Disease

Zika: CDC issues new travel notices

Local transmission of Zika virus in four countries has prompted the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is issue advisories for travelers to Angola, Guinea-Bissau, Maldives and Solomon Islands. Local transmission means that mosquitoes in the area have been infected with Zika virus, spreading it to people.

More human H7N9 avian flu cases reported in China

The China National Health and Family Planning Commission reported 22 additional human cases of avian influenza A(H7N9), including three deaths during the past week. The 15 male and seven female patients, aged from 15 to 79, had their onset from February 19 to March 4.

Saudi Arabia: MERS cases up in 2017 to date

According to a World Health Organization (WHO) update, at the end of February 2017, a total of 1916 laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), including 702 deaths (case–fatality rate: 36.6%) were reported globally. Of these, Saudi Arabia reported a total of 1561 laboratory-confirmed cases, including 633 deaths (case–fatality rate: 40.6%). In January 2017, a total of 18 laboratory-confirmed cases, including 6 deaths (case–fatality rate: 33.3%) were reported, while in February a total of 12 laboratory-confirmed cases, including 3 deaths were reported from Saudi Arabia.

Disease

Bolivia – Yellow Fever

The Bolivia Ministry of Health has confirmed yellow fever in a 27-year-old male Danish tourist who likely contracted the mosquito borne virus while visiting the jungle, according to a Terra report. This is the first confirmed case in the country in ten years.

Saudi Arabia: MERS case reported in Mecca

The Saudi Arabia Ministry of Health reported an additional infection of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) from a patient in Mecca. The 60-year-old male expatriate is reportedly hospitalized in critical condition. The probable source of the infection is noted as direct contact with camels.

Bird flu hits poultry markets in major Chinese city

Authorities in China’s third-largest city warned that about 30 percent of its live poultry markets were contaminated with the H7N9 avian flu virus, as an eastern province ordered markets to shut, state media reported on Saturday.

East China’s Zhejiang province has ordered all markets across the province to halt live poultry trade on Saturday over bird flu concerns

In January, Zhejiang reported 35 infections of the H7N9 strain of bird flu, according to the provincial Health and Family Planning Commission.

Earlier on Saturday, China Daily said the disease control authority in Guangzhou, capital of the southern Chinese province of Guangdong, urged residents to avoid contact with live poultry after tests in the past week.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 10 January and 3 February 2017 the National International Health Regulations Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported seventeen (17) additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) including four (4) fatal cases. Three (3) deaths among previously reported MERS cases (case no. 1 and 2 in DON published on 26 January 2017 and case no. 6 in DON published on 17 January 2017) were also reported.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 16 and 31 December 2016 the National IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported fifteen (15) additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) including two (2) fatal cases. Five (5) deaths among previously reported MERS cases were also reported.

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

On 5 January 2017, the Department of Health, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) notified WHO of a case of laboratory-confirmed human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus and on 9 January 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of 106 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus.

Lassa Fever – Nigeria

Lassa fever is back and spreading fast in Nigeria. The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) on Monday, January 16, raised concerns over the increasing cases of Lassa fever and urged increased focus on prevention and preparedness. According to Premium Times, a statement issued by Lawal Bakare, the technical assistant communication of NCDC in Lagos said that seven states reported at least one case of Lassa fever in December 2016. In a fresh report, in Nasarawa, four people have lost their lives to the deadly virus, while several people have been infected. Bakare said that 19 confirmed cases and six deaths had been reported by seven states so far.

Disease

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

On 12 December 2016, the National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) of China notified WHO of six (6) additional cases of laboratory-confirmed human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus.

On 14 December 2016, the Health Bureau, Macao Special Administrative Region (SAR) (China) confirmed a case of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus affecting a 58-year old male.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 27 November and 5 December 2016, the National IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported twelve (12) additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). Two (2) deaths among previously reported MERS cases were also reported.

Between 6 and 13 December 2016 the National IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported ten (10) additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) including two (2) fatal cases. Three (3) deaths among previously reported MERS cases were also reported.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Oman

On 29 November 2016, the National IHR Focal Point of Oman reported one (1) additional case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV).

Human infections with avian influenza A(H5N6) virus – China

The National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) of China has notified WHO of two laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H5N6) virus.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 12 and 27 November 2016 the National IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported nine (9) additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) including one fatal case.

Klebsiella outbreak at South African hospital

Nine cases of Klebsiella were reported at Stanger Hospital at KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) province in South Africa, resulting in the death of three newborns, according to health officials via a IOL report.

KZN Health spokesman Sam Mkhwanazi said, “The department is investigating whether the demise of three neonates out of the nine Klebsiella cases is directly linked to the bacterium as these were high-risk neonates.”

If the deaths are directly linked to the bacterium, it would be one of the deadliest outbreaks of Klebsiella since 2005, when 22 babies died at the Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Hospital in Durban, the report notes.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 3 and 10 November 2016 the National IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported six (6) additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). Two (2) deaths among previously reported MERS cases were also reported.

