Africa yellow fever outbreak declared over
The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) declared the end of the yellow fever outbreak in that country today following a similar announcement in Angola on 23 December 2016, bringing an end to the outbreak in both countries after no new confirmed cases were reported from both countries for the past six months.
Cholera in Somalia
The Somalia Ministry of Health reported 913 new suspected cases of cholera, including 10 deaths and a case–fatality rate of 1.1% during the past week. This brings the total since the beginning of the year to 4026 cumulative suspected cases of cholera including 57 deaths (case–fatality rate 1.5%).
China – Bird Flu
Two additional human cases of avian influenza A(H7N9) have been reported on Mainland China.
‘Diarrhoea’ outbreak in Sudan is cholera
All reports and symptoms of an outbreak of deadly and acute watery diarrhoea in eastern Sudanese states point to the spread of cholera, according to a Sudanese epidemiology specialist based in the United Kingdom.
The so-called widespread acute watery diarrhoea in El Gedaref and Red Sea is in fact cholera, UK-based epidemiology and infectious diseases specialist Dr Ezzeldin Gamar told Radio Dabanga on Tuesday.
The disease has continued to claim lives over the past five months: there have been a number of deaths and the federal Health Ministry has acknowledged the spread of the “watery diarrhoea epidemic” in eastern Sudan and Khartoum. The Ministry reported that last week that 333 people were suffering from the deadly disease in El Gedaref, Red Sea, and Khartoum states, but did not announce clear measures to contain the disease.
Zimbabwe suspect typhoid cases top 2000
In the past two-plus months, Zimbabwe has seen an outbreak of typhoid fever that has resulted in more than 2200 suspected cases and at least nine deaths, according to local media. According to Health and Child Care minister David Parirenyetwa, three out of every four cases have been reported in the capital city of Harare.
Central African Republic declares end of cholera and monkeypox outbreaks
On Wednesday, The Minister of Public Health and Population in the Central African Republic (CAR), Fernande Ndjengbot announced the end of the epidemics of cholera and monkeypox in the country. According to the Minister, these two epidemics were mitigated in time after the notification of the last cases registered in September 2016.
The cholera epidemic was declared on August 10, 2016 in the district of Djoukou, Zawara and in the city of Bangui of which 266 cases were registered and 21 deaths. The monkeypox outbreak was declared on 22 September 2016 at Dalakere village, Réou 4 and 5 in the sub-prefecture of Mingala in Lower Kotto, of which 19 cases were recorded.
France Begins Operation to Cull Up to 1M Ducks
French authorities on Thursday began an operation that could see up to 1 million ducks culled from the country’s main foie gras-producing region in an attempt to contain an outbreak of a dangerous bird flu strain. Duck farmers in southwestern France will kill the birds to stem the tide of an outbreak of the H5N8 virus that has been detected in at least 13 other European countries since October. French authorities and duck farmers have engaged in several culls in the past month, but until now those culls have only taken place on farms with infected birds. The cull will affect free-range ducks that may have come in contact with wild birds carrying the virus.
While the virus is extremely harmful to birds, it doesn’t transmit through food and has not been found to affect humans.
HIV in the Philippines
The Philippines is facing one of the fastest-growing epidemics of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the Asia-Pacific region. According to official statistics, HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men (MSM) has increased tenfold in the last five years.
The organization has criticized the Philippines government in their effort to get the epidemic under control. HIV prevention education in Philippine schools is woefully inadequate and the commercial marketing of condoms to MSM populations is nonexistent.
The Government has announced the distribution of condoms which will be accompanied with appropriate sex education for adolescents and parental involvement in such program. The distribution will hopefully start next year, specifically in regions with the most number of HIV cases.
The Ministry of Public Health and Population in Yemen has released the latest figures on cholera cases in the country. Since the last update, 1089 new suspected cases of cholera and 1 additional death have been reported. As of 28 December, a cumulative total of 12 733 suspected cases of cholera, including 97 associated deaths were recorded.
Cholera in Yemen – Update
The number of cholera cases in Yemen has grown by more than 1200 cases in the past week, bringing the total suspected cases of cholera to 8975, including 89 deaths, according to The Ministry of Public Health and Population Thursday.
