Disease

Anthrax – India

Odisha media reported Saturday that two people are dead and nine other are sickened due to anthrax in the Bisra block of Sundargarh district of Odisha in eastern India. The nine affected are currently being treated.

Anthrax in the Philippines

Health officials in Lagangilang, Abra province in the northern Philippines are reporting at least 15 suspected human anthrax cases, according to a GMA Network report.

Disease

New fungus outbreak in USA

The Centres for Disease and Control Prevention (CDC), warned last year about the possibility of a fungus outbreak in the United States. Now, nine months after the warning, the first cases of the infection have been reported in the country and have alerted health authorities since this disease is severe and deadly.

Almost three dozen people have been reported to have this infection in the last days. This fungus is known for being both deadly and drug-resistant, hence the concern of health authorities of the new outbreak registered.

This particular fungus is a kind of yeast called Candida Auris, and since its discovery, it has been registered in all five continents. Starting in 2009, officials worried about a possible expansion of the disease, as in that year, one patient in Japan presented a severe ear infection thanks to the fungus. In the next seven years, the fungal infection has been present in Colombia, India, Israel, Kenya, Kuwait, Pakistan, South Korea, Venezuela, and even the United Kingdom.

According to medical observations and analysis, this fungus is known for producing severe bloodstream infections. This disease can also be present in the patient’s ears. It is also known for being resistant to multiple drugs. The Candida Auris can also spread very easily since its attachable to health care settings and can survive there for many days and even months.

Anthrax – Australia

A second anthrax outbreak has been reported in Victoria’s north-west. At least one sheep has died from the disease at a property near Nyah, with a “significant number” of other sheep dying at the site over the past few months. It follows a property near Swan Hill being quarantined last week, with at least one confirmed case of anthrax. Agriculture Victoria said neighbouring properties in Nyah were being assessed and stock vaccinated.

Disease

Guinea – Measles Outbreak – Update

In a ReliefWeb update Friday on the measles outbreak in Guinea in West Africa the report notes that the measles outbreak that was declared one month ago has grown to affect 2,100 children since January. The outbreak has affected 17 of the 33 prefectures in the country with the southeastern prefecture of N’Zérékoré reporting the most cases at 675 this year to date.

Anthrax outbreak in Tanzania

Authorities in Tanzania are reporting an anthrax outbreak in the Northern District of Hai, in which at least 36 people were infected with the serious bacterium after consuming anthrax-tainted cow, according to a Premium Times report.

Hai District council executive director, Yohana Sintoo confirmed the outbreak saying it affected three villages of Sanya Station, and Tindigani in Kia ward and Nkwasira village in Masama West ward.

The victims presented at the hospital with symptoms of swollen eyes, lesions on the face, hands, cheeks and fingers.

Disease

Guinea – Measles Outbreak – Update

In a ReliefWeb update Friday on the measles outbreak in Guinea in West Africa the report notes that the measles outbreak that was declared one month ago has grown to affect 2,100 children since January. The outbreak has affected 17 of the 33 prefectures in the country with the southeastern prefecture of N’Zérékoré reporting the most cases at 675 this year to date.

Anthrax outbreak in Tanzania

Authorities in Tanzania are reporting an anthrax outbreak in the Northern District of Hai, in which at least 36 people were infected with the serious bacterium after consuming anthrax-tainted cow, according to a Premium Times report.

Hai District council executive director, Yohana Sintoo confirmed the outbreak saying it affected three villages of Sanya Station, and Tindigani in Kia ward and Nkwasira village in Masama West ward.

The victims presented at the hospital with symptoms of swollen eyes, lesions on the face, hands, cheeks and fingers.

Disease

Anthrax: Queensland, Australia

80 cattle die from bacterial disease in Queensland. Biosecurity Queensland is working with the managers of a St George cattle property following the death of approximately 80 animals. Testing has indicated the presence of the bacteria that cause anthrax and authorities are working toward containing any further cases in line with the agreed national protocol.

