Disease

Measles – Brazil – Update

The Brazil Ministry of Health reported last week that as of September 10, there are 1,673 confirmed measles cases nationwide. In Amazonas, there are 1,326, and in Roraima, 301.

Another 7,812 remain under investigation. All are related to importation (the genotype of the virus (D8) that is circulating in the country is the same that circulates in Venezuela).

Cholera – Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia confirmed one cholera infection and three other suspected cases in an area bordering Yemen, where an epidemic has killed more than 2,000 people.

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Disease

Measles – Brazil

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued a new travel alert yesterday for Brazil due to an outbreak of measles. As of August 4, 2018, health officials in Brazil have reported over 5,000 cases of measles, of which more than 1,000 are confirmed.

Hand, foot and mouth disease – Malaysia

In an update on the hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) outbreak in Malaysia this year, health officials have reported a 127 percent increase in cases over 2017 for the same period. From Jan.1 – Aug. 25, 2018, the Malaysia Ministry of Health (MOH) reported 55,391 HFMD cases. The death toll remains at two.

Disease

West Nile Virus – Europe

European health officials are reporting a spike in locally transmitted West Nile virus (WNV) cases in southern and central parts of the continent. In fact, infections have sharply increased in 2018 as compared to the previous 4 years. A total of 401 autochthonous human WNV infections have been reported by European countries this year.

Typhoid – Zimbabwe

In a follow-up on the typhoid outbreak in Gweru City, Midlands Province in central Zimbabwe, the Zimbabwe Ministry of Health and Child Care reports a total of 1,460 suspected cases, including eight deaths (case fatality ratio 0.6%).

Measles – Ukraine – Update

In a follow-up on the measles outbreak in Ukraine, the Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine reports there was finally a significant decrease in the incidence of measles last week. According to health officials, the operational data in the 33rd week of 2018, 615 people were infected with measles while the total case count is nearly 30 000.

Disease

Serbia measles: 5,700 cases in 10 months

Since October 2017, the Republic of Serbia has reported a total of 5715 cases of measles through Aug 10, of which, 2875 were laboratory confirmed at the Torlak Institute. In addition, the total number of registered deaths due to complications caused by measles is 15. The majority of patients (94%) are non-vaccinated, incomplete vaccinated or unknown vaccine status.

Cholera – Niger

According to the authorities, as of 28 July, 520 cholera cases, including eight deaths, have been recorded in the Madaroufa health district, in the southern Maradi region. The number of recorded cases has tripled compared to the previous week when 148 cases had been recorded as of 19 July.

Disease

Reunion dengue outbreak update

Health officials in Reunion are reporting an additional 59 dengue fever cases from the week of July 16, bringing the outbreak total to 6,345 cases confirmed since the beginning of 2018 (including 5 imported from Polynesia, Brazil and Thailand). To date, 134 patients required hospitalization and one death has been assessed as indirectly related to dengue fever.

Measles – Ukraine – Update

In a follow-up on the measles outbreak in Ukraine, the Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine reports 822 cases in week 30 of 2018, bringing the case total to 27,502 this year. The good news is Ukraine officials are reporting a 7 percent decrease in cases compared to the previous week.

Disease

Cholera – NIger

The government of Niger says four people have died while 123 cases are being monitored following the outbreak of cholera in the Maradi region on July 13. The outbreak is concentrated in the Madarounfa district, which sits on the border with Nigeria.

Measles – Mauritius

The World Health Organization (WHO) says 3 people have died while 453 cases of measles have been confirmed since the latest outbreak hit Mauritius late in March.

Schistosomiasis – Myanmar

On Saturday, Union Minister announced the number of schistosomiasis cases has risen into the hundreds. The first cases of schistosomiasis in the country were discovered in March 2018, with about 59 cases in Sittwe Town of Rakhine State. Now officials say that more than 500 cases have been seen Inle, Shan State and Rakhine.

Diarrhoea – Philippines

A Philippine News Agency report last week stated 169 people were sickened with diarrhea and vomiting symptoms recently in Sibulan, Negros Oriental due to what is believed to have been fecal contamination of water sources. Majority of the cases are from Barangay Looc, Sibulan, near a quarry site. Water samples were found to have fecal contamination.

Malaysia – Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease

Malaysian health officials reported an additional 3,852 cases of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) during the week of July 15-21, bringing the outbreak total for the year to 35,886 cases.

Disease

Measles – Brazil

Brazilian health officials are reporting (computer translated) two outbreaks of measles, in Roraima and Amazonas states. The outbreaks are imported cases, officials say, pointing to the genotype of the virus (D8) that was identified, which is the same that circulates in Venezuela. As of July 17, 444 cases of measles had been confirmed in Amazonas, while in the state of Roraima, 216 cases of the disease were confirmed.

Disease

Ukraine measles and diphtheria update

Ukrainian health officials recorded an additional 1,021 measles cases in the past week, bringing the total cases for the year to 25,008. Of this total, 10,085 adults and 14,923 children have been affected.

In addition, health authorities have reported an additional diphtheria case, the third of the year, in a 15-year-old teenager in the Kyiv region.

Measles – England – Update

Health officials in England report more measles cases in the current outbreak, 170 additional cases in the past five weeks. This brings the total to 757 laboratory confirmed measles cases in England since the beginning of the year.

