Disease

Measles – Greece

While Europe has been seeing a measles outbreak during the past two years or so, affecting thousands, Greece has been largely unaffected until recent months. However, since Aug. 2017, 364 measles cases have been reported with 167 reported in October alone.

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Disease

Yellow fever – Brazil

Between July and mid-October 2017, a total of 71 suspected yellow fever cases were reported in São Paulo State, Brazil.

From July to early November, 580 epizootics in non-human primates (NHPs) were reported in São Paulo State, with an increase in the number of cases reported from 10 September 2017. Of these, 120 were confirmed for yellow fever, 233 are under investigation, 74 were classified as undetermined, and 153 were ruled out.

These are the first human cases of yellow fever that have been reported in Brazil since June 2017. These cases, alongside the occurrence of epizootics in the urban area of São Paulo City and in municipalities that were previously considered not at risk for yellow fever, are a public health concern.

Measles – England

There is a measles outbreak reported in Leeds and Liverpool, according to the NHS yesterday. While they offer no specifics on cases and locations on their social media posts, NHS advises people to ensure they and their children are vaccinated.

Disease

Venezuela – Measles

First it was malaria and diphtheria, now in Venezuela’s Bolivar state measles has reared it’s ugly head. According to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), between the last week of August and the first of October, Bolivar State reported 570 cases of Measles, specifically in nine parishes of the Caroní municipality.

Yemen – Cholera

The problems in Yemen continue to get worse as they face the largest humanitarian crisis and the worst food crisis in the world.

In addition to the largest outbreak in the world, a cholera outbreak that has sickened more than 920,000 and killed about 2,200, the Nov. 6 closure of the Yemen’s airspace, sea and land ports by the Saudi-led coalition (SLC) has worsened the already shrinking space for the lifesaving humanitarian work. It is blocking the delivery of vital humanitarian assistance to children in desperate need in Yemen. And it is making a catastrophic situation for children far worse.

Tanzania – Cholera

An outbreak of cholera in Tanzania has left 18 dead in two months, the health ministry said Saturday, warning the situation could worsen as the rainy season continues.

The ministry said the outbreak had left “18 dead out of 570 cases recorded” between September 1 and October 30, and urged local authorities to take measures to avoid the disease from spreading.

Disease

Ukraine – Measles

A measles outbreak has been reported by health officials in Ukraine. As of the end of July, Ukraine had reported 1,386 cases of measles, compared to 10 cases in the same period in 2016. Most cases of measles were reported in the Ivano-Frankivsk (637) and Odessa regions (526).

Disease

Madagascar – Plague

In a quick update on the plague case count in the Madagascar outbreak, health officials reported an additional 68 cases Friday bringing the total count to 1365 since Aug. 1. 106 deaths have been reported.

Pakistan – Measles

An outbreak of measles has struck the Qadirabad area of Nushki district in Balochistan province killing eleven children and leaving dozens (40) hospitalized, according to a report.

Disease

Cape Verde: Malaria

In a follow-up on the locally transmitted malaria increases reported on Cabo Verde this year, 254 indigenous cases were reported through Sep. 24. Most cases (75%) have not sought treatment until 48-96 hours after illness onset. Despite this, case fatality rates have remained low (0.4%), with one death reported in an indigenous case to date.

Liberia: measles

The Liberia Ministry of Health has reported a measles outbreak in Bong County in north-central Liberia. As of 27 Sep 2017, a total of 16 cases (4 confirmed and 12 epidemiologically linked) were reported in the community.

Italy: Measles

As of 26 September, 183 cases have been notified to the Lazio Region of Italy, which includes the coastal areas of Anzio and Latina as well as the city of Rome. Of the notified cases, 109 are confirmed and 74 additional cases are being investigated (all with an epidemiological link to the Lazio Region). Three more confirmed cases have also been notified from other areas with a travel history to Anzio.

Disease

New Zealand: Paratyphoid

The number of people sickened with paratyphoid fever in Hawke’s Bay, New Zealand has grown to six, according to the latest information from the Hawke’s Bay District Health Board. All the patients required hospitalization for their illnesses and all are recovering. Some of the patients have consumed mussels from Napier’s Ahuriri area.

Uganda: Measles Update

In a follow-up to a report on the measles outbreak in Uganda, UN health officials say the country has reported 552 and one death since the outbreak was declared April 8. The case breakdown shows 309 cases from Kampala and 243 from Wakiso, with mostly young children being affected. Three-quarters of the confirmed cases were unvaccinated.

Disease

Yemen: Cholera

The cholera outbreak continues to spread in Yemen. 704,544 suspected cholera cases & 2103 deaths have been reported in less than 5 months. Two years of conflict in Yemen have wrecked people’s lives and left 15 million people without access to basic health care.

Venezuela: Measles

First is was malaria, then it was diphtheria, now health officials in Venezuela are reporting an outbreak of measles, according to El Carabobeno report. The vaccine-preventable viral disease that was eradicated from the country in 2014 has reared it’s ugly head in Ciudad Guayana, Bolivar State. To date, 38 confirmed and 88 suspect cases have been reported.

Chad: Cholera

The Chadian government said on Thursday that more than 50 people have died of cholera in Chad where authorities have since declared an outbreak. “We count 312 cases, including 52 deaths,” said the health ministry.

Botswana: Foot and Mouth Disease

Minister of Agriculture Development and Food Security has announced a suspected Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) outbreak in the Ngamiland area. The Department of Veterinary services in the Namanyane area, near Sehithwa Village on Wednesday detected some FMD symptoms in cattle.

