Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.9 Earthquake hits Guam.

5.7 Earthquake hits south of Fiji.

5.6 Earthquake hits Vanuatu.

5.3 Earthquake hits the Kuril Islands.

5.1 Earthquake hits south of Panama.

5.0 Earthquake hits Iceland.

5.0 Earthquake hits Mindanao in the Philippines.

5.0 Earthquake hits southern Sumatra, Indonesia.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

Tropical Storm Odile is located about 65 mi…100 km S of Puerto Penasco Mexico with maxximum sustained winds…45 mph…75 km/h. Present movement…NE or 35 degrees at 6 mph…9 km/h.

Hazards affecting land – wind…tropical storm conditions will spread northward over portions of the Tropical Storm Warning area through today. Storm surge…a storm surge could still produce significant coastal flooding in areas of onshore winds. Near the coast…the surge will be accompanied by large and damaging waves. Rainfall…Odile is expected to produce rainfall amounts of 6 to 12 inches with isolated maximum totals of around 18 inches across Sonora. These rains are likely to result in life-threatening flash floods and mudslides. Abundant moisture ahead of Odile will increase heavy rains and the threat for flash flooding for the southwestern United States over the next several days. Surf…swells from Odile will affect portions of the southwestern coast of Mexico during the next couple of days…and are affecting portions of the Baja California peninsula and the Gulf of California. These swells will likely cause life-threatening surf and rip current conditions.

Hurricane Edouard is located about 575 mi…925 km ENE of Bermuda and about 1490 mi…2395 km W of Fayal island in the western Azores with maximum sustained winds…90 mph…150 km/h. Present movement…NE or 35 degrees at 20 mph…31 km/h.

Hazards affecting land – surf…swells from Edouard will affect portions of the East Coast of the United States north of Florida beginning today. These swells will likely cause life-threatening rip current conditions along most of the United States East Coast for the next couple of days.

Tropical Storm Kalmaegi is located approximately 67 nm of Hanoi, Vietnam, and is tracking west-northwestward at 20 knots. The fail warning has been issued for this systemm.

Tropical Storm Polo is located about 185 mi…295 km S of Zihuatanejo Mexico and about 310 mi…495 km SSE of Manzanillo Mexico with maximum sustained winds…50 mph…85 km/h. Present movement…NW or 315 degrees at 12 mph…19 km/h.

Hazards affecting land – wind…tropical storm conditions are possible within the watch area by late today. Surf…swells generated by Polo will affect portions of the southern coast of Mexico during the next few days. These swells are likely to cause life-threatening surf and rip current conditions.

NewsBytes:

Uganda – Floods sweeping across eastern Uganda have destroyed thousands of hectares of crops, aid officials said Tuesday, warning that tens of thousands of people in the East African nation could face a severe food shortage in the coming months.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Bardarbunga (Iceland): Eruptive activity at the Holuhraun fissure is decreasing and many believe that it might end within some days. This does not necessarily mean that the eruption & crisis is over, however, but could be just a pause.

Mayon volcano (Philippines): The volcano could to be heading towards a new eruption. PHILVOLCS raised the alert level of the volcano was raised from 2 to 3 (on a scale of 1-5) on 15 Sep, following increased seismic activity and observation of small incandescent rockfalls on the southeastern upper flank. The presence of low-frequency earthquakes suggests that magma has started to rise within the volcano, which would explain the recently observed lava dome and the glowing rockfalls during recent days, which in turn likely originated from it. The exclusion zone around Mayon has been extended to 6 km around the whole volcano and 7 km on the most exposed southeastern sector. This area is most at risk, if dangerous pyroclastic flows (hot avalanches of fragmented lava from the dome, mixed with hot air and gasses) develop.

Stromboli volcano (Eolian Islands, Italy): Lava effusion continues with little changes overall. During the past weeks, the main lava flow has been traveling in the central part of the Sciara where it is mostly hidden from the webcam. The main flow front almost reached the sea again last night and this morning, but stopped shortly before the shoreline. Beneath the vent at 650 m elevation, occasional overflows occur to feed small secondary flows on the northern upper part. This was visible on the publicly available INGV webcam located at 400 m elevation.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.6 Earthquake hits eastern Honshu, Japan.

