Disease

Ebola – DR Congo

Seven new confirmed cases were reported in the past week (13 to 19 November) in the ongoing Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces.

Disease

Rift Valley Fever – Sudan

From 19 September 2019 until 11 November 2019, a total of 293 suspected human RVF cases, including 11 associated deaths have been reported from six states; including the Red Sea (120), River Nile (168), Kassala (2), White Nile (1), Khartoum (1), and Al Qadarif (1) States.

Climatic Ailments

A study published in the world’s leading medical journal says that children born today will face untold and lifelong health problems due to the effects of climate change and its root causes.

The Lancet Countdown on Health and Climate Change study was a partnership of 120 experts from 35 institutions, including the World Health Organization, the World Bank, University College London and China’s Tsinghua University.

It warns that the most pressing health issue is the long-lasting effects of air pollution, which is worsening around the world.

The study goes on to caution that climate change is creating a world with more extreme weather events, the risk of food shortages and increasing cases of infectious diseases.

Ebola – DR Congo

Six new confirmed cases were reported in the past week (6 to 12 November) in the ongoing Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces, continuing the downward trend of new infections.

Disease

Dengue Fever Sexually Transmitted – Spain

A young man in Madrid, Spain has been diagnosed with dengue fever contacted via sexual transmission, one of the first cases of sexual transmission of dengue in the world.

Polio – Afghanistan, Pakistan

With the addition of four wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases this past week, the global total has reached 100, according to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. In Afghanistan, one WPV1 case was reported and in Pakistan, three WPV1 cases were reported.

Ebola – DR Congo

Fifteen confirmed cases were reported in the past week (30 October – 5 November) in the ongoing Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces.

African Swine Fever 

A quarter of the world’s domestic pigs have died or been put down this year due to outbreaks of African swine fever, with China losing nearly half of its pigs. The virus responsible originated in East Africa and has spread in recent years to as far away as Belgium, the Caucasus nation of Georgia and eastward into Asia. While the disease can be eradicated by killing infected domestic pigs, it persists in wild boar and feral hogs. There is no vaccine, making it hard to prevent.

Disease

Ebola – DR Congo

The ongoing Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in the North Kivu and Ituri provinces saw a stabilization in the number of new cases this past week, with 19 confirmed cases reported in the past week (23–29 October), essentially equivalent to the 20 confirmed cases the week before.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus – UAE

Earlier this month, officials in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) reported a confirmed case of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection the first in 17 months.

Dengue Fever – Brazil

The number of dengue fever cases and deaths are up sharply this year in Araguaína, northern Tocantins, according to a local report. 1,553 cases of dengue were confirmed from January to September this year, an increase of 352% over the same period last year.

Measles – Wipes Out Immune System

A bout of measles may devastate children’s immune system and leave them open to other serious diseases, say scientists.

Most youngsters who die from measles are killed by complications such as pneumonia or swelling of the brain.

While white blood cells needed to fight infections are destroyed by measles, the cells do come back in force once the rash disappears.

This has left scientists struggling to understand why those who have had measles then suffer with other health problems.

However researchers have now discovered measles “resets” the immune system, wiping out the immunity children have developed to other illnesses, effectively leaving them with the same scant protection they had as newborns.

Vaping – USA

The number of cases of a deadly vaping illness continues to rise with 37 confirmed deaths and more than 1,800 sickened throughout the U.S.

Disease

Ebola – DR Congo

The number of confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) remains relatively low this week, with 21 new confirmed cases reported in North Kivu and Ituri provinces.

Polio – Global

Global polio cases Global health officials reported an additional six wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases during the past week–two in Afghanistan and four in Pakistan–bringing the total WPV-1 cases this year to 94, nearly triple the number reported in 2018.

Dengue Fever – Americas

UN health officials released the latest dengue fever numbers for the Region of the Americas recently and the the total cases now stand at 2,668,877, including 1,162 deaths.

Brazil has reported more than 1 million dengue cases in a year several times–1.5 million in 2016, 1.65 million in 2015 and 1.47 million in 2013. In 2019, for the first time they have topped 2 million cases (2.04 million). Brazil has also reported 676 fatalities.

Mexico has also seen a dramatic increase in dengue this year. In fact, the number of cases have doubled compared to 2018. To date, Mexico has seen 163,662 cases, while last year they reported 78,621.

Other countries in the western hemisphere reporting high numbers of dengue cases include Nicaragua (135,901), Colombia (98,739) and Honduras (81,854).

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

From 1 through 30 September 2019, the National IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported 4 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV) infection and one associated death.

Ebola – DR Congo

The number of confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) has been relatively low in recent weeks, with 15 new confirmed cases reported in North Kivu and Ituri provinces during the epidemiological week of 7 October through 13 October.

Vaping-related lung illnesses – USA

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced that the outbreak’s death toll has climbed to 33, up from 26 deaths reported last week. The outbreak victims range in age from 17 to 75, with an average age of 44, the agency said. What’s more, the total number of cases in the outbreak increased to 1,479, up from about 1,300 reported last week.

Disease

Chikungunya – Thailand

The Thailand Bureau of Epidemiology released the latest chikungunya case numbers this week and the tally has eclipsed the 8,000 mark. Through Oct. 6, officials report 8,104 cases of the mosquito-borne disease from 52 provinces.Measles – DR Congo

Typhoid – Ireland

The Ireland Health Protection Surveillance Centre (HPSC) in Dublin is reporting an significant increase in typhoid fever cases in 2019. Specifically, a large increase in typhoid cases have been reported among travelers returning from Pakistan.

Ebola – DR Congo

The number of reported cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) consistently declined in recent weeks, with 14 new confirmed cases reported in North Kivu and Ituri provinces during the epidemiological week of 30 September through 6 October.