Disease

Measles – South Africa

An outbreak of measles has been declared in KwaZulu-Natal Province. An increase in number of laboratory-confirmed measles cases was observed in Ethekwini and Umgungundlovu districts from July 2017. As of 5 September 2017, a total of 23 laboratory-confirmed measles cases has been reported in four of the 11 districts in KwaZulu-Natal.

Disease

San Diego hepatitis A update

In a follow-up on the hepatitis A outbreak in San Diego County, CA, the number of cases reported this year has climbed to 312, including 10 fatalities, according to latest health department data. Of the cases, nearly seven out of 10 patients required hospitalization for their illness (215).

Measles in Nigeria

A measles disease outbreak has been reported in 10 local governments areas of northern Nigeria’s Taraba State, health authorities said Wednesday. There have been 140 cases of measles so far the state. The majority of those affected were children under five years, who had not been vaccinated. The disease, a leading killer in developing countries like Nigeria, was showing a steady rise in Taraba.

Disease

Vietnam: High hepatitis numbers, Dengue in the Mekong Delta

Vietnam’s health ministry recently reported the viral hepatitis burden in the country of less than 100 million people. According to Xinhua report Monday, the southeast Asian nation currently has 7.8 million of hepatitis B patients and 991,000 hepatitis C cases.

Among the hepatitis B patients, over 51,000 suffer from cirrhosis and over 14,000 others from liver cancer; and among the hepatitis C patients, more than 13,000 suffer from cirrhosis, and nearly 6,000 from liver cancer.

Vietnam has reported nearly 60,000 dengue fever cases year-to-date and according to local media, dengue cases are up in the Mekong Delta.

Dengue fever has increased sharply this year among children aged between 10-15 in the Mekong Delta, especially in Can Tho city. Since the beginning of this year, dengue-related deaths have been reported in Dong Thap, Tien Giang and Tra Vinh provinces.

Romania measles update:

Between 1 January 2016 and 21 July 2017, the Romania National Center for Communicable Disease Control and Control has reported 8,246 measles cases and 32 deaths. Last week, the Health Ministry and the Interior Ministry started a vaccination campaign against measles. There are about 180,000 unvaccinated kids in Romania, according to the Health Ministry.

Swine Flu in Myanmar

A six-year-old boy died and 13 more people were infected in a new outbreak of H1N1 influenza in Myanmar, health authorities said Monday. News about the rise in H1N1 infection spread quickly in Yangon, with some people wearing masks on their faces.

Disease

Measles – Romania and Italy

Europe has reported more than 14,000 measles cases since January 2016, including 35 deaths, according to the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). While some 16 EU/EEA countries have reported outbreaks, two countries account for the vast majority of cases – Romania and Italy.

In Romania, the total number of confirmed measles cases July 7 is 7,647, including 31 deaths.

In Italy, the Ministero della Salute reports 3,346 cases and 2 deaths since the beginning of the year. Ninety-five percent of those infected were unvaccinated or under vaccinated.

Dengue Fever – Peru

In a follow-up on the dengue fever outbreak in Peru, the National Civil Defense Institute (INDECI) reports the total number of dengue confirmed cases countrywide is 20,930 while 42,297 are reported as probable. Piura is the most affected region with 9,632 confirmed cases and 32,886 un-confirmed (37 deaths confirmed).

Alaska – Trichinosis from Walrus Meat

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention officials are warning the public of the risk of eating undercooked game meat after two outbreaks of trichinosis over the last year in western Alaska were tied to consuming walrus meat. The outbreaks sickened 10 people.

It was the first time since 1992 that multiple-case outbreaks of trichinosis were associated with walrus, which can only be hunted by Alaska Natives for subsistence or handicraft purposes.

Trichinosis is contracted by eating raw or undercooked meat from animals infected with a microscopic roundworm. High heat kills the parasite.

Disease

Dengue Outbreak in Palau; Mumps in the Marshall Islands

Both outbreaks have an international aspect. Mumps in the Marshalls may be connected to an outbreak of the viral disease last year, in Arkansas. Half of the cases there were in the large Marshallese community…and, while precautions were taken, it’s possible that the virus travelled with Marshallese back home to the Pacific.

At least a thousand cases have been confirmed since an outbreak began in March. The Ministry of Health notes that the number of cases has been dropping in recent weeks, but Radio New Zealand reports concern that the drop could be due to under reporting and that the real number could be as high as three thousand.

Three people are reported dead among 200 infected by Dengue fever in Palau.

Disease

Yemen – Cholera death toll tops 1000

Since 27 April 2017, more than 151,400 suspected cholera cases and 1,054 associated deaths have been reported in 20 of the 23 governorates in Yemen, according to the World Health Organization country office in Yemen today.

New York City – Legionnaires Disease

The New York City (NYC) Health Department is investigating a cluster of seven cases of Legionnaires’ disease among persons who reside in the Lenox Hill area of Manhattan in the last 11 days. All persons were hospitalized, and there has been one death.

Ukraine – Botulism

The number of botulism cases reported in Ukraine during the past three months has risen to 62, according to the Deputy Minister of Health of Ukraine on European integration Oksana Sivak. Of this total, nine have died. Dried fish, both home prepared and commercially prepared has been linked to most of the botulism cases.

Italy – Measles

Through June 11, Italy has reported 2,988 confirmed measles cases in 2017. Of that number, 89 percent of those infected were unvaccinated.

About a month after the Italian government made childhood vaccines compulsory for the country’s schools, some regions in the country’s north are challenging the decree. The regional government in Veneto said on Tuesday that its lawyers were preparing to challenge the decree in Italy’s Constitutional Court, and that the legal challenge would be ready in around two weeks.