Disease

Anthrax – Namibia

Namibian agriculture and health ministries are reporting 115 suspected human anthrax cases in the northern regions of the country. The suspected outbreaks have occurred in the Kunene (104) and Zambezi (11) regions.

Anthrax contaminated meat is linked to the outbreak in Otjitanga village, Kunene region while tainted hippo appears linked to Katima Mulilo district, Zambezi region.

Monkeypox – Nigeria

In September, 15 new suspected monkeypox cases were reported from five States – Lagos (5), Rivers (2), Akwa Ibom (3), Zamfara (1), Delta (1), Imo (2) and the Federal Capital Territory, FCT(1). A total of 81 suspected cases have been reported so far in 2019.

Yemen – Cholera and Dengue Fever

The world’s largest cholera outbreak continues to be in Yemen. The cumulative number of suspected cholera cases reported in Yemen between October 2016 and August 2019 is 2,036,960, including 3,716 related deaths.

Officials are reporting a seasonal spike in dengue fever cases in Yemen in 2019. There have been 14,540 suspected cases of dengue fever, with 79 associated deaths recorded since the beginning of the year.

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Disease

Leishmaniasis – Kenya

In an update on the leishmaniasis situation in Kenya, officials reported an additional 24 cases during the week ending Oct. 6. This brings the total cases reported in 2019 to 2,696, including 34 deaths.

Cholera – Sudan

From 28 August through 12 October 2019, a total of 278 suspected cholera cases, including 8 deaths (case fatality ratio: 2.88 %), have been reported from four localities in Blue Nile State. One hundred seventy two cases were female (62%), and 238 (93.1%) were over 5 years of age.

Disease

Rabies – Malaysia

The rabies outbreak in Sarawak that was declared on July 1, 2017 is now entering its third year. The number of pet bites in dogs and cats is still high, averaging from 40 to 60 cases a day, at a rate similar to that of the first year of the rabies outbreak.

In 2019, a large number of dogs and cats biting humans tested positive for rabies. According to a report from the Department of Veterinary Services of Sarawak, as of September 30, 2019, a total of 138 (32.8%) samples from a total of 420 test dogs and cats were diagnosed with rabies. This year, there were five (5) confirmed cases of rabies among humans.

Cholera – Sudan

On 8 September, Sudan’s Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) notified WHO about a cholera outbreak in four localities in the Blue Nile State (BNS), south-eastern Sudan, bordering Ethiopia and South Sudan. The first case was detected on 28 of August 2019. From 28 August through 8 October 2019, a total of 247 suspected cholera cases, including 8 deaths (case fatality ratio: 3.5 %), have been reported from four localities in Blue Nile State

Yellow Fever – Nigeria

From 29 August through 22 September 2019, Nigeria reported an outbreak of yellow fever with an epi-centre in the Yankari game reserve of Alkaleri LGA, Bauchi state. According to Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), 231 suspected cases have been reported in four states.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic is one of several countries in the Americas experiencing an outbreak of dengue fever. The Ministry of Health reported more than 8,855 cases through mid-August. 12 deaths have been reported. This is an increase of 1,145 percent in reported cases compared to the same period in 2018 (711 cases).

Measles – New Zealand

In a follow-up on the measles outbreak in New Zealand, country health officials report through Friday, 1384 confirmed cases of measles across the country, with 1151 of these confirmed cases in the Auckland region. In Auckland, there have been at least three cases of measles encephalitis during this outbreak.

Cholera – Sudan

Sudan’s Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) announced on 10 September that four out of the six samples obtained from patients with acute diarrhoea were positive for Vibreo cholera at the National Public Health Laboratory (NPHL). As of 9 September 2019, a total of 41 suspected cholera cases, with two deaths.

Disease

Diphtheria – Venezuela

In an update on the diphtheria outbreak in Venezuela, the outbreak that began three years ago is ongoing. According to data from the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), Venezuela has reported 324 diphtheria cases since the beginning of the year, including 15 fatalities.

Cholera – Yemen

Cholera cases have picked up dramatically in Yemen in 2019, in fact, during the first six months of this year, the total cholera cases are more than all of 2018. According to official data, Yemen saw 371,326 cholera cases, including 505 deaths in all of 2018. During the first six months (Jan. 1- Jun 30) this year, the total is 451,895, including 705 deaths.

Dengue Fever – Laos

The Laos Ministry of Health issued a warning this week as the trend of weekly reporting of dengue fever is increasing. According to a Vientiane Times report, health officials have advised people throughout the country to clear potential mosquito breeding sites as the current outbreak of dengue fever has claimed 27 lives and 11,561 people have contracted the virus so far this year through Sunday. Most of the infections and deaths were recorded in the capital and the southern provinces.