5.6 Earthquake hits New Britain, Papua New Guinea.

5.4 Earthquake hits Martinique in the Windward islands.

5.1 Earthquake hits Fiji.

5.0 Earthquake hits the central Mid-Atlantic ridge.

Two 5.0 Earthquakes hit the Gulf of California.

5.0 Earthquake hits east of the South Sandwich Islands.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Hurricane Odile is located about 25 mi…40 km WNW of Santa Rosalia Mexico with maximum sustained winds…65 mph…100 km/h. Present movement…NNW or 340 degrees at 10 mph…17 km/h

Hazards affecting land – wind…tropical storm conditions will spread northward over portions of the Tropical Storm Warning area through tonight. Tropical storm conditions are possible within the tropical storm watch area by this afternoon. It should be noted that wind speeds atop and on the windward sides of hills and mountains are often up to 30 percent stronger than indicated in this advisory…and in some elevated locations can be even greater. Storm surge…a storm surge could still produce significant coastal flooding in areas of onshore winds. Near the coast…the surge will be accompanied by large and damaging waves. Rainfall…Odile is expected to produce rainfall amounts of 6 to 12 inches with isolated maximum totals of around 18 inches across much of the Baja California peninsula…and over coastal portions of the Mexican state of Sonora during the next several days. These rains are likely to result in life-threatening flash floods and mud slides. Abundant moisture ahead of Odile will increase heavy rains and the threat for flash flooding for the southwestern United States over the next several days. Surf…swells from Odile will affect portions of the southwestern coast of Mexico during the next couple of days…and are affecting portions of the Baja California peninsula and the Gulf of California. These swells will likely cause life-threatening surf and rip current conditions.

Hurricane Edouard is located about 465 mi…750 km ESE of Bermuda with maximum sustained winds…110 mph…175 km/h. Present movement…NNW or 340 degrees at 13 mph…20 km/h.

Typhoon Kalmaegi is located approximately 243 nm east of Hanoi, Vietnam, and is tracking west-northwestward at 12 knots.

The typhoon is bringing strong winds and heavy rainfall to southern China, prompting flight disruptions and evacuations. Typhoon Kalmaegi made landfall early Tuesday on the island of Hainan, China’s southernmost province. The official Xinhua news agency says at least 170 flights were canceled and 90,000 people evacuated from the island’s east coast.

Earlier, the typhoon passed just south of Hong Kong, packing wind gusts of up to 160 kilometres per hour. The storm delayed at least 500 flights at Hong Kong’s airport and forced the Hong Kong stock exchange to cancel morning trading. Trading later resumed when authorities downgraded the typhoon alert.

Kalmaegi swept through the Philippines on Sunday, causing landslides and flooding in some rural areas.

The storm is moving northwest and is expected to make landfall later Tuesday in Vietnam.

Tropical Storm Polo is located about 360 mi…580 km SSE of Acapulco Mexico with maximum sustained winds…40 mph…65 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 295 degrees at 9 mph…15 km/h.

Gl sst mm

Wildfires

Wildfires – Oregon

Two wildfires that started over the weekend were threatening scattered rural homes in western Oregon, where forests are critically dry and the weather has been hot.

A fire on the Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forest about 15 miles west of Grants Pass grew to nearly 2,000 acres Monday. Bulldozer crews started building fire line on the northeastern flank to protect some scattered homes along the Rogue River in the Picket Creek area, where Josephine County has warned residents to be ready to leave, fire spokesman Scott Blower said. The fire had about five miles to go before reaching the first of the homes. More crews and equipment were dispatched to fight the fire, which was mapped overnight at 1,954 acres. The cause was under investigation, but there were no reports of lightning over the weekend, making it likely it was human-caused.

On the Mount Hood National Forest about 10 miles east of Estacada, a human-caused wildfire grew to nearly 2,500 acres, prompting the evacuation of about 20 residents of a recreational vehicle park, said spokeswoman Carol Connolly. The city of Estacada was not threatened, but residents of six homes near the fire were warned to start getting ready to leave.

1410815803001 Oregon Wildfires Roem

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

Major Hurricane Odile expected to affect southern Baja California tonight and Monday, located about 140 mi (225 km) SSE of the southern tip of Baja California.