Disease

Measles – Libya

The Libya National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), in a recent report, recorded 80 cases of measles in various Libyan cities, prompting the health ministry to issue a health alert. The first case, believed to be from a child from the illegal immigration shelters began in the area of Qatrun before the emergence of other cases in the cities.

Disease

Slovakia – Measles

An outbreak of measles has been reported from, eastern Slovakia. Since the outbreak began at the end of May in the village of Drahňov, 101 cases of measles have been reported as of July 2.

Chagas Disease – China

Health officials in southern China have appealed on social media for the public to look out for South American “kissing bugs” after a feared outbreak of the potentially fatal tropical disease Chagas, state media reported on Friday.

The insects – also being referred to locally as “the king of fleas” – were described as about 25 millimetres long and oval-shaped, with red or yellow freckles on their dark-coloured abdomens. Triatominae suck blood from human hosts by attaching to thin-skinned areas such as the lips or around the eyes, and infected insects can pass on the pathogen, Trypanosoma cruzi, that causes Chagas, also known as American trypanosomiasis.

Disease

Swine Flu – Namibia

The Namibian Ministry of Health has confirmed the death of one person who succumbed to a fresh outbreak of swine flu, also known as the H1N1 virus. So far, seven people from the Windhoek local government area have been diagnosed and are being treated for the H1N1 virus. The ministry has since classified the outbreak as a seasonal influenza that has been recurrent in Namibia since the first swine flu outbreak in 2009.

Measles – Brazil

A measles outbreak is growing in Brazil after cases were imported from neighboring Venezuela where health services have collapsed. More than 460 cases of the disease have been confirmed in two Brazilian border states, the Health Ministry said Monday. There are also concerns that the outbreak has reached an isolated tribe that lives in the Amazon that has little resistance to such diseases.

Disease

Measles – France – Update

In a follow-up on the measles outbreak in France, health officials continue to report a decrease in cases in the current outbreak. During the past month, an average of 50 cases have been reported weekly. As of June 24, 2018, 2567 cases reported since November 6, 2017. In addition, health officials have reported a second measles death.

Parasitic infection, Strongyloidiasis – Northern Australia

A life-threatening parasitic worm could be quietly infecting up to 60 percent of vulnerable Australians in remote northern communities. Flinders University researchers are warning it should be listed as a nationally notifiable disease because the true extent of its spread remains unknown because basic testing isn’t widespread. Strongyloidiasis is an infection caused by parasitic worms which crawl in through human skin and reproduce inside stomachs and digestive organs indefinitely.

Leprosy – Brazil

The bacteria that causes leprosy, a chronic disease that can lead to disfigurement and nerve damage, is known to be transmitted to humans from nine-banded armadillos. A new study in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases reports that 62% of the armadillos in the western part of Pará state in the Brazilian Amazon are positive for the leprosy bacteria.

Disease

More measles in Ukraine

According to the Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, in the 25th week of 2018, 1273 people (487 adults and 786 children) suffered from measles. Since the beginning of the year, 23,131 people – 9,327 adults and 13,804 children – have contracted measles.

Anthrax – South Dakota, USA – Update

In a follow-up on the anthrax situation in South Dakota, State Veterinarian Dr. Dustin Oedekoven says anthrax is responsible for recent death loss in a second cattle herd, this time in in Bon Homme County. Four adult cattle died suddenly last week in the herd, which had not been vaccinated against anthrax.

The comes after reports of 8 deaths in a Clark County herd.

Disease

Poliovirus – Papua New Guinea

The National Department of Health of Papua New Guinea and the World Health Organization (WHO) today confirmed that the strain of poliovirus first detected in a child from Morobe Province in April is now circulating in the same community. On 22 June 2018, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention confirmed that the same virus was also isolated from stool specimens of two healthy children from the same community. Papua New Guinea has not had a case of wild poliovirus since 1996, and the country was certified as polio-free in 2000.

Anthrax – South Dakota, USA

For the first time this year, anthrax has been reported in cattle in South Dakota. State Veterinarian Dr. Dustin Oedekoven has confirmed that 8 cows died from a herd of 87 unvaccinated cattle in Clark County.

Measles – Chad

Since the start of the year, 400 cases, including 14 deaths, were reported as of 20 May. Three districts have reached the epidemic threshold. A measles outbreak has been declared on 30 May in five districts of Chad (Bokoro, Gama, Ati, Am dam and Goz Beida), where 474 cases and 18 deaths have been reported. Health authorities on 8 June declared a measles epidemic after 540 cases and 23 deaths were recorded. The disease has erupted in 89 districts, 10 of which have reached the epidemic level.

Dysentery, Bilharzia – Zambia

The Zambian government says 17 cases have been confirmed following the recent outbreak of dysentery at a girls-only technical school in the Lusaka Metropolitan Province. Although 84 suspected cases are still under management, the government says the dysentery outbreak has largely been contained.

Meanwhile, the local disease surveillance unit is investigating a possible bilharzia outbreak in the Lukwipa area of the Rufunsa district. The investigations have just started.

India – Foot and Mouth Disease

Outbreak of foot and mouth disease in the bovine animals of Sonawari belt of Bandipora districts has caused distress among the farmers of the area with dozens of animals affected.

The diseases broke out two months ago and since then no official from the animal husbandry department has reached out to those affected. People say the veterinary centres are under staffed and lack medicines for such kind of diseases.