Disease

Measles – Ukraine – Update

Ukraine health officials reported an additional 967 measles – 436 adults and 531 children, during the past week. This brings the total cases to 54,065 people – 25,439 adults and 28,626 children, including 18 deaths since the beginning of the year.

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Disease

Chicken Pox – France

France is reporting an epidemic of varicella, or chickenpox infections, which includes at least twelve regional outbreaks. Approximately half the country was affected by chickenpox in the week ending June 9. On average, there are 34 cases per 100,000 inhabitants.

Measles – DR Congo

In a follow-up on the measles outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), UN health officials report an additional 7500 suspect cases in the past two weeks, bringing the total cases since the beginning of the year to 106,870. The death toll due to the measles outbreak has reached 1,815.

Panama Disease – Thailand

The Thai Department of Agriculture has dispatched officials to inspect a large banana plantation in Chiang Rai province after a report of an outbreak of Panama disease, which is known to rip through plantations causing significant damage. Officials were seen destroying infected banana trees in a bid to contain the disease. Panama disease has never occurred in Thailand before.

Disease

Measles – Comoros

The Ministry of Health in Comoros Islands has confirmed a new measles outbreak, coming in the aftermath of the tropical cyclone that devastated the country in April 2019, according to a World Health Organization report. Through June 1, a total of 66 suspected measles cases have been reported, of which 16 were confirmed.

Ebola – Uganda

The current and 10th Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in the DRC began in August 2018 and their were fears of it crossing neighboring borders all along. This week, it finally happened as the Uganda Ministry of Health reported a case in a 5-year-old boy who traveled from DRC.

Disease

Malaria – Burundi

The landlocked African country of Burundi reports a lot of malaria, year in and year out, and during the first five months of 2019, the malaria burden is high once again. From the beginning of the year through May 25, Burundi has reported a total of 3,207,552 clinical malaria cases, including 1,273 deaths.

Measles – DR Congo

Health officials with the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) report since the beginning of 2019, a total of 87,000 suspected measles cases (1.8 % CFR) through May 18. This represents an increase of more than 700 percent, compared to the epidemiological situation for the same period in 2018.

Guillain-Barre Syndrome – Peru

Peru has declared a health emergency in five regions, including Lima, after the deaths of at least four people linked to Guillain-Barre syndrome, an autoimmune disorder that attacks the nervous system. The Health Ministry said Sunday that in addition to the deaths there were currently 206 cases of the disease.

Disease

Ebola – DR Congo

Aid agencies in the Democratic Republic of the Congo are set to announce that more than 2,000 people have been infected with Ebola since the outbreak was declared in August last year.

So far, there have been 1,994 confirmed and probable cases of infection with the virus, making the outbreak the second largest in history. New cases are being reported at a rate of around 10 every day. Some 1,339 people have died.

Measles – USA

The United States recorded 41 new measles cases last week, bringing the year’s total number of cases to 981 in the worst outbreak of the disease since 1992, federal health officials said on Monday.

Disease

Yellow Fever – Uganda

The Ugandan Ministry of Health declared a yellow fever outbreak earlier this month after laboratory confirmed cases were reported from Koboko and Masaka districts.

Anthrax – Guinea

Health officials in Guinea are reporting an anthrax outbreak in Koubia prefecture in the northwestern part of the country. A total of five human cases of anthrax ( four cutaneous anthrax and one gastrointestinal anthrax) including one death (case fatality ratio 20%) have been reported. The patients became ill after consuming infected goat meat.

Ukraine – Measles – Update

Ukraine health officials reported some 54,000 measles cases and before the end of May 2019, the number has nearly been reached. According to the Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine during the past week, an additional 1483 cases were reported.

Disease

Measles and Mumps – Ireland – Update

In an update from the Ireland Health Protection Surveillance Centre (HPSC) on May 20, they report 59 measles and 1224 mumps cases since the beginning of the year. The Health Service Executive (HSE) has confirmed an outbreak of measles in north Dublin and is advising people who think they have measles to stay at home. This is a community outbreak of measles affecting adults and children. There has already been an outbreak of measles reported in Donegal in 2019.

Disease

Anthrax – Zimbabwe

Anthrax is suspected in the deaths of several wildlife animals in Zambezi Valley. Several animals have died including at least eight elephants, several buffaloes, impala, hyenas. This follows an outbreak last year that killed more than a dozen hippos in the Binga District of Zimbabwe.

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) – Namibia

The Ministry of Health and Social Services of Namibia officially declared an outbreak of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) on May 6 after reporting a number of cases from different regions of the country.As of 15 May 2019, seven suspected cases of CCHF were reported from five regions, including one laboratory confirmed case, and one death (case fatality ratio 14%).

Measles – Ukraine – Update

Ukrainian health authorities report that the number of measles cases recorded in 2019 to date is very close to 50,000. During the week ending May 18, the Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine reported an additional 1,935 cases, putting the total at 49,288. In addition, the number of measles-related fatalities has risen to 17 this year.

Disease

Measles – New Zealand

Officials with the Auckland Regional Public Health Service (ARPHS) report the number of measles confirmed has now reached 60 to date in 2019. There have now been measles cases in every part of the city.