Hurricane Odile grew into a powerful Category 4 storm Sunday and took aim at the resort area of Los Cabos, prompting Mexican authorities to evacuate vulnerable coastal areas and prepare shelters for up to 30,000 people. The U.S. National Hurricane Center in Miami said Odile was on a track to pass close to or directly over the southern end of the Baja California Peninsula late Sunday and into Monday. Hurricane Edouard is located about 860 mi (1385 km) NE of the northern Leeward Islands.

Tropical storm Kalmaegi is located approximately 783 nm east of Hanoi, Vietnam.

A strong typhoon slammed into the rice-producing Philippine northern region on Sunday, cutting power and communications lines and forcing people to flee to higher ground. Packing central winds of 130 kph and gusts of up to 160 kph, Typhoon Kalmaegi made landfall early evening Sunday in Isabela province, dumping heavy rains that soaked farms. Halmaegi, known locally as “Luis”, is moving west northwest at 22 kph, but is expected to weaken and lose speed as it will cross a mountainous region before exiting into the South China Sea.

NewsBytes:

Bangladesh – Floods leave a trail of destruction in rural Bangladesh. Since mid-August in 19 low-lying districts in the east, west and central areas of Bangladesh, where downpours coupled with heavy rainfall in the main river basins and upstream catchments of India caused flooding which affected over three million people. More than 340,000 people were forced from their homes and 34,000 houses were completely destroyed. Government reports say 52 people have drowned and more than 400 injured in the 10 districts surveyed.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Bardarbunga (Iceland): The eruption continues with little changes. Fountaining is now limited to the central vent on the main fissure. The southernmost vent, still active on Friday, stopped erupting yesterday. Earthquake activity has been stable compared to recent days. Approx. 140 events were detected since midnight (until 18:50 local time). The quakes concentrate in the northernmost part of the dyke intrusion, from the eruption site to about 6 km into Dyngjujökull glacier. Earthquakes in the intrusion hardly exceed magnitude 2: as the magma has an open way to the surface now, no new fractures need to be broken, and earthquake activity has dropped as a result.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.4 Earthquake hits Tonga.

5.3 Earthquake hits the Nias region, Indonesia.

5.2 Earthquake hits the Hindu Kush, Afghanistan.

Tectonic Plates Moving Faster

Scientists say they have found that Earth’s tectonic plates are now moving faster than at any other point in the last 2 billion years.

Plate tectonics is the prevailing geologic process that shapes the planet.

It triggers most of the world’s strongest earthquakes and many volcanic eruptions, along with building mountains and moving continents.

While earlier research seemed to reveal that the massive tectonic plates are actually slowing down as Earth’s core cools, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology geochemist Kent Condie and colleagues say they have evidence of faster plate movements.

Writing in the journal Precambrian Research, the team says they looked at how often new mountain belts form when plates collide, and compared it to magnetic data from volcanic rocks.

That allowed them to determine where the rocks formed and how quickly the continents had moved.

This aerial view of the San Andreas Fault shows how an untold number of slips have altered the landscape.

Ew140912a

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

Hurricane Odile is located about 225 mi…360 km W of Manzanillo Mexico and about 285 mi…460 km SSE of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…135 mph…215 km/h. Present movement…NNW or 330 degrees at 15 mph…24 km/h.

Hazards affecting land – wind…hurricane conditions are expected in the Hurricane Warning area beginning by tonight…and are possible in the Hurricane Watch area late Monday. Tropical storm conditions are expected to spread northward across Baja California sur in advance of the hurricane conditions later today. Tropical storm conditions are possible within the tropical storm watch area by Monday night. Tropical storm conditions are likely occurring along the coast of Mainland Mexico in the warning area. Storm surge…a dangerous storm surge is expected to produce significant coastal flooding in areas of onshore winds in the Hurricane Warning area. Near the coast…the surge will be accompanied by large and destructive waves. Surf…swells from Odile will affect portions of the southwestern coast of Mexico during the next couple of days…and will begin to affect southern portions of the Baja California peninsula and the southern Gulf of California later today. These swells are likely to cause life-threatening surf and rip current conditions. Please consult products from your local weather office. Rainfall…Odile is expected to produce rainfall amounts of 5 to 10 inches with isolated totals of around 15 inches in areas of mountainous terrain across the Mexican states of Baja California sur…Colima…Jalisco…and western michoacan. These rains are likely to result in life-threatening flash floods and mudslides.