Romania: Measles outbreak

In a follow-up on the ongoing measles outbreak in Romania, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) reports from September 2016 to 17 February 2017 the Romanian National Institute of Public Health received reports of 3 071 cases of measles. To date, 16 deaths have been reported, all of which occurred in persons who were immunocompromised or had other co-morbidities.

Disease

Anthrax in Zambia – Update

In a follow-up on the anthrax outbreak in Western Province, Zambia, local media report six additional fatalities in the past five days. According to Sikongo Health Director Fredrick Siyunda, the six victims contracted anthrax after eating tainted meat from cattle. This brings the human death toll due to anthrax in Western Province to eight since the outbreak began.

Disease

Anthrax in Kenya

Seven people from three families have been sickened with anthrax in the Sagumai area of Samburu County, Kenya after slaughtering and eating an infected sheep, according to a local media report. The seven, three men, two women and two children, have been admitted to the local hospital for treatment.

Dengue Fever in Myanmar

After reporting an average of a thousand dengue fever cases annually over the past four decades, health officials in Myanmar report seeing 8,266 cases through the first 11 months of 2016, according to a local media account. The Nay Pyi Taw Public Health Department said that the country has also seen 40 dengue related fatalities this year.

Plague in Madagascar

Plague, a disease many think of as something from the history books, is alive and well in many areas of the globe and is clearly no stranger to Madagascar. During the last decade, the island country reported more than 7,000 human plague cases, second most on the planet.

Reports coming out of the country say that an outbreak in the Befotaka Atsimo and the Midongy Atsimo district say that dozens of deaths have been reported in two months. “We have heard about people who died for little known causes in Ambalarano two months ago. The inhabitants of this commune who come to shop in Midongy Atsimo speak of it, but they believe that it is due to the sorcery”. The victims would have the same symptoms, namely swollen and tender lymph nodes, such as those of bubonic plague.

Leprosy in Queensland, Australia

Health officials with Queensland Health (QH) in the northeast corner of Australia have reported their fourth leprosy, or Hansen’s disease case of the year last week.

Disease

Zimbabwe reports typhoid outbreak in Masvingo

Health authorities in the south-eastern Zimbabwe town of Masvingo are reporting an outbreak of the bacterial infection, typhoid, where four cases were admitted to the local hospital. “We can confirm that four cases of typhoid have been recorded in the city of Masvingo. We suspect the outbreak has been caused by the lack of water treatment facilities”, a Masvingo Provincial Hospital official noted.

Tanzania: Anthrax

An outbreak of the bacterial disease, anthrax, has killed some 90 wildebeests and 15 gazelles in the Selela section of Monduli district in northeastern Tanzania, according to local media accounts. According to Monduli District Commissioner Idd Kimanta, the case counts are based on the number of carcasses discovered; however, based on the movement of the animals, it is likely that the case count may rise.

Disease

Anthrax in Kenya

At least a dozen people are hospitalized and being treated for anthrax at a Murang’a hospital after consuming tainted cow meat, according to a local media account. Scores of residents of Karurumo and Kanyenya-ini villages in Kangema were rushed to hospital on Monday after they developed symptoms related to anthrax.

Zika updates for the Philippines, Vietnam

Philippines health officials confirmed 10 additional Zika virus cases Tuesday, bringing the country total to 33. The new cases were reported from Calamba, Laguna (2), Bacoor, Makati, Antipolo, Muntinlupa, Mandaluyong, Manila, Caloocan and Las Piñas.

In southern Vietnam, three additional Zika cases have been reported in Ho Chi Minh City, bringing the city’s total to 38. Nationally, the Zika tally stands at 47 with the other nine cases being reported from Binh Duong, Dak Lak, Khanh Hoa, Long An, Phu Yen and Tra Vinh provinces.

According to the latest Zika virus update of the WHO, 15 countries/areas in the Western Pacific and Southeast Asia have reported mosquito-borne outbreak from 2015 onwards, or had possible endemic transmission or evidence of local mosquito-borne infections in 2016. To date, 75 countries/areas have reported mosquito-borne transmission since 2007, while 12 have reported person-to-person transmission probably by sexual contact since 2016.

