Disease

Guatemala: Typhoid outbreak

Health officials in Guatemala are reporting a typhoid outbreak in Petén department in the north of the country, according to a Prensa Libre report (computer translated). The outbreak began in the municipality of Dolores one month ago, according to Health Minister, Lucrecia Hernandez. To date, 60 typhoid cases have been confirmed, including two deaths.

Uganda issues viral hemorrhagic fever alert

On Monday, the Uganda Ministry of Health received a report of a suspect viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF) death in Luwero district. The case, a 20-year old female presented with a high fever, dizziness and blood secretion from her ears and mouth. In addition, three other female patients have been admitted to Bishop Asili Hospital and are observation.

Polio update: More cVDPV2 reported in Syria, DRC

Additional cases of type 2 circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV2) have been reported recently in both Syria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), according to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) this week.

Syria: Three new cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) were officially confirmed at WHO headquarters in the past week, bringing the total number of cases in this outbreak to 30. Onset of paralysis of these cases is between 3 March and 16 June. Twenty-nine of the cases are from Mayadeen district, Deir Ez-Zour governorate, and one case is from Talabyad district, Raqqa governorate.

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Three new cases of type 2 circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV2) were reported in the past week in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DR Congo). This brings the total number of cases this year to seven, in two separate outbreaks of cVDPV2: in Haut Lomami province (five cases, with onset of paralysis of the most recent case on 13 June); and in Maniema province (two cases with onset of paralysis on 26 March and 18 April, with an additional isolate detected in a healthy individual with sample collection on 2 May).

Disease

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

On 11, 14, and 21 July 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of three individual laboratory-confirmed case of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China.

India – Typhoid

At least 24 typhoid cases have been reported from Boddapadu village of Krishna district in Vijayawada metropolis, according to a local media report. Health officials suspect that water contamination in the village could be the reason for the disease.

Disease

Melbourne, Australia: Legionnaires’ Disease

The Victoria Department of Health and Human Services has recently identified five cases of Legionnaires’ disease (Legionella pneumophila, serogroup 1) involving individuals who have spent time in the eastern half of Melbourne’s Central Business District (CBD) and/or Southbank. All five required treatment in hospital.

Tonga: Typhoid

The Tonga Ministry of Health has reported eleven typhoid cases since January, including five cases from the village of Veitongo. This has prompted health officials to temporarily ban kava drinking in public halls in an effort to get the outbreak under control.

Disease

Zimbabwe typhoid outbreak

The Zimbabwean health ministry says at least 10 people have died and more than 1,800 have been infected with typhoid fever since the outbreak began in October last year, according to an Eyewitness News report Thursday. Just in the past week, 86 cases have been documented, including one fatality.

Chernobyl Radiation Possible Cause of Rare Cancer

When 10 people in New York City developed a very rare form of eye cancer over just a 4-year period, doctors were puzzled. The cancer, called vitreoretinal lymphoma, had been diagnosed in the U.S. only a handful of times over the previous 20 years.

It was interesting that six of the 10 patients had lived near Chernobyl at the time of the disaster. Four of the patients had lived in Ukraine, one patient had lived in Poland and one patient had lived in the country of Moldova, according to the case report.

The Chernobyl disaster is considered the worst nuclear power plant accident in history: On April 26, 1986, an explosion occurred at the plant in Ukraine, leaking massive amounts of cancer-causing radiation into the atmosphere.

Based on data from the New York State Cancer Registry, it was found that statistically, there should be only one case of vitreoretinal lymphoma in New York state in a 4-year period. So to find 10 cases in New York City alone in that same time period was certainly “unanticipated,” and represented a cluster.

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Disease

Somalia: Cholera

The number of cholera cases reported by the Ministry of Health in Somalia has reached a cumulative 17 211 cases and 388 deaths with a case fatality rate of 2.25%, which is nearly 4 times as many as were recorded for the same period in 2016.

China – Foot and Mouth Disease

China’s Ministry of Agriculture reported on Thursday 37 pigs on a farm in the southern Guangdong province had been killed after contracting the O-type strain of foot-and-mouth disease. The ministry said that all pigs on the farm have been killed and the outbreak is under control.

