Disease

DRC: Ebola Update

According to a World Health Organization (WHO) Situation Report today, officials report six additional Ebola virus disease (EVD) cases in Likati Health Zone, bringing the total to 43.

Yemen: Cholera Update

Since the last report on the cholera epidemic in Yemen, Sunday, an additional 3000 suspected cases were recorded, bringing the outbreak total to more than 32,300 cases in 25 days. The death toll has risen to 332.

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

On 5 May 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of 24 additional laboratory-confirmed human infections with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China.

On 13 May 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of 23 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China.

Disease

Yemen cholera crisis spreading at ‘unprecedented’ speed

More than 50 deaths due to cholera have been reported in Yemen since the beginning of the week. According to WHO, more than 240 people have died from cholera in just the last three weeks, out of a total of 23,400 infections.

DRC Ebola outbreak

In an update on the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in Likati Health Zone, Bas Uele Province in north-east Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the World Health Organization (WHO) reported nine additional suspected EVD cases Thursday in Ngayi and Azande. This brings the total EVD cases to 29 (two confirmed, two probable and 25 suspected) and three deaths.

Disease

Measles outbreak in Tajikistan: Update

The measles outbreak that began in mid-April in Rudaki district, Tajikistan, has grown to 345 cases through May 1, according to the International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies (IFRC).

The outbreak has now spread to the capital city of Dushanbe and the surrounding districts as well as Khatlon oblast and the trend of sharp increase in new cases is expected to continue.

Ebola Cases – DRC

Between 15 May and 16 May 2017, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported on two new suspected Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) cases in Azande (one case) and Nambwa (1 case) health areas in Lakati Health Zone in the north-east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

This brings the total suspected EVD cases to 21, including three deaths (case fatality rate of 14.3%).

The outbreak has now spread to the capital city of Dushanbe and the surrounding districts as well as Khatlon oblast and the trend of sharp increase in new cases is expected to continue.

Disease

Rabies: Virginia. USA

The Virginia Department of Health (VDH) is investigating a rare confirmed case of human rabies. The Virginia resident was bitten by a dog while traveling in India.

Ebola confirmed in Democratic Republic of Congo

The DRC Ministry of Health in a statement said case was confirmed from tests on nine people who came down with a hemorrhagic fever in Bas-Uele province in the northeast of the country on or after Apr. 22. According to reports, at least 3 people have died.

Officials say this is a very remote area.

Ebola was confirmed by the reference laboratory in Kinshasa.

This is the first EVD case reported in Africa since the West Africa outbreak in 2014-2015 where a total of 28,616 Ebola cases have been reported in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, with 11,310 deaths.

Disease

Mystery Disease in Liberia

Health officials in Sinoe County, Liberia announced the investigation into the “mysterious deaths” of at least six people, including students, in the port city of Greenville.

The Ministry of Health reported: “Since 5 a.m. Tuesday, six persons have died from suspected fever of unknown cause”. A rapid response team has taken specimens from the deceased for testing.

Another website titled their post: “Ebola Scare Hits Liberia”. However, there is no evidence as yet that this is Ebola.

Disease

E Coli Outbreak in USA

An E. coli outbreak likely related to flour has sickened four people in Colorado and 38 nationally across 20 states, according to the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

No deaths have been reported, although 10 people have been hospitalized.

An E. coli strain called STEC O121 has been identified in the infections. Investigation has pointed to flour produced at a General Mills facility in Kansas City, Mo., and the company issued a recall Tuesday for several sizes and varieties of Gold Medal Flour, Gold Medal Wondra Flour and Signature Kitchens Flour.

Ebola in Guinea Officially Over – WHO

The latest outbreak of Ebola in Guinea has ended, the World Health Organization said Wednesday, warning that a recurrence of the killer tropical disease remained a threat.

The last known Ebola patient in the west African country was discharged from hospital in April.

WHO declares the end to an outbreak, also known as the end to viral transmission, 42 days after the last known patient tests negative for the second time.

A handful of cases were registered in the last few months in Guinea, following the death of undiagnosed sufferers among a family near the border with Liberia.

In the three countries hit hardest by the Ebola crisis — Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone — fresh cases emerged after an outbreak was declared over.

Disease

Second New Ebola Case in Liberia

A second case of Ebola has been confirmed in Liberia, just months after the country had been declared free of the disease, according to health officials.

The 5-year-old son of a 30-year-old woman who died on Thursday has now been taken to a treatment centre in Monrovia.

Authorities are now checking everyone the woman was in contact with, and 10 healthcare workers from the hospital where the woman was treated are also under observation. The woman, who died on arrival at the hospital on Thursday, had travelled with three of her children.

Disease

Ebola – West Africa

West Africa’s Ebola outbreak no longer constitutes a threat to international public health, the World Health Organization (WHO) said on Tuesday, declaring an end to a nearly 20-month emergency that has killed about 11,300 people.

Dr. Margaret Chan, WHO director-general, accepted the recommendations of a committee of independent experts who also called for lifting any travel and trade restrictions affecting Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.

“The Committee provided its view that Ebola transmission in West Africa no longer constitutes an extraordinary event, that the risk of international spread is now low, and that countries currently have the capacity to respond rapidly to new virus emergences,” the WHO said in a statement.

All original chains of virus transmission have ended, but a new chain in Guinea has infected eight people including seven who have died, it said, adding that the virus persists in the semen of some men for over a year.

