Disease

Zika: CDC issues new travel notices

Local transmission of Zika virus in four countries has prompted the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is issue advisories for travelers to Angola, Guinea-Bissau, Maldives and Solomon Islands. Local transmission means that mosquitoes in the area have been infected with Zika virus, spreading it to people.

More human H7N9 avian flu cases reported in China

The China National Health and Family Planning Commission reported 22 additional human cases of avian influenza A(H7N9), including three deaths during the past week. The 15 male and seven female patients, aged from 15 to 79, had their onset from February 19 to March 4.

Saudi Arabia: MERS cases up in 2017 to date

According to a World Health Organization (WHO) update, at the end of February 2017, a total of 1916 laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), including 702 deaths (case–fatality rate: 36.6%) were reported globally. Of these, Saudi Arabia reported a total of 1561 laboratory-confirmed cases, including 633 deaths (case–fatality rate: 40.6%). In January 2017, a total of 18 laboratory-confirmed cases, including 6 deaths (case–fatality rate: 33.3%) were reported, while in February a total of 12 laboratory-confirmed cases, including 3 deaths were reported from Saudi Arabia.

Disease

Zika Virus – Philippines – Update

As of February 2, 2017, a total of 57 Zika cases were reported in the country. There were 38 (67%) females and 19 (33%) males. Age ranged from 7 years-59 years (median 32 years). Seven of the females were pregnant. There were no deaths.

Zika Virus – Mexico

Mexico registered the first case of microcephaly linked to the Zika virus in a baby who died shortly after birth, according the the Ministry of Health Friday. However, the Health Secretariat noted that it does not rule out that other children may be born with this disease.

Disease

Yellow fever – Brazil

On 6 January 2017, the Brazil Ministry of Health (MoH) reported 12 suspected cases of yellow fever from six municipalities in the state of Minas Gerais.

Zika Virus – Angola

One might have thought that 2016 closed the door on the terrible Zika virus. But just weeks into a new year, Zika has reared its ugly head — this time in southwest Africa.

On Wednesday, Angola announced its first two cases of the virus. It’s doubly bad news for a country that is still recovering from both a cholera and a yellow fever epidemic that has killed hundreds. The two cases may not yet be cause for concern, but they’re an ominous reminder of how ripe the region could be for a widespread Zika outbreak.

Disease

Puerto Rico Zika tally nears 36,000

Puerto Rican health officials reported an additional 512 confirmed Zika virus cases the week ending Dec. 3, bringing the island total to 35,648 since the first local case was reported in late in 2015. The number of cases in pregnant women infected with the mosquito borne virus now stands at 2,864, while more than 300 people required hospitalization.

Disease

Vietnam dengue fever and Zika virus – updates

The number of dengue fever cases in Vietnam are up 23 percent during the first nine months of 2016, compared to the same period last year, according to WHO data released this week. From Jan. 1 through Sep. 30, there were 79,204 cases of dengue including 27 deaths, reported in 44 out of 63 provinces in Viet Nam.

Concerning Zika virus infection in Vietnam, news reports note that the case tally has reached 136 confirmed cases nationally through Monday. Eighty-eight percent (119) of the cases in the country were reported in Ho Chi Minh City. Zika infection has been reported from 10 provinces since the virus was first reported in April.

South Korea – Bird Flu

South Korea’s agriculture ministry raised the country’s bird flu alert status to the highest level for the first time on Thursday as the disease has spread quickly nationwide.

The heightened alarm status comes as the country grapples with an outbreak of the highly pathogenic H5N6 bird flu that started a month ago. Since then, South Korea, Asia’s fourth-largest economy, has culled over 12 percent of its poultry population to contain the spread of the virus.

The ministry had already ramped up quarantine measures to tackle the spread of the H5N6 virus including issuing a temporary nationwide movement ban as an increasing number of farms have reported outbreaks.

There have been 53 cases of the virus confirmed since mid-November, with another 21 cases being tested, according to the ministry statement.

Outbreaks of avian influenza have been reported in Japan and several European countries including France, which raised its bird flu risk level to high last week.

Cases of human infections from the H5N6 virus have been previously reported elsewhere including China, where it killed 10 people, but no cases of human infections have been detected in South Korea.

Disease

Puerto Rico declares influenza epidemic

Puerto Rican Health Department Secretary Ana Ríus declared a influenza epidemic on the island last week due to the island experiencing a rapid increase in cases nearing 10,000, according to a Yahoo Noticias report. To date, 9,591 cases have been reported this season.

Florida declares end to Zika outbreak

Florida declared its crisis with local transmission of Zika over for the season Friday in a welcome announcement ahead of peak tourism months, but health authorities warned that travellers would continue bringing the disease into the state.

Starting in late July, state health officials had identified four zones in the Miami area where the virus was spreading through local mosquitoes — the first such transmissions in the continental U.S. — and launched aggressive efforts to control the insects. One by one, the zones were deemed clear of continuing infections, and Gov. Rick Scott announced Friday that the last one — a 1.5-square-mile area in touristy South Beach — also was cleared.