Disease

Anthrax in Zambia

58 people have been reported in an anthrax outbreak in Chama district, in the northeast region of Zambia. The affected people are currently undergoing treatment and no deaths have been recorded.

18 hippos from Luangwa River are reported to have died from anthrax, which was eventually transmitted to humans after eating its meat. It is believed that some 235 people consumed the tainted hippo meat.

Disease

Bangladesh: Another anthrax outbreak

Health officials in Bangladesh are reporting another anthrax outbreak linked to eating and handling tainted meat, according to local media. The latest outbreak is in Rajshahi District in north-western Bangladesh. Twenty people, adults and children, were infected in Makranda village after consuming anthrax infected buffalo.

Thailand – Zika microcephaly cases

Just two weeks after Thailand officials disclosed seeing some 200 Zika virus infections in 2016 to date, Thailand’s Department of Disease Control reports investigating four suspect cases of Zika-related microcephaly in three babies and one 36-week unborn child, all with smaller than usual heads.

Sudan – Diarrhoea

The number of people in eastern Sudan affected by an “acute watery diarrhea” is multiplying over the past week as Sudanese health officials put the outbreak at 3,084 and the death toll has risen to 57.

Delhi, India – More Diseases Reported

In addition to the approximately 3,000 chikungunya cases, the dengue fever and the malaria cases and deaths reported in India’s capital city, health officials have reported nearly three dozen cases of scrub typhus since July.

Wildlife

Reindeer Cull in Serbia

Thousands of reindeer won’t get to see in Christmas this year after officials demanded a huge slaughter of a quarter of a million festive deer. Serbian officials have demanded a huge cull of a 250,000 reindeer by Christmas over the risk of an anthrax outbreak.

Currently 730,000 animals are being kept in the Yamal Peninsula and the rest of the Yamalo-Nenets region. But numbers are “unsustainable” according to officials, who have claimed the vast amount could risk disease spreading and chronic overgrazing.

This year’s cull, however, comes after reindeer herds suffered from an outbreak of the deadly disease anthrax this summer. The disease killed 2,349 deer and a young boy during the hot summer weather in three spirit outbreaks.

Reindeer herder 659515

Anthrax Found in Texas Deer, USA

Texas Animal Health Commission (TAHC) officials confirmed Anthrax in white-tailed deer in Kinney County on September 16, 2016. The affected premises is located approximately 12 miles east of Brackettville. The premises has been quarantined and TAHC rules require proper disposal of affected carcasses and vaccination of livestock on the premises prior to release of the quarantine.

Disease

Anthrax reported in Myanmar

At least seven people in Central Myanmar’s Sagaing Region are believed to have been infected with the bacterial disease, anthrax, after handling known diseased animals, according to a local media report. According to health officials, several unvaccinated cows died of the disease on Sep. 4 and were handled by the seven individuals.

Malaria in Venezuela

In 2015, Venezuela saw a record number of malaria cases with 136,402, the most reported in 75 years, since reliable records have been kept in the country. However, the situation is much worse in the South American country during the first 33 weeks of 2016.

The Sociedad Venezolana de Salud Pública Red Defendamos la Epidemiología, or the Venezuelan Society Epidemiology and Public Health reported today that through Aug. 20, Venezuela has seen 143,987 cases of malaria, representing an increase of 72.2% over the previous period in 2015 (83,623). Bolivar, the large state in eastern Venezuela, bordering Brazil and Guyana, still accounts for the majority of cases 114,963, or nearly eight out of 10 cases.

Of immediate concern is reports that indicate that the antimalarial drug, artemisinin, essential for the treatment of the most pathogenic strain of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, are running low in stock. In Bolivar, where the epidemic is most severe, drug stocks are depleted as are diagnostic supplies like Giemsa stain and immunological rapid tests.

Chikungunya and Dengue in India

The latest official data from India, published in a Times of India report, concerning the mosquito borne viral diseases, chikungunya and dengue, have been released and we find that through Aug. 2016, 12,255 cases of chikungunya and 27,879 dengue fever cases in India.

