Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.3 Earthquake hits southern Peru.

5.3 Earthquake hits the northern Mid-Atlantic ridge.

5.2 Earthquake hits Halmahera, Indonesia.

5.0 Earthquake hits Mindanao in the Philippines.

5.0 Earthquake hits the South Sandwich Islands.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Tropical Storm Ana is strengthening and moving northwest while crossing the northwest Hawaiian islands east of Maro Reef – located about 130 mi…210 km ENE of Maro Reef and about 220 mi…350 km NW of French Frigate Shoals with maximum sustained winds…50 mph…80 km/h. Present movement…NW or 325 degrees at 12 mph…19 km/h.

Hazards affecting land – wind…tropical storm conditions are expected over Gardner Pinnacles and nearby waters through tonight and will affect the Maro Reef area into Thursday morning. Surf…large swells produced by Ana will continue across the northwest Hawaiian islands tonight and early Thursday.

NewsBytes:

Germany – The remnants of hurricane Gonzalo have drifted across the Atlantic and are now threatening North German cities with flooding, forecasters warned on Wednesday. The news followed a night of accidents caused by heavy winds in southern Germany.

Disease

Kenyan Corn-Disease Outbreak

An outbreak of Maize Lethal Necrosis Disease in Kenya may reduce corn production by almost a third this year as yields fall and growers abandon the grain for other crops.

As many as 70 percent of farmers of the staple food in the main growing regions may have been affected by the virus. All of the corn varieties grown in Kenya are susceptible to the disease.

Kenya expects a 30 percent reduction in production. Control methods like burning, cutting achieve little. The only solution is to develop resistant varieties.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.8 Earthquake hits the Ryukyu Islands off Japan.

5.4 Earthquake hits the Balleny Islands.

5.2 Earthquake hits the Andreanof Islands in the Aleutian Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Ascension Island region.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Tropical Storm Ana is located about 115 mi…185 km SSW of French Frigate Shoals and about 495 mi…795 km W of Lihue Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…40 mph…65 km/h. Present movement…NW or 315 degrees at 5 mph…8 km/h.

Hazards affecting land – wind…tropical storm conditions are expected over French Frigate

Shoals…Necker Island and Gardner Pinnacles…and nearby waters…today and tonight. Surf…large swells produced by Ana will build across the northwest Hawaiian islands today and tonight.

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Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Cerro Negro de Mayasquer volcano (Colombia): magnitude 5.8 earthquake, alert level raised Orange alert has been declared for the volcanic complex at the Colombia-Ecuador border, after a magnitude 5.8 earthquake occurred under the volcano last Monday. This earthquake, located at shallow 10 km depth southwest of the Chiles cone, seems to be directly linked to the ongoing crisis at the volcano. The volcano has recently been showing increased signs of volcanic unrest and inflation. This could be the sign of magma rising with the volcano and result in an eruption, although it is not possible to quantify how likely this might be.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.7 Earthquake hits the Colombia-Ecuador border.

5.4 Earthquake hits northern Alaska.

5.3 Earthquake hits the central Mid-Atlantic ridge.

5.1 Earthquake hits Mindanao in the Philippines.

5.1 Earthquake hits the central Mid-Atlantic ridge.

5.1 Earthquake hits Tonga.

5.0 Earthquake hits Iceland.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Hurricane Ana is located about 215 mi…345 km SSE of French Frigate Shoals and about 400 mi…640 km W of Lihue Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…50 mph…85 km/h. Present movement…W or 270 degrees at 9 mph…14 km/h.

Hazards affecting land – wind…tropical storm conditions are expected over Necker island…French Frigate Shoals…and nearby waters Tuesday afternoon through Wednesday. Surf…large swells produced by Ana will build across the northwest Hawaiian islands through Wednesday.

NewsBytes:

Britain – Three dead as winds from hurricane Gonzalo batter Britain. Gusts of up to 70mph batter the British Isles as remnants of hurricane move in from Atlantic.

Mexico – Heavy rains brought by the remnants of Tropical Storm Trudy have caused mudslides and flooding in southern Mexico that left at least six people dead.

Environment

World’s Oceans Set All-Time Heat Record

For the third month this year, the world’s oceans set a record for the warmest they have ever been since at least 1880, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) reported on Monday.

