Disease

Canadian Invaders

The species of mosquito most responsible for the transmission of human Zika virus cases has been found for the first time in Canada. An adult Aedes aegypti mosquito was captured in a southern Ontario trap only a week after two Aedes albopictus mosquitoes were also found in the area. “Once they establish themselves here it would be more difficult to control, and maybe we’ll see some diseases we haven’t seen before,” medical official Wajid Ahmed told the CBC. It has long been predicted that climate change will result in expanding habitats for disease-carrying insects.

Sweden – Newcastle Disease

Up to 4,000 laying birds have been culled following an outbreak of Newcastle Disease on a poultry farm in Sweden.

The causal agent for the outbreak in Kalmar County in the south of the country has been identified as avian paramyxovirus type 1 (APMV-1) but the source of the outbreak remains inconclusive.

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Disease

Bangladesh: Anthrax outbreak

Twenty five people have been sickened, 10 in critical condition and one boy died from a suspected anthrax outbreak in Bhangpur upazila in Pabna District in west central Bangladesh, according to a Daily Star report. The outbreak is linked to the handling and consumption of tainted cows late last month.

Indonesia: Leptospirosis

Health officials in Kulon Progo in the Yogyakarta Special Region, Indonesia are reporting 58 cases of the bacterial disease, leptospirosis, including eight fatalities since the beginning of the year. According to health officer Bambang Haryatno, leptopirosis is not only caused by rodents in the rice fields, but rat urine in homes can cause this disease.

Puerto Rico declares Zika outbreak over

Puerto Rico on Monday declared that the 2016 Zika epidemic is over, saying transmission of the virus that can cause birth defects when pregnant women are exposed has fallen significantly.

About 10 cases of the mosquito-borne disease have been reported in each four-week period since April 2017, down from more than 8,000 cases reported in a four-week period at the peak of the epidemic in August 2016, the Puerto Rico Health Department said in a statement.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, however, has not changed its travel advice, noting that pregnant women should not travel to Puerto Rico.

Disease

Legionnaires’ disease cases in Europe: Linked to Dubai travel

In recent months, there has been an increase in the number of cases of Legionnaires’ disease among European travelers returning from Dubai. As the source has not yet been identified, there could still be a risk for exposure to Legionella for persons visiting or living in Dubai.

Between 1 October 2016 and 23 May 2017, there have been 60 cases of Legionnaires’ disease reported to European Centres for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) with a history of travel to Dubai. The majority of cases stayed in commercial accommodation sites.

Thailand: Dengue Fever

Through May 22, Thailand health authorities have reported 11062 cases of dengue fever, dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS), accounting for 19 deaths across the country.

India: Zika Virus

Indian health officials have reported the country’s first local Zika virus infections this month in the westernmost state of Gujarat. The three laboratory-confirmed cases of Zika virus disease were reported in Bapunagar area of Ahmedabad District in the state. These cases show that there is circulation of the virus in India.

Disease

Alzheimer’s Disease in USA

Death rates from Alzheimer’s disease (AD) increased 55 percent between 1999 and 2014, according to data released today in the CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. The number of Alzheimer’s deaths at home also increased during the same period, from 14 percent to 25 percent.

Zika virus infection – India

On 15 May 2017, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare-Government of India (MoHFW) reported three laboratory confirmed cases of Zika virus disease in Bapunagar area, Ahmedabad District, Gujarat, State, India.

Disease

Anthrax in Kenya

A slaughterhouse in Makongeni, Thika has been shut down after six people were admitted at Thika level 5 Hospital following an anthrax outbreak suspected to have emanated from the abattoir.

Brazil declares end to Zika emergency after fall in cases

Brazil declared an end to its public health emergency over the Zika virus on Thursday, 18 months after a surge in cases drew headlines around the world.

The mosquito-borne virus wasn’t considered a major health threat until the 2015 outbreak revealed that Zika can lead to severe birth defects. One of those defects, microcephaly, causes babies to be born with skulls much smaller than expected.

From January through mid-April, the Health Ministry recorded 95% fewer cases than during the same period last year. The incidence of microcephaly has fallen as well.

