Disease

DRC: Ebola Update

According to a World Health Organization (WHO) Situation Report today, officials report six additional Ebola virus disease (EVD) cases in Likati Health Zone, bringing the total to 43.

Yemen: Cholera Update

Since the last report on the cholera epidemic in Yemen, Sunday, an additional 3000 suspected cases were recorded, bringing the outbreak total to more than 32,300 cases in 25 days. The death toll has risen to 332.

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

On 5 May 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of 24 additional laboratory-confirmed human infections with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China.

On 13 May 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of 23 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China.

Disease

China bird flu: 1st case in Shanxi Province

According to the Health and Family Planning Commission of Shanxi Province, a 66-year-old woman from Datong, Shanxi Province has contracted avian influenza A(H7N9), becoming the first such human case in the province. The patient is currently in serious but stable condition.

Foot and Mouth Disease Outbreak in Rwanda

The Ministry of Agriculture has banned livestock movement from Nyagatare District following an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in the area. The disease was first detected on Tuesday in some cows in Gabiro area. Local farmers supply more than 60 000 liters of milk per day to local milk processors. The ban will result in a substantial loss to the local milk and beef cattle industry.

Disease

Switzerland reports anthrax case

Officials with the Swiss Federal Veterinary Office have reported an animal anthrax case on a canton of Jura farm near the border with France to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) Monday. One cow that died suddenly tested positive for Bacillus anthracis, the bacterial agent of anthrax while officials say two other animals have fever. It is the first case of anthrax in Switzerland in 20 years.

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

On 30 April 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of 18 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in mainland China.|

Disease

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

On 14 April 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of 15 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in mainland China.

Anthrax in Zimbabwe

In a follow-up to a report last week of a suspected anthrax outbreak among hippos in the Binga District of Zimbabwe, health officials the Ministry of Health and Child Care has recorded nine cases of suspected human cutaneous anthrax from the individuals who ate meat from dead hippos at Mlibizi in Binga.

Uganda – Foot and Mouth Disease Outbreak

The government has imposed a quarantine on Kalwanga parish, Katikamu North constituency in Luweero District following an outbreak of the food-and-mouth disease. As a result of the quarantine, no meat or animal products including milk and ghee are allowed out of the area.

Disease

H7N9 avian influenza in China

The Chinese National Health and Family Planning Commission reported on 14 additional human cases of avian influenza A(H7N9), including two deaths.

TB Outbreak on Batam Island

About 1,969 people are suspected of contracting tuberculosis or TB, and 860 people have been tested positive for TB in Batam Island. Based on provisional data, 726 of the 860 patients tested positive for TB are undergoing treatment that lasts for six months. Difficulties arise when patients feel better after two weeks and stop taking the medication, often resulting in a relapse.

Disease

Meningitis C outbreak in Nigeria – Update

As of April 5, Nigerian health officials have reported a total of 3,959 meningococcal meningitis cases (181 confirmed) with 438 deaths, including two in the largest city, Lagos.| This is up from 2,997 cases with 336 deaths on Apr. 3.

Tibet – Bird Flu

The first human H7N9 avian influenza case has been confirmed in the Tibet Autonomous Region, according to an official statement.

Disease

Ethiopia Declares Another Diarrhoea Outbreak

Ethiopia has declared an outbreak of acute watery diarrhoea, also known as AWD, in the country’s Somali region, where people are already struggling to cope with a persistent drought. The World Health Organization said on Friday that 16,000 cases of AWD had been recorded in the region since January.

Ethiopian officials insist on describing the outbreak as one of AWD, not cholera, which has similar symptoms. On Monday, a woman who spoke to the press saying that she had lost five relatives to cholera and that hundreds of people were suffering from the disease was reportedly arrested by Ethiopian authorities. She was released Wednesday.

In neighbouring Somalia, government officials have reported more than 13,000 cases of cholera and 300 deaths since January. WHO said cholera cases were five times greater than what the country experienced last year.

China – Bird Flu

The Chinese National Health and Family Planning Commission announced 14 additional human cases of avian influenza A(H7N9), including one death, were recorded from March 31 to April 6.

Disease

Nigeria meningitis outbreak update

In a follow-up on the meningitis outbreak in Nigeria that began in Zamfara state in December 2016, as of Apr. 3, a total of 2,997 meningococcal meningitis cases with 336 deaths have been reported with 146 of cases being laboratory confirmed, according to The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC).

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

On 31 March 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of 17 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in mainland China.

Disease

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

On 17 March 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of 22 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in mainland China.