New Zealand – Typhoid

Ten people are in hospital in Auckland after contracting typhoid and public health officials are investigating whether anyone else has been infected.

The Auckland Regional Public Health Service (ARPHS) has confirmed the outbreak and says it is tracing people who have been in contact with those who have been diagnosed with the disease and “following usual protocols” to stop it spreading further.

Shellfish sourced from sea beds contaminated by sewage have caused earlier outbreaks in New Zealand.

Disease

Zimbabwe suspect typhoid cases top 2000

In the past two-plus months, Zimbabwe has seen an outbreak of typhoid fever that has resulted in more than 2200 suspected cases and at least nine deaths, according to local media. According to Health and Child Care minister David Parirenyetwa, three out of every four cases have been reported in the capital city of Harare.

Central African Republic declares end of cholera and monkeypox outbreaks

On Wednesday, The Minister of Public Health and Population in the Central African Republic (CAR), Fernande Ndjengbot announced the end of the epidemics of cholera and monkeypox in the country. According to the Minister, these two epidemics were mitigated in time after the notification of the last cases registered in September 2016.

The cholera epidemic was declared on August 10, 2016 in the district of Djoukou, Zawara and in the city of Bangui of which 266 cases were registered and 21 deaths. The monkeypox outbreak was declared on 22 September 2016 at Dalakere village, Réou 4 and 5 in the sub-prefecture of Mingala in Lower Kotto, of which 19 cases were recorded.

France Begins Operation to Cull Up to 1M Ducks

French authorities on Thursday began an operation that could see up to 1 million ducks culled from the country’s main foie gras-producing region in an attempt to contain an outbreak of a dangerous bird flu strain. Duck farmers in southwestern France will kill the birds to stem the tide of an outbreak of the H5N8 virus that has been detected in at least 13 other European countries since October. French authorities and duck farmers have engaged in several culls in the past month, but until now those culls have only taken place on farms with infected birds. The cull will affect free-range ducks that may have come in contact with wild birds carrying the virus.

While the virus is extremely harmful to birds, it doesn’t transmit through food and has not been found to affect humans.

Disease

Canada reports first human case of H3N2v influenza – Swine Flu

On Dec. 16, WHO was notified of a confirmed human case of influenza A(H3N2) variant virus in Canada.

Typhoid in Zimbabwe – Again

A suspected typhoid outbreak is feared to have hit Harare amid reports that one person has died so far, while nine others have been hospitalised. Thirty more people have been treated and discharged.

Disease

Zimbabwe reports typhoid outbreak in Masvingo

Health authorities in the south-eastern Zimbabwe town of Masvingo are reporting an outbreak of the bacterial infection, typhoid, where four cases were admitted to the local hospital. “We can confirm that four cases of typhoid have been recorded in the city of Masvingo. We suspect the outbreak has been caused by the lack of water treatment facilities”, a Masvingo Provincial Hospital official noted.

Tanzania: Anthrax

An outbreak of the bacterial disease, anthrax, has killed some 90 wildebeests and 15 gazelles in the Selela section of Monduli district in northeastern Tanzania, according to local media accounts. According to Monduli District Commissioner Idd Kimanta, the case counts are based on the number of carcasses discovered; however, based on the movement of the animals, it is likely that the case count may rise.

Disease

Typhoid, cholera alerts issued in Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe health officials issued health alerts for two serious bacterial pathogens Friday in light of serious water shortages, according to a state media report.

Officials say the erratic water supply poses serious problems with water borne disease outbreaks. “The impact may not be serious now, but when it rains and there are flash floods, all this dirt will be washed away into shallow and unprotected water sources. This is when you see an increase in water-borne diseases such as typhoid, cholera and diarrhoea,” Health and Child Care Minister David Parirenyatwa said.

The capital city of Harare has already reported 60 cases of typhoid. The water problem has forced many to dig shallow wells and the use of “bush toilets”.

Syphilis up 33 percent in Brazil

In 2016, the government forecasts 41,762 new syphilis infections among pregnant women—49 times higher than that reported a decade ago. And those numbers might even be underselling the problem; Brazilian health authorities estimate half of all cases go unreported. The sexually transmitted infection is beginning to spread at epidemic rates thanks to a troubling rise in unprotected sex, and has been exacerbated by shortages of the one medication that can stop syphilis in its tracks.