Disease

Cholera, Malaria – Mozambique

In a follow-up on the infectious disease situation in Mozambique since cyclone Idai struck some 100 days ago, government officials report on the latest on the cholera and malaria outbreaks.

No cholera cases have been reported since May 30. The last case was reported in Nhamatanda district. A cumulative 6,768 cases and 8 deaths (CFR 0.1%) have been reported since the outbreak was declared on Mar 27, 2019.

Concerning malaria, a cumulative 59,173 malaria cases had been reported in Sofala province since Mar 27, officials report.

Measles – USA

Thirty-three new measles cases were recorded in the United States last week, most of them in New York, federal health officials said on Monday, bringing the number of confirmed cases this year to 1,077 in the worst U.S. outbreak of the virus since 1992.

Disease

Cholera – Mozambique

Officials declared a cholera outbreak in northern Mozambique on Thursday, a week after cyclone winds, floods and heavy rains hit the area.

Cyclone Kenneth crashed into the province of Cabo Delgado on Thursday last week, flattening entire villages with winds of up to 280 kph and killing at least 41 people.

Fourteen cases of cholera have been detected, 11 of which are in the port town of Pemba and three in the district of Mecufi.

Ebola – DR Congo

Kinshasa – More than 1 000 people have died from Ebola in the latest outbreak in Congo, the country’s health ministry said Friday. A ministry statement sent to dpa said 1,008 people have now died from the virus, while 1,529 cases have been recorded. The grim milestone comes as health care workers battle to contain the deadly disease amid attacks on their clinics and staff.

Plague – Mongolia

Health authorities in Mongolia are reporting two deaths in Ulgii district in westernmost Mongolia. Preliminary test results show that bubonic plague is the likely caused the deaths of the husband and wife, according to the Siberian Times. It is reported that the couple contracted the deadly infection after consuming infected marmot.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Reunion – Update

According to the Regional Health Agency- Indian Ocean, more than 1,000 dengue fever cases were reported in Reunion the week ending Apr.7. This brings the outbreak total on the island to more than 6,000. The southern part of the island is very active.

Pakistan – Brain-Eating Amoeba

Officials with the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre (JPMC) in Karachi, Pakistan is reporting the death of a 21-year old student from the Orangi Town area due to the “brain-eating amoeba”, Naegleria fowleri. The patient presented with a high-grade fever and other complaints. Upon suspicion of meningitis, he was transferred to the hospital ICU and died.

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Cholera – Yemen – Update

Yemen Yemeni health officials reported an additional 27,840 suspected cases of cholera with 48 associated deaths during the week ending April 14. Eighteen percent of these are considered severe cases.

Disease

Bird Flu – China

Officials with the National Health Commission in China have reported the first human case of avian influenza A(H7N9) this year in Gansu.

Cholera – Yemen

Cholera is surging once again in Yemen, with the U.N. reporting that the number of suspected cases has doubled in March over previous months and doctors in overwhelmed health facilities fearing it could rival a 2017 outbreak that spiraled into the world’s worst flare-up.

The surge underscores how Yemen, which has endured multiple outbreaks of cholera amid four years of civil war, still isn’t able to stop its spread.

There were 76,152 new suspected cases and 195 deaths in March, compared to about 32,000 cases in February and 39,000 in January. The March toll brought the number of those believed to have died from cholera this year to nearly 300.

Monkeypox – Africa – Update

In a follow-up on the monkeypox situation in Africa in 2018, several countries are still reporting cases in 2019 according to World Health Organization numbers:

Central African Republic

Three cases, including one confirmed, were reported in Ippy in the week ending 3 March 2019.

Since 2 October 2018, clusters of cases have been identified across three health districts, namely; Mbaiki district with nine cases including eight confirmed, Bangassou district with five cases including three confirmed, and Bossembele district with four cases including three confirmed. One death was reported in Bossembele.

In total, 34 cases have been reported, including two deaths.

Republic of Congo

The Republic of Congo is reporting cases of monkey pox since February 2019. Two samples from Makontipoko village in Gambona district tested in the INRB-Kinshasa turned positive for Monkey pox (PCR OPX).

Nine total cases have been reported with no fatalities.

Democratic Republic of the Congo

In the week ending 3 March 2019, 90 new suspected cases including two deaths were reported. The cases of monkeypox have been confirmed in the Provincial Health Divisions of Ecuador, North Ubangi and South Ubangi.

824 total cases have been reported, including 12 deaths.

Nigeria

In January 2019, six new suspected cases were reported from six states. Three were confirmed in two states (Rivers – 1 and Bayelsa – 2). Since September 2017, 26 states have reported suspected cases with 17 having reported a confirmed case. Rivers State is the most affected. The South-South region of the country has the highest burden of monkeypox.