Disease

Zika virus: Texas reports 1st local transmission

The Texas Department of State Health Services and Cameron County Department of Health and Human Services today announced the first case of Zika virus disease likely transmitted by a mosquito in Texas. DSHS is supporting Cameron County’s response to the case and to the ongoing risk of Zika in the community.

Deer hit by disease outbreak in South Dakota, USA

Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease, a viral disease that killed more than 3,700 deer in 2012, has impacted the population this year, with more than 2,000 deer found dead in 23 counties. The heaviest losses have been in Brule, Aurora and Beadle counties. South Dakota Game, Fish and Parks issued more deer licenses this year, but the animals may be hard to find.

Scurvy in Australia

Sydney hospitals are fighting an outbreak of long-forgotten scurvy. The disease is caused by not getting enough vitamin C from fruit and veg. Doctors found it when a patient’s wounds didn’t heal for seven months. More overweight diabetic patients with poor diets were diagnosed. Scurvy was common in 18th and 19th Century sailors at sea for months.

Disease

Brazil – Chikungunya, Dengue and Zika Virus

The Brazil Ministry of Health reports (computer translated) 855 cities, or approximately 37 percent, are in a situation of alert and risk of outbreak of the mosquito borne viral diseases, dengue, chikungunya and Zika, according to the Fast Index Survey for Aedes aegypti (LIRAa) of 2016 released by the Health Minister, Ricardo Barros yesterday.

Brazil health officials have reported 251,051 suspected cases of chikungunya fever, of which 134,910 were confirmed. In the same period last year, there were 26,763 suspected cases and 8,528 confirmed cases. Chikungunya related deaths stand at 138, according to health officials.

There were 208,867 probable cases of Zika fever nationwide by October 22, representing an incidence rate of 102.2 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. The autochthonous, or local transmission of the virus in the country was confirmed as of April 2015, with laboratory confirmation in Bahia. The Ministry of Health has made notification of Zika cases in February this year compulsory. The Southeast Region had 83,884 probable cases of the disease, followed by the Northeast (75,762); Midwest (30,969); North (12,200) and South (1,052).

Health officials report 1,458,355 dengue cases through Oct. 22. This is a decrease of 5.5% from the 2015 total during the same period in 2015 (1,543,000). Considering the regions of the country, the Southeast and Northeast present the highest number of cases, with 848,587 cases and 322,067 cases, respectively. Next are the Midwest (177,644), South (72,114) and North (37,943).

Disease

Zika Virus – Vietnam

In an update of the Zika virus situation in Vietnam’s southern city of Ho Chi Minh, health officials report 27 additional confirmed cases in the past week, bringing the total cases to 65. According to a VN Express report, the virus has now spread to 17 out of the city’s 24 districts.

Chicken Pox in Kenya

The Health ministry has confirmed an ongoing outbreak of chickenpox in Mombasa and Nairobi. According to the ministry’s department of disease surveillance, Mombasa County has had the disease since January, with about 500 cases being reported. In September, the cases increased to about 1,200, with majority of the patients being young children.

Disease

Anthrax in Kenya

At least a dozen people are hospitalized and being treated for anthrax at a Murang’a hospital after consuming tainted cow meat, according to a local media account. Scores of residents of Karurumo and Kanyenya-ini villages in Kangema were rushed to hospital on Monday after they developed symptoms related to anthrax.

Zika updates for the Philippines, Vietnam

Philippines health officials confirmed 10 additional Zika virus cases Tuesday, bringing the country total to 33. The new cases were reported from Calamba, Laguna (2), Bacoor, Makati, Antipolo, Muntinlupa, Mandaluyong, Manila, Caloocan and Las Piñas.

In southern Vietnam, three additional Zika cases have been reported in Ho Chi Minh City, bringing the city’s total to 38. Nationally, the Zika tally stands at 47 with the other nine cases being reported from Binh Duong, Dak Lak, Khanh Hoa, Long An, Phu Yen and Tra Vinh provinces.

According to the latest Zika virus update of the WHO, 15 countries/areas in the Western Pacific and Southeast Asia have reported mosquito-borne outbreak from 2015 onwards, or had possible endemic transmission or evidence of local mosquito-borne infections in 2016. To date, 75 countries/areas have reported mosquito-borne transmission since 2007, while 12 have reported person-to-person transmission probably by sexual contact since 2016.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 16 September and 10 October 2016 the National IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia seven (7) additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) including one (1) fatal case.

Zika Virus – Vietnam – Update

The number of Zika virus infections in the southern Vietnam city of Ho Chi Minh City (HCM City)have tripled in recent weeks. Through Oct. 31, HCM City has recorded 17 Zika virus cases detected by the local disease monitoring system.

On Sunday, the Health Ministry confirmed a Zika-related microcephaly case, the 1st in the country.

Disease

Zika Virus – Philippines

With the announcement of two additional autochthonous, or locally acquired Zika virus cases Friday in the Philippines, the Department of Health now puts the case tally at 19 this year.

Malaria – France, UK and USA

An international study, led by the University of Southampton, shows the UK and France experience the highest number of malaria cases imported from other countries.

