Disease

Pakistan: Chikungunya Update

In a follow-up on the chikungunya outbreak in Pakistan, the Sindh Health Department has reported 627 suspected cases of the mosquito borne disease in Karachi since May 1, according to a Pakistan Today report Saturday. This brings the total case count in the city to 2722 since the beginning of the year.

Anthrax: Switzerland

In a follow-up on the animal anthrax case in Jura, Switzerland, the surveillance system set up by the Consumer and Veterinary Affairs Department in Jura detected a second bovine case, according to a Swiss media report. The infected cow was detected on May 12 from the Jura farm after presenting symptoms of the lethal disease.

Disease

Anthrax in Kenya

A slaughterhouse in Makongeni, Thika has been shut down after six people were admitted at Thika level 5 Hospital following an anthrax outbreak suspected to have emanated from the abattoir.

Brazil declares end to Zika emergency after fall in cases

Brazil declared an end to its public health emergency over the Zika virus on Thursday, 18 months after a surge in cases drew headlines around the world.

The mosquito-borne virus wasn’t considered a major health threat until the 2015 outbreak revealed that Zika can lead to severe birth defects. One of those defects, microcephaly, causes babies to be born with skulls much smaller than expected.

From January through mid-April, the Health Ministry recorded 95% fewer cases than during the same period last year. The incidence of microcephaly has fallen as well.

Cholera in Yemen

The United Nations on Thursday confirmed 58 cases of cholera and 47 cholera-associated deaths across war-torn Yemen in the past two weeks, the second such outbreak in a year.

Disease

Switzerland reports anthrax case

Officials with the Swiss Federal Veterinary Office have reported an animal anthrax case on a canton of Jura farm near the border with France to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) Monday. One cow that died suddenly tested positive for Bacillus anthracis, the bacterial agent of anthrax while officials say two other animals have fever. It is the first case of anthrax in Switzerland in 20 years.

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

On 30 April 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of 18 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in mainland China.|

Disease

Monkeypox outbreak in Congo

In a follow-up on the monkeypox outbreak in Likouala province in northern Congo, since the outbreak onset in late January, a total of 70 cases including 4 deaths have been reported through Apr. 23. The Congo government formally declared the outbreak on Mar. 13. Children under 15 years of age are the most infected, accounting for 60% of the cases.

Guinea anthrax outbreak

A suspected human anthrax outbreak that began in early April in the Koubia district in the north of Guinea has sickened five, including one fatality, as of Apr. 27.

Disease

Anthrax outbreak: Burkina Faso

An anthrax outbreak was reported to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) Wednesday by the Ministère des Ressources Animales et Halieutiques, Ouagadougou , Burkina Faso. The outbreak registered in Banakeledaga, Bama, Houet killed 70 cattle, registered in four (4) herds that belong to four (4) farmers: three (3) of them from the Fulani camp of Banankeledaga and one (1) from the village of Bama.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia and Qatar

Between 18 March and 20 April 2017 the national IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported 13 additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) including two fatal cases.| On 18 April 2017 the national IHR Focal Point of Qatar reported one additional case of MERS.

Crop-eating armyworm marches on

The fall armyworm – which decimates fields as it marches ever forward – has spread to Angola as the caterpillar eats its way through southern Africa, a U.N. agency said.

With Angola the latest country affected, only Lesotho and island nations in the region have escaped the pest, which devours crops in its path, U.N. officials said. Its spread has undermined hopes for a better harvest this year, they added, with swathes of southern, eastern and western Africa infested.

Native to North and South America, the caterpillar was first detected in Western Africa in 2016 and has since spread across sub-Saharan Africa, ravaging maize and other cereal crops.

Disease

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

On 14 April 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of 15 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in mainland China.

Anthrax in Zimbabwe

In a follow-up to a report last week of a suspected anthrax outbreak among hippos in the Binga District of Zimbabwe, health officials the Ministry of Health and Child Care has recorded nine cases of suspected human cutaneous anthrax from the individuals who ate meat from dead hippos at Mlibizi in Binga.