Cholera in Yemen

At least nine people have died of cholera in Yemen’s southern port city of Aden as the infectious disease continues to spread rapidly across the conflict-stricken Arab country. The sources said 190 people with severe diarrhoea had been admitted to hospitals in Aden. The WHO has warned that the scarcity of drinkable water had worsened the hygiene situation in Yemen, fuelling a marked increase in cases of severe diarrhoea, in particular among people displaced from their homes in the centre of the country.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Malaysia

Through July 12, Malaysian health officials have reported 60,085 dengue fever cases in 2016, after an additional 344 cases were reported yesterday. In addition, 134 dengue related fatalities have been reported by health authorities. Fifty-four percent, or 32,341 cases were reported from Selangor state, while 7,673 were reported from Johor and nearly 4500 from Kuala Lumpur.

Hepatitis A – Hawaii

Since the outbreak began, there have been 52 cases of hepatitis A reported to and now confirmed by DOH. All cases have been in adults on Oahu, 16 have required hospitalization. The department issued a Medical Advisory to all healthcare providers urging them to be vigilant and report all suspected hepatitis A infection immediately.

Typhoid in El Salvador

The El Salvador Ministry of Health issued a health warning about increased number of typhoid fever in the country reported in recent week, according to a local media report (computer translated). Health officials say the increases were detected via the early warning system. For the first six months of the year, El Salvador has seen 477 cases.

Cholera in Malawi

Health officials in Karonga are blaming fishermen for the continued cases of the deadly cholera disease in the lakeshore district.

Lewis Tukula, a district environmental health officer said there are continued cases of cholera in some areas in the district because fishermen are not cooperating on hygiene practices.

“So far 13 people have died and we have treated 235 people mostly in camps where fishermen stay. The camps have no toilets and they use lake water for drinking. We have been engaging them to dig toilets, not to drink lake water and embrace hygiene practices but they are not cooperating,” he said.

The disease is under full control in Mangochi, Zomba and Nkhata Bay among other districts hit by cholera during the rainy season.

Disease

Malawi: Typhoid Fever Outbreak Hits Mchinji

Typhoid Fever has hit Mchinji district with confirmed cases of at least 18 people who tested positive to the disease. The local hospital took samples of blood of eight people from Kangwere Village where the outbreak was first reported and the other 10 from Sepo and Chibande villages in the area, all who are believed to have contracted the disease.

Kala-azar outbreak in Pathanapuram – India

An indigenous case of kala-azar or black fever outbreak has been reported from Chempanaruvi, near Pathanapuram, in Kollam district, causing concern among public health experts.

Besides screening the residents of the area, vector-control measures need to be carried out. Mud walls of houses should be treated with synthetic pyrethrum. Bed nets with smaller mesh size should be used by the residents to avoid insect bites, have been suggested.

Hepatitis Outbreak In South Kashmir

A recent outbreak of Hepatitis C & E in South Kashmir has caused havoc in the affected villages. The outbreak of Hepatitis C was first reported in Takia Magam and Sonabarie villages of Kokernag in January 2013. After collection of samples, almost 60 percent of the population from the twin villages were diagnosed with Hepatitis- C. Two years on, the number of affected people has reached around 1100 with authorities apparently unable to curb the disease.

Disease

Typoid and Diarrhoea in Zimbabwe

Approximately 50 000 cases of diarrhoea have been reported in Zimbabwe in 2016 alone, with 30 deaths resulting from the deadly epidemic, the country’s ministry of health and child care has revealed.

The health ministry disclosed that 48 843 cases of diarrhoea had been recorded since the beginning of 2016, with 10 604 of these having been reported last week, along with 8 deaths. 312 new cases of suspected typhoid were reported last week, with one death having been reported.

The revelation comes just one month after reports indicated that a deadly outbreak of typhoid fever had hit the country’s capital, Harare.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 27 December 2015 and 13 January 2016, the National IHR Focal Point for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia notified WHO of 4 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection.

