Disease

Chikungunya – Republic of the Congo

Reports from the Republic of the Congo show that the chikungunya epidemic that began Jan. 7 has grown to 8,000 cases. The outbreak has affected eight departments ( Kouilou, Bouenza, Pointe Noire, Plateaux, Pool and Brazaville, Niari, Lékoumu).

Measles – Ukraine – Update

With an additional 2,279 people infected with measles during the week ending April 13, the outbreak in Ukraine now stands at 39,549 including 14 fatalities, according to the Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine. Fifty-four percent of cases have been reported in children.

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Disease

Global measles Cases on the Rise

The World Health Organization (WHO) reports preliminary global data that shows reported cases rose by 300 percent in the first three months of 2019, compared to the same period in 2018. By region, Africa has recorded a 700% increase, the Americas 60%, Europe 300%, the Eastern Mediterranean 100%, with 40% increases in Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific.

Yellow Fever – Brazil

In the current 2018- 2019 season (July 2018 to March 2019), a total of 75 confirmed human cases, including 17 deaths (case fatality rate = 23%), have been reported in Brazil in the states of São Paulo (62), Paraná (12), and Santa Catarina (1).

Disease

Measles – Philippines – Update

In a follow-up on the measles outbreak in the Philippines this year, the Department of Health (DOH) has reported 28,362 measles cases including 389 deaths through April 5. Cases have been reported from all 17 Regions of the country. A case-fatality of 1.37 percent has been reported in this outbreak.

Disease

Measles – Ukraine – Update

The Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine reported an additional 2,250 measles cases the week ending Apr. 4, bringing the 2019 outbreak total to 37,328. The number of fatalities due to the complications of measles remain at 14.

Dengue Fever – Tahiti

Health officials in French Polynesia are reporting (computer translated) the confirmation of several autochthonous cases of dengue type 2 dengue, unrelated and scattered over several communes in Tahiti. This has prompted health officials to declare an outbreak on Wednesday. A major concern is that since dengue type 2 has not circulated in the country since the year 2000, the epidemic could be of great magnitude. People under 20 or arriving in French Polynesia after 2000 are most at risk of becoming infected.

Disease

African Swine Fever – Vietnam

The Vietnam Ministry of Agriculture reported this week (computer translated) on three additional provinces having reported African swine fever (ASF). This brings the total 21 provinces reporting cases in the past five weeks with 64,879 pigs affected. To date, ASF has mainly appeared on small farms where sanitation and biosecurity is not good.

Syphilis – Australia

A total of 1,372 cases of infectious syphilis were notified in Victoria, compared to 1,351 cases in 2017 and 1,134 cases in 2016. The majority of notified cases continue to occur in males with 73 per cent of males reporting male sexual partners as the source of infection. Thirty per cent of the cases among MSM were HIV positive and of these, 57 per cent were reinfections.

Measles – Brooklyn, USA

New York City health officials reported an additional 33 confirmed measles in the past week, bringing the outbreak total to 214 since October 2018.

Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever – South Africa

A Kimberley man is being treated for Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF), commonly known as Congo fever, in the isolation unit at the Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe Hospital. Elliott is the second patient to be diagnosed with Congo fever in South Africa this year. The other case is in the Free State. It is thought he contracted the disease through a tick bite.

Disease

Measles – Philippines – Update

In a follow-up on the measles outbreak in the Philippines, government officials have reported an additional 596 cases since the last update – 2 days ago.

Lassa Fever – Nigeria

Nigerian health officials reported 23 new confirmed Lassa fever cases in the past week, bringing the outbreak total to 495 confirmed positive since the beginning of the year.

Lassa Fever – Liberia

Cumulatively, 16 cases including four deaths have been confirmed since the beginning of 2019.

Plague – DR Congo

The DRC Ministry of Health reported four deceased suspected cases of pneumonic plague identified retrospectively in the same family from Atungkulei Village, Mahagi District, Ituri Province. The cases are epidemiologically linked to those in Uganda.

Disease

Measles – Madagascar – Update

UN health officials reported an update on the measles epidemic in Madagascar recently and it shows that the number of cases has risen to 105,170 since September 3, 2018.

There were 634 reported deaths in health facilities and 567 community deaths including 114 measles-related deaths and 453 non-measles related death assessed by community workers. 70 percent of the deaths are of children.

Diptheria – Update – Venezuela

In Venezuela, the diphtheria outbreak that began in July 2016 remains ongoing. Through February 2019, Venezuela has seen a total of 2,726 suspected cases (1,612 confirmed), including 164 in 2019 to date. A total of 280 deaths were reported (17 in 2016, 103 in 2017, 150 in 2018, and 10 in 2019).

Disease

Measles – Ukraine – Update

The measles outbreak in Ukraine has topped 30,000 cases early into 2019. According to the Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, 30,794 people – 13,825 adults and 16,969 children–have been affected through Mar. 14. In addition, a 9-year-old girl in the Rivne region died from complications of measles making her the 11th measles-related death.

Pork Tapeworm – Vietnam

An outbreak of the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium, has affected at least 209 children from Thanh Khuong Commune in the northern province of Bac Ninh, Vietnam.

