Disease

China reports 1st known human H7N4 avian influenza case

The Chinese National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) reported confirming a human case of avian influenza A (H7N4). According to the NHFPC, this is the first case of human infection with avian influenza A (H7N4) in the world.

The patient had contact with live poultry before the onset of symptoms. Upon analysis, the genes of the virus were determined to be of avian origin.

Advertisements

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Malaysia

On 2 January 2018, the National IHR Focal Point of Malaysia reported one case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV).

Bird Flu – Japan

Japanese authorities on Friday announced the culling of about 91,000 chickens on a farm in southwest Japan where several animals were found to be infected with a highly pathogenic form of the bird flu virus. The new outbreak has been detected on a farm in Kagawa prefecture of Shikoku Island after it was found that more than 50 dead chickens this week were infected with the highly contagious H5 strain of the virus. The culling began shortly before midnight on Thursday and will conclude in about 24 hours and the movement of eggs and animals within a radius of 10 km of the farm has been suspended while the area has been cleaned with disinfectants.

Disease

H5N6 avian influenza confirmed in Fujian province, China

For the first time since last November, Chinese health authorities are reporting a human case of avian influenza A(H5N6). The patient was a three-year-old girl from Sanming City, Fujian province who had contact with live poultry before the onset of symptoms.

Disease

Bird Flu – Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia has confirmed an outbreak of highly contagious bird flu in Riyadh that led to the culling of nearly 16,000 ducks.

The highly pathogenic H5N8 strain infected and killed 14 birds at an unspecified location in the Saudi capital, says the World organisation for Animal Health (OIE), which is based in Paris. Other birds in a flock of around 60,000 exposed to the virus were culled.

Bird flu strains have hit poultry flocks in a number of countries across the world in recent years, with some types of the disease also causing human infections and deaths.

Disease

H1N1 influenza – Ghana

In late November, an outbreak of influenza A H1N1 was reported Kumasi Academy Senior High School in Kumasi City, Ashanti Region in central Ghana. At that time, 13 cases of severe acute respiratory illness was reported.

Since that time, the Ghana Ministry of Health has reported 77 cases with four deaths (case fatality rate 5.2%). The majority of the cases, 66%, were males and over 95% of the cases are teenagers. Thus far, the disease is still localized in the school as no cases have been reported among community members.

Cholera – Kenya

From 1 January though 29 November 2017, a total of 3967 laboratory-confirmed and probable cases including 76 deaths (case fatality rate = 1.9%) were reported by the Ministry of Health to WHO.

Cholera – Zambia

On 6 October 2017, the Minister of Health declared an outbreak of cholera in the Zambian capital, Lusaka. From 28 September through 7 December 2017, 547 cases including 15 deaths (case fatality rate = 1.8%), have been reported since the beginning of the outbreak. The initial outbreak period was from 28 September through 20 October. From 21 October through 4 November 2017 there were less than five cases reported each week. However, from 5 November 2017 an increase in the number of cases was observed with a total of 136 cases reported in the week beginning 26 November.

Disease

Bird Flu – China

For the first time in several months, Chinese health authorities are reporting a human case of avian influenza A(H7N9). The case is from Yunnan province.

Plague – Peru

Officials in La Libertad, Peru are carrying out a fumigation campaign in the District Municipality of Chocope, Ascope province after the presence of the agent of plague, Yersinia pestis, was confirmed in fleas found on sewer rodents.

Authorities have embarked on a fumigation campaign in the affected area. Killing the rats was not the answer, what is infected is the flea, not the rodent. If they kill the rodent, the flea will jump and possibly infect other animals.

Disease

Philippines – Japanese Encephelitis

Health officials in Nueva Vizcaya, in Cagayan Valley region in Luzon, are reporting eight confirmed cases of the mosquito borne disease, Japanese encephalitis (JE).

China: Human H5N6 avian influenza

Officials with China’s National Health and Family Planning Commission are reporting an additional human case of avian influenza A(H5N6) in a Guangxi man.

Disease

Bulgaria – Bird Flu

A virulent bird flu virus has spread to two more regions in Bulgaria prompting veterinary authorities to announce a cull of nearly 8,000 ducks, the Balkan country’s food safety agency said on Sunday. “A total of four outbreaks of bird flu are registered in Bulgarian territory at the moment,” the agency said.

Disease

Yellow Fever – Brazil

The discovery of one dead monkey infected with yellow fever on the north side of Brazil’s largest city has prompted São Paulo health authorities to launch a massive vaccination campaign.

The virus responsible for the disease has been blamed for at least 261 Brazilian deaths since December, almost entirely in the southeast of the country.

The mosquito-borne disease originated in Africa and was discovered to be back in Brazil after hundreds of dead monkeys were found infected in the country’s Atlantic rainforest late last year.

