date in 2019. There have now been measles cases in every part of the city.

Typhoid – Pakistan

Pakistan health officials are reporting 2,982 typhoid cases in Karachi through May 14, according to a Pakistan Today report. Of this total, 1765 are typhoid/paratyphoid fever and 1217 are Ceftriaxone-Resistant Salmonella typhi.

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Disease

Cambodia – African Swine Fever

Since the first outbreak of African swine fever (ASF) in Asia last August in Liaoning Province, China, hundreds of outbreaks have been in dozens of provinces in China, Mongolia and Vietnam. Now we learn of the first occurrence in neighboring Cambodia.

An ASF outbreak has been reported in backyard pigs in Rattanakiri province in northeast Cambodia, which borders Vietnam. Four hundred of the 500 pigs on the farm died and the remaining killed and properly disposed.

Typhoid – El Salvador

The El Salvador Ministry of Health (MINSAL) is reporting 517 cases of typhoid through the first twelve weeks of 2019.

Disease

Ebola – DR Congo – Update

Health officials in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) reported two additional Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) cases Thursday, bringing the cumulative number of cases is 993, since the beginning of the epidemic. The two new confirmed cases were reported in Mandima and Masereka. In addition, seven new EVD fatalities were reported bringing that total to 621.

Dengue Fever – Reunion – Update

During the most recent reportable week, health officials saw another 566 confirmed cases with the most activity reported in The Saint-Louis River, St. Louis and St. Peter’s communes.

Typhoid Fever – Philippines

Health officials in the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) on Luzon island, Philippines are reporting an increase in typhoid in the region. According to the Department of Health-CAR, 681 cases were recorded in the first quarter of 2019

Dengue Fever – Philippines

The Regional Epidemiology and Surveillance Unit (RESU) reports some 5,616 cases of dengue fever with 18 deaths in the region through March 16, 2019.

Cholera – Mozambique

Cholera cases were reported on Friday in the Mozambican city of Beira, adding a risk of deadly illnesses for hundreds of thousands of people who are scrambling for shelter, food and water after catastrophic flooding in southern Africa caused by Cyclone Idai.

Disease

Typhoid Fever – Pakistan

Pakistan Health Authorities have reported an ongoing outbreak of extensively drug resistant (XDR) typhoid fever that began in the Hyderabad district of Sindh province in November 2016. From 1 November 2016 through 9 December 2018, 5 274 cases of XDR typhoid out of 8 188 typhoid fever cases were reported by the Provincial Disease Surveillance and Response Unit (PDSRU) in Sindh province, Pakistan.

Viral Winds

Scientists determined that astounding numbers of viruses are swept up from Earth’s surface and blown around the world in the planet’s atmospheric circulation.

Researchers believe there are at least 800 million viruses per square yard from just above the surface to the stratosphere.

The global winds are spreading them and bacteria for thousands of miles, possibly from one continent to another.

The scientists say the bacteria and viruses become air- borne after winds pick them up in dust and sea spray.

Disease

Typhoid – Fiji

The Fiji Health Ministry is reporting a typhoid outbreak in Naitasiri subdivision. To date, 31 confirmed typhoid cases have been reported and an additional 14 cases are classified as suspected at this time. The source of the outbreak is still under investigation.

Hepatitis A – West Virginia, USA

In a follow-up on the hepatitis A outbreak in West Virginia, through Dec. 7, 2,018 Hepatitis A outbreak cases have been reported, including 5 fatalities. Slightly more than half the cases required hospitalization (1035).

Foot and Mouth Disease – Vietnam

A new outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease has been reported among pigs in Hanoi’s Ba Vi District. Local reports say 261 pigs belonging to 19 households in six communes of the rural district have been affected by the disease. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development’s Department of Animal Health has asked provincial authorities to kill the affected pigs. Local veterinary units have initiated vaccinations of cattle in the area and disinfected the infected farms with chemicals and lime powder in an effort to control the spread of the disease.

Disease

India: Kerala battles leptospirosis outbreak

Kerala state health officials issued a health advisory recently due to rising leptospirosis cases and deaths in the southern state. The Health minister said there are 123 suspected leptospirosis (rat fever) cases and 71 confirmed cases, including 19 fatalities (seven confirmed). The outbreak is attributed to the ongoing monsoon floods.

Foot and Mouth Disease – Malawi

The Malawian government has banned the movement and slaughter of all cloven-hoofed animals following an outbreak of foot and mouth disease in the Lilongwe local government area. In a statement released on September 4, the Ministry of Agriculture said 217 FMD cases have been confirmed in five districts.

Zimbabwe – Typhoid

The Zimbabwean government says the typhoid outbreak in the Midlands city of Gweru has spread to two neighbouring cities and triggered a surge in new cases. At least 10 people have died and 1,500 others have been infected since the outbreak hit Gweru early last month.

Disease

Hepatitis A – West Virginia, USA

The number of hepatitis A cases in the outbreak in West Virginia has risen to 1,031 as of Friday. The outbreak has prompted the West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources (DHHR), Bureau for Public Health to request the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) technical assistance.

Typhoid – Zimbabwe

A typhoid outbreak is looming in Masvingo as the city has gone for almost a week without water supplies, leaving citizens to resort to unsafe water supplies. Local authorities seem unable to repair the water pumps at the local water works.

Disease

West Nile Virus – Europe

European health officials are reporting a spike in locally transmitted West Nile virus (WNV) cases in southern and central parts of the continent. In fact, infections have sharply increased in 2018 as compared to the previous 4 years. A total of 401 autochthonous human WNV infections have been reported by European countries this year.