Foot and mouth disease spreads to the whole of the Korean peninsula

In the wake of the South Korean government’s battle to prevent the spread of foot-and-mouth disease following an outbreak in three farmhouses in the cities of Anseong and Chungju earlier this year, North Korean livestock industry insiders have reported that Pyongyang is also struggling with a nationwide spread of the disease outbreak that began in the middle of January. Multiple sources across three regions of North Korea reported that foot-and-mouth outbreaks in their respective areas have led to the death of many work cattle on collective farms. The vast majority of collective farms lack appropriate supplies such as disinfectants and quicklime. They also lack an understanding of the disease itself and frequently expect the disease to resolve itself naturally while in quarantine.

Disease

Measles – Philippines

The Philippines government issued an update today on the measles epidemic situation in 2019. Through Mar. 12, 20,308 measles cases have been reported since the beginning of the year. In addition, the measles related death toll has reached 301.

Beware the Mosquito!

It has been suggested that the deadliest animal in the world is the mosquito. When it comes to killing humans, no other animal even comes close. According to the World Health Organization, about 725,000 people are killed every year by mosquito-borne diseases.

Disease

Measles – Ukraine – Update

Ukrainian health officials reported an additional 2,235 measles cases in the past week, bringing the outbreak total for 2019 to 28,686. Since the beginning of the year, ten people have died from the complications of the measles.

Barmah Forest virus – Tasmania

A mosquito-borne virus outbreak has Tasmanian health authorities moving to try to contain its spread. People on the state’s east coast in particular have been warned to protect themselves from mosquitoes after the confirmation of five cases of the Barmah Forest virus. Another two cases are being investigated. The Barmah Forest virus is related to Ross River virus and causes a similar illness.

Drug Resistant Bacteria

Analysis of sewage samples taken from 74 cities in 60 countries around the world reveals that drug-resistant bacteria are present in many healthy people living in those areas.

Scientists from the Technical University of Denmark found that the highest concentrations of such resistance was across a swath of South America, Africa, the Middle East and Asia.

North America, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand generally had the lowest levels.

The researchers say that poor sanitation and extensive use of antibiotics in the worst-affected areas are likely to be behind the growth in drug-resistance.

Disease

Measles – Madagascar – Update

In an update on the measles epidemic in Madagascar, UN health officials report 6,607 cases of measles, including 41 deaths in the week ending Feb. 24. This down several thousand cases from the prior week (9,902). This brings the outbreak total to 86,985 cases, including 1,141 deaths since the outbreak began in early September 2018.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)- Middle East

The World Health Organization’s regional office for the Eastern Mediterranean (WHO EMRO) reported a total of 76 laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) in the month of February. Officials say 68 of the cases were reported from Saudi Arabia with 10 associated deaths and 8 from were reported from Oman with 2 associated deaths.

Plague – Uganda

Zombo District, Uganda is located in the eastern part of the country bordering the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Earlier this month, officials with the country’s health ministry reported two probable cases of pneumonic plague. The initial case has died.

Measles – Philippines

The measles epidemic in the Philippines has increased by some 2,200 cases in a five day span, according to the latest government numbers. From Jan. 1 through Mar. 7, 18,553 cases were reported, up from 16,349 reported on Mar. 2.

Hepatitis A – Florida, USA

The number of hepatitis A cases continue to rise in Florida, State health officials reported 232 additional cases in February 2019, bringing the outbreak total to 971 cases since last year.

Disease

Measles

New Zealand – Canterbury is a region on New Zealand’s South Island and home to the city of Christchurch. According to health officials today, the region is experiencing a measles outbreak. The number of confirmed cases of measles in Canterbury now stands at twenty-five and is likely to rise further over the coming days and weeks.

Europe – The measles outbreak in Europe continues as 19 countries reported cases in January 2019, according to the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). 881 cases were reported from the 19 countries, while 10 reported no measles. Germany did not report measles data for January 2019. Romania reports the most cases.

Hantavirus – Argentina – Update

In a follow-up on the hantavirus outbreak in Argentina, since November 2, 2018, the Argentine Republic has faced an outbreak of Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS), the most recent cases were reported on February 7, 2019. To date, there have been 34 confirmed cases and 12 deaths.

Rift Valley Fever – Mayotte

People are infected with Rift Valley Fever virus (RVFV) through contact with blood, body fluids, or tissues of RVFV-infected animals, mainly livestock. In addition, several mosquito species can spread RVF virus. On the archipelago of Mayotte in the Indian Ocean, the number of human cases continue to rise with 82 human cases having been confirmed.

Disease

Measles – Ukraine – Update

The number of measles cases continue to rise in Ukraine, albeit at a slightly lower level in the past two weeks, according to the Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine. During the 9th week of 2019, 2,524 people – 1,230 adults and 1,312 children – became ill with measles. An additional fatality was reported in a 25-day-old infant, the 10th measles death of the year. Through March 1, Ukraine health officials report 26,544 cases.

Plague – Madagascar

Since Aug. 2018, Madagascar health officials have reported 105 human plague cases. Ninety-one cases were identified as bubonic plague, while 14 were pneumonic plague. Of the bubonic plagues cases reported to date, 19 people have died, Twelve of the fourteen pneumonic plague cases also perished.