Tropical Storm Eduard is located about 950 mi…1530 km ENE of the northern Leeward Islands with maximum sustained winds…70 mph…110 km/h. Present movement…NW or 305 degrees at 14 mph…22 km/h.

Tropical Storm Kalmaegi is located approximately 200 nm northeast of Manila, Philippines, and is tracking west-northwestward at 12 knots.

NewsBytes:

Croatia – Croatian authorities say about 2,000 people need to be evacuated from fresh floods that have hit the Balkans. Heavy rainfall caused rivers to overflow Saturday in Croatia, flooding houses and roads in the same areas of the Balkans that were devastated in May by the worst floods in 120 years.

India – After few clear days, rain returned to the Kashmir valley on Sunday in bad news for flood victims as it could hamper rescue operations in the submerged areas. Rainfall accompanied by thunder and lightning lashed Srinagar and other parts of the valley. The weather had been clear for the past five days after incessant rain led to unprecedented floods in the valley. Around 1.5 lakh people are still marooned in many parts of the valley after the worst floods in the state in a century unleashed a trail of death and destruction.

Screen Shot 2014 09 14 at 1 59 10 PM

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:


Gl sst mm

Hurricane Odile is located about 195 mi…310 km SSW of Manzanillo Mexico and about 260 mi…420 km S of Cabo Corrientes Mexico with maximum sustained winds…75 mph…120 km/h. Present movement…NW or 315 degrees at 5 mph…7 km/h.

Hazards affecting land – wind…tropical storm conditions are possible within the watch area in southwestern Mexico today and tonight. Tropical storm conditions are possible within the watch area in southern Baja California by Sunday night. Surf…swells from Odile will affect portions of the southwestern coast of Mexico during the next couple of days…and will begin to affect southern portions of the Baja California peninsula and the southern Gulf of California on Sunday. These swells are likely to cause life-threatening surf and rip current conditions.

Tropical Storm Eduard is located about 1115 mi…1790 km ENE of the northern Leeward Islands with maximum sustained winds…50 mph…85 km/h. Present movement…NW or 305 degrees at 15 mph…24 km/h.

Tropical Storm Kalmaegi is located approximately 377 nm east of Manila, Philippines, and is tracking west-northwestward at 14 knots.

NewsBytes:

Usa – Floods ravage Memphis after record-breaking rainfall.

Global Warming

No More Pauses as Global Warming Slips Out of Control

The door of opportunity to control global warming is closing, according to United Nations climate chief Christiana Figueres.

Her warning coincided with two independent studies that indicate the recent pause in surface warming may be the last for generations.

Figueres made the comments at a conference on the effects of climate change on Pacific nations.

“Unless the world acts on climate change in a timely way, (Pacific islands) are going to be the hardest hit,” she told Agence France-Presse.

Meanwhile, researchers examining 31 climate models concluded that if greenhouse gas emissions keep rising, the chance of another 10-year period with no significant surface temperature warming will drop to virtually zero after 2030.

Scientists believe the current pause is due to excess heat being stored in the deep oceans.

Wildfires

Wildfires – California

Mandatory evacuations were underway Friday evening in Orange County as a rapidly moving brush fire has burned more than 1,300 acres in the hills of the Cleveland National Forest.

About 30 homes are being evacuated. The brush fire is being fueled by tinder-dry vegetation and is in steep, hard-to-reach terrain.

Firefighters were being aided by water-dropping aircraft as they tried to hold back flames atop ridgelines near Corona.

A Northern California wildfire started by a lightning strike a month ago has burned more than 108,000 acres in the drought-stricken state, officials said on Friday.

The fire in the Klamath National Forest started when lightning struck the Happy Camp area on Aug. 11. It was 45 percent contained on Friday.

The blaze formed a large ring and grew by 882 acres on Thursday night, said Klamath National Forest spokeswoman Andrea Capps, and it is expected to continue to grow along the ring’s southern perimeter through Friday.