Disease

Ebola – DR Congo

Seven new confirmed cases were reported in the past week (13 to 19 November) in the ongoing Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Brazil

The State Secretariat of Health of Minas Gerais has reported 484,779 confirmed and suspected dengue cases this year, including 153 deaths. Health officials in Paraná state have reported a 20 percent increase in dengue fever since last week. Officials report 1,234 people have been confirmed with the disease – since August, up from 1,029 cases reported the week prior. During the same period last year, 59 dengue cases were confirmed.

Disease

Polio – Philippines

Philippines health officials reported today on three additional polio cases in the southern island of Mindanao.

Dengue Fever – Pakistan

From 8 July to 12 November 2019, a total of 47,120 confirmed cases of dengue fever, including 75 deaths, were reported from the four provinces (KP, Punjab, Balochistan, and Sindh), Islamabad, and AJK.

Disease

Chikungunya – Ethiopia

In a follow-up on the chikungunya outbreak in Ethiopia, nearly 2,000 additional suspected cases have been reported in recent weeks, bringing the outbreak total from Dire Dawa City, Administrative City and Araf regions to 53,238 cases since the end of July.

Polio – Angola

The number of polio cases in Angola has reached 44. The distribution of cases in the provinces of Bié, Malanje and Lunda Sul (one case each), Moxico and Benguela (two), Huíla (three), Lunda Norte (four), Luanda (six), Huambo (11 ) and Cuanza Sul (13).

Yellow Fever – Nigeria

The World Health Organization says the outbreak of yellow fever which started in Nigeria in September 2017 is ongoing. This year, an upsurge of yellow fever cases has been reported since August in six states and then began a decrease in late September. Since the beginning of the year, a total of 3,620 suspected yellow fever cases have been reported in 588 LGAs from 36 states with 150 deaths.

Disease

Measles – Tonga

In an update on the measles outbreak in Tonga, the Ministry of Health now reports 251 cases of confirmed or suspected measles. The vast majority of cases (86 percent) are reported on the island of Tongatapu and the remainder in Vava’u.

Officials say the outbreak of measles in Tonga occurred following the return of a squad of Tongan rugby players from New Zealand where one player had developed the illness. A further 12 players developed measles on their return to Tonga.

Disease

Rift Valley Fever – Sudan

From 19 September 2019 until 11 November 2019, a total of 293 suspected human RVF cases, including 11 associated deaths have been reported from six states; including the Red Sea (120), River Nile (168), Kassala (2), White Nile (1), Khartoum (1), and Al Qadarif (1) States.

Climatic Ailments

A study published in the world’s leading medical journal says that children born today will face untold and lifelong health problems due to the effects of climate change and its root causes.

The Lancet Countdown on Health and Climate Change study was a partnership of 120 experts from 35 institutions, including the World Health Organization, the World Bank, University College London and China’s Tsinghua University.

It warns that the most pressing health issue is the long-lasting effects of air pollution, which is worsening around the world.

The study goes on to caution that climate change is creating a world with more extreme weather events, the risk of food shortages and increasing cases of infectious diseases.

Ebola – DR Congo

Six new confirmed cases were reported in the past week (6 to 12 November) in the ongoing Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces, continuing the downward trend of new infections.

Disease

Syphilis – Brazil

Health authorities in Brazil are reporting 158,000 cases of primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis syphilis this year, or 75.8 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. This is the highest number of cases since 2010.

Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever – Pakistan

The Pakistan Observer reports the 20th fatality due to Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) in Karachi Monday. Health officials issued a health alert due to CCHF this past July.

Plague – China

Two people in China are being treated for plague, authorities said Tuesday. It’s the second time the disease, the same one that caused the Black Death, one of the deadliest pandemics in human history, has been detected in the region — in May, a Mongolian couple died from bubonic plague after eating the raw kidney of a marmot, a local folk health remedy.

