Disease

Measles – Thailand

Thailand health officials are working to contain a measles outbreak in the southern provinces, in which some 1,500 cases have been reported, including 12 deaths.

Dengue Fever – Senegal

As of 3 November 2018, the cumulative number of suspected cases is 2,123, of which 216 are confirmed. Six regions are currently reporting confirmed cases: Diourbel (169), Fatick (34), St Louis (6), Dakar (3), Louga (3) and Thiès (1). So far, six cases have been hospitalized. One death of a confirmed case has been reported in the city of Touba in Diourbel Region.

Cholera – Nigeria

Cholera cases have jumped in northeast Nigeria where Boko Haram violence has forced tens of thousands of people to seek refuge in crowded camps, the Norwegian Refugee Council said on Monday. The humanitarian group said 10 000 people have been affected by the fast-spreading cholera outbreak and 175 people have died in the northeast states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe as of early November 2018.

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Disease

Dengue Fever – Bangladesh

Since the beginning of the year through Oct. 15, Bangladesh has reported 7,450 dengue fever cases and at least 17 fatalities, according to the Institute of Epidemiology Disease Control And Research (IEDCR). This is a record for the number of dengue cases in a year.

Cholera – Zimbabwe – Update

The Zimbabwe cholera outbreak that began over a month ago continues to grow with 9,116 cases , including 54 deaths as of Friday. Fortunately, the weekly case incidence has been on a downward trend in recent weeks.

African Swine Fever – China

China reported a new African swine fever case on a farm with nearly 20,000 pigs on Monday, the largest farm yet to report the highly contagious disease in the world’s top pork producer.

The new case, one of numerous to be reported in northeast Liaoning province in recent days, underlines the escalating threat to the country’s $1 trillion pig industry from the disease despite a slew of initial measures imposed to curb its spread.

Pig prices have plunged in China’s northeast after farmers were unable to transport their herds out of infected provinces, while prices in the south have surged.

Disease

Cholera – Somalia – Update

The Ministry of Health of Somalia announced today 30 new cases of cholera and no deaths for the week ending Sept. 23, bringing the outbreak total to 6394, including 42 associated deaths (case-fatality rate 0.7%) since the beginning of the current outbreak in December 2017.

West Nile Virus – Europe

During the past week, European health officials reported 50 additional human West Nile virus (WNV) infections. The cases were reported from Greece (22), Romania (19), Hungary (7), Bulgaria (1) and the Czech Republic (1). EU neighbouring countries reported 30 cases, all in Serbia. 18 fatalities were reported by Greece (8), Romania (6), Serbia (3) and the Czech Republic (1).

The total human WNV cases reported year to date in Europe is 1,317 with Italy (495), Greece (283) and Romania (256) reporting the most. Cases so far exceed the total number in previous five years.

Disease

Cholera – Niger – Update

Niger health officials reported the first cases of this most recent cholera outbreak in early July, and since that time, the outbreak has ballooned to thousands of cases that have spread to multiple regions of the country. As of 1 October 2018, 3692 cases (14% of these were cases in Nigerian residents seeking care in Niger) with 68 deaths (case fatality rate = 1.8%) have been reported from twelve health districts in four regions: Dosso, Maradi, Tahoua, and Zinder.

Monkeypox – Nigeria

On 26 September 2017, WHO was alerted to a suspected outbreak of monkeypox in Yenagoa Local Government Area (LGA) in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. The index cluster was reported in a family. All of whom developed similar symptoms of fever and generalized skin rash over a period of four weeks. Epidemiological investigations into the cluster show that all infected cases had a contact with monkey about a month prior to onset.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

From 1 June through 16 September 2018, the International Health Regulations (IHR 2005) National Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported 32 additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), including 10 deaths.

Dengue Fever – Mexico

Health authorities of the state of Chiapas, on the southernmost tip of Mexico, are reporting a large number of dengue fever cases, prompting a health alert in the area. The state Department of Public Health has revealed that 2,600 cases have been treated this year, 1,350 confirmed and 8 deaths have been recorded.

Measles – Brazil – Update

The Brazil Ministry of Health reported that as of October 1, there are 1,935 measles cases confirmed throughout the country. In Amazonas, there are 1,525, and in Roraima, 330. The outbreaks are all related to importation, as the genotype of the virus (D8) that is circulating in the country is the same that circulates in Venezuela, a country that has been facing an outbreak of the disease since 2017.

More Cholera Cases – Nigeria

The Yobe State Ministry of Health reported Oct 1 that 36 additional cholera cases have been reported from four local government areas (LGAs)–Gujba, Gulani, Damaturu and Fune. No new fatalities were reported.