Research led by WorldPop, based at the University, examined and mapped the movement of the disease from endemic countries (those where malaria is regularly found in the population) to around 40 countries defined as being malaria-free or non-endemic (such as the UK).

Findings, published in the journal The Lancet Infectious Diseases, revealed that countries with the highest average number of imported infections per year over the past decade were France (2,169), UK (1,898) and USA (1,511), followed by Italy (637) and Germany (401).

Infection movement was strongly skewed to a small number of ‘high-traffic’ routes, with malaria cases originating from West Africa accounting for 56 percent (13,947) of all cases detected in non-endemic countries.

Children Die of Malnutrition in Gauteng, South Africa

Gauteng health MEC Qedani Mahlangu revealed this in a statement on information based on the annual reported presented to the portfolio committee for the 2015/16 financial year on Friday.

“For the period under review‚ about 3040 new cases of severe acute malnutrition were identified‚ and out of those about 1512 children were admitted at different facilities and‚ unfortunately about 113 deaths were experienced as a result of severe acute malnutrition‚” Mahlangu said.

Gauteng is Africa’s wealthiest economic and industrial area.

Disease

Monkeypox in Central African Republic

On 6 September 2016, the Ministry of Health staff from Haute-Kotto health district alerted the central level of suspected monkeypox cases admitted at Ira Banda health centre. The index case was a hunter who fell ill on 17 August and died in his village without specimens being collected for laboratory testing. Between 4 September and 7 October, 26 cases have been admitted and of these, three have been laboratory confirmed for monkeypox. Epidemiological investigations are currently on-going to evaluate the magnitude of the outbreak.

Arkansas (USA) mumps outbreak tops 500

The mumps outbreak in northwest Arkansas has topped 500 cases in Benton, Washington, and Madison counties. The case tally is at 520 as of Thursday, according to the Arkansas Department of Health. Two-thirds of the cases have been reported in children ages 5-17.

US Virgin Islands Zika case count tops 500

The number of locally acquired Zika virus cases reported in the US Virgin Islands increased by 62 in the past week, bringing the total to 524. According to health officials, while the number of confirmed cases continues to grow, there has been a downward trend in new cases for more than five weeks.

Disease

Zika Virus – Hawaii

The State Department of Health’s Hawai’i Island District Health Office and the County of Hawai’i jointly announced a single imported case of Zika virus on Hawai’i Island.

This is the first travel-related case of Zika in Hawai’i County this year confirmed by the DOH State Laboratories Division. The Hawai’i resident has a history of recent travel to the South Pacific, and is past the point of being infectious to mosquitoes. Hawai’i has no locally acquired Zika cases at this time, and no mosquitoes are transmitting the disease within the state.

Disease

Chikungunya in Delhi, India – Update

During the past week, Delhi saw nearly 1600 additional chikungunya cases, a 43 percent increase over the prior week. The total cases in India’s capital is now at 5,293 cases. At least 15 fatalities lined to chikungunya have also been reported. That said, health officials say the worst of the mosquito borne outbreak is over.

India reports first ciguatera poisoning outbreak

For the first time on the Indian subcontinent, an outbreak of ciguatera was reported in Mangaluru, where more than 100 people were sickened Saturday after consuming fish heads.

Biologists in India warn that the risk of additional outbreaks stems from a number of factors such as climate change, ocean acidification resulting in coral reef deterioration, nutrient run-off resulting in toxic algal blooms.

More than 400 species of fish, including barracuda, black grouper, blackfin snapper, cubera snapper, dog snapper, greater amberjack, hogfish, horse-eye jack, king mackerel, and yellowfin grouper have been implicated in this food borne illness that’s relatively common in several areas of the world to the tune of 50,000 cases annually.

This toxin is the result of the accumulation of marine algae and the toxins they produce passing up the food chain. These marine algae hang on to dead coral and seaweed. They are then eaten by herbivore fish which are subsequently eaten by predatory reef fish which concentrates the toxin in its tissue. People get this food borne toxin from eating these contaminated larger fish. The reef fishes are more likely to get contaminated during storms and other turbulence.

After eating the affected fish (the fish does not get sick from the toxin and actually tastes good) in as little as a couple of hours symptoms may appear.Gastrointestinal symptoms like diarrhoea, nausea and vomiting tend to appear early. Then a feeling of weakness and hypertension may occur in addition to complaints of intense itching. Some mild to severe neurological symptoms are common with ciguatera; dizziness, impaired coordination, blurred vision and even coma may be seen in severe cases.

Florida, USA – Zika Virus

Florida agricultural officials announced Saturday a 6th Zika virus positive mosquito sample in Miami Beach. The positive sample was from a trap located at 575 W. 49th Street in Miami Beach.

The Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services has tested nearly 4,000 mosquito samples, consisting of nearly 64,000 mosquitoes, since May, and these six samples are the only ones to test positive.

Today, the Florida Department of Health (DOH) reported nine additional non-travel related cases today in Miami-Dade County, six of which had exposure in Miami Beach. This brings the total Zika local transmission to 133, while the total cases in out-of-state residents contracted here is now 16.