Arkansas mumps outbreak tops 2000
The country’s largest statewide mumps outbreak just continues to grow and The Arkansas Department of Health (ADH) reports as of today, 2,042 suspected and lab confirmed cases.
The outbreak is currently affecting 50 workplaces, 33 schools in 3 school districts, 5 colleges/vocational schools, and 1 private school, according to the ADH.
Yemen – Cholera
The Ministry of Public Health and Population in Yemen has reported additional cases of cholera in Yemen. To date, 7730 suspected cases of cholera, including 82 associated deaths have been reported (case fatality rate of 1.06%). Of these, 122 cases were laboratory-confirmed as Vibrio cholerae 01.
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia
Between 3 and 10 November 2016 the National IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported six (6) additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). Two (2) deaths among previously reported MERS cases were also reported.
Haiti – Cholera
The number of cholera cases in Haiti increased to two or more times the numbers observed prior to Hurricane Matthew, which landed on Oct. 4, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) reported today.
Through the end of October, a total of 34,656 suspected cholera cases, including 339 related deaths have been reported in Haiti. Since Hurricane Matthew struck Haiti October 4, more than 5,800 suspected cholera cases have been reported by the Ministry of Health.
Cholera in Ghana – Update
Health authorities in the Cape Coast are still battling with cholera cases even as they attempt to ban food vending on the campus of the University of Cape Coast.
Over 400 people have been affected by the outbreak since it broke about a month ago. 200 cases have been reported at the University of Cape Coast hospital alone with fears the situation may take a turn to the worse.
Bird Flu in the Netherlands
Some 190,000 ducks were destroyed on Saturday at six farms in the Netherlands following an avian flu outbreak, the country’s first cull in response to an epidemic sweeping northern Europe.
Outbreaks of avian flu, primarily the highly pathogenic H5N8 strain, have been reported in Denmark, Finland, Germany and Sweden over the past week.
Yemen Cholera – Update
The Ministry of Public Health and Population in Yemen has reported additional cholera cases in the country. To date, 4825 suspected cases of cholera, including 61 associated deaths were reported in Aden, Amran, Al Hudaydah, Al-Bayda‘a, Al-Dhale’a, Ibb, Hajjah, Lahij, Ta’izz, Sana’a City and Sana’a governorates.
Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China
On 11 November 2016, the National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) of China notified WHO of two additional cases of laboratory-confirmed human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus.
Thailand dengue update
The number of dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever cases in Thailand have grown to 54,008 cases with 51 deaths, according to Bureau of Epidemiology data published earlier this week. Dengue fever has affected all 77 Thai provinces with Maehongsorn seeing the highest incidence (388.17 / 100,000 population).
Ghana cholera update
In a follow-up on the cholera outbreak in the Cape Coast region of southern Ghana, as of Nov. 2, the total number of cases had risen to 172 with zero deaths. The exponential increase in cases indicates high transmission potential of infections in the peri urban communities.
Cholera in Yemen
The country’s Ministry of Public Health and Population is reporting that the number of suspected cholera cases have more than quadrupled in the past two weeks.
According to health officials, a total of 2733 suspected cases and 51 associated deaths have been reported in Ta’iz, Aden, Lahij, Al Hudaydah, Hajjah, Sana’a, Al Bayda, Dhamar and Ibb.
While acute watery diarrheal diseases are endemic in Yemen, the ongoing conflict has stretched the capacity of the national health systems. More than 7.6 million people are currently living in areas affected by the outbreak, as well as more than 3 million internally displaced persons.
Deadly disease outbreak in the US
A frightening “superbug” has emerged in a major outbreak at U.S. hospitals around the country, and authorities are trying to get a handle on the issue. Candida auris, an often-fatal fungus that is resistant to antibiotics, has started popping up at numerous hospitals, prompting warnings from the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention this week.
This is the first time that the fungus has been found in the United States, and it has killed four of the first seven patients confirmed to have the disease. Dr. Thomas Frieden, the director of the CDC, is urging officials to act now to stop the spread of the disease, calling it an “emerging threat.”