Globally, since September 2012, WHO has been notified of 1,630 laboratory-confirmed cases of infection with MERS-CoV, including at least 586 related deaths.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – United Arab Emirates

Between 11 and 14 January 2016, the National IHR Focal Point of the United Arab Emirates notified WHO of 2 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection, including 1 death.

Human infection with avian influenza A(H5N6) virus – China

On 18 January 2016, the National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) of China notified WHO of 1 additional laboratory-confirmed case of human infection with avian influenza A(H5N6) virus.

Typhoid in Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe’s capital city Harare has been rocked by a typhoid outbreak and authorities have deployed medical experts to determine the magnitude of the spread of the disease.

A report in Zimbabwe’s state-owned Herald newspaper on Wednesday said since last Friday health authorities in that country had confirmed three cases in Glen Norah, two in Hopley and one in Hatfield.

Swine Flu Outbreak in Eastern Europe

An outbreak of swine flu has killed 72 more people and is putting thousands more lives in danger as the deadly virus continues to spread across eastern Europe.

Up to 40,000 people are expected to contract the disease in the Ukaine capital Kiev, where residents are covering their faces with masks or scarves.

Schools have been closed for more than a week and some public gatherings have been banned as authorities struggle to head off the outbreak.

The Ukrainian health ministry has confirmed 72 swine flu deaths, of which 47 were in the past week.

The number of fatalities in areas of the Donetsk region held by pro-Russian rebels could be as high as 300, according to the intelligence service.

The virus has spread to many former Soviet countries, reaching epidemic levels in St Petersburg, Russia, where at least 30 people have died.

At least 18 people have also died in Armenia.

The respiratory disease, caused by a strain of the influenza type A virus known as H1N1, can be spread from person to person through coughing and sneezing.

El Salvador issues Pregnancy Advisory – Zika Virus

As worries intensify about the Zika virus due to its association with a rare paralysis syndrome and rise of birth defect called microcephaly, health officials are taking drastic measures to stop the disease.

In a stunning development in El Salvador, health officials have advised all women of reproductive age to delay pregnancy until 2018 due to concerns about possible birth defects linked to the virus. Earlier this month, the El Salvador Health Department disclosed they had found 492 Zika cases.

The spokeswoman for El Salvador health department confirmed they are advising women from becoming pregnant but have not issued any official guidelines or policy statements.

The El Salvador advisory comes after thousands of children in Brazil were born with a dangerous birth defect called microcephaly, where head and brain are not fully developed. In Brazil, the government has called in the military to assist with a nationwide push to eradicate the virus. The health minister said that the military and civil defence services would be called in to help health workers combat the virus, which is spread my mosquitoes.

Disease

Typhoid in Johannesburg, South Africa

The Gauteng Health Department has confirmed four cases of typhoid fever in Johannesburg, which has claimed the life of one person.

Two cases were identified at the Charlotte Maxeke Academic Hospital, while the other two were picked up at Edenvale Hospital. A 27-year-old Malawian woman died last week Sunday. It’s understood she had travelled to her home country for the holiday period last month – and returned to South Africa through Mozambique.

Meningitis Outbreak in Ghana

Two people have died after being infected with Pneumococcal Meningitis in the Offinso Municipality of the Ashanti region.

A week after the disease killed nine people in the Brong Ahafo region, five others died in Bole in the Northern region.

About 22 people have been confirmed dead out of the 57 reported cases since the beginning of the outbreak of the disease in the Northern and Brong Ahafo Regions.

Disease

Typhoid Outbreak in Malaysia

The health ministry today said they are still in the midst of identifying the source of a typhoid outbreak in Kuala Lumpur, as a total of 32 cases have been reported over the past two and a half months. No deaths have been reported.

Typhoid fever is transmitted through food or drinks contaminated with Salmonella typhii, and symptoms usually arise between one and three weeks after infection. These include lethargy, fever, stomach aches, constipation, headaches, diarrhoea and vomiting.

If left untreated, it could lead to complications such as bleeding and puncturing of the intestinal tract, brain inflammation, psychosis and other symptoms, or become a carrier without any symptoms.