Disease

Measles – Ukraine – Update

Ukraine health officials report an additional 2,611 measles cases the week ending Dec. 8, including 847 adults and 1,764 children. Since the beginning of 2018, 44,937 people (17,418 adults and 29,519 children) have contracted measles in Ukraine, including 15 deaths.

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Disease

Chagas Disease – Brazil

The Tocantins State Department of Health in Central Brazil is reporting 14 confirmed Chagas disease cases after a family consumes contaminated juice in Aparecida do Rio Negro. All the infected are from the same family and drank the juice of the bacaba, a type of palm tree from the Amazon.

Hepatitis A – Florida, USA

In a follow-up on the hepatitis A outbreak in Florida, state health officials reported 100 cases in the month of November. This brings the total this year to 413 in 30 counties. The central Florida region has the highest hepatitis A activity levels so far this year.

Measles – Madagascar

In a follow-up on the measles epidemic in Madagascar, the Ministry of Health reports that the number of measles cases in the current outbreak has topped 10,000. 10,294 cases have been reported from 44 districts in Madagascar in the past three months.

Anthrax – Kenya

Health officials in Igembe, Meru County have issued a warning to the public concerning consuming uninspected meat after four people died from anthrax in Nyambene.

Disease

Measles – Madagascar

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued a travel advisory for Madagascar due to a large measles outbreak on the island country. Since the first measles cases were reported in the urban health district of Antananarivo Renivohitra (in the heart of the capital city, Antanarivo), health officials have seen 3,239 laboratory confirmed or epidemiologically linked cases.

Disease

Measles – Ukraine – Update

Ukrainian health officials reported an additional 2,138 measles cases in the past week, up 15 percent from the week prior. During the week ending Nov. 24, 729 adults and 1,409 children were positive for measles. Since the beginning of 2018, the Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine has reported 42,040 measles cases.

Foot and Mouth Disease – China

China’s agriculture ministry on Tuesday reported an outbreak of O-type foot-and-mouth disease on a pig farm in the country’s northwestern Xinjiang region

The outbreak in Yining county, in Ili prefecture, infected 108 of 331 pigs on the farm, killing 46, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said in a statement. The other 285 pigs have been culled.

Ebola – DR Congo – Update

Last weekend, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) reported a further 33 cases of the highly contagious disease, bringing the total number to 419. The World Health Organisation (WHO) identified three major ebola “red zones” as Kalunguta, Katwa and Beni – all of which located in the north east of the Congo.

Disease

Ebola – DR Congo – Update

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) Ministry of Health (MOH) recorded 13 more new cases of Ebola bringing the cumulative number of cases is 386. Of this total, 339 are confirmed and 47 are probable. In total, there were 219 deaths (172 confirmed and 47 probable).

Measles – Colombia

A measles outbreak in Colombia has prompted the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to issue a travel notice last week. Between March and October this year, Colombia has reported 129 confirmed measles cases. Of the 129 confirmed cases, 45 were imported, 75 were import-related (25 cases of secondary transmission among persons coming from Venezuela).

Global Malaria Cases Plateau

Reductions in malaria cases have stalled after several years of decline globally, according to a new World malaria report. For the second consecutive year, the annual report produced by WHO reveals a plateauing in numbers of people affected by malaria: in 2017, there were an estimated 219 million cases of malaria, compared to 217 million the year before. But in the years prior, the number of people contracting malaria globally had been steadily falling, from 239 million in 2010 to 214 million in 2015.

In 2017, approximately 70% of all malaria cases (151 million) and deaths (274 000) were concentrated in 11 countries: 10 in Africa (Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ghana, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Uganda and United Republic of Tanzania) and India. There were 3.5 million more malaria cases reported in these 10 African countries in 2017 compared to the previous year, while India, however, showed progress in reducing its disease burden.

Disease

Measles – Thailand

Thailand health officials are working to contain a measles outbreak in the southern provinces, in which some 1,500 cases have been reported, including 12 deaths.

