Disease

Dengue Fever – Guam

Following recent reports of two imported dengue fever cases on Guam, the Department of Public Health and Social Services has reported the first autochthonous dengue transmission on the island in 75 years. The individual had no travel history outside of Guam.

Ebola – DR Congo

Ebola virus disease (EVD) transmission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo continued to ease this past week, with 40 new confirmed cases reported in North Kivu and Ituri provinces; this is the lowest weekly incidence since March 2019. While these signs are promising, it remains too soon to tell if this trend will persist.

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Disease

Yellow Fever – Nigeria

The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control has confirmed four cases of yellow fever in Bauchi State.

Ebola – DR Congo

The intensity of Ebola virus disease (EVD) transmission in the North Kivu, South Kivu, and Ituri provinces remains substantial, with 57 new cases reported since the last Update on 29 August.

Disease

Ebola – DR Congo

In the past week, from 19 August to 25 August, 77 new confirmed Ebola virus disease (EVD) cases, with an additional 54 deaths, have been reported from nine health zones in three affected provinces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

Tularemia – Sweden

In a follow-up on a report about two weeks ago, Swedish health officials are reporting a significant rise in tularemia cases since the end of July. As of Monday, about 560 human cases have been reported.

Malaria – India

Cases of falciparum malaria has spiked in Bareilly district in Uttar Pradesh state, with officials reporting 550 Plasmodium falciparum (PF) cases in the past month compared to about 150 in the first seven months of 2019.

According to reports, the less serious Plasmodium vivax (PV) malaria has accounted for more than 18,000 cases in the district year to date, including 5,600 in the past month. In addition dozens have been infected with both malaria strains.

Disease

Ebola – DR Congo

Congo’s year-long Ebola outbreak has spread to a new province, with two cases, including one death, confirmed in South Kivu, according to the government health ministry. The movement of the potentially deadly disease to a new province highlights the difficulties that health workers in Congo face in controlling the outbreak. Two new patients tested positive in the Mwenga area of South Kivu, adding to North Kivu and Ituri provinces where there are confirmed cases of the disease, according to the health ministry.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Thailand

Thailand health officials reported an additional 4,500 dengue fever cases during the past week, which has brought the total case tally to 49,174 cases with 64 deaths.

African Swine Fever – Myanmar

Myanmar is now the 7th Asian country to report confirmed African swine fever (ASF) cases. The ASF virus was confirmed in Wan Nwet Village, Mongla, Keng Tung, Shan State on the Myanmar/China border where 15 cases were reported, including 12 deaths.

Banana-killing virus reaches Latin America

Officials in Colombia declared a national emergency after confirming the presence of this deadly fungus, known as Fusarium oxysporum Tropical Race 4 (TR4), in the country. This is the first time the fungus has been detected in Latin America. However, the fungus isn’t new — for decades, it has been devastating banana plantations in Asia, Australia and East Africa.

Although this fungus isn’t harmful to humans, it is a “serious threat” to banana production, according to the United Nations. The fungus attacks the plant’s roots and blocks its vascular system — the network used to transport water and nutrients — and ultimately kills the plant. Once the fungus finds its way into soil, it can’t be treated with fungicides, and it’s very difficult to remove.

What’s more, the fungus attacks the most commonly exported banana, the Cavendish banana. Cavendish bananas reproduce asexually, meaning that the plants are essentially clones of their parents. This means banana crops lack genetic diversity, and infections can spread quickly.

Ebola – DR Congo

The Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo continued this week with similar transmission intensity to recent weeks, with an average of 81 cases per week (range 68 to 91 cases per week) in the past six weeks.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Bangladesh

The dengue fever situation in Bangladesh worsens each day as the numbers only get higher. In a 24 hour period Wednesday, some 2,400 additional cases were reported. Year to date, the country has reported 35,000 dengue cases, with the vast majority since July. The officials death toll stands at 29, with unofficial numbers much higher.

Ebola – DR Congo

The Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo continued this week with similar transmission intensity to recent weeks with an average of 86 cases per week (range 80 to 91 cases per week) in the past six weeks.

Disease

Food Poisoning – Moscow

The Moscow Department of Rospotrebnadzor reported this week that dozens of people have been sickened after eating food from vending machines in Moscow. As of Wednesday, at least 51 people developed symptoms of food poisoning and 26 required hospitalization.

DR Congo – Ebola

The World Health Organization on Wednesday declared Congo’s Ebola outbreak an international health emergency, sounding a rarely used global alarm after the virus threatened to spread to a major city and into neighbouring countries.

Despite a highly effective vaccine and a swift international response after it was declared 11 months ago, the outbreak has proved tenacious in an unstable region beset by violence, becoming Congo’s worst ever, with almost 1,700 dead.

Flu Season

At least 300 people have died from the flu in Australia, more than double the number in all of 2018. The most virulent flu strains in years have already infected 136,000 people, compared to about 17,350 at the same point in past years.

Health officials say this year’s vaccine appears to be “strongly effective” against most of the flu strains circulating. They add that careful monitoring is needed to see if the early spike of the Australian influenza outbreak has implications for the upcoming 2019-20 flu season in the Northern Hemisphere.