September had the highest global average sea surface temperatures of any month on record since instrument record-keeping began, with a global average temperature of 61.1 degrees Fahrenheit. This was warm enough to set another milestone that had already been set two previous times this year; the average global sea surface temperature was so warm in September that it broke the all-time record for the highest departure from average for any month since 1880, at 1.19 degrees Fahrenheit above average.

This broke the previous record of 1.17 degrees Fahrenheit warmer than average set just one month ago, in August, and the previous record before that: 1.15 degrees Fahrenheit above average, set in June.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Sinabung (Sumatra, Indonesia): Pyroclastic flows of small to moderate size continued to occur frequently during the past days. Canadian filmmaker Michael Dalton who was on location estimated 10-20 per day, most of them reaching lengths of 1-2 km and producing ash plumes rising approx. 2 km.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.4 Earthquake hits New Ireland, Papua New Guinea.

5.4 Earthquake hits the Balleny Islands.

5.3 Earthquake hits Iceland.

5.3 Earthquake hits the central Mid-Atlantic ridge.

5.3 Earthquake hits New Ireland, Papua New Guinea.

5.2 Earthquake hits Maule, Chile.

5.0 Earthquake hits Kepualauan Obi, Indonesia.

5.0 Earthquake hits Catanduanes in the Philippines.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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Hurricane Ana is located about 200 mi…325 km WSW of Lihue Hawaii and about 345 mi…550 km se of French Frigate Shoals with maximum sustained winds…70 mph…110 km/h. Present movement…W or 270 degrees at 9 mph…15 km/h.

Hazards affecting land – wind…tropical storm conditions are expected over Necker Island… French Frigate Shoals…and Tern Island Monday night. Hurricane conditions are possible over French Frigate Shoals and Tern Island Monday night and Tuesday. Surf…large swells produced by Ana will build across the northwest Hawaiian islands through Tuesday. Rainfall…locally heavy rainfall will linger over Kauai and Niihau tonight. Rainfall amounts of 4 to 8 inches…with local amounts of 12 inches…are possible over the northwest Hawaiian islands along and near the track of the centre of Ana.

NewsBytes:

Tenerife – Thousands of Britons holidaying in Tenerife have been caught in flash-flooding on the island. Seven inches of rain fell in just 12 hours, with tourists warned to stay in their hotels as landslides and fast-flowing waters led to road closures. One 56-year-old woman died after suffering a heart attacks as she was swept along by flood water then became trapped under a parked car in Santa Cruz.

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Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

The National IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia (SAU) has reported additional laboratory-confirmed cases of infection with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) to WHO.

Between 11 August and 28 September 2014, 15 cases of infection with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) including 4 deaths were reported to WHO.

Nigeria declared Ebola-free after containing virus

The World Health Organisation declared Nigeria Ebola free on Monday after a 42 day period with no new cases, in a success story with lessons for countries still struggling to contain the deadly virus.

The first case in Nigeria, Africa’s most populous nation, was imported from Liberia, when a Liberian-American diplomat called Patrick Sawyer collapsed at the main international airport in Lagos on July 20.

Because the country was ill prepared and had no screening procedures in place, Sawyer was able to infect several people, including several health workers in the hospital where he was taken, which did not have proper protection equipment.

Nigeria had 20 cases in total, of which eight died.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.0 Earthquake hits the Nicobar Islands off India.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Prince Edward Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits the South Sandwich Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits south of the Kermedec Islands.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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Hurricane Gonzalo is located about 120 mi…190 km E of St. Johns Newfoundland with maximum sustained winds…85 mph…140 km/h. Present movement…NE or 40 degrees at 52 mph…83 km/h.

Hazards affecting land – Surf…coastal flooding is possible in portions of southern Newfoundland this morning.

Hurricane Ana is located about 105 mi…170 km S of Lihue Hawaii and about 125 mi…200 km WSW of Honolulu Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…80 mph…130 km/h. Present movement…NW or 320 degrees at 7 mph…9 km/h.

Hazards affecting land – Surf…large swells produced by Ana will continue to impact most of the main Hawaiian islands through Sunday..

NewsBytes:

Nicaragua – A red alert has been issued after a heavy downpour left 22 people dead and made more than 32,000 homeless in Nicaragua. Around 4,544 homes home are damaged or destroyed by floods or have been evacuated due to flood risk. Heavy downpours in Nicaragua began early Thursday night.