Typhoid – Pakistan

Pakistan health officials are reporting 2,982 typhoid cases in Karachi through May 14, according to a Pakistan Today report. Of this total, 1765 are typhoid/paratyphoid fever and 1217 are Ceftriaxone-Resistant Salmonella typhi.

Disease

Measles – Japan

In a follow-up on the measles outbreak in Japan, the National Institute of Infectious Diseases (NIID) in Tokyo reports 467 cases through May 9. This is the highest number of measles cases recorded during the same time period in a decade.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

From 9 through 30 April 2019, the National International Health Regulations (IHR) Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported nine additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection, including three deaths.

Disease

Measles – Ukraine – Update

2,285 measles cases – 1,121 adults and 1,164 children, were reported the week ending May 11, according to the Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine. This brings the number of cases to 47,383 since the beginning of the year, including 16 deaths.

Ebola – DR Congo

Although the security situation has subsided mildly into an unpredictable calm, the transmission of Ebola virus disease (EVD) continues to intensify in North Kivu and Ituri provinces with more than 100 confirmed cases reported this week.

Disease

Measles – Tunisia

From 1 January through 30 April 2019, the Ministry of Health in Tunisia responded to a large measles outbreak in the country. A total of 3 141 suspected cases, of which 909 (28.9%) were laboratory confirmed and 1 236 (39.4 %) epidemiologically linked cases including 30 deaths (case fatality ratio=1.0 %), have been reported in all of the 24 governorates (range 1 – 1 274). The majority of cases were reported from Kasserine (1 274 cases) and Sfax (212 cases) governorates. In April 2019, four additional governorates were particularly affected with 155, 116, 93 and 69 cases reported from Kairouan, Tunis, Sousse and Nabeul respectively.

Thousands of Working Equids Die in Influenza Outbreak

Tens of thousands of working equids in Western Africa have died in a sweeping equine influenza (EI) outbreak. Official disease notification from Senegal and Nigeria to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) indicate more than 40,000 cases have resulted in more than 3,000 equid deaths since mid-December. However, other reports indicate case numbers in other countries, which haven’t submitted official notifications, could be skyrocketing even higher.

“We have received unofficial statistics of 62,000 deaths in Niger alone in donkeys and some horses presenting with symptoms like those we’ve seen in our country, which were confirmed cases of equine influenza,” said Mactar Seck, DVM, program manager at Brooke West Africa, in Dakkar, Senegal. Brooke West Africa is part of Brooke, a U.K.-based international animal welfare charity focusing on improving health and welfare for working horses, donkeys and mules.

As of May 2, Senegal, which has a working equid population of about 1 million, had reported 37,000 cases and 2,700 deaths to the OIE, but it has since recognized thousands more cases and the death toll has risen to more than 6,000, Seck said. The first equine influenza case in that country was reported only six weeks ago, on March 26.

Disease

Measles – Europe Travel Advisory

More than 34,000 Europeans were infected with the measles during the first two months of 2019, most of whom are in Ukraine but who inhabit 42 countries in all. Measles diagnoses have reached more than 25,000 in Ukraine alone and the disease has killed 13 total among there, Romania and Albania. Outbreaks have also been identified in Thailand, the Philippines and the US. The World Health Organization warns vulnerable people to get vaccinated — especially if they plan on traveling.

Measles can cause blindness, deafness or brain damage, and has no known cure, but can be prevented with two doses of the vaccine.

Disease

Anthrax – Hungary

Hungarian health authorities have reported four human cutaneous anthrax cases, in two separate counties in recent weeks. The affected individuals were reported from farms in Bács-Kiskun and Békés counties. In addition, an additional 30 people were treated prophylactically with antibiotics due to possible exposure.

Measles – Europe Region

In the first two months of 2019, 34 300 measles cases have been reported in 42 countries of the WHO European Region, including 13 measles-related deaths in three countries (Albania, Romania and Ukraine). The majority of cases are reported in Ukraine, with more than 25 000 cases (>70%).

As of 28 March 2019, the WHO European Region reported a total of 83 540 measles cases and 74 related deaths. This is compared to 25 863 cases and 42 deaths in 2017, and 5 273 cases and 13 deaths in 2016. In 2018, eight countries reported over 2 000 cases each including Ukraine (n= 53 218), Serbia (n=5 076), France (n=2 913), Israel (3 140), Italy, (n=2 686), Russian Federation (n=2 256), Georgia (n=2 203) and Greece (n=2 193).

Disease

Rift Valley Fever – Mayotte

Health authorities with ARS Indian Ocean have reported four additional human cases of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) during the past week, bringing the total cases to 126 since the first cases occurred at the end of November 2018.

Measles – Philippines

In a follow-up on the measles outbreak in the Philippines, health officials report that the outbreak tally through Apr. 13 is now 31,056. This is five times more than the figures in 2018 when 6,641 cases were reported at this time. In addition, the measles death toll this year dwarfs 2018. To date, more than 400 measles related deaths have been reported, compared to 59 in 2018.