Dengue Fever – Senegal

As of 3 November 2018, the cumulative number of suspected cases is 2,123, of which 216 are confirmed. Six regions are currently reporting confirmed cases: Diourbel (169), Fatick (34), St Louis (6), Dakar (3), Louga (3) and Thiès (1). So far, six cases have been hospitalized. One death of a confirmed case has been reported in the city of Touba in Diourbel Region.

Cholera – Nigeria

Cholera cases have jumped in northeast Nigeria where Boko Haram violence has forced tens of thousands of people to seek refuge in crowded camps, the Norwegian Refugee Council said on Monday. The humanitarian group said 10 000 people have been affected by the fast-spreading cholera outbreak and 175 people have died in the northeast states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe as of early November 2018.

Disease

Malaria – Greece

Greek health officials have reported nine autochthonous non-Plasmodium falciparum malaria cases since August. In 2018, 47 total malaria cases have been reported in Greece as of late October, with the remainder being imported (37) or unclassified (1).

Rabies – Utah, USA

Utah public health officials have confirmed a Utah resident died from rabies earlier this month. It is suspected exposure to a bat was the source of infection. This is the first Utah resident to die from rabies since 1944.

Measles – Serbia

In an update on the ongoing measles outbreak in the Republic of Serbia, Institute of Public Health of Serbia reported 23 additional measles cases in October–17 in Belgrade and six in Pancevo. This brings the total to 5764 cases, including 2912 laboratory confirmed, since October 2017, with nearly 5000 cases occurring in 2018 .

Disease

Measles – Israel – Update

In an update on the measles outbreak in Israel, health officials put the outbreak case tally at 1,150, up from nearly 900 cases a week ago. The majority of cases have been reported in Jerusalem. The Jerusalem Post reported today that a one-and a half year-old baby died from the measles on Thursday.

Ebola – DR Congo – Update

Since the last update (24–30 October), 32 new confirmed EVD cases were reported: 24 from Beni, and seven from Butembo and one from Vuhovi.

As of 30 October 2018, 279 EVD cases (244 confirmed and 35 probable), including 179 deaths (144 confirmed and 35 probable)1, have been reported in eight health zones in North Kivu Province and three health zones in Ituri Province (Figure 2). Over the past week, 14 additional surivours were discharged from Ebola treatment centres (ETCs) and reintegrated into their communities; 81 patients have recovered to date.

Disease

Measles – Israel

Israel has confirmed a measles outbreak in Jerusalem which has reported the highest number of newly diagnosed measles cases of the highly infectious disease in Israel. So far this year, 341 cases of measles have been reported in Jerusalem, which is more than half of all reported cases in Isreal. Moreover, during September alone, 213 new measles cases were reported by the World Health Organization.

Rare Polio-like Illness – USA

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has confirmed 62 cases of the rare polio-like neurological condition acute flaccid myelitis, also known as AFM, so far this year in the U.S. More than 90 percent of the cases involved children 18 or younger, with an average age of just 4 years old. Cases have been confirmed in 22 states. Officials said they are looking at an additional 65 possible cases of AFM. Health experts say the disease can lead to paralysis and even death, but no deaths have been reported so far this year.

Disease

Chikungunya – Sudan – More cases

In a follow-up on the chikungunya outbreak in Kassala state, Sudan, the Kassala state Ministry of Health reported that the total number of people infected with chikungunya fever has risen to 15,944 cases as of Oct. 11. Four additional fatalities were also reported.

Hantavirus – Bolivia

The Bolivia Ministry of Health reported this week that 13 military personnel were infected with hantavirus in the military camps of the Joint Task Force of the Yungas, including one death and two cases requiring intensive care.

Measles – Thailand

The Yala Provincial Public Health Office in southern Thailand are reporting a measles outbreak that has affected hundreds. According to the National News Bureau of Thailand, 341 people have been infected and five have died since the outbreak began in September.