Disease

Rabies – South Africa

In 2018 to date, South African health officials have reported 13 human rabies cases–seven cases were from KwaZulu-Natal Province and six from the Eastern Cape Province. In addition, two other cases from Eastern Cape could not be confirmed through laboratory testing, but are considered probable cases.

The rise in the number of human rabies cases is associated with the outbreak of rabies in dogs in the KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape Provinces.

Cholera – Zimbabwe

In a follow-up report on the cholera outbreak in Zimbabwe, in 15 areas across the country a cumulative total of 6,643 suspected cholera cases (98 confirmed) and 48 related deaths (case fatality ratio 0.73 per cent) have been reported three weeks into the outbreak.

Disease

Cholera – Zimbabwe – Update

In a follow-up on the Zimbabwe cholera outbreak, the Ministry of Health and Child Care of Zimbabwe says the cholera outbreak that was officially declared earlier this month remains persistent. As of 21 September 2018, a total of 5891 suspected cases with 38 deaths (case fatality ratio 0.65%) have been reported from six provinces.

Disease

Cholera – Nigeria – Update

The Borno State Ministry of Health reported an additional 125 suspected cases of cholera on Friday, including two new fatalities in Jere and Ngala local government areas (LGA). This brings the total number of suspected cholera cases in the state to 2,283, including 40 associated deaths.

Legionnaires’ disease outbreak in Lombardy region, Italy

In recent weeks, an increase in pneumonia cases were reported in the city of Brescia in Lombardy region. Other towns have also reported cases to include Carpenedolo, Montichiari, Asola and Remedello among others. According to officials with Regione Lombardia last week, more than 400 pneumonia cases have been reported, which 42 tested positive for the bacterium, Legionella.

Ukraine mushroom poisoning

The Ukraine Health Ministry reports that through Sep. 21, 174 people have been sickened and 11 have died. This has prompted warnings and advice to the public on the issue of ingesting mushrooms. The most effective advice that will completely save you from mushroom poisoning – refuse to consume wild mushrooms.

West Nile Virus – Romania

The Romania Ministry of Health reported an additional 19 meningitis / meningo-encephalitis with West Nile virus (WNV) have been confirmed in the past week, bringing the total cases for the year to 215.

Disease

Cholera – Zimbabwe – Update

In a follow-up on the cholera outbreak in Zimbabwe, health officials are reporting a total of 3349 suspected cases (71 confirmed) including 32 deaths since the beginning of the outbreak on Sept. 1. This outbreak is evolving rapidly and affecting mainly Harare city (98% of all cases).

Dengue Fever – Thailand

Bangkok Metropolitan Administration health officials issued a dengue fever warning because of heavy and consistent rain in the capital city of more than 8 million. Some 6,000 people have been affected this year to date, including five deaths.

On Monday, Governor Aswin Khwanmuang said dengue hemorrhagic fever is spreading in Nong Chok, Huai Khwang, Bang Kapi and Klong Samwa districts. In addition, he ordered strict disease control measures, including fumigation to kill mosquito larvae.

Since the beginning of the year through Sept 10, Thailand has reported a total of 54,808 cases were reported from all 77 provinces, including 69 deaths.

Disease

Measles – Brazil – Update

The Brazil Ministry of Health reported last week that as of September 10, there are 1,673 confirmed measles cases nationwide. In Amazonas, there are 1,326, and in Roraima, 301.

Another 7,812 remain under investigation. All are related to importation (the genotype of the virus (D8) that is circulating in the country is the same that circulates in Venezuela).

Cholera – Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia confirmed one cholera infection and three other suspected cases in an area bordering Yemen, where an epidemic has killed more than 2,000 people.

Disease

Cholera – Algeria

From 7 August to 6 September, 217 cases with cholera-like symptoms have been hospitalized, two of the patients died (CFR: 0.9%). Cases have been reported from seven provinces (Wilayas). Of these, 83 have been confirmed as Vibrio cholerae serogroup O1 Ogawa at the Institut Pasteur Algiers. More than half of the confirmed cases have been registered in Blida Province, followed by Algiers, Tipaza, Bouira, Médéa and Ain Defla.

A total of 21, including three private, water sources in the affected areas were tested for bacterial contamination, and 10 of these were deemed inappropriate for human consumption. One of the water sources tested positive for V. cholerae and was condemned for human consumption.

