Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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In the North Atlantic Ocean: Tropical Storm Jose is located about 550 mi…885 km SSE of cape Hatteras North Carolina and about 515 mi…830 km SW of Bermuda with maximum sustained winds…80 mph…130 km/h. Present movement…NW or 305 degrees at 9 mph…15 km/h.

Tropical Depression Fourteen is located about 590 mi…950 km SSW of the Cabo Verde Islands with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…W or 270 degrees at 07 mph…11 km/h.

In the Eastern Pacific: Tropical depression 15e (Fifteen), located approximately 1009 nm south-southwest of San Diego, is tracking west-southwestward at 03 knots.

Hurricane Norma is located about 60 mi…95 km E of Socorro island and about 260 mi…420 km S of Cabo San Lucas Mexico with maximum sustained winds…75 mph…120 km/h. Present movement…Stationary.

In the Western Pacific: Tropical Storm 20w (Talim), located approximately 295 nm wouth-southwest of Sasebo, Japan, is tracking east-northeastward at 08 knots.

Newsbytes:

Wales – Heavy flooding hit Ceredigion in rural Wales after torrential overnight rain. Other areas hit by flooding including areas around Lampeter, Llandysul and Newquay.

Sudan – An overflowing Nile River and heavy rains flooded the South Sudanese town of Bor this week, sweeping away homes and leaving hundreds of families without food or shelter.

Thailand – A nine-storey hotel under construction in Kathu district in Phuket collapsed during a landslide with heavy rain throughout the island province on Friday. No casualties were reported. Four other landslides hit a villa at Kalama beach, an area in front of Rimpa on Patong-Kalim beach, an area in front of Chao Por Sua shrine at Patong, and a condominium in Ratsada area of Muang district. Hours of torrential rain caused flooding in Muang, Thalang and Kathu districts, with the water 20-30cm deep.

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Nature – Images

Interesting Images

A massive, glowing, Slinky-like “creature” photographed by a scuba diver off the coast of Australia has spurred intense speculation about what the mystery beast could be. The translucent, glowing tube is made up of strings of squid eggs from a little-known species, a diamond squid. The diamond-shaped squid is a large and mysterious creature that can be about 3 feet (1 meter) long and weigh up to 66 lbs. (30 kilograms). The species looks a bit like a kite affixed to a handful of tentacles, and the animals live in male-female pairs for their life span (about one year). The huge sea creatures lay large egg cases up to 6 feet (1.8 m) long. Each egg case can carry between 24,100 and 43,800 eggs.

Screen Shot 2017 09 16 at 1 30 57 PM

Wildfires

Wildfires – Australia

Fire fighters gained the upper hand against more than 50 bushfires across NSW, moving to contain and extinguish blazes after hot and windy conditions fanned them toward homes earlier in the week.

Thursday’s raging Jervis Bay bushfire forced the evacuation of a primary school and nearby naval base, and came within one kilometre of homes. Fire authorities said on Friday they believe it was deliberately lit.

Some 73 fires are still burning around NSW with about 11 not under control.

Disease

Chikungunya – Italy

As of 14 September, fourteen autochthonous confirmed cases of chikungunya have been diagnosed in Italy, six in Rome and eight in the coastal area of Anzio (Lazio Region). There are additional cases being investigated.

Pneumonic plague outbreak reported in Madagascar

Twenty-two pneumonic plague cases, including five deaths have been reported in Madagascar since August. There was widespread panic in the eastern region of Tamatave which has not seen the plague for 100 years.

During the last decade, the island country reported more than 7,000 human plague cases, second most on the planet. There have been outbreaks every year in Madagascar since 1980, especially fueled by rats fleeing forest fires.

Cholera – Nigeria

The death toll as a result of cholera outbreak in Borno State has risen to 44, the State Commissioner of Health, Dr. Haruna Mshelia revealed on Friday.

The outbreak which has become a yearly occurrence in the troubled state, hit hard at internally displaced persons (IDPs) camps, where many of the death and affected victims were recorded.

Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.8 Earthquake hits the Pagan region in the North Mariana Islands.

