Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 9 December 2017 and 17 January 2018, the National IHR Focal Point of The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia reported 20 additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), including eight deaths. In addition, one death from a previously reported case was reported to WHO.

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Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Malaysia

On 2 January 2018, the National IHR Focal Point of Malaysia reported one case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV).

Bird Flu – Japan

Japanese authorities on Friday announced the culling of about 91,000 chickens on a farm in southwest Japan where several animals were found to be infected with a highly pathogenic form of the bird flu virus. The new outbreak has been detected on a farm in Kagawa prefecture of Shikoku Island after it was found that more than 50 dead chickens this week were infected with the highly contagious H5 strain of the virus. The culling began shortly before midnight on Thursday and will conclude in about 24 hours and the movement of eggs and animals within a radius of 10 km of the farm has been suspended while the area has been cleaned with disinfectants.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – United Arab Emirates

On 11 December 2017, the National IHR Focal Point of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) reported one additional case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) infection.

Amoebiasis – Kenya

One person died while 29 were admitted after an amoebiasis disease outbreak in Tigania West, Meru county. Cases were reported on Tuesday afternoon in Kianjai and Mbeu wards, where residents feared a cholera outbreak but the county health officer reported an outbreak of amoebiasis.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 31 October and 8 December 2017, the National IHR Focal Point of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia reported 18 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection, including five deaths. Additionally, two deaths from a previously reported case were reported to WHO.

Nigeria monkeypox: Update

The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) has reported the first death due to monkeypox in the current outbreak. According to officials, the patient was a confirmed case with a “background immune-compromised condition”. In addition, five additional confirmed cases and two probable cases have been reported since the last update, bringing the total confirmed cases to 61.

Disease

Madagascar – Plague

From 1 August to 8 November 2017, a total of 2,034 confirmed, probable and suspected cases of plague, including 165 deaths (case fatality rate 8%), have been reported from 55 of the 114 districts in the country. Of these, 1,565 (77%) were clinically classified as pulmonary plague, 297 (15%) were bubonic plague, one was septicemic, and 171 were not yet classified.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Oman

On 1 November, the International Health Regulations (2005) national focal point of Oman reported one case of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection. Prior to this case, the most recent case of MERS-CoV from Oman was reported on 30 August 2017.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 27 September and 31 October 2017, the National IHR Focal Point of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia reported 12 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection, including two deaths. Additionally, one death from a previously reported case was reported to WHO.

Marburg virus disease – Uganda and Kenya – Update

On 17 October 2017, the Ugandan Ministry of Health (MoH) notified WHO of a confirmed outbreak of Marburg virus disease in Kween District, Eastern Uganda. The Ministry for Health officially declared the outbreak on 19 October 2017.

As of 3 November, the three cases that have been previously reported (two confirmed and one probable case, the latter being the index case) have died, thus, resulting in an overall case-fatality rate of 100%. The cases were epidemiologically linked and come from one family.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 31 August and 26 September 2017, the national IHR focal point of Saudi Arabia reported nine additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), including four deaths. In addition, four deaths from previously reported cases were reported.

Madagascar: Plague

The Madagascar Health Ministry reported over the weekend new plague counts for the country and it shows the number of cases have risen to 343, including 42 deaths as of Oct. 7.

Anthrax: Namibia

A suspected anthrax outbreak has killed some 107 hippopotami at a north-eastern Namibia game park, according to media reports. The outbreak at Bwabwata National Park in Namibia’s Zambezi region began one week ago when ten hippos died.

Disease

Tularemia outbreak reported Armenia

An outbreak of the zoonotic bacterial infection, tularemia has been reported in Armenia. According to the report, at least 20 people in the village of Artsvaberd in Tavush province were affected by the outbreak.

Panama: ‘Pink eye’

The number of conjunctivitis, or “pinkeye” cases reported in Panama now stands at 74,661 through mid-September, according to the Panama Ministry of Health (computer translated). The areas where the most cases have been reported are Colón (7057), San Miguelito (14050), Panama Oeste (12313), and Panama Metro (17300).

Mers – Beware of Camels

Health and agriculture authorities around the world – particularly in the Arabian Gulf – must work together to detect and respond to outbreaks of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS), according to officials from the World Health Organization (WHO).

MERS, which has been traced back to dromedary camels to at least 1983, was first detected in humans in Saudi Arabia in 2012.

According to WHO statistics, at least 722 MERS-related deaths have taken place over the last five years from 2,801 confirmed cases – a mortality rate of approximately 35 percent.

Over 80 percent of MERS cases have been reported in Saudi Arabia, where the WHO says a “significant proportion” of recent cases are believed to have been caused by direct or indirect contact with infected camels. The disease is then often spread by travelers who have been unknowingly infected.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – United Arab Emirates

On 23 August 2017, the national IHR focal point of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) reported one additional case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) infection.

Swine Flu – Maryland, USA

The Maryland Department of Health has identified the influenza virus strain H3N2v in seven Maryland residents who had close contact with pigs at the Charles County Fair. None of the infected individuals has developed serious illness or been hospitalized.

Disease

Brazil announces end of yellow fever outbreak

The Brazilian Ministry of Health announced Wednesday the end of the yellow fever outbreak. The last case was registered in June. The outbreak that started in Dec 2016 accounted for 777 confirmed cases and 261 deaths. The southeastern region was the hardest hit seeing the vast majority of cases. Nearly 37 million yellow fever vaccine doses were dispensed.

Cholera Outbreak in the Philippines

More than 100 people have been sickened by cholera in a barangay, or village near the beaches in the municipality of Oas in Albay province, according to an Abante report. One individual has died. The outbreak began Saturday when residents of the area started reported symptoms of vomiting and diarrhea.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 13 and 30 August 2017, the National IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported 12 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), including one death and, and one death from a previously reported case.

Foot and Mouth Disease – Zimbabwe

The government of Botswana announced on Thursday that it has donated a vaccine for Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) to neighbouring Zimbabwe in order to assist the country to tackle the current disease outbreak. Botswana, once an avid exporter of beef to the European Union (EU) faced serious challenges with several outbreaks of FMD over the last couple of years, greatly jeopardizing the growth of the country’s beef sector. Most of the previous FMD outbreaks in Botswana started in the northern and northwestern regions of the country, where it shares a border with Zimbabwe.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – United Arab Emirates

On 29 July 2017, the national IHR focal point of the United Arab Emirates reported one additional case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV).

Mauritania reports confirmed Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever case

In May, health officials reported two imported cases of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) in Senegal imported from Mauritania. A third imported case was reported in June. On Aug 24, the Mauritania Ministry of Health notified WHO of a confirmed case of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) from Arafat Village in Mohammedia.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 4 July and 12 August 2017, the national IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported 26 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection including six deaths, and two deaths among previously reported cases.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 24 June and 3 July 2017, the national IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported three additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection, and two deaths among previously reported cases.