Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes- Global

6.1 Earthquake hits Mindoro in the Philippines.

5.1 Earthquake hits Salta, Argentina.

5.0 Earthquake hits southern Alaska.

5.0 Earthquake hits Taiwan.

5.0 Earthquake hits off the coast of Chiapas, Mexico.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Unimak Island region, Alaska.

Wildfires

Wildfires – Alaska, USA

The Bureau of Land Management says since yesterday, 19 new fires have started west of the Yukon River in the Galena zone, an area of about 93 million acres.

These latest blazes raise the current number of active wildfires in Alaska to about 50.

Alaska Division of Forestry officials say they’re busy fighting or monitoring 15 fires. The fires, most of which were believed started by lightning, have burned 65 square miles.

Wildfires

Wildfires – Idaho, USA

Fire crews are keeping busy battling several blazes in southwest Idaho. Five fires were started by lightning strikes Sunday evening, including two south of Glenns Ferry and another three south of Hammett.

The fire that has burned the most acres so far is the Kinyon Springs Fire, about 16 miles south of the Glenns Ferry. It burned about 1,466 acres before crews could contain it.

The Sailor Fire, located about 22 miles south of Hammett near the Sailor Creek Day Station, has burned about 363 acres. It also is contained.

Wildfires – Alaska

As of this morning, Alaska has over 25 active wildfires burning throughout the State. Two of those fires are located in Western Alaska, the largest one near the community of Anvik which burned through 90 acres. All the wildfires are small and do not pose a threat to communities. However, with the wildfire season approaching, authorities have cautioned people to be careful during their outdoor activities.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.6 Earthquake hits Sulawesi, Indonesia.

A strong, shallow earthquake rocked Indonesia’s central Sulawesi province Monday evening, injuring at least three people and damaging some buildings and houses.

5.7 Earthquake hits Bio-Bio, Chile.

5.7 Earthquake hits the South Sandwich Islands.

5.4 Earthquake hits southern Alaska.

5.4 Earthquake hits the Solomon Islands.

5.3 Earthquake hits southern Sumatra, Indonesia.

5.2 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Ryukyu Islands off Japan.

Three 5.0 Earthquakes hit Sulawesi, Indonesia.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.2 Earthquake hits offshore El Salvador.

5.4 Earthquake hits offshore El Salvador.

5.0 Earthquake hits offshore Guerrero, Mexico.

Alaska

There have already been about 3,000 Alaska earthquakes this month. A series of significant May earthquakes and their aftershocks are being examined by seismologists, who say Alaska is markedly above its usual rate of earthquakes for the month. With the aftershocks, close to the monthly average have been recorded in just the first 10 days. The catalog of May temblors as of Wednesday included at least three larger than a 6, seven larger than a 5 and 50 larger than a 4 on the Richter scale, according to an overview compiled by the earthquake centre.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.8 Earthquake hits the Kermedec Islands.

5.6 Earthquake hits the South Sandwich Islands.

5.5 Earthquake hits the South Sandwich Islands.

5.5 Earthquake hits the Kodiak Islands, Alaska.

Two 5.3 Earthquakes hit the South Sandwich Islands.

Two 5.1 Earthquakes hit the South Sandwich Islands.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Solomon Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits the South Sandwich Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits eastern Turkey.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.2 Earthquake hits the Kenai Peninsula, Alaska.

5.1 Earthquake hits near the coast of southern Peru.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Hindu Kush, Afghanistan.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Fox Islands in the Aleutian Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits south of the Kermedec Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits Tonga.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.7 Earthquake hits Kyushu, Japan.

5.4 Earthquake hits central Alaska.

5.4 Earthquake hits Taiwan.

5.0 Earthquake hits south of Africa.

5.0 Earthquake hits Kyushu, Japan.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Solomon Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Pagan Region in the North Mariana Islands.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.6 Earthquake hits near the east coast of Kamchatka.

