Disease

Measles – Romania

In a follow-up on the measles situation in Romania, the Institutul Naţional de Sănătate Publică reported an additional 54 new confirmed cases in 9 counties and in Bucharest during the past week. In 2019 through Sept. 6, 2,614 cases, including five deaths have been reported, the most in the EU.

Polio – Global

The total number of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases on the globe has increased to 78 cases with the addition of five cases from Pakistan and Afghanistan during the past week.

Listeriosis – Spain

On 16 August 2019, Regional Health Authorities in Andalusia, Spain, reported an outbreak of listeriosis, caused by the bacteria Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes), associated with the consumption of a chilled roasted pork meat product manufactured in Spain by Magrudis Company Limited and sold under the brand name “La Mechá”. From 7 July through 13 September , a total of 222 confirmed cases linked to this outbreak have been reported in five regions of Spain.

Italy – Superbug NDM-1 outbreak reported in Tuscany

Health officials in Tuscany, Italy are reporting an outbreak of the antibiotic resistant superbug bacterium, New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase-1 (NDM-1) Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in hospitals since November 2018. Between November 2018 and August 31, 2019 the NDM bacteria were isolated in the blood of 75 patients. Infections vary from being asymptomatic to potentially life-threatening or fatal. The level of risk depends on which part of the body is affected by the infection, and the general health of the patient.

African Swine Fever – Japan

Japanese officials have culled 753 pigs in Saitama Prefecture north of Tokyo after detecting an outbreak of swine fever. The cull, which took place on Saturday, was necessary after it was determined that pigs raised in the prefecture for shipment to central Japan were infected. Saitama also decided to halt shipments from two other pig farms in the area of the outbreak.

Dengue Fever – Nepal

Six people have died of dengue and over 5096 diagnosed positive across Nepal since the outbreak was declared in May. The first outbreak of the disease in the Himalayan nation occurred in 2006 when 5 cases were identified.

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Disease

Dengue Fever – Western Hemisphere

In the Western hemisphere, the number of dengue cases reported through August is 2,384,029 cases and 949 deaths. The number of cases reported in 2019 as August 31 is higher than the annual totals reported in 2016, 2017, and 2018, and the total by the end of the year will likely exceed the total reported in the epidemic year of 2015.

In Colombia, 84,664 cases of dengue and 919 cases of severe dengue have been reported to date. In addition, 169 deaths have been recorded. The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) indicated that Colombia has the second highest incidence in this new cycle of the epidemic. The El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon, the country’s geographical conditions, and the natural cycle of the disease have generated an increase in dengue cases since the final quarter of 2018.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Guam

Following recent reports of two imported dengue fever cases on Guam, the Department of Public Health and Social Services has reported the first autochthonous dengue transmission on the island in 75 years. The individual had no travel history outside of Guam.

Ebola – DR Congo

Ebola virus disease (EVD) transmission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo continued to ease this past week, with 40 new confirmed cases reported in North Kivu and Ituri provinces; this is the lowest weekly incidence since March 2019. While these signs are promising, it remains too soon to tell if this trend will persist.

Disease

Streptococcus Suis – Thailand

The Thailand Department of Disease Control (DDC) has reported 265 Streptococcus suis cases this year through August 17, including 23 deaths. The disease were mostly found in the northern regions followed by the northeastern regions.

Measles – New Zealand

Measles is circulating in New Zealand, particularly in the Auckland region. From 1 January 2019 to 5 September 2019 there have been 1051 confirmed cases of measles notified across New Zealand. 877 of these confirmed cases are in the Auckland region.

Dengue Fever – Palau

In a follow-up on the dengue outbreak in Palau, the Palau Ministry of Health reported 26 new cases during the past week, bringing the outbreak total to 570 cases since Dec. 2018. There have been two deaths attributed to dengue infection during this outbreak.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Bangladesh

In August 2019 to date, the Bangladesh Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) has reported 50,974 dengue fever cases. What makes this even more astounding is this total for one month tops the total cases reported in the country from 2000 through 2018 (50,148).

Polio – Pakistan

Five additional wild polioviruses type 1 (WPV1) cases were reported in the past week in Pakistan. This brings Pakistan’s total to 58 this year with the global total now 71.

Disease

Rabies – Utah, USA

The Southwest Utah Public Health Department (SWUPHD) is reporting several recent human exposures to rabies-positive bats. These individuals have been treated with preventive vaccinations.

Dengue Fever – Philippines

Dengue case count The Philippines Department of Health recorded an additional 20,000 dengue fever cases during the week ending August 10, bringing the country total to well over 200,000 cases. According to the DOH, more than 208,000 cases were reported from January 1 to August 10 this year.

Disease

Mystery Disease – Ivory Coast

Officials in Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) are reporting on an unidentified disease that has caused many deaths in Yeretièlé. According to the information received at the level of the Ministry of Health and Public Hygiene, 28 people have died of this unidentified disease since July.