Disease

Lung Injury, Vaping – USA

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced updated numbers related to the multistate outbreak of lung injury associated with use of e-cigarette, or vaping, products. Through Oct. 1, 1,080 lung injury cases associated with using e-cigarette, or vaping, products have been reported to CDC from 48 states and the US Virgin Islands. Of this total, 18 deaths have been confirmed.

Ebola – DR Congo

The Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo continues this week with 20 new confirmed cases reported in North Kivu and Ituri provinces from 25 September-1 October 2019, versus 29 in the previous week.

Disease

Legionnaires Disease – North Carolina, USA

The North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services has announced an outbreak of Legionnaires’ disease potentially linked to the Mountain State Fair in North Carolina. As of today, there are 32 confirmed illnesses and one person has died.

Dengue Fever – Central America

In Honduras, more than 71,200 people have been affected by the disease making it the worst outbreak in the country’s history. Nearly one quarter of the cases reported were classified as severe dengue and more than 65 percent of the 128 deaths so far are children under 15. Guatemala (22,755), Nicaragua (91,269), and El Salvador (16,573) are also reporting massive increases in dengue cases compared to previous years.

The size of this outbreak is unprecedented across Central America. Dengue is a disease that affects the most vulnerable–those who live in places where there is poor sanitation and where mosquitoes thrive. A combination of seasonal rains and warming temperatures are being blamed for dengue’s rapid spread–creating more stagnant pools that are perfect breeding grounds for mosquitoes.

Ebola – DR Congo

The Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo continues this week with 29 new confirmed cases reported in North Kivu and Ituri provinces from 18-24 September 2019, versus 57 in the previous week.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Guam

Following recent reports of two imported dengue fever cases on Guam, the Department of Public Health and Social Services has reported the first autochthonous dengue transmission on the island in 75 years. The individual had no travel history outside of Guam.

Ebola – DR Congo

Ebola virus disease (EVD) transmission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo continued to ease this past week, with 40 new confirmed cases reported in North Kivu and Ituri provinces; this is the lowest weekly incidence since March 2019. While these signs are promising, it remains too soon to tell if this trend will persist.

Disease

Yellow Fever – Nigeria

The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control has confirmed four cases of yellow fever in Bauchi State.

Ebola – DR Congo

The intensity of Ebola virus disease (EVD) transmission in the North Kivu, South Kivu, and Ituri provinces remains substantial, with 57 new cases reported since the last Update on 29 August.

Disease

Ebola – DR Congo

In the past week, from 19 August to 25 August, 77 new confirmed Ebola virus disease (EVD) cases, with an additional 54 deaths, have been reported from nine health zones in three affected provinces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

Tularemia – Sweden

In a follow-up on a report about two weeks ago, Swedish health officials are reporting a significant rise in tularemia cases since the end of July. As of Monday, about 560 human cases have been reported.

Malaria – India

Cases of falciparum malaria has spiked in Bareilly district in Uttar Pradesh state, with officials reporting 550 Plasmodium falciparum (PF) cases in the past month compared to about 150 in the first seven months of 2019.

According to reports, the less serious Plasmodium vivax (PV) malaria has accounted for more than 18,000 cases in the district year to date, including 5,600 in the past month. In addition dozens have been infected with both malaria strains.

Disease

Ebola – DR Congo

Congo’s year-long Ebola outbreak has spread to a new province, with two cases, including one death, confirmed in South Kivu, according to the government health ministry. The movement of the potentially deadly disease to a new province highlights the difficulties that health workers in Congo face in controlling the outbreak. Two new patients tested positive in the Mwenga area of South Kivu, adding to North Kivu and Ituri provinces where there are confirmed cases of the disease, according to the health ministry.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Thailand

Thailand health officials reported an additional 4,500 dengue fever cases during the past week, which has brought the total case tally to 49,174 cases with 64 deaths.

African Swine Fever – Myanmar

Myanmar is now the 7th Asian country to report confirmed African swine fever (ASF) cases. The ASF virus was confirmed in Wan Nwet Village, Mongla, Keng Tung, Shan State on the Myanmar/China border where 15 cases were reported, including 12 deaths.

Banana-killing virus reaches Latin America

Officials in Colombia declared a national emergency after confirming the presence of this deadly fungus, known as Fusarium oxysporum Tropical Race 4 (TR4), in the country. This is the first time the fungus has been detected in Latin America. However, the fungus isn’t new — for decades, it has been devastating banana plantations in Asia, Australia and East Africa.

Although this fungus isn’t harmful to humans, it is a “serious threat” to banana production, according to the United Nations. The fungus attacks the plant’s roots and blocks its vascular system — the network used to transport water and nutrients — and ultimately kills the plant. Once the fungus finds its way into soil, it can’t be treated with fungicides, and it’s very difficult to remove.

What’s more, the fungus attacks the most commonly exported banana, the Cavendish banana. Cavendish bananas reproduce asexually, meaning that the plants are essentially clones of their parents. This means banana crops lack genetic diversity, and infections can spread quickly.

Ebola – DR Congo

The Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo continued this week with similar transmission intensity to recent weeks, with an average of 81 cases per week (range 68 to 91 cases per week) in the past six weeks.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Bangladesh

The dengue fever situation in Bangladesh worsens each day as the numbers only get higher. In a 24 hour period Wednesday, some 2,400 additional cases were reported. Year to date, the country has reported 35,000 dengue cases, with the vast majority since July. The officials death toll stands at 29, with unofficial numbers much higher.

Ebola – DR Congo

The Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo continued this week with similar transmission intensity to recent weeks with an average of 86 cases per week (range 80 to 91 cases per week) in the past six weeks.