Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.3 Earthquake hits south of Fiji.

5.9 Earthquake hits Fiji.

5.2 Earthquake hits Tarapaca, Chile.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Kermedec Islands.

5.1 Earthquake hits Manipur, India.

5.0 Earthquake hits Kepulauan Tanimbar, Indonesia.

Environment

India Beats China As Worst Air-Polluted Country On Earth

India now has the world’s worst air pollution. They have beaten China. Specifically, it is New Delhi, India’s capital that has the worst air pollution on Earth.

Industrialization, coal-fired power plants, and low regulation have made the air pollution in India so much worse. Technology Review has reported that there have been 1.1 million deaths recorded last year due to air pollution in India. The country has been tied with China as having deadly air pollution. India’s rapid industrialization, too much use of coal for energy, growing population, and an ageing populace that is affected by air pollution are the factors why there are so many deaths.

Pollution Has Worked Its Way Down To The World’s Deepest Waters

The Mariana Trench in the northern Pacific is the deepest part of the world’s oceans. You might think a place that remote would be untouched by human activity.

But the Mariana Trench is polluted.

At its deepest — about 7 miles down — the water in the trench is near freezing. The pressure would crush a human like a bug. Scientists have only recently explored it.

Among them is biologist Alan Jamieson of Newcastle University in England. His team dropped what they call a mechanical “lander” down into the trench. It had cameras and water samplers and some baited traps. They didn’t really know what they’d find.

When the lander surfaced, the traps contained amphipods — shrimplike crustaceans. That wasn’t terribly surprising, as amphipods are known to live at great depths. But bringing them back from the Mariana Trench was a rarity, and Jamieson thought there might be something to learn from them. He took the creatures to an environmental scientist.

The amphipods were contaminated with PCBs — polychlorinated biphenyls — toxic chemicals used for decades in industry, as well as other industrial pollutants known as persistent organic pollutants.

Every sample we had,” Jamieson says, “had contaminants in it at very high or extraordinarily high levels. How high? He compared the contamination level in his Mariana amphipods to crabs living in waters fed by one of China’s most polluted rivers, as well as amphipods from other parts of the world. “And what we were finding in the deepest place in the world were (levels) hugely higher, 50 times in some cases,” he says.

Hirondellea gigas2 wide 0b6a385ea9f57976aedaf93a02a4a8333b30a283 s800 c85

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.7 Earthquake hits Colombia.

5.6 Earthquake hits the Pacific-Antarctic ridge.

5.3 Earthquake hits Fiji.

5.3 Earthquake hits near the coast of western Turkey.

5.3 Earthquake hits Uttaranchal, India.

5.1 Earthquake hits Fiji.

5.1 Earthquake hits off the east coast of Honshu, Japan.

5.1 Earthquake hits near the coast of western Turkey.

5.0 Earthquake hits off the east coast of North Island, New Zealand.

Disease

Deadly Fruit: Cause of Mysterious Brain Illness in India is Found

The mystery of why hundreds of children in an Indian city become sick every summer with a deadly brain illness has been solved, researchers say.

According to a new report, the cause of the illness appears to be the lychee fruit, which is grown widely in orchards in the city of Muzaffarpur, where the illnesses occur. Critically, the children who get sick often eat the fruit on an empty stomach, which contributes to the development of the illness, the researchers said.

Since 1995, there have been reports of children in Muzaffarpur suddenly falling ill and having seizures, usually in the morning hours. Often these children would slip into a coma, and about 40 percent died, the Times said. Outbreaks of these illnesses usually begin in mid-May and end in July, around the same time that lychee fruits are harvested.

In the new study, the researchers analyzed nearly 400 cases of children who developed this mysterious brain illness in 2014, and compared these cases with about 100 children who didn’t have this illness.

Wildfires

Wildfires – South Africa

Authorities say wildfires raging in South Africa’s wine region have destroyed part of one of the country’s oldest estates, while some slopes of Cape Town’s Table Mountain burned. Firefighters worked through the night to try to contain 106 blazes in the area. No one has been killed.

Low rainfall, dry vegetation and strong winds create prime conditions for fires in the region in summer.

Farm manager Don Tooth says around 40 percent of the Vergelegen wine farm that was established by Dutch settlers in the 1700s has been destroyed by fire.

Fires also burned on the slopes of Table Mountain above the exclusive beach enclave of Llandudno.

Wildfires – Argentina

Firefighters in Argentina said Thursday they were bringing under control three wildfires that have devastated nearly a million hectares (2.5 million acres) of the country’s famous pampas, or plains.