The symptoms presented include swelling of the face and lower limbs, chest pain, abdominal bloating, general fatigue, constipation and vomiting.

Dengue Fever – Bangladesh

While there are reports of dengue fever admissions decreasing over last three weeks, the number of cases is still extremely high in Bangladesh. During the first 25 days of August, more than 45,000 cases have been reported.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Thailand

Thailand health officials reported an additional 4,500 dengue fever cases during the past week, which has brought the total case tally to 49,174 cases with 64 deaths.

African Swine Fever – Myanmar

Myanmar is now the 7th Asian country to report confirmed African swine fever (ASF) cases. The ASF virus was confirmed in Wan Nwet Village, Mongla, Keng Tung, Shan State on the Myanmar/China border where 15 cases were reported, including 12 deaths.

Banana-killing virus reaches Latin America

Officials in Colombia declared a national emergency after confirming the presence of this deadly fungus, known as Fusarium oxysporum Tropical Race 4 (TR4), in the country. This is the first time the fungus has been detected in Latin America. However, the fungus isn’t new — for decades, it has been devastating banana plantations in Asia, Australia and East Africa.

Although this fungus isn’t harmful to humans, it is a “serious threat” to banana production, according to the United Nations. The fungus attacks the plant’s roots and blocks its vascular system — the network used to transport water and nutrients — and ultimately kills the plant. Once the fungus finds its way into soil, it can’t be treated with fungicides, and it’s very difficult to remove.

What’s more, the fungus attacks the most commonly exported banana, the Cavendish banana. Cavendish bananas reproduce asexually, meaning that the plants are essentially clones of their parents. This means banana crops lack genetic diversity, and infections can spread quickly.

Ebola – DR Congo

The Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo continued this week with similar transmission intensity to recent weeks, with an average of 81 cases per week (range 68 to 91 cases per week) in the past six weeks.

Disease

Leishmaniasis – Kenya

Disease outbreaks continue to plague Kenya and according to the Ministry of Health, outbreaks of cholera and measles continue in the country. In addition, Kenya is reporting a large outbreak of the parasitic disease, visceral leishmaniasis (Kala Azar). Since January through the first week of August, a total of 1,986 cases of leishmaniasis have been reported.

Dengue Fever

Sri Lanka – Health officials in Sri Lanka report that dengue-related fatalities have been reported in the dozens this year to date and additional dengue strains have been identified as circulating this season. Through today, Sri Lanka has reported 36,858 dengue fever cases with Colombo, Gampaha and Galle RDHS reporting the most.

Philippines – The latest numbers show 115,986 cases of dengue, including 491 deaths, many children.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Marshall Islands

With the reporting of over 100 probable and confirmed dengue fever cases, the Government of the Republic of the Marshall Islands (GRMI) issued a State of Health Emergency due to a dengue fever outbreak on Ebeye island.

According to the declaration, the current circulating strain is dengue type 3, which is different to the previous outbreak in 2011 (a dengue type 4 outbreak when over 1600 cases were reported), which increases the health risks for those who contract the illness a second time.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Bangladesh

The dengue fever situation in Bangladesh worsens each day as the numbers only get higher. In a 24 hour period Wednesday, some 2,400 additional cases were reported. Year to date, the country has reported 35,000 dengue cases, with the vast majority since July. The officials death toll stands at 29, with unofficial numbers much higher.

Ebola – DR Congo

The Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo continued this week with similar transmission intensity to recent weeks with an average of 86 cases per week (range 80 to 91 cases per week) in the past six weeks.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Philippines

Philippines Health Secretary, Francisco Duque III has declared a national dengue epidemic due to continuous increasing number of dengue cases in different regions in the country. From January to July this year 146,062 cases of dengue in the whole Philippines have already been recorded. In addition, 622 deaths have been reported.

African Swine Fever

The African swine fever (ASF) outbreak in Vietnam has spread significantly since the first outbreak was reported on 19 February 2019. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) reported last week that a total of 62 provinces/cities reported outbreaks, about 3,700,000 pigs have died from the disease or been culled.

Measles – DR Congo

Since our last report on the measles outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) at the end of June, the outbreak total has increased by some 17,000 cases. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), from 1 January to 21 July 2019, a total of 137,154 suspected measles cases including 2,581 deaths (case fatality ratio 1.9%) have been reported from 455 (88%) out of 519 health zones across all 26 provinces of the DRC.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Tanzania

Since the dengue outbreak began in Tanzania one year ago, 6,677 cases have been reported, including 13 deaths. It appears that the outbreak is slowing as there were 536 cases of infection with the dengue virus in June, while only six cases have been reported since early July.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Bangladesh

The dengue fever situation in Bangladesh in July has surged to a historical record with over 6400 cases reported in the first 24 days of July. From July 1 through July 24, 6,421 dengue cases were reported, significantly higher than the previous monthly high of 3087 in September 2018. In just one day, the case count increased by 784 on July 24.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

From 1 through 30 June 2019, the National International Health Regulations (IHR) Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported 7 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV) infection.