5.2 Earthquake hits Easter Island.

5.2 Earthquake hits Vanuatu.

5.0 Earthquake hits offshore Oaxaca, Mexico.

5.0 Earthquake hits the South Sandwich Islands.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the North Atlantic Ocean: Tropical Storm Jose is located about 360 mi…575 km NE of the southeastern Bahamas and about 500 mi…805 km SSW of Bermuda with maximum sustained winds…70 mph…110 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 290 degrees at 8 mph…13 km/h.

Tropical Depression Fourteen is located about 435 mi…700 km SSW of the Cabo Verde Islands with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…w or 270 degrees at 15 mph…24 km/h.

In the Eastern Pacific: The Remnants of Max are located about 125 mi…200 km E of Acapulco Mexico with maximum sustained winds…30 mph…45 km/h. Present movement…ENE or 60 degrees at 5 mph…7 km/h.

Tropical depression 15e (Fifteen), located approximately 1081 nm south-southwest of San Diego, is tracking west-northwestward at 04 knots.

Tropical Storm Norma is located about 85 mi…140 km E of Socorro island and about 295 mi…480 km S of Cabo San Lucas Mexico with maximum sustained winds…50 mph…85 km/h. Present movement…N or 350 degrees at 2 mph…4 km/h.

In the Western Pacific: Typhoon 20w (Talim), located approximately 170 nm west-northwest of Kadena AFB, Okinawa, Japan, is tracking north-northeastward at 06 knots.

Typhoon 21w (Doksuri), located approximately 174 nm northwest of Da Nang, Vietnam, is tracking westward at 12 knots.

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Newsbytes:

Malaysia – The morning rush hour on Penang island has been brought to a standstill by massive floods after a downpour that lasted all night. All main routes to the city’s central business district are cut off by knee-deep to chest-high flood waters from 6am Friday. In the Jalan P. Ramlee area, flood waters are reported to be up to 1.5m deep.

Florida, USA – Hurricane Irma has passed, but her effect is still being felt as the Santa Fe River continues to rise above flood stage. The massive amount of rain is finally adding up, pushing people from their homes and off roadways.

Wildlife

Stinging Invasion

Beaches on England’s picturesque Cornwall coast were forced to close as an unprecedented number of Portuguese men o’war washed ashore.

The floating colonies of tiny organisms working together have tentacles that reach up to 165 feet in length and can deliver an extremely painful sting.

The Cornwall Wildlife Trust says the foreign invaders were blown in by strong southwesterly winds. The warm-water creatures typically live far out to sea.

Monarchs in Peril

While declining monarch butterfly populations from Mexico to eastern Canada have received the most attention in recent years, scientists at Washington State University Vancouver say western populations are now at greater risk of extinction.

“In the 1980s, 10 million monarchs spent the winter in coastal California. Today there are barely 300,000,” said biologist Cheryl Schultz.

The exact causes of the decline are unknown, but Schultz fears habitat destruction and pesticide use across the West, where the monarchs breed, are the likely culprits.

Environment

Global Temperature Extremes

The week’s hottest temperature was 120.2 degrees Fahrenheit (49.0 degrees Celsius) in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

The week’s coldest temperature was minus 97.0 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 71.6 degrees Celsius) at Vostok, Antarctica.

Temperatures were tabulated from the more than 10,000 worldwide synoptic weather stations. The United Nations World Meteorological Organization sets the standards for weather observations, and provides a global telecommunications circuit for data distribution.

Disease

Anthrax downs 42 hippos in Tanzania

More than 40 hippopotami in Ruaha National Park have succumbed to the lethal bacterial disease, anthrax, according to a local media report. A spokesman for the south-central sanctuary said this is the largest number of hippos to have been killed in the park by the disease.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity – Ongoing Activity for the week of 6 September-12 September 2017

Aira | Kyushu (Japan) : JMA reported that 30 explosive events at Showa Crater (at Aira Caldera’s Sakurajima volcano) during 4-11 September ejected material as far as 800 m. Ash plumes rose as high as 2.2 km above the crater rim. Crater incandescence was observed most nights. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a 5-level scale).

Bagana | Bougainville (Papua New Guinea) : Based on analyses of satellite imagery and model data, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 11-12 September an ash plume from Bagana rose to an altitude of 2.1 km (7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NW.

Bezymianny | Central Kamchatka (Russia) : KVERT reported that during 1-8 September a thermal anomaly over Bezymianny was identified daily in satellite images. A lava flow continued to flow down the W flank of the dome; incandescence from the dome was visible at night. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-colour scale).

