Taiwan – Rat Lungworm

The Taiwan Centers for Disease Control (Taiwan CDC) announced five confirmed cases of angiostrongyliasis, or rat lungworm, in foreign workers from Thailand. All five cases have consumed raw or undercooked apple snails and they are all currently hospitalized for treatment.

Rabies in Thailand

Animal rabies in Thailand is at outbreak levels so far in 2018, with 359 confirmed cases of rabies reported in 37 provinces since the beginning of the year.

Measles – Europe – Update

European health officials reported 1,073 cases of measles from 15 countries in Jan. 2018. Greece and France reported the most cases with 431 and 231 cases reported, respectively. Other countries reporting a significant number of cases in January include Italy (168) and Romania (100).

Rabies – South Africa

Three people including two children have so far succumbed to rabies in KwaZulu-Natal after a recent outbreak in the province. KZN’s Department of Agriculture and Rural Development confirmed via a press release on Friday that there has been a spike in rabies cases in the province with reported instances affecting the South Coast, Durban, eMpangeni and Richard’s Bay.



Rabies – South Africa

Since December 2017 five human cases of rabies have been confirmed in South Africa. These cases were recorded in patients from Limpopo, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu Natal (two cases) and the Eastern Cape. Another probable case of rabies was reported from the Free State in December 2017.


Rabies – Democratic Republic of the Congo

An outbreak of rabies has killed at least 11 displaced people in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and African media reports that thousands are at risk. Dogs are the main source of the rabies in the conflict-torn North Kivu Province where a lack of capacity to respond to the disease has been noted.

Novovirus – Olympics

In a follow-up on the norovirus outbreak at the 2018 Winter Olympics in PyeongChang, South Korea, Korean health officials now put the number of confirmed cases at 261, as of Friday, with 111 cases reported from the Horeb Youth Centre, 74 from PyeongChang and 76 from Gangneung. Forty-four of the cases remain under quarantine, according to officials. The Swiss Olympic team reports that two of its athletes have been affected.


Scarlet Fever – England

The age-old killer scarlet fever is on the rise in England and East Asia, according to research published Monday in The Lancet Infectious Diseases journal, and investigators don’t know why.

Since 2009, cases have been steadily increasing in several East Asian countries, including Vietnam, South Korea, Hong Kong and mainland China.

An outbreak then hit England, where cases tripled in one year, from 4,700 in 2013 to 15,637 in 2014. Infections continued to rise to nearly 20,000 in 2016, a 50-year high for the United Kingdom, according to the analysis.

Typhoid – Zimbabwe

Since the beginning of Oct. 2017, Zimbabwe has seen more than 1,000 typhoid fever cases in and around the capital city of Harare. Reports indicate however, that the incidence of new cases is declining.

Lassa Fever – Liberia

Since the beginning of the year, the Liberia Ministry of Health has reported a total of 70 suspected Lassa fever cases including 21 deaths (case fatality rate 30%) from nine counties in Liberia. Out of this, 28 cases have been confirmed as Lassa virus infection, including 10 deaths from six counties.

Rabies – Florida, USA

Last month, a human rabies case and fatality was reported in Highlands County, the first human case of rabies acquired in Florida since 1948.

Today, the Florida Department of Health reported that from Jan. 1 to Sep. 30, 60 animal rabies cases were reported across the state. Twenty-six cases were reported in raccoons, followed by bats (16), cats (9), foxes (6), skunks (2) and one dog.


Madagascar – Plague

The number of plague cases continue to grow on the island nation of Madagascar. According to the Ministere de la Publique Monday, the case tally has exceeded 800 affecting 38 districts and 17 Regions of Madagascar. Of the 805 plague cases reported, 595 were pulmonary and 210 bubonic forms. In addition, they are now reporting 74 deaths.

Burkina Faso – Dengue Fever

The Burkina Faso Ministry of Health declared a dengue fever outbreak on Sep. 28 after seeing a dramatic increase in the incidence of the mosquito borne viral disease in the country, especially around the districts of Ouagadougou, the capital city since early August.

The World Health Organization says the weekly case incidence has been on the rise since the detection of the outbreak in week 31 (August 6), and is likely underestimated due to under-reporting from private clinics and health centres in peripheral zones.

Bhutan – Rabies

A rabies outbreak in Panbang, considered one of the major disease outbreaks in recent times, has been brought under control. As of October 11, 16 stray dogs were tested positive for rabies and died including seven cattle. Nine cattle bitten by rabid dogs are on observation.

About 185 people including students are undergoing rabies post exposure treatment at Panbang BHU. 371 dogs and 98 cats were vaccinated under Panbang Drungkhag.


Rabies in Sarawak, Borneo

Three children are “gravely ill” with confirmed rabies in Serian District, Sarawak on the Malaysian state on Borneo, according to multiple media reports. The children, all seven years and younger, presented with symptoms of fever, abnormal behavior and aggression at times, and were afraid of water.

Sri Lanka dengue crisis

Sri Lankan military troops have been deployed to destroy mosquito breeding sites in the country as record numbers of dengue fever cases continue to mount. According to a Malay Mail Online report, Troops, backed by police and health officials, have launched an intensive campaign to identify dengue hotspots to be sprayed with insecticides.

Through June 30, the Sri Lanka Epidemiology Unit with the Ministry of Health puts the dengue tally at 71,298, including 215 fatalities.

Ebola – Democratic Republic of Congo

The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the end of the most recent outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The announcement comes 42 days (two 21-day incubation cycles of the virus) after the last confirmed Ebola patient in the affected Bas-Uélé province tested negative for the disease for the second time. Enhanced surveillance in the country will continue.