Uganda – Foot and Mouth Disease Outbreak

The government has imposed a quarantine on Kalwanga parish, Katikamu North constituency in Luweero District following an outbreak of the food-and-mouth disease. As a result of the quarantine, no meat or animal products including milk and ghee are allowed out of the area.

Disease

Yellow Fever in Brazil – Update

Since the beginning of the yellow fever outbreak in Brazil in December 2016, health officials have reported 2,210 cases of yellow fever, with 604 being laboratory confirmed. Of this number, 302 deaths were recorded of which 202 were confirmed. The case fatality rate (CFR) is 33 percent among confirmed cases.

France reports anthrax outbreak

On Monday, France reported to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) about an anthrax outbreak on a Germainvilliers, Haute-Marne farm in northeastern France. Anthrax was confirmed by the ANSES National laboratory for Animal health, Maisons-Alfort.

Twelve cattle died, out of the 467 susceptible on the farm between 1st and 2nd of April 2017. A history of anthrax case dating back 2013 was reported on the same farm. Non-vaccinated bovines on the farm were immediately treated with antibiotic therapy and no other death has been reported ever since.

Officials say the source of the anthrax is suspected to be the result of fodder coming from a previously infected field. Investigation is ongoing.

Nepal – Kala-azar Outbreak

A Kala-azar outbreak at Raiterkhor in Ishworpur Municipality of Sarlahi district has led to the death of a woman and hospitalisation of 13 villagers.

Kala-azar, also known Visceral Leishmaniasis or black fever, is the second largest parasitic killer in the world, after malaria, taking lives of 20,000 people annually, according to the WHO.

Disease

Anthrax – India

Odisha media reported Saturday that two people are dead and nine other are sickened due to anthrax in the Bisra block of Sundargarh district of Odisha in eastern India. The nine affected are currently being treated.

Anthrax in the Philippines

Health officials in Lagangilang, Abra province in the northern Philippines are reporting at least 15 suspected human anthrax cases, according to a GMA Network report.

Disease

New fungus outbreak in USA

The Centres for Disease and Control Prevention (CDC), warned last year about the possibility of a fungus outbreak in the United States. Now, nine months after the warning, the first cases of the infection have been reported in the country and have alerted health authorities since this disease is severe and deadly.

Almost three dozen people have been reported to have this infection in the last days. This fungus is known for being both deadly and drug-resistant, hence the concern of health authorities of the new outbreak registered.

This particular fungus is a kind of yeast called Candida Auris, and since its discovery, it has been registered in all five continents. Starting in 2009, officials worried about a possible expansion of the disease, as in that year, one patient in Japan presented a severe ear infection thanks to the fungus. In the next seven years, the fungal infection has been present in Colombia, India, Israel, Kenya, Kuwait, Pakistan, South Korea, Venezuela, and even the United Kingdom.

According to medical observations and analysis, this fungus is known for producing severe bloodstream infections. This disease can also be present in the patient’s ears. It is also known for being resistant to multiple drugs. The Candida Auris can also spread very easily since its attachable to health care settings and can survive there for many days and even months.

Anthrax – Australia

A second anthrax outbreak has been reported in Victoria’s north-west. At least one sheep has died from the disease at a property near Nyah, with a “significant number” of other sheep dying at the site over the past few months. It follows a property near Swan Hill being quarantined last week, with at least one confirmed case of anthrax. Agriculture Victoria said neighbouring properties in Nyah were being assessed and stock vaccinated.

Disease

Guinea – Measles Outbreak – Update

In a ReliefWeb update Friday on the measles outbreak in Guinea in West Africa the report notes that the measles outbreak that was declared one month ago has grown to affect 2,100 children since January. The outbreak has affected 17 of the 33 prefectures in the country with the southeastern prefecture of N’Zérékoré reporting the most cases at 675 this year to date.

Anthrax outbreak in Tanzania

Authorities in Tanzania are reporting an anthrax outbreak in the Northern District of Hai, in which at least 36 people were infected with the serious bacterium after consuming anthrax-tainted cow, according to a Premium Times report.

Hai District council executive director, Yohana Sintoo confirmed the outbreak saying it affected three villages of Sanya Station, and Tindigani in Kia ward and Nkwasira village in Masama West ward.