Bird Flu in Japan

Authorities in Miyagi and Chiba prefectures began culling nearly 300,000 chickens Friday after the highly pathogenic H5 strain of bird flu was detected in dead chickens at local poultry farms.

In Japan’s latest bird flu outbreak, the Miyagi Prefectural Government plans to cull 220,000 chickens and bury them by early Monday, while the Chiba authority is in the midst of culling 68,000 chickens.

Disease

Nigeria: Meningitis in Sokoto, Rabies in Lagos

Nigerian health officials report five deaths due to bacterial meningitis in Sokoto state, according to a Premium Times report. The five victims in Gada and Wauru towns of Gada Local Government area. In Lagos, two human rabies deaths have been reported at the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LASUTH).

Avian influenza update: China

The China National Health and Family Planning Commission reported 21 additional human cases of avian influenza A(H7N9), including four deaths, from March 10 to 16.

Mumps arrives in Louisiana

The Louisiana Department of Health (LDH) reports that cases of mumps are beginning to appear in Louisiana. As of Wednesday, there have been 12 cases of mumps reported by the LDH Office of Public Health.

“There has been a large outbreak of mumps cases in Arkansas and we’re starting to see cases in Louisiana now,” said Dr. Frank Welch, medical director of the state Immunization Program, Louisiana Department of Health.

Disease

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

On 10 March 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of 26 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in mainland China.

Dengue in the Pacific

At least nine Pacific Island Nations today are experiencing dengue fever outbreaks, according to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC).

The Solomon Islands has experience the highest number of cases, with more than 10,000 suspected infections since a dengue outbreak was declared in October 2016.

In Vanuatu, suspected dengue cases have risen to almost 2,000 since November 2016, impacting five of the countries six provinces.

In Fiji, the Red Cross has been disseminating information about dengue as part of its Tropical Cyclone Winston recovery work since May last year. There have been 155 confirmed cases of dengue so far in Fiji in 2017.

In American Samoa the government has declared a public health emergency after 30 suspected and 13 confirmed dengue cases. It is the first time the country has had a case of dengue serotype 2 since 1972.

In New Caledonia there have been 1,163 dengue cases and three people have died from the disease. Nauru has 50 suspected cases, and the virus has also been confirmed in Palau (51), French Polynesia (29) and Australia (202).

Disease

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

Between 24 February and 7 March 2017, a total of 58 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection have been reported to WHO from mainland China and China, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR).

Another outbreak of White Spot disease in Queensland, Australia

Queensland’s $360 million prawn industry has been dealt another blow with news the troublesome white spot virus has spread into Moreton Bay.

Agriculture and Fisheries Minister Bill Byrne says the virus that causes the disease has been detected near the Redcliffe Peninsula and Deception Bay.

Mr Byrne says the state government’s established a movement control order to prevent its spread, which will be in place for three months to allow further testing before determining future action.

Disease

Bird Flu – H5N8 strikes Nepal for first time; Vietnam reports H5N1, H5N6

Nepal’s livestock department recently reported the country’s first outbreak of highly pathogenic H5N8 avian flu, which stuck a commercial farm, as several countries in Europe reported more detections, including the already hard-hit southwestern section of France.

In related developments, Vietnam reported more outbreaks from two other highly pathogenic strains: H5N1 and H5N6.

Nepal’s H5N8 outbreak began on Mar 1 at a layer farm in Koshi zone in the southeastern part of the country, according a Mar 10 report to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). The virus hit layers in two different sheds, one housing 40-week-old birds and the other containing 20-week-old poultry. Of 6,200 susceptible birds, the virus killed 3,650, and authorities culled the remaining ones to contain the spread of the disease. Rapid response teams also destroyed eggs, feed, egg trays, and some local hens. Surveillance has been stepped up in the surrounding area.

Meanwhile, Nepalese officials also reported another H5N1 outbreak, the third reported in recent weeks in Nepal. The latest outbreak occurred not far from the H5N8 outbreak in poultry. The event began on Mar 2 at a small zoo at a recreation park. The virus killed 6 of 14 whooper swans and 1 Asian openbill stork. Officials temporarily closed the park, as workers cleaned and disinfected the sheds and buried the dead birds.

Malaria declared an epidemic in Burundi

Burundi is suffering a worrying malaria epidemic, with more than 800 deaths since the beginning of the year. These figures are more than a quarter of the 3000 who died from malaria in 2016. Out of the 11 million total population, more than eight million cases of affected people were recorded in 2016.