Rabies: Virginia. USA

The Virginia Department of Health (VDH) is investigating a rare confirmed case of human rabies. The Virginia resident was bitten by a dog while traveling in India.

Ebola confirmed in Democratic Republic of Congo

The DRC Ministry of Health in a statement said case was confirmed from tests on nine people who came down with a hemorrhagic fever in Bas-Uele province in the northeast of the country on or after Apr. 22. According to reports, at least 3 people have died.

Officials say this is a very remote area.

Ebola was confirmed by the reference laboratory in Kinshasa.

This is the first EVD case reported in Africa since the West Africa outbreak in 2014-2015 where a total of 28,616 Ebola cases have been reported in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, with 11,310 deaths.


Philippines: Rabies outbreak

Two people have died from rabies in the town of Cauayan, Negros Occidental province prompting the declaration of an outbreak. The victims, men in their 60s from different villages, died in the past week from rabies post-dog bites.

To make matters worse, the family of one of the victims killed the dog, cooked it and served it to at least 10 people. Some of the ten have received rabies post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) and the provincial veterinarian has launched a massive anti-rabies vaccination and information dissemination campaign.


Nigeria: Meningitis in Sokoto, Rabies in Lagos

Nigerian health officials report five deaths due to bacterial meningitis in Sokoto state, according to a Premium Times report. The five victims in Gada and Wauru towns of Gada Local Government area. In Lagos, two human rabies deaths have been reported at the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LASUTH).

Avian influenza update: China

The China National Health and Family Planning Commission reported 21 additional human cases of avian influenza A(H7N9), including four deaths, from March 10 to 16.

Mumps arrives in Louisiana

The Louisiana Department of Health (LDH) reports that cases of mumps are beginning to appear in Louisiana. As of Wednesday, there have been 12 cases of mumps reported by the LDH Office of Public Health.

“There has been a large outbreak of mumps cases in Arkansas and we’re starting to see cases in Louisiana now,” said Dr. Frank Welch, medical director of the state Immunization Program, Louisiana Department of Health.


Washington, USA – Mumps Cases

The Washington State Department of Health (WSDH) has reported 129 mumps cases through Friday, including 111 in King County and twelve in Pierce County. This has prompted health officials to urge the public to ensure they are vaccinated.

Human Rabies cases in Peru

Health officials in the Cusco region in southeastern Peru have reported dozens of suspected human rabies cases in individuals in La Convención province, according to a Publimetro report. Eighty-five people are suspected of having contracted wild rabies after being bitten by bats in the various Amazonian localities of Camana, Mayapo, Puerto Huallana and Alto Pichas.


Sweden no longer rabies free

Researchers from Folkhälsomyndigheten (Sweden’s Public Health) and Uppsala University are reporting that rabid bats are present in the southern areas of the country, saying Sweden is no longer rabies free. They studied and analyzed saliva and blood samples from bats over six years and found that of the 450+ bats tested, 14 had rabies specific antibodies in their blood.

H7N9 avian influenza: China

The Chinese National Health and Family Planning Commission reported five additional human cases of avian influenza A(H7N9) on the Mainland


Leptospirosis kills four in Udupi, India

Four deaths have recently been attributed to leptospirosis in the Coastal Karnataka city of Udupi, causing fear among the population. Health officials are currently trying to ease the tension among the public by creating awareness programs about the bacterial disease.

Leptospirosis is caused by a corkscrew-shaped bacterium called Leptospira interrogans, is often referred to as “rat fever” due to the principal role rats play in spreading the disease.

Australia: Cats found carrying superbug

The first evidence of a superbug in a domestic cat that could infect humans and livestock has been discovered in Australia.

The Salmonella strain is resistant to carbapenems, a drug used as the last line of defence in Australian hospitals. Experts believe this resistance may pose a serious threat to public health. This is the first time that a Salmonella strain with resistance to most antimicrobial drugs has been reported in any Australian domestic animal and it is a significant concern to public health.

Thailand teenagers dig up rabid dog and eat it

In what is clearly one of the most bizarre and potentially tragic stories today, 13 teenagers in Thailand’s Northeast province of Mukdahan dug up a dog that was buried and ate it, not aware all along, the animal was put down by officials because it was rabid.

The dog was killed because it had attacked a number of locals recently. The teens were sent to Mukdahan Hospital for rabies post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). Eating dog meat is considered taboo in most of Thailand.


Rabies in Vietnam

Vietnamese health officials say they have seen 49 human rabies deaths to date in 2016, according to local media, with 80 percent of the mortality being reported from the northern mountainous region.

Like in most countries, the vast majority of cases are due to bites from rabid cats and dogs. In fact, Vietnam sees around 400,000 such animal bites annually.


H1N1 influenza outbreak at Vietnam factory

Scores of employees at a garment factory in the southern province of Kien Giang, Vietnam have tested positive for H1N1 influenza, prompting health officials to ask the factory to take preventive measures against further spread, according to a local media report. 117 of the nearly 1,000 employees tested positive according to the Ho Chi Minh City Pasteur Institute.

Rabies in the Philippines

The Philippines struggles with human rabies cases, ranking number 10 among the top countries with human rabies deaths. During the first six months of 2016, the Philippines province of Pangasinan have reported 14,390 animal bite cases and 14 human rabies deaths.


Rabies in Johannesburg – South Africa

There have been five confirmed rabies cases in jackals and a dog in Muldersdrift, Kromdraai and Lanseria in the past month, the National Institute for Communicable Diseases says.

At least two cases in humans were reported, and both people received medical treatment.

While jackals play an important role in the ecosystem, jackal rabies is well documented in South Africa. Periodic increases in cases are reported, and in the past year, jackal rabies has been reported from North West and KwaZulu-Natal.

Rabies is fatal unless treatment is immediately given to the infected person.