Florida, USA Citrus in Danger

Bacteria is killing the second leading industry in Florida agriculture, specifically, our oranges. Florida’s orange production has been on decline for many years, in fact there are only a handful of citrus farms left in the state. Hurricanes and storms affect orange production, but a small insect, a psyllid, plays a part as well.

The insect originated in Asia and was spotted in South Florida around 2005. Although the insect does not produce the bacteria, it does spread it with ease, starting in the tree’s root and making its way up the leaves. Once infected the oranges are not orange, they are green, hence the name citrus greening. This disease is considered one of the most critical plant diseases in the planet, and there is no turning back once a tree is infected. “Ghost” orange groves in Florida are becoming more numerous as growers simply abandon their trees.

Disease

Measles – DR Congo

The largest measles outbreak on the globe continues to increase in cases and deaths. The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) measles outbreak saw at least 10,000 additional cases since the last report last Monday. According to the latest WHO data, from 1 January to 27 October 2019, a cumulative total of 233,337 suspected measles cases with 4,723 deaths (CFR 2%) have been reported.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Maldives

The island chain in the Indian Ocean, Maldives, is reporting more dengue fever cases this year than has been seen in a couple of years. Through this week, health officials in Maldives have reported 4420 cases of dengue fever.

Chikungunya – Thailand

The number of infections with the mosquito-borne viral infection, chikungunya, in Thailand has eclipsed the 9,000 case mark this week, according to an update by the Thailand Bureau of Epidemiology. Health officials report 9,085 cases in 56 of the 76 provinces in the country through Nov. 5. No deaths have been reported.

Disease

Measles – New Zealand

The number of measles cases reported in New Zealand this year has topped 2,000 cases. According to an update from the New Zealand Ministry of Health, from 1 January 2019 to 8 November 2019 there have been 2014 confirmed cases of measles notified across New Zealand. 1631 of these confirmed cases are in the Auckland region.

Dengue Fever – Sri Lanka

To date, 65,583 dengue cases have been reported this year, including more than 80 fatalities.

Measles – Lesotho

The measles outbreak in Lesotho is the first in nearly 10 years. The WHO has encouraged health officials in Maseru, the capital city, to improve their disease surveillance.

Hepatitis E – Namibia

In Namibia, over 6 000 cases of hepatitis E have been reported since 20 October 2019. The outbreak started in Windhoek’s informal settlements in 2017.

Disease

Dengue Fever Sexually Transmitted – Spain

A young man in Madrid, Spain has been diagnosed with dengue fever contacted via sexual transmission, one of the first cases of sexual transmission of dengue in the world.

Polio – Afghanistan, Pakistan

With the addition of four wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases this past week, the global total has reached 100, according to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. In Afghanistan, one WPV1 case was reported and in Pakistan, three WPV1 cases were reported.

Ebola – DR Congo

Fifteen confirmed cases were reported in the past week (30 October – 5 November) in the ongoing Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces.

African Swine Fever 

A quarter of the world’s domestic pigs have died or been put down this year due to outbreaks of African swine fever, with China losing nearly half of its pigs. The virus responsible originated in East Africa and has spread in recent years to as far away as Belgium, the Caucasus nation of Georgia and eastward into Asia. While the disease can be eradicated by killing infected domestic pigs, it persists in wild boar and feral hogs. There is no vaccine, making it hard to prevent.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Pakistan

Health officials with the National Institute of Health (NIH) in Pakistan say the number of dengue fever cases reported in 2019 is a record. According to Pakistan NIH official, Dr Rana Safdar, a record-breaking 44,000 people have been infected with mosquito-borne dengue in Pakistan this year.

Dengue Fever – Rio de Janiero, Brazil

The number of dengue fever cases in Rio de Janeiro have doubled in 2019 as compared to last year. From January to October this year, there were more than 31,000 cases of dengue, 120% more than in the same period last year.

Eastern equine encephalitis – Michigan, USA

The Michigan Department of Health in an Weekly Arbovirus update Monday reported a fifth fatality due to Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE).