Environment

India Beats China As Worst Air-Polluted Country On Earth

India now has the world’s worst air pollution. They have beaten China. Specifically, it is New Delhi, India’s capital that has the worst air pollution on Earth.

Industrialization, coal-fired power plants, and low regulation have made the air pollution in India so much worse. Technology Review has reported that there have been 1.1 million deaths recorded last year due to air pollution in India. The country has been tied with China as having deadly air pollution. India’s rapid industrialization, too much use of coal for energy, growing population, and an ageing populace that is affected by air pollution are the factors why there are so many deaths.

Pollution Has Worked Its Way Down To The World’s Deepest Waters

The Mariana Trench in the northern Pacific is the deepest part of the world’s oceans. You might think a place that remote would be untouched by human activity.

But the Mariana Trench is polluted.

At its deepest — about 7 miles down — the water in the trench is near freezing. The pressure would crush a human like a bug. Scientists have only recently explored it.

Among them is biologist Alan Jamieson of Newcastle University in England. His team dropped what they call a mechanical “lander” down into the trench. It had cameras and water samplers and some baited traps. They didn’t really know what they’d find.

When the lander surfaced, the traps contained amphipods — shrimplike crustaceans. That wasn’t terribly surprising, as amphipods are known to live at great depths. But bringing them back from the Mariana Trench was a rarity, and Jamieson thought there might be something to learn from them. He took the creatures to an environmental scientist.

The amphipods were contaminated with PCBs — polychlorinated biphenyls — toxic chemicals used for decades in industry, as well as other industrial pollutants known as persistent organic pollutants.

Every sample we had,” Jamieson says, “had contaminants in it at very high or extraordinarily high levels. How high? He compared the contamination level in his Mariana amphipods to crabs living in waters fed by one of China’s most polluted rivers, as well as amphipods from other parts of the world. “And what we were finding in the deepest place in the world were (levels) hugely higher, 50 times in some cases,” he says.

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Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.6 Earthquake hits eastern Sichuan, China.

5.3 Earthquake hits New Britain, Papua New Guinea.

5.3 Earthquake hits near the coast of northern Peru.

5.2 Earthquake hits New Britain, Papua New Guinea.

5.1 Earthquake hits Ethiopia.

5.1 Earthquake hits Antofagasta, Chile.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Molucca Sea.

5.0 Earthquake hits Tarapaca, Chile.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.3 Earthquake hits central Italy.

5.2 Earthquake hits central Italy.

5.1 Earthquake hits Fiji.

5.1 Earthquake hits eastern Sichuan, China.

5.0 Earthquake hits the western Indian-Antarctic ridge.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Andreanof Islands in the Aleutian Islands.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.6 Earthquake hits offshore Los lagos, Chile.

5.5 Earthquake hits the central east Pacific rise.

5.4 Earthquake hits the Solomon Islands.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Sichuan-Chongqing border region, China.

5.0 Earthquake hits northern Sumatra, Indonesia.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.7 Earthquake hits Kepulauan Barat Daya, Indonesia.

5.8 Earthquake hits the Solomon Islands.

5.6 Earthquake hits southern Xinjiang, China.

5.3 Earthquake hits the Solomon islands.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Solomon Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits offshore El Salvador.

5.0 Earthquake hits New Ireland, Papua New Guinea.

Two 5.0 Earthquakes hit Luzon in the Philippines.

5.0 Earthquake hits near the coast of Ecuador.

5.0 Earthquake hits Kepulauan Talud, Indonesia.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.3 Earthquake hits the Solomon Islands.

5.5 Earthquake hits the Dodecanese Islands, Greece.

5.5 Earthquake hits the Solomon Islands.

5.5 Earthquake hits near the east coast of Honshu, Japan.

5.4 Earthquake hits Leyte in the Philippines.

5.4 Earthquake hits New Ireland, Papua New Guinea.

5.2 Earthquake hits New Ireland, Papua New Guinea.

Two 5.1 Earthquakes hit New Ireland, Papua New Guinea.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Solomon Islands.