Since the beginning of the outbreak, 311 cases (132 confirmed) and seven fatalities have been recorded.

Disease

DR Congo – Ebola – Update

This past week saw a marked increase in the number of Ebola virus disease (EVD) cases in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. During this period, a total of 172 confirmed cases were reported from Katwa (50), Vuhovi (34), Mandima (28), Masereka (18), Beni (13), Butembo (12), Oicha (8), Kayna (3), Lubero (3), Kalunguta (1), Bunia (1) and Musienene (1). As of 2 April, a total of 1100 confirmed and probable EVD cases have been reported, of which 690 died (case fatality ratio 63%).

Cholera – Mozambique – Update

Cholera cases in cyclone-hit Mozambique have spiked to more than 1400 and a second person has died from the disease.

Disease

Cholera – Mozambique

Mozambican and international health workers raced on Monday to contain the outbreak of cholera in the cyclone-hit city of Beira and surrounding areas, where cases of the disease has jumped to more than 1 000. There has been one death from cholera and of the reported cases 97 remain in treatment centers, with others released.

African Swine Fever – China

In a report from the China Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) Sunday, officials report African swine fever (ASF) outbreaks on two farms in Lichuan City, Hubei Province in central China. On one farm, 83 pigs were infected, killing 73, while on the second farm, eight hogs were infected and five died out of a total of 142 hogs.

Disease

Dolphins – Health Sentinels

The brains of dead dolphins recently found stranded on the beaches of Florida and Massachusetts contained the same amyloid plaques responsible for Alzheimer’s disease in humans, along with toxic contamination.

Researchers from the University of Miami and other institutions detected an environmental toxin in the brains of the marine mammals that is produced by green algae blooms, which are becoming more common in coastal waters worldwide because of pollution runoff.

Since the dolphins are considered a “sentinel species” for toxic exposure in the ocean, the scientists warn that the toxins from the algae could be triggering the same plaque buildup and contamination in human brains.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

From 1 through 28 February 2019, the National IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported 68 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection, including 10 deaths.

Ebola – DR Congo – Update

The ongoing Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in the North Kivu and Ituri provinces saw a rise in the number of new cases this past week. During the last 21 days (6 – 26 March), a total of 125 new cases were reported.

Cholera – Mozambique

Cholera cases in Mozambique among survivors of a devastating cyclone have shot up to 139, officials said, as nearly 1 million vaccine doses were rushed to the region and health workers desperately tried to improvise treatment space for victims. Cholera causes acute diarrhea, is spread by contaminated food and water and can kill within hours if not treated. The disease is a major concern for the hundreds of thousands of cyclone survivors in the southern African nation now living in squalid conditions in camps, schools or damaged homes.

Disease

Ebola – DR Congo – Update

Health officials in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) reported two additional Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) cases Thursday, bringing the cumulative number of cases is 993, since the beginning of the epidemic. The two new confirmed cases were reported in Mandima and Masereka. In addition, seven new EVD fatalities were reported bringing that total to 621.

Dengue Fever – Reunion – Update

During the most recent reportable week, health officials saw another 566 confirmed cases with the most activity reported in The Saint-Louis River, St. Louis and St. Peter’s communes.

Typhoid Fever – Philippines

Health officials in the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) on Luzon island, Philippines are reporting an increase in typhoid in the region. According to the Department of Health-CAR, 681 cases were recorded in the first quarter of 2019

Dengue Fever – Philippines

The Regional Epidemiology and Surveillance Unit (RESU) reports some 5,616 cases of dengue fever with 18 deaths in the region through March 16, 2019.

Cholera – Mozambique

Cholera cases were reported on Friday in the Mozambican city of Beira, adding a risk of deadly illnesses for hundreds of thousands of people who are scrambling for shelter, food and water after catastrophic flooding in southern Africa caused by Cyclone Idai.

Disease

Cholera – Uganda

In a follow-up on the cholera outbreak in Kampala, Uganda, health officials reported an update on the cholera outbreak that was declared in the Kampala area in early January. As of Feb. 10, 53 cholera cases, including three fatalities ave been reported across Kampala City and two other districts, Wakiso and Luwero.

Africa: Measles in Madagascar, Chikungunya in the Republic of Congo

In some important infectious disease news out of Africa, the World Health Organization (WHO) updated the world on the measles outbreak in Madagascar. To date, officials have reported 66,000 cases since the outbreak began last September. In addition, at least 922 measles-related fatalities have been reported among children and young adults.

In the Republic of Congo, a Chikungunya epidemic declaration has been issued in the Kouilou and Pool regions, with at least 1043 validated cases. Chikungunya is a mosquito-borne viral disease that is transmitted from human to human by the bites of infected female mosquitoes.