Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.7 Earthquake hits the Colombia-Ecuador border.

5.4 Earthquake hits northern Alaska.

5.3 Earthquake hits the central Mid-Atlantic ridge.

5.1 Earthquake hits Mindanao in the Philippines.

5.1 Earthquake hits the central Mid-Atlantic ridge.

5.1 Earthquake hits Tonga.

5.0 Earthquake hits Iceland.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Hurricane Ana is located about 215 mi…345 km SSE of French Frigate Shoals and about 400 mi…640 km W of Lihue Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…50 mph…85 km/h. Present movement…W or 270 degrees at 9 mph…14 km/h.

Hazards affecting land – wind…tropical storm conditions are expected over Necker island…French Frigate Shoals…and nearby waters Tuesday afternoon through Wednesday. Surf…large swells produced by Ana will build across the northwest Hawaiian islands through Wednesday.

NewsBytes:

Britain – Three dead as winds from hurricane Gonzalo batter Britain. Gusts of up to 70mph batter the British Isles as remnants of hurricane move in from Atlantic.

Mexico – Heavy rains brought by the remnants of Tropical Storm Trudy have caused mudslides and flooding in southern Mexico that left at least six people dead.

Environment

World’s Oceans Set All-Time Heat Record

For the third month this year, the world’s oceans set a record for the warmest they have ever been since at least 1880, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) reported on Monday.

September had the highest global average sea surface temperatures of any month on record since instrument record-keeping began, with a global average temperature of 61.1 degrees Fahrenheit. This was warm enough to set another milestone that had already been set two previous times this year; the average global sea surface temperature was so warm in September that it broke the all-time record for the highest departure from average for any month since 1880, at 1.19 degrees Fahrenheit above average.

This broke the previous record of 1.17 degrees Fahrenheit warmer than average set just one month ago, in August, and the previous record before that: 1.15 degrees Fahrenheit above average, set in June.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Sinabung (Sumatra, Indonesia): Pyroclastic flows of small to moderate size continued to occur frequently during the past days. Canadian filmmaker Michael Dalton who was on location estimated 10-20 per day, most of them reaching lengths of 1-2 km and producing ash plumes rising approx. 2 km.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.4 Earthquake hits New Ireland, Papua New Guinea.

5.4 Earthquake hits the Balleny Islands.

5.3 Earthquake hits Iceland.

5.3 Earthquake hits the central Mid-Atlantic ridge.

5.3 Earthquake hits New Ireland, Papua New Guinea.

5.2 Earthquake hits Maule, Chile.

5.0 Earthquake hits Kepualauan Obi, Indonesia.

5.0 Earthquake hits Catanduanes in the Philippines.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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Hurricane Ana is located about 200 mi…325 km WSW of Lihue Hawaii and about 345 mi…550 km se of French Frigate Shoals with maximum sustained winds…70 mph…110 km/h. Present movement…W or 270 degrees at 9 mph…15 km/h.

Hazards affecting land – wind…tropical storm conditions are expected over Necker Island… French Frigate Shoals…and Tern Island Monday night. Hurricane conditions are possible over French Frigate Shoals and Tern Island Monday night and Tuesday. Surf…large swells produced by Ana will build across the northwest Hawaiian islands through Tuesday. Rainfall…locally heavy rainfall will linger over Kauai and Niihau tonight. Rainfall amounts of 4 to 8 inches…with local amounts of 12 inches…are possible over the northwest Hawaiian islands along and near the track of the centre of Ana.

NewsBytes:

Tenerife – Thousands of Britons holidaying in Tenerife have been caught in flash-flooding on the island. Seven inches of rain fell in just 12 hours, with tourists warned to stay in their hotels as landslides and fast-flowing waters led to road closures. One 56-year-old woman died after suffering a heart attacks as she was swept along by flood water then became trapped under a parked car in Santa Cruz.

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Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

The National IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia (SAU) has reported additional laboratory-confirmed cases of infection with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) to WHO.

Between 11 August and 28 September 2014, 15 cases of infection with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) including 4 deaths were reported to WHO.

Nigeria declared Ebola-free after containing virus

The World Health Organisation declared Nigeria Ebola free on Monday after a 42 day period with no new cases, in a success story with lessons for countries still struggling to contain the deadly virus.

The first case in Nigeria, Africa’s most populous nation, was imported from Liberia, when a Liberian-American diplomat called Patrick Sawyer collapsed at the main international airport in Lagos on July 20.

Because the country was ill prepared and had no screening procedures in place, Sawyer was able to infect several people, including several health workers in the hospital where he was taken, which did not have proper protection equipment.

Nigeria had 20 cases in total, of which eight died.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.0 Earthquake hits the Nicobar Islands off India.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Prince Edward Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits the South Sandwich Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits south of the Kermedec Islands.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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Hurricane Gonzalo is located about 120 mi…190 km E of St. Johns Newfoundland with maximum sustained winds…85 mph…140 km/h. Present movement…NE or 40 degrees at 52 mph…83 km/h.