Haiti – Cholera

The number of cholera cases in Haiti increased to two or more times the numbers observed prior to Hurricane Matthew, which landed on Oct. 4, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) reported today.

Through the end of October, a total of 34,656 suspected cholera cases, including 339 related deaths have been reported in Haiti. Since Hurricane Matthew struck Haiti October 4, more than 5,800 suspected cholera cases have been reported by the Ministry of Health.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 15 and 29 October 2016 the National IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported thirteen (13) additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) including four (4) fatal cases.

A MERS outbreak has affected a hospital in Hofouf city, Al Ahssa Region. Four (4) cases are associated with this hospital outbreak.

H7N9 avian influenza: China

The Chinese National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) has reported two additional human cases of avian influenza A(H7N9), bringing the number of human cases to 777 on the Chinese Mainland since 2013.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 16 September and 10 October 2016 the National IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia seven (7) additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) including one (1) fatal case.

Zika Virus – Vietnam – Update

The number of Zika virus infections in the southern Vietnam city of Ho Chi Minh City (HCM City)have tripled in recent weeks. Through Oct. 31, HCM City has recorded 17 Zika virus cases detected by the local disease monitoring system.

On Sunday, the Health Ministry confirmed a Zika-related microcephaly case, the 1st in the country.

Disease

Leprosy in Florida, USA

In a follow-up to a report from February on the leprosy situation in Florida in 2016, updated data from the Department of Health shows the case tally has risen to 14 through Sep. 22.

Romania – increase in measles

n 2015, Romanian health officials say only seven confirmed cases of measles were reported through the whole year and no fatalities. During the first eight months of 2016 is a totally different story as the Health Ministry has registered 675 cases to date, including 2 deaths in infants.

Outbreak: Rift Valley Fever reported in Niger, Mali

Neighboring West Africa countries, Miger and Mali, are experiencing outbreaks of the viral disease, Rift Valley Fever (RVF), where nearly 100 cases and at least 21 deaths have been reported. The outbreak in Niger has sickened 52 people since August, including 21 fatalities, according to The Alliance for International Medical Action.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 23 August and 11 September 2016 the National IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported five (5) additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS).

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Austria

On 8 September 2016 the National IHR Focal Point for Austria notified WHO of a laboratory confirmed case of Middle-East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection. This is the second case of MERS-CoV in Austria.

Zika Virus – Philippines

The Research Institute for Tropical Medicine (RITM) in Muntinlupa, Manila confirmed and the Philippines Department of Health (DOH) reported today about six additional locally acquired, or autochthonous Zika virus infections, bringing the total in the country to nine.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 20 July and 18 August 2016, the National IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported eight (8) additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) including one (1) fatal case. The death of two (2) previously reported MERS cases was also reported.

Disease

Bird Flu in Togo

Togolese authorities said on Saturday they had slaughtered 11,500 chickens in response to an outbreak of H5N1 bird flu at two farms in the capital Lome and the town of Adetikope, about 25 km north of Lome.

Highly pathogenic H5N1 bird flu has spread across a number of West African countries in the past two years, hitting poultry farms in Niger and Cameroon.

The outbreaks across West Africa have raised fears of transmission to humans, given poor health infrastructure in the region and a number of human H5N1 deaths since the virus first infected humans in 1997 during a outbreak in poultry in Hong Kong.

Third MERS Case in Thailand

On 30 July 2016, the Ministry of Public Health, Thailand, announced a laboratory confirmed case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) in an 18-year-old Kuwaiti man who arrived in Thailand on 25 July with his family.

Crypto Outbreak in Devon, England

Twenty cases of severe sickness and diarrhea caused by a microscopic parasite have been reported in Devon.

An outbreak control team has been set up by Public Health England to investigate the cause after more than 200 cases of the illness caused by the Cryptosporidium organism have been recorded across the region.

Pubic Health England said by the start of the weekend there were 34 cases confirmed in Swindon, 27 in Wiltshire Council’s area and 31 in Gloucestershire. Other cases have been reported in Dorset and Cornwall, with 23 in Somerset, 20 in Devon and 19 in Bristol.

Disease

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

On 10 May 2016, the National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) of China notified WHO of 11 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus, including 4 deaths.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 30 April and 5 May 2016, the National IHR Focal Point for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia notified WHO of 4 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), including 1 fatal case.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Qatar

On 4 May 2016, the National IHR Focal Point of Qatar notified WHO of 1 additional case of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection.

Africa meningitis: 13,000 cases, 1127 deaths through first 4 months

Meningitis epidemics in Africa are most prevalent in the “meningitis belt” that stretches across sub-Saharan Africa. About 26 countries and 450 million people live in this area.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) Weekly Meningitis Bulletin for West Africa, through Apr. 30, a cumulative total of 13,423 suspected cases of meningitis have been notified with 1,127 deaths (CFR 8.4%).

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has reported the most cases and deaths with 3359 and 332, respectively. Nearly 10 percent of cases resulted in death.

Ghana, Burkina Faso, Togo and Niger follow in order, each with more than 1000 cases year to date.