Cholera in Yemen

The United Nations on Thursday confirmed 58 cases of cholera and 47 cholera-associated deaths across war-torn Yemen in the past two weeks, the second such outbreak in a year.

Disease

Malaria in Burundi: 2 million cases in first three months

On March 13, the Burundi government declared a malaria outbreak and the data on the outbreak shows the cases continue to mount in the East African country. According to the Ministry of Health (MOH), the cumulative number of malaria cases reported during the first 10 weeks of 2017 is 1,960,620 with 869 deaths.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 23 February and 16 March 2017 the national IHR focal point of Saudi Arabia reported 18 additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) including two fatal cases. Four deaths among previously reported MERS cases were also reported.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Qatar

On 21 March 2017 the national IHR focal point of Qatar reported one additional case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV).

Zika in US pregnant women

Of the 250 pregnant women who had confirmed Zika infection in 2016, 24 – or about 1 in 10 of them – had a foetus or baby with Zika-related birth defects, according to a new Vital Signs report from the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Measles in Nova Scotia

Thirteen measles cases have now been confirmed in the province, all believed to be linked in this most recent outbreak. All of the cases currently confirmed have been linked in some way – primarily with people having been in the same location as someone who was infected with measles.

Leprosy: Rare case reported in Iowa

Leprosy is still found in the United States where a couple hundred cases are reported annually mostly from Florida, Texas, Louisiana and California. It is not an infectious disease you see everyday in Woodbury County, Iowa, or in Iowa generally.

Leishmaniasis outbreak reported in Cameroon

The Ministry of Public Health (MOPH) of Cameroon reported in mid-February cases of acute fever and rash syndrome of unknown etiology being reported from the Far North and North regions of the country.

The major clinical manifestations of the illness included skin rash, persistent fever, malnutrition, anemia, hepato-splenomegaly and adenopathy. Laboratory results by the Centre Pasteur of Cameroon in Yaoundé have since shown this illnesses were due to cutaneous leishmaniasis.

Retrospective investigation indicated that 48 cases with similar clinical features including 17 deaths (case fatality rate of 35.4%) had been registered between January 2016 and 24 March 2017.

Disease

Zika: CDC issues new travel notices

Local transmission of Zika virus in four countries has prompted the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is issue advisories for travelers to Angola, Guinea-Bissau, Maldives and Solomon Islands. Local transmission means that mosquitoes in the area have been infected with Zika virus, spreading it to people.

More human H7N9 avian flu cases reported in China

The China National Health and Family Planning Commission reported 22 additional human cases of avian influenza A(H7N9), including three deaths during the past week. The 15 male and seven female patients, aged from 15 to 79, had their onset from February 19 to March 4.

Saudi Arabia: MERS cases up in 2017 to date

According to a World Health Organization (WHO) update, at the end of February 2017, a total of 1916 laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), including 702 deaths (case–fatality rate: 36.6%) were reported globally. Of these, Saudi Arabia reported a total of 1561 laboratory-confirmed cases, including 633 deaths (case–fatality rate: 40.6%). In January 2017, a total of 18 laboratory-confirmed cases, including 6 deaths (case–fatality rate: 33.3%) were reported, while in February a total of 12 laboratory-confirmed cases, including 3 deaths were reported from Saudi Arabia.

Disease

Zika Virus – Philippines – Update

As of February 2, 2017, a total of 57 Zika cases were reported in the country. There were 38 (67%) females and 19 (33%) males. Age ranged from 7 years-59 years (median 32 years). Seven of the females were pregnant. There were no deaths.

Zika Virus – Mexico

Mexico registered the first case of microcephaly linked to the Zika virus in a baby who died shortly after birth, according the the Ministry of Health Friday. However, the Health Secretariat noted that it does not rule out that other children may be born with this disease.

Disease

Yellow fever – Brazil

On 6 January 2017, the Brazil Ministry of Health (MoH) reported 12 suspected cases of yellow fever from six municipalities in the state of Minas Gerais.

Zika Virus – Angola

One might have thought that 2016 closed the door on the terrible Zika virus. But just weeks into a new year, Zika has reared its ugly head — this time in southwest Africa.