Disease

Measles – Ukraine – Update

Ukraine health officials reported (computer translated) an additional 554 measles cases (157 adults and 397 children) during the week ending October 6. This brings the total cases to date to 32,489 (13,013 adults and 19,476 children). In addition, 14 people died of complications of the measles: four adults and ten children.

Zika Virus – India

The Rajasthan Health Department is reporting 55 cases of Zika virus infection in Jaipur as of Saturday. The first case was confirmed on September 23 in the city’s Shastri Nagar area. All cases are from the western Indian state of Rajasthan’s capital and some of these victims are migrant workers from eastern states like Bihar

Dengue Fever – Spain

Spanish Health authorities confirmed recently the first known documented autochthonous dengue transmission in Spain. Two people living in the Region of Murcia had confirmed cases and third case, who resides in the Community of Madrid is pending confirmation.

Ebola – DR Congo

A second wave of the Ebola virus has been confirmed in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, where an initial outbreak has already killed 125 people, a minister said Saturday.

The latest wave is centred in Beni, a town in North Kivu near the border with Uganda. This second wave occurred as a result of community resistance to measures taken to tackle the disease.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

From 1 June through 16 September 2018, the International Health Regulations (IHR 2005) National Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported 32 additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), including 10 deaths.

Dengue Fever – Mexico

Health authorities of the state of Chiapas, on the southernmost tip of Mexico, are reporting a large number of dengue fever cases, prompting a health alert in the area. The state Department of Public Health has revealed that 2,600 cases have been treated this year, 1,350 confirmed and 8 deaths have been recorded.

Measles – Brazil – Update

The Brazil Ministry of Health reported that as of October 1, there are 1,935 measles cases confirmed throughout the country. In Amazonas, there are 1,525, and in Roraima, 330. The outbreaks are all related to importation, as the genotype of the virus (D8) that is circulating in the country is the same that circulates in Venezuela, a country that has been facing an outbreak of the disease since 2017.

More Cholera Cases – Nigeria

The Yobe State Ministry of Health reported Oct 1 that 36 additional cholera cases have been reported from four local government areas (LGAs)–Gujba, Gulani, Damaturu and Fune. No new fatalities were reported.

Disease

Measles – Brazil – Update

The Brazil Ministry of Health reported last week that as of September 10, there are 1,673 confirmed measles cases nationwide. In Amazonas, there are 1,326, and in Roraima, 301.

Another 7,812 remain under investigation. All are related to importation (the genotype of the virus (D8) that is circulating in the country is the same that circulates in Venezuela).

Cholera – Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia confirmed one cholera infection and three other suspected cases in an area bordering Yemen, where an epidemic has killed more than 2,000 people.

Disease

Measles – Brazil

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued a new travel alert yesterday for Brazil due to an outbreak of measles. As of August 4, 2018, health officials in Brazil have reported over 5,000 cases of measles, of which more than 1,000 are confirmed.

Hand, foot and mouth disease – Malaysia

In an update on the hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) outbreak in Malaysia this year, health officials have reported a 127 percent increase in cases over 2017 for the same period. From Jan.1 – Aug. 25, 2018, the Malaysia Ministry of Health (MOH) reported 55,391 HFMD cases. The death toll remains at two.

Disease

West Nile Virus – Europe

European health officials are reporting a spike in locally transmitted West Nile virus (WNV) cases in southern and central parts of the continent. In fact, infections have sharply increased in 2018 as compared to the previous 4 years. A total of 401 autochthonous human WNV infections have been reported by European countries this year.

Typhoid – Zimbabwe

In a follow-up on the typhoid outbreak in Gweru City, Midlands Province in central Zimbabwe, the Zimbabwe Ministry of Health and Child Care reports a total of 1,460 suspected cases, including eight deaths (case fatality ratio 0.6%).

Measles – Ukraine – Update

In a follow-up on the measles outbreak in Ukraine, the Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine reports there was finally a significant decrease in the incidence of measles last week. According to health officials, the operational data in the 33rd week of 2018, 615 people were infected with measles while the total case count is nearly 30 000.