5.4 Earthquake hits the Moluccan Sea.

5.3 Earthquake hits Tonga.

5.2 Earthquake hits the Ceram Sea, Indonesia.

5.2 Earthquake hits near the east coast of Kamchatka.

5.2 Earthquake hits south of the Mariana Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits south of Panama.

5.0 Earthquake hits near the east coast of Kamchatka.

5.0 Earthquake hits Minahasa, Sulawesi, Indonesia.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Azores Islands, Portugal.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Alaska peninsula.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.6 Earthquake hits Papua, Indonesia.

5.3 Earthquake hits near the north coast of Colombia.

5.3 Earthquake hits central Alaska.

5.2 Earthquake hits near the east coast of Honshu, Japan.

5.2 Earthquake hits the Sumbawa region, Indonesia.

5.1 Earthquake hits eastern New Guinea, Papua New Guinea.

5.1 Earthquake hits near the north coast of Papua, Indonesia.

5.0 Earthquake hits offshore Atacama, Chile.

5.0 Earthquake hits near the coast of western Turkey.

5.0 Earthquake hits South Island, New Zealand.

Global Warming

Climate change is wreaking havoc on indigenous people in Alaska

The extreme warmth of 2016 has changed so much for the people of the Arctic that even their language is becoming unmoored from the conditions in which they now live.

The Yupik, an indigenous people of western Alaska, have dozens of words for the vagaries of sea ice, which is not surprising given the crucial role it plays in subsistence hunting and transportation. But researchers have noted that some of these words, such as “tagneghneq” (thick, dark, weathered ice), are becoming obsolete.

After thousands of years of use, words are vanishing as quickly as the ice they describe due to climate change. The native inhabitants are also in peril – there are 31 Alaskan towns and cities at imminent risk from the melting ice and coastal erosion. Many will have to relocate or somehow adapt.

In remote Alaskan communities, the stores sell goods priced to reflect their journey – $20 for a pizza, $15 for a gallon of milk. If you can’t butcher a 1,000-pound walrus because there is no sea ice to support both of you, then you might well be left hungry.

The window of opportunity for hunting continues to shrink. The communities are worried about this because food insecurity is something we are now having to tackle every single day.

St Lawrence island, a far-flung piece of the US that sits just 36 miles from Russia in the Bering Sea. The island is thought to be one of the last exposed fragments of a land bridge that connected North America to Asia during the last ice age.

In 2013, the island’s two main communities managed to catch just a third of the walruses they normally do. Last year, Gambell, the largest settlement, snared just 36 – down from the 600 it could expect just a few years ago.

Sea ice is further out from land than it once was and is becoming treacherously thin for hunters to traverse. Walruses, which require sea ice for resting and giving birth, often have to resort to heaving themselves on to crowded strips of land. These grand tusked beasts can trample each other to death in such conditions.

Frost locked deep in the soils is melting, causing buildings to subside. Communities are seeing their coastlines erode and are increasingly exposed to lashing storms without the protective barrier of sea ice.

Several Alaskan towns and villages are wrestling over whether to fight these changes or retreat to relative safety. Two coastal villages, Shishmaref and Kivalina, have voted to relocate while a third, Newtok, has taken the first tentative steps to do so.

Undefined

Arctic lakes melting earlier each year

Arctic lakes, covered with ice during the winter months, are melting one day earlier each year, according to researchers, including one of Indian origin, who monitored 13,300 lakes using satellite imagery.

Scientists from the University of Southampton in the UK showed that due to warming temperatures ice is breaking earlier each spring, based on a 14-year period between 2000 and 2013.

Researchers discovered that all five study areas in the Arctic — Alaska, Northeast Siberia, Central Siberia, Northeast Canada and Northern Europe – showed significant trends of early ice break-up in the spring, but to varying degrees.

Central Siberia demonstrated the strongest trend, with ice starting to break-up an average of 1.4 days earlier each year.

Northern Europe showed the lowest change of ice break-up at 0.84 days earlier per year. They found a strong relationship between decreasing ice cover and an increasingly early spring temperature rise.

Less ice means a longer season for lake biology, which together with warmer temperatures will affect processes such as Carbon dioxide (CO2) and Methane (CH4) emissions.