Typhoid – Zimbabwe

In a follow-up on the typhoid outbreak in Gweru City, Midlands Province in central Zimbabwe, the Zimbabwe Ministry of Health and Child Care reports a total of 1,460 suspected cases, including eight deaths (case fatality ratio 0.6%).

Measles – Ukraine – Update

In a follow-up on the measles outbreak in Ukraine, the Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine reports there was finally a significant decrease in the incidence of measles last week. According to health officials, the operational data in the 33rd week of 2018, 615 people were infected with measles while the total case count is nearly 30 000.

Disease

Typhoid – Zimbabwe

Five people have died while 350 others have tested positive for typhoid in Gweru, the third largest city in Zimbabwe. The disease was initially thought to be confined to four villages of the city oldest, largest and most-run down high density suburb of Mkoba. However, Dr Parirenyatwa said it has spread to all parts of the city since detection on July 23.

Preliminary investigations suggest the outbreak was caused by the widespread consumption of contaminated water from council taps and boreholes.

Disease

Typhoid – Pakistan

The CDC issued a travel notice July 4, alerting individuals of an active outbreak of a drug-resistant typhoid fever in Pakistan. The U.K. reported three typhoid cases and the U.S. reported two cases linked to travelers returning from Pakistan in 2018.

Public health authorities in Pakistan are in the process of identifying typhoid fever cases, launching vaccination campaigns and introducing educational messaging about proper handwashing techniques and safe food and water practices.

African Swine Fever – Malawi

The Malawian government says at least 108 pigs have died following an outbreak of African Swine Fever (ASF) in the Nkhata Bay local government area. District Agriculture Development officials say that the department has since banned the slaughter of pigs and sale of pork and products until the outbreak has been brought under control.

Disease

Typhoid Fever – Pakistan

So far in 2018, three cases of extensively drug-resistant XDR typhoid fever were reported in travelers to Pakistan — one who returned to the United Kingdom, and two who returned to the United States. This has prompted the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to issue a Level 2 travel alert for travelers to the country.

Swine Flu – Indiana, USA

Indiana has reported the first human case of of H3N2 variant influenza in a resident with exposure to pigs since 2013. The State Health Department has issued a warning to take steps to prevent illness while visiting events where pigs are exhibited.

Polio – DR Congo and Somalia

The total circulating vaccine-derived polio cases (cVDPV) cases has risen to 13 globally after additional cases have been reported in the African countries of Somalia (one new case) and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (two new cases).

Disease

Measles et al – Liberia

Sixty-one cases of measles have been confirmed in 13 counties of Liberia amid fresh outbreaks of Lassa fever, Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP), neo-natal tetanus, meningitis and yellow fever.

Four cases of Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) have been confirmed in four counties. To date, 31 cases have been reported. Of these, 26 cases have tested negative while test results for 5 are still pending.

Two cases of yellow fever have been confirmed in the Grand Cape Mount and River Gee counties. Forty-four of 48 suspected cases have tested negative while results from two are still pending.

9 suspected Lassa fever cases were reported from the Bong, Margibi, Montserrado and Nimba counties. To date, 116 suspected cases have been reported with 33 deaths.

Typhoid – El Salvador

El Salvador Minister of Public Health said that there is an epidemic outbreak of typhoid fever that has affected some 26 municipalities in the country. Deputy Minister Julio Tobles Ticas with the El Salvador Ministry of Health and Social Assistance (Minsal) was more specific saying they have registered 644 suspected cases of typhoid fever, to date.

Disease

Africa – Meningitis

The World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Africa recently reported updated meningitis numbers for the countries of the African Meningitis Belt and surrounding areas. For the first three months of 2018, 7,403 suspect and confirmed cases were reported, including 566 deaths for a case fatality rate of 7.6 percent.

Map 3 11 small

Typhoid – Pakistan

The first known epidemic of extensively drug-resistant typhoid is spreading through Pakistan, infecting at least 850 people in 14 districts since 2016, according to the National Institute of Health Islamabad.

The typhoid strain, resistant to five types of antibiotics, is expected to disseminate globally, replacing weaker strains where they are endemic. Experts have identified only one remaining oral antibiotic — azithromycin — to combat it; one more genetic mutation could make typhoid untreatable in some areas.

Prior to this outbreak, only four isolated cases of extensively drug-resistant, or XDR, typhoid had previously been reported worldwide.

Disease

Scarlet Fever – England

The age-old killer scarlet fever is on the rise in England and East Asia, according to research published Monday in The Lancet Infectious Diseases journal, and investigators don’t know why.

Since 2009, cases have been steadily increasing in several East Asian countries, including Vietnam, South Korea, Hong Kong and mainland China.

An outbreak then hit England, where cases tripled in one year, from 4,700 in 2013 to 15,637 in 2014. Infections continued to rise to nearly 20,000 in 2016, a 50-year high for the United Kingdom, according to the analysis.

Typhoid – Zimbabwe

Since the beginning of Oct. 2017, Zimbabwe has seen more than 1,000 typhoid fever cases in and around the capital city of Harare. Reports indicate however, that the incidence of new cases is declining.

Lassa Fever – Liberia

Since the beginning of the year, the Liberia Ministry of Health has reported a total of 70 suspected Lassa fever cases including 21 deaths (case fatality rate 30%) from nine counties in Liberia. Out of this, 28 cases have been confirmed as Lassa virus infection, including 10 deaths from six counties.

Rabies – Florida, USA

Last month, a human rabies case and fatality was reported in Highlands County, the first human case of rabies acquired in Florida since 1948.

Today, the Florida Department of Health reported that from Jan. 1 to Sep. 30, 60 animal rabies cases were reported across the state. Twenty-six cases were reported in raccoons, followed by bats (16), cats (9), foxes (6), skunks (2) and one dog.