C. auris was first identified in Japan back in 2009, and has since spread to a handful of countries across the world, and it now appears to have found its way to the United States.
Hand,Foot and Mouth Disease in Grenada
Grenada health officials reported this week on an outbreak of the childhood viral disease, hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD). Grenada’s Ministry of Health has received reports of twelve cases linked to daycare and preschool centres across the island.
Cholera strain likely present in Haiti for centuries
A non-virulent variant of the deadly Vibrio cholerae O1 strain has likely been present in Haitian aquatic environments for several hundred years, with the potential to become virulent through gene transfer with the toxigenic strain introduced by UN peacekeepers, according to research published today by scientists at the University of Florida’s Emerging Pathogens Institute.
Cholera in Ghana
The Central regional capital Cape Coast has recording new cases of the cholera disease, according to the Cape Coast Health directorate.
Some 10 people in the Cape Coast Metropolis have been diagnosed of cholera and are receiving treatment in the various health facilities in the region.
The victims mostly adults are said to have eaten contaminated food with element of faecal matter according to health experts.
Typhoid, cholera alerts issued in Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe health officials issued health alerts for two serious bacterial pathogens Friday in light of serious water shortages, according to a state media report.
Officials say the erratic water supply poses serious problems with water borne disease outbreaks. “The impact may not be serious now, but when it rains and there are flash floods, all this dirt will be washed away into shallow and unprotected water sources. This is when you see an increase in water-borne diseases such as typhoid, cholera and diarrhoea,” Health and Child Care Minister David Parirenyatwa said.
The capital city of Harare has already reported 60 cases of typhoid. The water problem has forced many to dig shallow wells and the use of “bush toilets”.
Syphilis up 33 percent in Brazil
In 2016, the government forecasts 41,762 new syphilis infections among pregnant women—49 times higher than that reported a decade ago. And those numbers might even be underselling the problem; Brazilian health authorities estimate half of all cases go unreported. The sexually transmitted infection is beginning to spread at epidemic rates thanks to a troubling rise in unprotected sex, and has been exacerbated by shortages of the one medication that can stop syphilis in its tracks.
Cholera in Yemen
At least nine people have died of cholera in Yemen’s southern port city of Aden as the infectious disease continues to spread rapidly across the conflict-stricken Arab country. The sources said 190 people with severe diarrhoea had been admitted to hospitals in Aden. The WHO has warned that the scarcity of drinkable water had worsened the hygiene situation in Yemen, fuelling a marked increase in cases of severe diarrhoea, in particular among people displaced from their homes in the centre of the country.
Cholera Outbreak in DRC – Update
The number of cholera cases and deaths in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) to date in 2016 is significantly higher the same period in 2015, according to UNICEF data published today. Between January and October 2016, a total of 22,002 cases of cholera with 646 deaths were reported in the DRC.
Wild polio and vaccine derived polio in Nigeria
After more than two years without the detection of wild polio in Nigeria, the Government reported three laboratory confirmed wild poliovirus type one (WPV1) cases with onset between July and August 2016.
Legionnaires Disease – Minnesota, USA
The Minnesota Department of Health says that 23 people who live or work in Hopkins have contracted Legionnaires’ Disease.
According to that news release, seven cooling towers in that city are being investigated in connection to this outbreak. As of September 29, 2016, all of those cooling towers have been or are being remediated by their owners. Remediation is complex process and can consist of heating the water in the building’s system to 157°F, draining tanks, cleaning them, chlorination, and frequent re-testing.
Cholera in Yemen
War-torn Yemen is suffering from a cholera outbreak, the UN’s children agency and the World Health Organisation have said, posing a further threat to infants in the impoverished nation.
The WHO, citing Yemeni health ministry figures, said that eight cholera cases mostly involving children had been recorded in one neighbourhood of the rebel-held capital Sanaa.
The agency says nearly three million people in Yemen are in need of immediate food supplies, while 1.5 million children suffer malnutrition, including 370,000 enduring very severe malnutrition that weakens their immune system.