Disease

Ebola – DR Congo – Update

Deaths from the 11-month-old epidemic of Ebola in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) have crossed the 1,600 mark and a new fatality has been reported near the border with Uganda, the health ministry said on Friday. As of Thursday, the health authorities had recorded 2,382 cases of Ebola, of which 1,606 had been fatal.

Disease

Dengue Fever

Sri Lanka – Sri Lanka’s Epidemiology Unit has reported more than 25,000 dengue fever cases so far this year, according to new data published today. Through July 5, 25,267 dengue cases have been reported with Colombo reporting one-fifth of the cases nationwide. 35 deaths have been reported.

Philippines – In the Western Visayas region of the Philippines, the governor of Iloilo province announced he will issue an executive order declaring an outbreak in the province. According to the data of the Provincial Health Office from January 1 to June 28, the province has already recorded 3,897 cases of dengue with the death toll in the Philippines approaching 400.

Vietnam – Health officials in Vietnam’s most populous city, Ho Chi Minh City (HCM City), aka Saigon have reported more than 24,000 dengue fever cases during the first six months of the year.

Ebola – DR Congo

Graphic showing the current situation.

Screen Shot 2019 07 05 at 3 29 48 PM

HIV – Pakistan

More than 700 have children have now been found to be infected with HIV in a huge outbreak in southern Pakistan, making up more than 80 per cent of those who tested positive for the virus.

An outbreak of the virus in Sindh province prompted the World Health Organization to carry out a screening programme, which found 876 people to be infected with the virus – 82 per cent of whom were under the age of 15. The outbreak, which was first discovered in April, has been described as unprecedented in Asia because of the large numbers of children affected.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Honduras

The government of Honduras declared a state of emergency in mid-June in 12 or the 18 departments in the country due to the ongoing dengue fever epidemic. Through the first week of June, a total of 11,436 cases had been reported, including more than 4000 severe dengue cases and 63 fatalities.

White-Nose Syndrome in Bats Spreads

A fungus that causes white-nose syndrome (WNS), a deadly disease of hibernating bats but not a direct health risk for humans, has been detected in North Dakota for the first time.

Hepatitis A – Florida, USA

Florida state health officials reported an additional 90 hepatitis A cases during the week ending June 29, bringing the total to 1718 since the beginning of the year and 2266 since the outbreak began in 2018.

Ebola Spreads northwards in DR Congo

South Sudan is facing another potential threat with the first confirmed case of Ebola near its border with the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) reported. This is specifically significant as the country’s healthcare system has been weakened by years of civil war, making it vulnerable to the potential spread of the deadly virus.

The case was registered in the DRC town of Ariwara, situated in north-eastern Ituri province and about 70km from the border with South Sudan’s Yei River State. Despite being identified as having been exposed to Ebola and warned not to travel, the 40-year-old woman had travelled nearly 500km to Ariwara from Beni in the DRC’s North Kivu province.

Disease

Ebola – DR Congo

Over the weekend and through today, the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s (DRC) ministry of health recorded 41 more cases of the deadly disease, including another case detected in a vaccinated health worker.

According to the latest updates to the World Health Organization’s (WHO’s) Ebola dashboard, the DRC will likely confirm 13 more cases of the viral disease today, raising outbreak totals to 2,338 cases. As of yesterday, 1,563 people had died in the outbreak, and 309 suspected cases are under investigation.

Schistosomiasis – Myanmar

Myanmar continues to see high numbers of schistosomiasis infections. Since the beginning of the year, more than 200 people were found to be confirmed infected by the parasitic disease, mostly children.

Japanese Encephalitis

In the state of Assam in northeastern India, the Japanese encephalitis (JE) situation has got to the point that the Union minister of health and family welfare (MoHFW) sent a team to the state to review the situation. As of Monday, at least 22 people have died, while 59 positive cases of JE have been confirmed.

Disease

Ebola – DR Congo – Update 

More than 1,500 people have died in a nearly 10-month-old outbreak of Ebola in the Democratic Republic of Congo, the health ministry said Monday. As of Sunday, 1,506 people have died out of 2,239 recorded cases, it said.

Earlier this month, the virus claimed two lives in neighbouring Uganda among a family who had travelled to the DRC.

Nearly 141,000 people have been vaccinated in the affected eastern DRC provinces of Ituri and North Kivu, the epicentre of the outbreak.

Nipah Virus – India

In a follow-up on the human Nipah virus case in Ernakulum district of Kerala state, Union health minister Harsh Vardhan reported that out of 36 Pteropus species bats tested for Nipah, 12 (33 per cent) were found to be positive for anti-Nipah bat IgG antibodies and are believed to be the source of the human cases.

Disease

Ebola – Uganda

In a follow-up on the Ebola cases in Uganda, the World Health Organization is reporting a second fatality. The 50-year-old grandmother of the initial case, the 5-year-old boy, has died from Ebola Virus Disease (EVD). There are currently 3 cumulative confirmed cases since the date of identification of the index case.