Bogoslof | Fox Islands (USA) : AVO reported that during 6-12 September nothing significant was observed in mostly cloudy satellite images of Bogoslof, and no activity was detected in seismic or infrasound data. The 8 September report noted that the crater lake had been bisected by a narrow isthmus of land. Elevated surface temperatures were identified in one satellite image during 10-11 September. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange and the Volcano Alert Level remained at Watch.

Cleveland | Chuginadak Island (USA) : AVO reported that during 6-12 September nothing significant was observed in often cloudy satellite images and web camera views of Cleveland; minor steaming was noted during 10-11 September. In addition, nothing noteworthy was detected in seismic or infrasound data. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange and the Volcano Alert Level remained at Watch.

Dukono | Halmahera (Indonesia) : Based on analyses of satellite imagery, wind model data, and notices from PVMBG, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 6-10 and 12 September ash plumes from Dukono rose to an altitude of 2.1 km (7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted SW, W, and NW.

Ebeko | Paramushir Island (Russia) : Based on observations by volcanologists in Severo-Kurilsk (Paramushir Island), about 7 km E of Ebeko, explosions on 2 September generated ash plumes that rose 4 km (13,100 ft) a.s.l. Explosions during 3 and 6-7 September produced ash plumes that rose 2.1 km (6,900 ft) a.s.l. Minor amounts of ash fell in Severo-Kurilsk during 2-3 and 6-7 September. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-colour scale).

Kilauea | Hawaiian Islands (USA) : During 6-12 September HVO reported that the lava lake continued to rise, fall, and spatter in Kilauea’s Overlook crater, though a deflationary trend the second half of the week caused the lake level to mostly drop. Several rockfalls and collapses of the inner crater wall veneer were noted during 7-10 September; frequent rockfalls were not uncommon during periods of lake level lowering. Webcams recorded incandescence from long-active sources within Pu’u ‘O’o Crater and from a small lava pond in a pit on the W side of the crater. The 61G lava flow, originating from a vent on Pu’u ‘O’o Crater’s E flank, continued to enter the ocean at Kamokuna. Surface lava flows were active above and on the pali, and on the coastal plain. HVO noted that cracks running parallel to the coastline underscored the potential for bench collapse into the sea.

Klyuchevskoy | Central Kamchatka (Russia) : KVERT reported that on 7 September explosions at Klyuchevskoy recorded by a webcam generated ash plumes that rose as high as 6 km (19,700 ft) a.s.l. and drifted about 50 km NE. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-colour scale).

Poas | Costa Rica : OVSICORI-UNA reported that an event at Poás at 0820 on 13 September generated plume that rose 300 m above the crater rim.

Sabancaya | Peru : Observatorio Vulcanológico del Sur del IGP (OVS-IGP) and Observatorio Vulcanológico del INGEMMET (OVI) reported that explosive activity at Sabancaya was slightly lower compared to the previous week; there was an average of 38 explosions recorded per day during 4-10 September. The earthquakes were dominated by long-period signals, with fewer numbers of hybrid events and emission signals. Gas-and-ash plumes rose 3.5 km above the crater rim and drifted no more than 40 km SE. The MIROVA system detected five thermal anomalies. The report warned the public not to approach the crater within a 12-km radius.

Sangay | Ecuador : Based on information from the Guayaquil MWO, the Washington VAAC reported that on 6 September an emission from Sangay rose 7.3 km (24,000 ft) a.s.l.

Sheveluch | Central Kamchatka (Russia) : KVERT reported that a thermal anomaly over Sheveluch was identified daily in satellite images during 2-3 and 6-7 September. Two explosive events on 7 September generated ash plumes that rose 8-10 km (26,200-32,800 ft) a.s.l. and drifted NE, SE, and S. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange.

Sinabung | Indonesia : Based on observations by PVMBG, webcam and satellite images, and model data, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 6-8 and 12 September ash plumes from Sinabung rose 3-5.5 km (10,000-18,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted W, NW, and E.

Suwanosejima | Ryukyu Islands (Japan) : Based on JMA notices and satellite-image analyses, the Tokyo VAAC reported explosions on 6 September generated plums that rose 1.5-1.8 km (5,000-6,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted E.