Hazards affecting land – Surf…coastal flooding is possible in portions of southern Newfoundland this morning.

Hurricane Ana is located about 105 mi…170 km S of Lihue Hawaii and about 125 mi…200 km WSW of Honolulu Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…80 mph…130 km/h. Present movement…NW or 320 degrees at 7 mph…9 km/h.

Hazards affecting land – Surf…large swells produced by Ana will continue to impact most of the main Hawaiian islands through Sunday..

NewsBytes:

Nicaragua – A red alert has been issued after a heavy downpour left 22 people dead and made more than 32,000 homeless in Nicaragua. Around 4,544 homes home are damaged or destroyed by floods or have been evacuated due to flood risk. Heavy downpours in Nicaragua began early Thursday night.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Hurricane Gonzalo is located about 270 mi…435 km NNE of Bermuda and about 900 mi…1450 km SSW of Cape Race Newfoundland with maximum sustained winds…100 mph…160 km/h. Present movement…NNE or 30 degrees at 22 mph…35 km/h.

Hurricane Gonzalo uprooted trees, flattened power lines and smashed into Bermuda’s main hospital late on Friday—the second storm to pummel the tiny British territory in less than a week. The hurricane’s centre crossed over the island during the night and its winds and heavy surf were still whipping at the island early on Saturday as Gonzalo moved northward over the Atlantic. Forecasters warned of a 10-feet (3 meter) storm surge that could cause widespread flooding. A full assessment of damage is unlikely until daylight. A hurricane warning was downgraded to a tropical storm warning.

Hazards affecting land – Surf…large swells generated by gonzalo are still affecting portions of the Virgin Islands…the northern coasts of Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic…portions of the Bahamas…portions of the United States East Coast…and Bermuda. Swells will spread northward into portions of Atlantic Canada today through Sunday.

Hurricane Ana is located about 170 mi…275 km SW of Kailua-Kona Hawaii and about 225 mi…360 km S of Honolulu Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…80 mph…130 km/h. Present movement…NW or 310 degrees at 13 mph…20 km/h.

Hazards affecting land – wind…tropical storm conditions are possible over the main Hawaiian islands from Maui to Niihau today and Sunday.

Tropical Storm Trudy is located about 75 mi…115 km ESE of Acapulco Mexico with maximum sustained winds…60 mph…95 km/h. Present movement…E or 80 degrees at 2 mph…4 km/h.

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Global Warming

Peru’s Glacial Melt-Off Reaches 40 Percent

Glaciers near the southern South American country of Peru have shrunk by 40 percent in the past four decades, which has created a number of high-altitude lakes.

Climate change is the cause for the melt-off, which has spawned nearly 1,000 new high-altitude lakes since 1980, the Peruvian government said Wednesday.

The glaciers in Peru are small compared to those found in the north and south poles, and are at a greater risk of disappearing. In addition, 70 percent of the world’s tropical glaciers are found in Peru, and they are extremely sensitive to the warming temperatures associated with climate change.

In the coming years, 90 percent of the 2,679 glaciers could disappear, the country’s water authority said, updating its report of glacier inventory that was last issued in the 1970s.

Those at greater risk of melting away are smaller than 1-square-kilometre, and spread over 19 snow-capped mountain ranges of the Andes.

Officials said 996 lakes have emerged in the Andes since the last count in 1980, which increases the total to 8,355.

They are the majority source of the country’s drinking water.

Environment

Typhoons May Have Caused Fukushima Radiation Surge

Heavy rainfall from passing typhoons this month may be behind a record spike in groundwater radioactivity found in test wells drilled next to Japan’s crippled Fukushima nuclear power plant.

Samples taken next to three reactors that suffered meltdowns following the March 2011 earthquake-tsunami disaster showed an almost fourfold increase in particles such as strontium-90 within a four-day period.

The volume of isotopes such as cobalt-60 and manganese-54 also reached a record high, according to Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO).

This coincided with heavy rainfall from remnants of Typhoon Vongfong, which drenched much of Japan during the same period.

More powerful Typhoon Phanfone had passed over the Fukushima disaster zone during the previous week.

TEPCO said the increase in groundwater from the storms could have mixed with radioactive elements left in the soil after the meltdowns.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Kilauea (Hawai’i): The June 27th lava flow advancement has slowed, with the leading edge of the flow moving only a few tens of meters (yards) over the past two days. Nevertheless, active breakouts persist around the flow front, as shown in this photo by the continued burning of vegetation along the flow margins. On 15 Oct morning, the flow front was 1.1 km (0.7 miles) from Apaʻa St., as measured along a straight line. (HVO / USGS)

Fuego (Guatemala): Mild to moderate strombolian activity continues with no major changes over the past weeks. Much of the time, cloud cover prevents visual observations, but the observatory reports the usual occasional weak to moderate explosion sounds.