Driven by strong winds, high summer temperatures and drought, the fires sent huge swathes of farm and pasture land up in smoke in the central provinces of La Pampa and Buenos Aires, two of agricultural powerhouse Argentina’s most productive regions.

The wind grew even stronger Thursday, leaving firefighters struggling to extinguish the fires and stop them from spreading to populated areas.

No lives were in danger from the fires. No human deaths or evacuations have been reported. The blazes killed wild animals and livestock and cut off several roads. The biggest fire was about 20 kilometers (12 miles) south of the village of La Adela, population 4,000.

It was started by a lightning strike on New Year’s weekend and is 10 kilometres across, according to firefighters.

Wildfires – India

More than 100 fires have broken out and doused in Chennai since December at sites where trees felled by Cyclone Vardah have been dumped. More than 40 000 tonnes of windfall trees have been dumped throughout 78 parks, open spaces and playgrounds.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.2 Earthquake hits south of Fiji.

5.9 Earthquake hits northern Peru.

5.5 Earthquake hits the India-Bangladesh border.

5.4 Earthquake hits south of Fiji.

5.0 Earthquake hits eastern New Guinea, Papua New Guinea.

5.0 Earthquake hits Java, Indonesia.

5.0 Earthquake hits Reykjanes’s Ridge.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

No current tropical storms.

Newsbytes:

India – The remnants of cyclone Vardah continue to bring heavy rain across India particularly in Andhra and northern Tamil Nadu Pradesh. Significant flooding could unfold for communities and along streams and small rivers.

Disease

Japanese Encephalitis Outbreak Worsens In Odisha

With the death of three more children, the number of deaths in Japanese Encephalitis outbreak rose to 61 in six weeks in Odisha’s Malkangiri district.

Unconfirmed reports, however, put the number of deaths due to the vector-borne disease at 65, which has affected around 100 villages spread over six of the seven blocks in the district.

At present, five affected children are being treated at the district headquarter hospital and two of them are in the Intensive Care Unit, a senior district official said.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

In the North Atlantic:

Invest 97L is an area of disturbed weather in the North Atlantic that has the potential for further tropical development.

In the Eastern Pacific:

Tropical Storm Roslyn is located about 615 mi…990 km WSW of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…45 mph…75 km/h. Present movement…NE or 50 degrees at 7 mph…11 km/h.

Tropical Storm Ulika is located about 1105 mi…1780 km ESE of Hilo Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…40 mph…65 km/h. Present movement…N or 350 degrees at 3 mph…6 km/h.

In the Western Pacific:

Typhoon 20w (Megi), located approximately 51 nm south-southeast of Taipei, Taiwan, is tracking northwestward at 22 knots.

Newsbytes:

Australia – Several towns in the Australian state of New South Wales are expected to be cut off for days by widespread flooding. More than 130 homes and farms in and around the town of Forbes in the state’s central west are under water after record flooding after the heaviest September rainfall in more than 110 years. The area has been declared a disaster zone.

India – With heavy downpour pummelling Telangana over the past few days, authorities are keeping a watch on the flood situation even as over 1,000 villagers were evacuated in Karimnagar district. The water from the under-construction Mid Manair Dam in Boinapally mandal of Karimnagar had started overflowing from the bund and the earthen embankment had been breached, resulting in floods in the area.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

In the North Atlantic:

Tropical Depression Karl is located about 625 mi…1005 km SSE of Bermuda with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…NW or 315 degrees at 16 mph…26 km/h.

Tropical Storm Lisa is located about 710 mi…1140 km WNW of the Cabo Verde islands with maximum sustained winds…45 mph…75 km/h. Pesent movement…NW or 310 degrees at 14 mph…22 km/h.

In the Eastern Pacific:

Invest 94E is an area of disturbed weather in the East Pacific that has the potential for further tropical development.

Invest 95E is an area of disturbed weather in the East Pacific that has the potential for further tropical development.

Newsbytes:

Australia – Floods continue for central west NSW. Further flooding is expected in NSW with families heading bush for the school holidays urged to rethink travel plans. Residents in central west NSW and the Riverina are being warned to expect flooding and road closures. Flood warnings are current for 12 river systems, with the State Emergency Service (SES) saying the worst-affected areas are around the Lachlan, Murrumbidgee and Macquarie rivers.

India – Hyderabad experienced heavy rainfall in various parts of the city early on Wednesday morning, with flooding at some places. A flood-like situation prevailed at Kukatpally, Alwal, Qutbullapur and Malkajgiri, with thunderstorms leading to continuous rainfall throughout the night.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

In the North Atlantic: Invest 94L is an area of disturbed weather in the North Atlantic that has the potential for further tropical development.