Turrialba | Costa Rica : OVSICORI-UNA reported that an event at Turrialba at 0730 on 11 September generated a plume that rose 500 m above the crater rim and drifted N. Another event at 0820 on 13 September passively produced an ash plume that rose 100 m and drifted NW.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the North Atlantic Ocean: Hurricane Jose is located about 445 mi…715 km ENE of the southeastern Bahamas and about 510 mi…815 km SSW of Bermuda with maximum sustained winds…75 mph…120 km/h. Present movement…W or 270 degrees at 3 mph…6 km/h.

In the Eastern Pacific: Hurricane Max is located about 55 mi…85 km SW of Acapulco Mexico with maximum sustained winds…75 mph…120 km/h. Present movement…E or 80 degrees at 6 mph…9 km/h.

Tropical depression 15e (Fifteen), located approximately 1079 nm south-southwest of San Diego, is tracking west-northwestward at 12 knots .

In the Western Pacific: Typhoon 20w (Talim), located approximately 172 nm west of Kadena AFB, Okinawa, Japan, is tracking north-northwestward at 07 knots.

Typhoon 21w (Doksuri), located approximately 225 nm east of Da Nang, Vietnam, is tracking west-northwestward at 12 knots.

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Wildlife

Elephants Adapt to Poaching

Elephants in eastern Africa have learned to travel at night and hide during the day to avoid poachers who are hunting tuskers into extinction, researchers reported Wednesday.

Normally elephants forage for food and migrate in daylight, resting under cover of darkness. But a sharp increase in illegal hunting driven by the global trade in ivory has forced the massive mammals to upend their usual habits.

In an upcoming study, Ihwagi details his findings, based on data gathered from 60 elephants in northern Kenya tracked with GPS devices for up to three years during the period 2002 to 2012.

The nighttime movements of the elephants increased significantly in sync with poaching levels, especially for females. In high-danger zones, females reduced daytime activity by about 50 percent on average compared to low-danger zones.

According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the number of African elephants has fallen by around 111,000 to 415,000 over the past decade.

The killing shows no sign of abating, with around 30,000 elephants slaughtered for their ivory every year, mainly to satisfy demand in Asia for products coveted as a traditional medicine or as status symbols.

Disease

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

On 18, 25 August and 4 September 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of four additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity – New Activity for the week of 6 September-12 September 2017

Aoba | Vanuatu : On 30 August the Vanuatu Geohazards Observatory (VGO) stated that conditions at Aoba had been changing, increasing the potential for eruptive activity. On 6 September a VGO report noted that activity continued to increase; the Alert Level was raised to 3 (on a scale of 0-4) signifying that the volcano is in a minor eruption phase. VGO reminded residents and tourists not to approach the volcano within a 3-km radius, and to stay out of areas subject to trade-wind exposure.

Fernandina | Ecuador : IG reported that activity at Fernandina began on 4 September with the detection of hybrid earthquakes followed by long-period events, and finally the onset of tremor at 1225 which heralded the beginning of the eruption. Lava emerged from a circumferential fissure near the SSW rim of the caldera and flowed down the S and SW flanks (with no evidence of the flows reaching the sea). A gas plume with low ash content rose 4 km above the crater rim and drifted W. Flows continued to be active on 5 September but by the evening the intensity had weakened. An eruptive plume rose about 2.5 km. Activity decreased significantly by 6 September.

Nevados de Chillan | Chile : According to Oficina Nacional de Emergencia-Ministerio del Interior (ONEMI), Servicio Nacional de Geología and Minería (SERNAGEOMIN) Observatorio Volcanológico de Los Andes del Sur (OVDAS) reported that during 16-31 August phreato-magmatic explosions at Nevados de Chillán’s Volcán Arrau dome complex had decreased. The Alert Level remained at Yellow, the middle level on a three-colour scale, and the public was reminded not to approach the craters within a 3-km radius.

Villarrica | Chile : In a summary of August activity at Villarrica, Proyecto Observación Villarrica Internet (POVI) reported that the crater was only partially visible on nine days. On 2 September a small incandescent vent at the bottom of the crater was visible. An explosion at 0924 on 30 August ejected gas and ash that drifted E due to strong winds; observers noted ash and lapilli deposits on the snow during a field visit later that day.