Hepatitis A – Kenya

Twenty one people have been admitted to various hospitals in Mombasa over the past few days following a new outbreak of hepatitis A, county health officials have said.

Hepatitis A is a viral liver disease that is transmitted through ingestion of contaminated food and water or through direct contact with an infected person.

Mombasa Health executive Mohammed Abdi said the disease had been on the rise since January among school children and had escalated due to water contamination in the county.

Yellow Fever – China

On 13 March 2016, the National IHR Focal Point of China notified WHO of an imported case of yellow fever virus infection.

Zika virus infection – Dominica and Cuba

Between 15 and 16 March 2016, PAHO/WHO was notified of cases of Zika virus infection in Dominica and Cuba.

Microcephaly – Panama

On 18 March 2016, the National IHR Focal Point of Panama notified PAHO/WHO of a newborn with concomitant microcephaly, occipital encephalocele and Zika virus infection.

Guillain-Barré syndrome – Panama

On 15 March 2016, the National IHR Focal Point of Panama informed PAHO/WHO of a case of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) with concomitant Zika virus infection.

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

On 18 March 2016, the Department of Health, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region notified WHO of a confirmed case of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus.

Disease

Ebola – Guinea

A fifth person has died in Guinea Ebola flare up and is causing panic. The man might have been in contact with the first victim, officials say. The small West African country is in an alarmed state as hundreds more may be infected with the deadly disease. The Ebola virus, though carried by mosquitoes, can be transferred through human contact. The bodies are often washed before their burial, without any sanitary precautions, and might be the cause of the current Guinea Ebola flare up.

Zika Virus – USA

A woman who is pregnant is the third Kentucky resident who has tested positive for Zika virus disease after traveling to an affected area where the virus is circulating, the Kentucky Department for Public Health (DPH) is reporting.

The patient is from the Louisville area. She experienced Zika-related symptoms after traveling to Central America in recent months and has recovered from the illness.

Disease

More Ebola Deaths in Guinea.

A fourth person has died of Ebola in the ebola treatment centre in Nzerekore in Guinea in the latest flare up of the disease.

WHO has warned that Ebola could resurface at any time, since it can linger in the eyes, central nervous system and bodily fluids of some survivors.

It was not immediately clear how the villagers from Korokpara, around 100km from Nzerekore, had contracted the disease but the area had previously resisted efforts to fight the illness in the initial epidemic.

Disease

New Ebola Cases in Guinea

Two people tested positive for Ebola in Guinea on Thursday and have been taken to a treatment centre, according to the nation’s government.

The news comes after the deadly two-year outbreak in West Africa had been officially declared over. The two people infected with the virus are from the village of Korokpara, where three members of one family died in recent weeks from diarrhoea and vomiting, Reuters reported, citing a government agency spokesman.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 9 and 10 March 2016, the National IHR Focal Point for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia notified WHO of 7 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection, including 2 deaths.

Zika Virus – Cape Verde

Cape Verde has identified its first case of the neurological disorder microcephaly, thought to be linked to the Zika virus, in what would be a first for Africa.

The Cape Verde government says more than 7,000 cases of Zika have been recorded since the beginning of the epidemic in October 2015, with heavier than normal rains last summer boosting mosquito numbers.

Sierra Leone Ebola flare-up over for now

A recent flare-up of Ebola in Sierra Leone is over after no new transmissions of the disease were detected in the West African country, although the virus could resurface at any time, the World Health Organisation said on Thursday.

Sierra Leone has had no new cases of the virus for 42 days, the WHO said, twice the length of the virus’s incubation period – the time that elapses between transmission of the disease and the appearance of symptoms.

Monkey Fever Outbreak near Goa, India

At least 20 persons are suspected to have been infected by monkey fever in four villages nestled in forest areas of the Western Ghats under Kankumbi Primary Health Centre jurisdiction in Khanapur taluk adjoining Goa.

The affected people were daily-wage labourers frequenting to Goa for livelihood, said District Health Officer Appasaheb Naratti. Preliminary investigations indicated that they were infected during their stay in Goa, where the ‘Kyasanur Forest Disease’ (a tick-borne viral hemorrhagic fever endemic to South Asia), commonly known as monkey fever has griped villages of Sattari taluk situated on the State’s eastern side adjoining Khanapur taluk.

Disease

Ebola – West Africa

The Ebola outbreak in West Africa is not over quite yet — just one day after the region was declared “Ebola-free,” a new case of the virus was confirmed in Sierra Leone. WHO had said such flare-ups were to be expected.

Zika virus infection – France – Overseas Departments

On 21 December 2015, WHO received notification of the first 2 laboratory-confirmed cases of Zika virus infection in two overseas departments of France: Remire-Montjoly, French Guiana and Schœlcher, Martinique. Since then, 2 additional cases have been reported in Saint Laurent du Maroni, French Guiana and in Fort de France, Martinique.

Foot and Mouth Disease in Malawi

Malawi Government has suspended all livestock sales in Nsanje district following the outbreak of foot and mouth disease in the district.

The Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Water Development through its secretary Bright Kumwembe says there is an outbreak of the disease in cattle at Bangula dip tank and Magoli Extension Planning Area (EPA) in the district which is within the Shire Valley ADD.

Preliminary investigation conducted by veterinary field staff from the Shire Valley ADD and Department of Animal Health and Livestock Development indicates a total number of 60 critical cases out of a total of 581 cattle in 4 kraals.

The ministry further said a total of 65,000 cattle are at risk within the affected area and investigations are ongoing to establish the extent of the problem.