In the Eastern Pacific: Hurricane Orlene is located about 720 mi…1155 km WSW of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…80 mph…130 km/h. Present movement…NW or 305 degrees at 9 mph…15 km/h.

In the Western Pacific: Super Typhoon Meranti, located approximately 493 nm south of Kadena AB, is tracking west-northwestward at 11 knots.

Tropical depression 17w (Seventeen), located approximately 896 nm north-northeast of Minami Tori Shima, Japan, is tracking east-northeastward at 24 knots.

Tropical storm 18w (Eighteen), located approximately 170 nm west of Navsta, Guam, is tracking westward at 15 knots.

Tropical depression 19w (Nineteen), located approximately 182 nm southeast of Da Nang, Vietnam, is tracking northwestward at 16 knots.

In the Central Pacific: Invest 93C is an area of disturbed weather in the Central Pacific that has the potential for further tropical development.

Newsbytes:

India – With six more deaths, the toll in Bihar floods today increased to 228 even as the flood situation eased with all major rivers except Punpun, Kosi and Kamlabalan, flowing below danger mark. As per the department’s release, a total of 3.94 lakh people have been evacuated from the 12 flood-affected districts of Buxar, Bhojpur, Patna, Vaishali, Saran, Begusarai, Samastipur, Lakhisarai, Khagaria, Munger, Bhagalpur and Katihar. The government has deployed 2,537 boats for evacuation, while national and state disaster response forces were already working in the affected districts. 1.98 lakh people have taken shelter in 271 relief camps.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the North Atlantic:

Hurricane Gaston is located about 850 mi…1365 km E of Bermuda and about 1335 mi…2150 km W of the Azores with maximum sustained winds…120 mph…195 km/h. Present movement…NE or 50 degrees at 9 mph…15 km/h.

Tropical Depression Eight is located about 75 mi…120 km ESE of Cape Hatteras North Carolina with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…NE or 45 degrees at 5 mph…7 km/h.

Tropical Depression Nine is located about 405 mi…655 km SSW of Apalachicola Florida and about 425 mi…680 km SW of Tampa Florida with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…N or 360 degrees at 2 mph…4 km/h.

In the Eastern Pacific:

Hurricane Lester is located about 1160 mi…1865 km E of Hilo Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…140 mph…220 km/h. Present movement…W or 265 degrees at 12 mph…19 km/h.

Hurricane Madeline is located about 235 mi…380 km E of Hilo Hawaii and about 440 mi…705 km ESE of Honolulu Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…90 mph…150 km/h. Present movement…W or 260 degrees at 12 mph…19 km/h.

In the Western Pacific:

Typhoon 12w (Lionrock), located approximately 246 nm northwest of Misawa, Japan, is tracking northwestward at 35 knots.

In the Central Pacific:

Invest 92C is an area of disturbed weather in the Central Pacific that has the potential for further tropical development.

Invest 93C is an area of disturbed weather in the Central Pacific that has the potential for further tropical development.

Gl sst mm

Newsbytes:

Japan – Typhoon Lionrock made landfall Tuesday evening near the city of Ofunato, 310 miles northeast of Tokyo on the Pacific coast and crossed the main island of Honshu before heading out to the Sea of Japan. It was the first time a typhoon has made landfall in the northern region since 1951, when the Japan Meteorological Agency started keeping records. At least 11 people were found dead in Japan on Wednesday, most of them elderly residents at a nursing home, as heavy overnight rain from Typhoon Lionrock left towns flooded across the country’s north.

India – The monsoon floods in India’s Ganges river this year have broken previous records, according to local officials. They said water levels reached unprecedented levels at four locations in northern India. The highest record was in Patna, the state capital of Bihar where flood waters reached 50.52m (166ft) on 26 August, up from 50.27m in 1994. Floods across India this year have killed more than 150 people and displaced thousands. “We have also recorded unprecedented flood levels at Hathidah and Bhagalpur of Bihar state and Balliya of Uttar Pradesh,” chief of India’s Central Water Commission GS Jha said.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

In the North Atlantic:

Hurricane Gaston is located about 575 mi…925 km E of Bermuda with maximum sustained winds…115 mph…185 km/h. Present movement…N or 360 degrees at 1 mph…2 km/h.

Tropical Depression Eight is located about 210 mi…340 km se of Cape Hatteras North Carolina with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…NW or 310 degrees at 9 mph…15 km/h.