The victims presented at the hospital with symptoms of swollen eyes, lesions on the face, hands, cheeks and fingers.

Disease

Guinea – Measles Outbreak – Update

In a ReliefWeb update Friday on the measles outbreak in Guinea in West Africa the report notes that the measles outbreak that was declared one month ago has grown to affect 2,100 children since January. The outbreak has affected 17 of the 33 prefectures in the country with the southeastern prefecture of N’Zérékoré reporting the most cases at 675 this year to date.

Anthrax outbreak in Tanzania

Authorities in Tanzania are reporting an anthrax outbreak in the Northern District of Hai, in which at least 36 people were infected with the serious bacterium after consuming anthrax-tainted cow, according to a Premium Times report.

Hai District council executive director, Yohana Sintoo confirmed the outbreak saying it affected three villages of Sanya Station, and Tindigani in Kia ward and Nkwasira village in Masama West ward.

The victims presented at the hospital with symptoms of swollen eyes, lesions on the face, hands, cheeks and fingers.

Disease

Anthrax: Queensland, Australia

80 cattle die from bacterial disease in Queensland. Biosecurity Queensland is working with the managers of a St George cattle property following the death of approximately 80 animals. Testing has indicated the presence of the bacteria that cause anthrax and authorities are working toward containing any further cases in line with the agreed national protocol.

Romania: Measles outbreak

In a follow-up on the ongoing measles outbreak in Romania, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) reports from September 2016 to 17 February 2017 the Romanian National Institute of Public Health received reports of 3 071 cases of measles. To date, 16 deaths have been reported, all of which occurred in persons who were immunocompromised or had other co-morbidities.

Disease

Anthrax in Zambia – Update

In a follow-up on the anthrax outbreak in Western Province, Zambia, local media report six additional fatalities in the past five days. According to Sikongo Health Director Fredrick Siyunda, the six victims contracted anthrax after eating tainted meat from cattle. This brings the human death toll due to anthrax in Western Province to eight since the outbreak began.

Disease

Anthrax in Kenya

Seven people from three families have been sickened with anthrax in the Sagumai area of Samburu County, Kenya after slaughtering and eating an infected sheep, according to a local media report. The seven, three men, two women and two children, have been admitted to the local hospital for treatment.

Dengue Fever in Myanmar

After reporting an average of a thousand dengue fever cases annually over the past four decades, health officials in Myanmar report seeing 8,266 cases through the first 11 months of 2016, according to a local media account. The Nay Pyi Taw Public Health Department said that the country has also seen 40 dengue related fatalities this year.

Plague in Madagascar

Plague, a disease many think of as something from the history books, is alive and well in many areas of the globe and is clearly no stranger to Madagascar. During the last decade, the island country reported more than 7,000 human plague cases, second most on the planet.

Reports coming out of the country say that an outbreak in the Befotaka Atsimo and the Midongy Atsimo district say that dozens of deaths have been reported in two months. “We have heard about people who died for little known causes in Ambalarano two months ago. The inhabitants of this commune who come to shop in Midongy Atsimo speak of it, but they believe that it is due to the sorcery”. The victims would have the same symptoms, namely swollen and tender lymph nodes, such as those of bubonic plague.

Leprosy in Queensland, Australia

Health officials with Queensland Health (QH) in the northeast corner of Australia have reported their fourth leprosy, or Hansen’s disease case of the year last week.

Disease

Zimbabwe reports typhoid outbreak in Masvingo

Health authorities in the south-eastern Zimbabwe town of Masvingo are reporting an outbreak of the bacterial infection, typhoid, where four cases were admitted to the local hospital. “We can confirm that four cases of typhoid have been recorded in the city of Masvingo. We suspect the outbreak has been caused by the lack of water treatment facilities”, a Masvingo Provincial Hospital official noted.

Tanzania: Anthrax

An outbreak of the bacterial disease, anthrax, has killed some 90 wildebeests and 15 gazelles in the Selela section of Monduli district in northeastern Tanzania, according to local media accounts. According to Monduli District Commissioner Idd Kimanta, the case counts are based on the number of carcasses discovered; however, based on the movement of the animals, it is likely that the case count may rise.