5.1 Earthquake hits Vanuatu.

5.1 Earthquake hits Coquimbo, Chile.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Banda Sea.

5.0 Earthquake hits New Britain, Papua New Guinea.

5.0 Earthquake hits southern Xinjiang, China.

5.0 Earthquake hits Guatemala.

Ecuador – Three people have been killed and at least 47 injured after the 5.7-magnitude earthquake hit Ecuador’s Pacific coast early on Monday morning. All three victims apparently suffered heart attacks. More than 700 families were forced to evacuate their homes as emergency services moved in to deal with the incident. There were around 15 aftershocks too which caused further damage to the affected resort towns, with the largest measuring 4.2 on the Richter scale.

Ecuador Earthquakes 762308

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.8 Earthquake hits the Mariana Islands.

5.3 Earthquake hits the Solomon Islands.

5.2 Earthquake hits Tonga.

Four 5.0 Earthquakes hit the Solomon Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Kermedec Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Xinjiang-Qinghai border region, China.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.0 Earthquake hits southern Peru.

5.3 Earthquake hits the southwest Indian ridge.

5.2 Earthquake hits the western Xizang-India border.

5.0 Earthquake hits Fiji.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Solomon Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Pagan region in the North Mariana Islands.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.9 Earthquake hits southern Xinjiang, China.

The strong earthquake in a remote area of China’s extreme west has killed at least one villager after a home collapsed.

5.2 Earthquake hits southern Xinjiang, China.

5.1 Earthquake hits southern Xinjiang, China.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Izu Islands off Japan.

5.0 Earthquake hits North Island, New Zealand.

5.0 Earthquake hits the central Mid-Atlantic ridge.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the North Atlantic:

Invest 99L is an area of disturbed weather in the North Atlantic that has the potential for further tropical development.

In the Eastern Pacific:

Invest 90E is an area of disturbed weather in the East Pacific that has the potential for further tropical development.

In the Western Pacific:

Super Typhoon 25w (Haima), located approximately 77 nm northeast of Hong Kong, is tracking north-northwestward at 13 knots.

Newsbytes:

China – Typhoon Haima barreled into southern China on Friday after hammering the northern Philippines with ferocious wind and rain, triggering flooding, landslides and power outages and killing at least 13 people. Chinese meteorological services said the typhoon made landfall shortly after noon in the city of Shanwei in Guangdong province, packing winds of up to 166 kilometers (103 miles) per hour before weakening to a tropical storm. No major damage was immediately reported, though reports said some villages had experienced power outages and officials were on alert for heavy flooding and landslides. China had suspended dozens of flights and rail services in several southern provinces. In the city of Shenzhen, authorities ordered schools, markets and factories to close, halted public transportation and evacuated some areas.

Hong Kong – Hong Kong hunkered down as Haima lashed the financial hub with rain and wind gusts of up to 109 kph (68 mph). Schools and offices were shut, trading on the stock market suspended and commuter ferry services halted after the third most serious storm signal was hoisted, leaving an eerie calm in the streets of the normally bustling city. More than 740 flights to and from the city’s international airport were canceled or delayed. By early afternoon, the storm was about 110 kilometers (70 miles) east of the city and moving away.

La Niña Reborn

Some worldwide weather agencies have shifted predictions toward a developing La Niña in the Pacific this Northern Hemisphere autumn, only a month after writing the obituary for the ocean-cooling phenomenon.

The U.S. agency NOAA now says there is a 70 percent chance of a weak La Niña. The World Meteorological Organization gives it a 50 to 60 percent probability of forming by the end of the year and persisting through the first three months of 2017.

While La Niña appeared to be developing a few months ago as the tropical Pacific began to cool, the surface winds above it failed to develop the distinct east-to-west circulation associated with the phenomenon until late September.