West Nile virus

European health officials reported an additional 150 human West Nile virus cases during the past week, bringing the total human cases to 948 this year. According to the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), the number of cases are up three-fold compared to previous years.

Anthrax – Uganda and Turkey

Uganda – More than 1,000 animals have died following the outbreak of anthrax in Arua District. Uganda Virus Research Institute (UVRI) in Entebbe laboratory analysis has confirmed the outbreak of the disease. 28 people were infected including two deaths.

Turkey – 

Turkey’s Diyarbakir Chamber of Medicine said a 10-year-old boy died from the eastern city of Bitlis reported as the first death due to anthrax. Some 130 people have been hospitalized due to suspicions of anthrax infection.

Anthrax outbreaks have hit Turkey due to 4,000 cattle imported from Brazil since greater Eid in August, with infected animals observed in Istanbul, the capital Ankara, as well as in several other cities.

Disease

Cholera – Zimbabwe – Update

Reports from Zimbabwe say the death toll from cholera has now risen to 28. Meanwhile, the authorities are reporting three cases of the disease in the second city of Bulawayo. Bulawayo will be the seventh province to be affected by this cholera outbreak, which began in Harare early this month.

China – Foot and Mouth Disease

China’s Ministry of Agriculture reported on Friday an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in a herd of cattle that was transported to the Xinjiang region from Gansu province. The local government in Xinjiang then culled 47 cattle following the outbreak.

African swine fever spreads to Belgium

An outbreak of African swine fever terrorising pig farmers in Europe has dramatically escalated with the confirmation that the deadly infectious disease has spread to Belgium.

The discovery of the highly contagious disease in two wild boars found dead near the town of Étalle, in Gaume, has sparked calls for a mass cull of that species to protect western Europe’s pork industry.

The Dutch and French authorities have been put on high alert while Belgium’s farming minister, René Collin, has ordered a ban on hunting until mid-October, along with restrictions on the movement of animals across a territory of 63,000 hectares in the south of the country. Walkers have been asked to stay on footpaths and 67 farms are being tested for signs of an outbreak.

African swine fever was last seen in Belgium in 1985, and led to the culling of 30,000 pigs. It causes haemorrhaging and is incurable in pigs, although it is not dangerous for humans. Discovery of the disease in Europe’s second-largest farm in Romania last month resulted in the culling of 140,000 animals.

Disease

Cholera – Zimbabwe – Update

The Zimbabwean Ministry of Health and Child care has declared the ongoing cholera outbreak in the capital Harare a state of national emergency as the death toll rose to 20. Over 2,300 suspected cases have been reported in Harare since the outbreak was confirmed on September 1.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection – Republic of Korea

On 8 September 2018, the International Health Regulations (IHR 2005) National Focal Point (NFP) of the Republic of Korea notified WHO of a laboratory-confirmed case of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV).

Disease

Yellow Fever – Republic of Congo

Following the confirmation of a case of yellow fever in Bissongo, an investigation was conducted in the affected area. A retrospective search in 16 health centre registers in Pointe-Noire found 69 additional suspected cases during 2018 which meet the clinical case definition for yellow fever. A yellow fever outbreak was declared on 22 August 2018.

Cholera – Ethiopia

A cholera outbreak in Ethiopia’s northern Tigray region has reportedly been blamed on holy water, after at least 10 people died over the past two weeks, while more than 1 200 people have contracted the disease.

The authorities have identified contaminated holy water in some of the region’s monasteries as being behind the outbreak. It is believed that the water is being taken from rivers that carry the disease. Interfering in religious affairs is a very sensitive matter in the region, but the local government is working with religious leaders to temporarily stop the use of holy water, said the report.

Disease

Hepatits A – Kentucky, USA

The hepatitis A outbreak in Kentucky, which started 10 months ago and has affected 71 percent of the state’s counties, has grown to 1,562 cases through late August. This includes 63 new cases reported the week ending Aug. 25. Fifty-six percent, or 881 people required hospitalization for their illness and 12 people died.

Resurgent Cholera – Nigeria

The government of Borno State in north-east Nigeria says 14 people have died and 380 others hospitalized following the latest cholera outbreak. Statistics from the Borno State Ministry of Health indicate the cholera outbreak in 8 local government areas (LGAs) of the State, which is also an active theatre of war between government forces and rebels.

Lumpy Skin Disease – Kenya

Livestock farmers in Baringo North sub-county have lost hundreds of animals to an outbreak of lumpy skin disease. The viral disease was first reported in Ayatya, Kinyach, Marigut, Barwessa, Bartabwa, Kabartonjo and Kaboskei two months ago.