Tropical Depression Nine is located about 155 mi…245 km WSW of Key West Florida and about 95 mi…155 km WNW of Havana Cuba with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…W or 275 degrees at 9 mph…15 km/h.

In the Eastern Pacific:

Hurricane Lester is located about 1290 mi…2075 km W of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…125 mph…205 km/h. Present movement…W or 270 degrees at 15 mph…24 km/h.

Hurricane Madeline is located about 755 mi…1220 km E of Hilo Hawaii and about 955 mi…1535 km ESE of Honolulu Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…85 mph…140 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 300 degrees at 10 mph…17 km/h.

In the Western Pacific:

Typhoon 12w (Lionrock), located approximately 241 nm southwest of Yokosuka, Japan, is tracking north-northeastward at 14 knots.

In the Central Pacific:

Invest 92C is an area of disturbed weather in the Central Pacific that has the potential for further tropical development.

Newsbytes:

India – Bihar flood situation worsens. With four more deaths, the toll in Bihar floods on Saturday increased to 153, while 12 more panchayat areas were inundated affecting a total population of 34.69 lakh in twelve districts. The four fresh deaths were reported from Bhojpur and Begusarai, each district accounted for two. Caused by a spate in Ganga, Sone, Punpun, Burhi Gandak, Ghaghra, Kosi and other rivers, the flood affected 34.69 lakh people in 2,037 villages under 565 panchayats of 74 blocks in the state.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

In the North Atlantic:

Tropical Storm Gaston is located about 975 mi…1570 km W of the Cabo Verde islands with maximum sustained winds…70 mph…110 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 290 degrees at 17 mph…28 km/h.

Invest 99L is an area of disturbed weather in the North Atlantic that has the potential for further tropical development.

In the Eastern Pacific:

Invest 98E is an area of disturbed weather in the East Pacific that has the potential for further tropical development.

Invest 99E is an area of disturbed weather in the East Pacific that has the potential for further tropical development.

In the Western Pacific:

Tropical Storm 12w (Lionrock), located approximately 269 nm east-southeast of Kadena AB, Okinawa, Japan, is tracking south-southwestward at 06 knots.

Tropical Depression 14w (Fourteen), located approximately 340 nm east-southeast of Iwo To, is tracking north-northeastward at 24 knots.

Newsbytes:

90872136 8fc28f9a c4a6 460a a700 095bdd065ef4

India Update – Floods across India have killed more than 30 people and displaced thousands. Central Madhya Pradesh state has suffered the highest death toll with at least 17 people killed in flood-related incidents, officials said. And in eastern Bihar state, at least 15,000 people have been evacuated from their homes after a “flood-like situation” in a dozen districts. Floods are common in India during the monsoon season between June and September. But excessive rains this year have caused the Ganges river and its tributaries to rise above the danger level in about 20 districts in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. At least 13 people have died in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh states because of drowning, electrocution or injuries sustained after house collapses. In Bihar, where at least six rivers are flowing above the danger mark, thousands of people have taken shelter in more than 80 relief camps.

Romania – Authorities say 11 people have been rescued after being trapped by a flash flood in a huge bat cave in western Romania. The group had taken shelter Monday afternoon from torrential rain, only to be trapped by the flood. They were rescued after a seven-hour operation. The Huda lui Papara cave is home to the largest bat colony in Europe, located in the Apuseni Mountains in northwestern Transylvania.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

In the North Atlantic: Tropical Storm Fiona is located about 745 mi…1200 km ENE of the Leeward Islands with maximum sustained winds…45 mph…75 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 295 degrees at 16 mph…26 km/h.

Invest 90L is an area of disturbed weather in the North Atlantic that has the potential for further tropical development.

Invest 99L is an area of disturbed weather in the North Atlantic that has the potential for further tropical development.

In the Eastern Pacific: Tropical Storm Kay is located about 300 mi…485 km WSW of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…40 mph…65 km/h. Present movement…NW or 305 degrees at 7 mph…11 km/h.

In the Western Pacific: Tropical Storm 10w (Mindulle), located approximately 301 nm south of Yokosuka, Japan, is tracking northward at 20 knots.

Tropical Storm 12w (Lionrock), located approximately 287 nm southeast of Sasebo, Japan, is tracking west-southwestward at 09 knots.

Tropical Depression 13w (Kompasu), located approximately 96 nm east of Misawa, Japan, is tracking northwestward at 14 knots.

Newsbytes:

India – Seventeen people have died since Friday across Madhya Pradesh in devastation caused by three days of continuous rain and resulting floods.