Yellow fever is one of the world’s most deadly tropical diseases, causing symptoms such as muscle aches and fever, progressing to liver damage and kidney failure.

Typhoid – North Korea

A typhoid outbreak that began in June in the North Korean province of Ryanggang, on the China border, has the country’s health officials struggling to contain the spread of the diseas While there is scant detail on the outbreak, the report notes that typhoid related deaths are increasing among the older people.

The outbreak is attributable to the North’s poor water supply, sewerage system and the Yalu River as many local residents in Ryanggang Province drink the water from the river without boiling it.

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

On 8 and 15 September 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of two additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China.

Trichinosis – Russia

At least 17 people, including several children have contracted the parasitic infection, trichinosis, after eating smoked brown bear cub in Kataiga village in the Tomsk region of Russia. Local hunters gifted the meat to villagers. Some meat was smoked, some salted. In total, 29 cases of poisoning were detected in the region.

Trichinellosis, or trichinosis is a parasitic disease caused most commonly by the roundworm Trichinella spiralis. If someone ingests undercooked or raw meat with the encysted larvae, the stomach acid releases the larvae which mature to adults in the intestine.

African Countries Should Prepare For Black Death – WHO

South Africa is among nine countries identified by the World Health Organisation as priority areas to be prepared for the plague as the deadly disease spreads through Madagascar. Madagascar, which has travel and trade ties to South Africa, has experienced a large outbreak of plague, also known as the “black death”, since August.

The disease has claimed 124 lives in Madagascar since August 1, according to reports, and about 1200 suspected, probable and confirmed cases have been recorded so far.

WHO said countries should remain prepared – because of their travel and trade links with Madagascar. The list included Ethiopia, Kenya, Mauritius, Mozambique, Réunion, Seychelles, South Africa and Tanzania.

Disease

Bird flu crisis worsens in South Africa

The bird flu crisis continued unabated in South Africa despite intensified efforts to curb the pandemic, authorities said on Friday.

The highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 virus has been confirmed in five provinces, with Johannesburg in Gauteng Province becoming the latest victim, according to the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry.

Across South Africa, about 20 percent of all breeding stock has been lost, raising concern about a possible sharp rise in the prices of eggs and poultry.

Disease

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

On 18, 25 August and 4 September 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of four additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China.

Disease

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

On 4 August 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of one additional laboratory-confirmed case of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China.

Bird Flu Spreads in Western Cape, South Africa

The Western Cape Agriculture Department says that fresh outbreaks of bird flu in the province are likely. A duck farm in the Joostenbergvlakte is the latest casualty. Tens of thousands of the animals died or had to culled recently, while 96 workers have lost their jobs.

Last week thousands of chickens were also killed due to bird flu which hit a commercial poultry farm in the Paardeberg region. Meanwhile, three ostrich farms in Heidelberg remain under quarantine after the deadly flu strain first emerged there.

Disease

Philippines – Bird Flu

The Philippines will cull at least 200,000 birds after confirming its first avian flu outbreak, but no animal-to-human transmission has been reported, officials said Friday.

Sudan – Foot and Mouth Disease

The Ministry of Animal Resources and Fisheries in Western Lakes State in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has confirmed the outbreak of Animal foot and mouth diseases in Manyiel cattle camp. 120, 000 heads of cattle, 19,000 goats and sheep, and 130 dogs are to be vaccinated against all forms of animals diseases.

Disease

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

On 11, 14, and 21 July 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of three individual laboratory-confirmed case of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China.

India – Typhoid

At least 24 typhoid cases have been reported from Boddapadu village of Krishna district in Vijayawada metropolis, according to a local media report. Health officials suspect that water contamination in the village could be the reason for the disease.

Disease

Swine Flu in Myanmar

Myanmar, also known as Burma, has asked the United Nations health agency for assistance in combating an outbreak of swine flu that has killed 13 people and infected about 50 others, mainly around the country’s largest city of Yangon. People across the former Burmese capital have donned surgical masks to ward off infection, and officials warned people to avoid crowded venues such as shopping malls. Swine flu is a respiratory disease caused by the H1N1 virus. Infection occurs through contact with pigs or through the air between people. A 2009 outbreak killed about 285,000 people, mainly in Africa and Southeast Asia.

More Bird Flu Outbreaks in South Africa

Two months after the initial outbreak‚ further cases of H5N8 avian influenza have been reported on a farm in Mpumalanga.

The South African Poultry Association (SAPA) and the Poultry Disease Management Agency (PDMA) said this was reported by Astral Foods Limited (Astral) on a farm owned by the company in Standerton in the Lekwa District Municipality.

H5N8 is a rapidly spreading viral disease that can infect many types of birds. It exists naturally in many birds and can be transmitted through contact with infected animals or ingestion of infected food or water.

The latest incident brings the number of outbreaks on commercial farms over the past few weeks to five.