And this is only the beginning as health officials say cases are expected to rise sharply over the next 2 months.

In addition, sixty dengue related fatalities were reported.

One of the main issues in the battle against these vector borne viruses is 86 percent of Aedes mosquito breeding occur in households in various forms of water, according to a government assessment.

Disease

Antibiotic resistant E. coli found in France – in drinking water

Antibiotic resistant E. coli has been found in multiple drinking water supplies in France. The resistance counters the critically important cephalosporin antibiotics. The findings highlight the presence of expanding reservoirs of these resistance genes, including reservoirs in the environment.

“Drinking water is a well-recognized source of direct human contamination with waterborne pathogens, but the risk of human transfer of resistance genes has rarely been documented,” the investigators write. They note just several studies of resistance gene-contaminated water in developing nations “with poor water supply systems and/or sanitation facilities, coupled with limited controls of antibiotic usage and residues.” But their study is likely the first report from a high income country that documents production of this resistance gene, by E. coli, in drinking water supplies.

In the study, the investigators sampled 28 water supply systems throughout France. They collected one litre water samples from the locations where drinking water enters the distribution system. The water supplies sampled were chosen on the basis of having had water quality failures—detection of coliform bacteria which serve as indicators of faecal contamination—during the previous three years.

Puerto Rico Zika outbreak rises

One week after the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) declared a Zika public health emergency for the Commonwealth, health officials in Puerto Rico reported an additional 2,506 Zika virus cases, bringing the total to 13,186 cumulative confirmed cases since the virus arrived on the island.

Of the total cases this past week, seventy-one were in pregnant women, putting the total to over 1100.

Anthrax in Bangladesh

Health officials in Sirajganj, Bangladesh are reporting an addition 25 human anthrax cases in Shahzadpur upazila in recent days, according to local media. This is the third wave of anthrax cases in the upazila since May. The outbreak is linked to anthrax tainted meat. All the cases are considered cutaneous anthrax, according to the report.

Nigeria – Lassa Fever

The Delta State Ministry of Health has confirmed one person dead and 32 others on surveillance following a reported case of Lassa fever.

Disease

Measles Alert in New Zealand

Medical Officer of Health Michael Hale has confirmed a measles alert for various locations in central Auckland and Newmarket. People who have visited these locations at these times are likely to be exposed to the disease and if they are not immune could get measles.

France: More animal anthrax

In a follow-up to a report two weeks ago, authorities in Moselle department in Northeast France say the number of cattle that have died from the bacterial disease, anthrax, has risen to 25, according to a Europe 1 report.

The additional cases have been reported on several farms. Vaccination of animals, including sheep and cattle, has begun. Cases of anthrax near Lunéville have caused some problems with farmers as authorities have taken a long period (several days) to collect samples from the animals and to dispose of the diseased carcasses.

Zika may cause brain damage in adults, too

Zika may pose a danger for far many more of us than pregnant women and babies, a new study suggests.

Mosquitoes have now transmitted the virus in a second area in South Florida, officials announced on Friday, as they advised pregnant women not to travel to the zone in Miami Beach. As the virus spreads in the Americas, with more than 10,000 cases confirmed in the United States, researchers are working to understand its subtleties and develop a vaccine.

In addition to causing the birth defect microcephaly, Zika can wreak havoc in our brains’ stem cells, researchers from Rockefeller University and La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology found in a study published in the journal Cell Stem Cell Thursday.

The stem cells, known as neural progenitor cells, help replace damaged neurons—the main components of our brain and spinal cord—and assist with learning and memory. Using a mouse model, the researchers found that Zika can target those cells, which can lead to reduced brain volume and complications in brain functioning—similar to the long-term effects of microcephaly.

“Getting infected with Zika as an adult may not be as innocuous as people think,” Joseph Gleeson, the study’s lead author and head of Rockefeller’s paediatric brain disease laboratory, said in a release.