On Wednesday, Angola announced its first two cases of the virus. It’s doubly bad news for a country that is still recovering from both a cholera and a yellow fever epidemic that has killed hundreds. The two cases may not yet be cause for concern, but they’re an ominous reminder of how ripe the region could be for a widespread Zika outbreak.

Disease

Puerto Rico Zika tally nears 36,000

Puerto Rican health officials reported an additional 512 confirmed Zika virus cases the week ending Dec. 3, bringing the island total to 35,648 since the first local case was reported in late in 2015. The number of cases in pregnant women infected with the mosquito borne virus now stands at 2,864, while more than 300 people required hospitalization.

Disease

Vietnam dengue fever and Zika virus – updates

The number of dengue fever cases in Vietnam are up 23 percent during the first nine months of 2016, compared to the same period last year, according to WHO data released this week. From Jan. 1 through Sep. 30, there were 79,204 cases of dengue including 27 deaths, reported in 44 out of 63 provinces in Viet Nam.

Concerning Zika virus infection in Vietnam, news reports note that the case tally has reached 136 confirmed cases nationally through Monday. Eighty-eight percent (119) of the cases in the country were reported in Ho Chi Minh City. Zika infection has been reported from 10 provinces since the virus was first reported in April.

South Korea – Bird Flu

South Korea’s agriculture ministry raised the country’s bird flu alert status to the highest level for the first time on Thursday as the disease has spread quickly nationwide.

The heightened alarm status comes as the country grapples with an outbreak of the highly pathogenic H5N6 bird flu that started a month ago. Since then, South Korea, Asia’s fourth-largest economy, has culled over 12 percent of its poultry population to contain the spread of the virus.

The ministry had already ramped up quarantine measures to tackle the spread of the H5N6 virus including issuing a temporary nationwide movement ban as an increasing number of farms have reported outbreaks.

There have been 53 cases of the virus confirmed since mid-November, with another 21 cases being tested, according to the ministry statement.

Outbreaks of avian influenza have been reported in Japan and several European countries including France, which raised its bird flu risk level to high last week.

Cases of human infections from the H5N6 virus have been previously reported elsewhere including China, where it killed 10 people, but no cases of human infections have been detected in South Korea.

Disease

Puerto Rico declares influenza epidemic

Puerto Rican Health Department Secretary Ana Ríus declared a influenza epidemic on the island last week due to the island experiencing a rapid increase in cases nearing 10,000, according to a Yahoo Noticias report. To date, 9,591 cases have been reported this season.

Florida declares end to Zika outbreak

Florida declared its crisis with local transmission of Zika over for the season Friday in a welcome announcement ahead of peak tourism months, but health authorities warned that travellers would continue bringing the disease into the state.

Starting in late July, state health officials had identified four zones in the Miami area where the virus was spreading through local mosquitoes — the first such transmissions in the continental U.S. — and launched aggressive efforts to control the insects. One by one, the zones were deemed clear of continuing infections, and Gov. Rick Scott announced Friday that the last one — a 1.5-square-mile area in touristy South Beach — also was cleared.

Disease

Zika virus: Texas reports 1st local transmission

The Texas Department of State Health Services and Cameron County Department of Health and Human Services today announced the first case of Zika virus disease likely transmitted by a mosquito in Texas. DSHS is supporting Cameron County’s response to the case and to the ongoing risk of Zika in the community.

Deer hit by disease outbreak in South Dakota, USA

Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease, a viral disease that killed more than 3,700 deer in 2012, has impacted the population this year, with more than 2,000 deer found dead in 23 counties. The heaviest losses have been in Brule, Aurora and Beadle counties. South Dakota Game, Fish and Parks issued more deer licenses this year, but the animals may be hard to find.

Scurvy in Australia

Sydney hospitals are fighting an outbreak of long-forgotten scurvy. The disease is caused by not getting enough vitamin C from fruit and veg. Doctors found it when a patient’s wounds didn’t heal for seven months. More overweight diabetic patients with poor diets were diagnosed. Scurvy was common in 18th and 19th Century sailors at sea for months.

Disease

Brazil – Chikungunya, Dengue and Zika Virus

The Brazil Ministry of Health reports (computer translated) 855 cities, or approximately 37 percent, are in a situation of alert and risk of outbreak of the mosquito borne viral diseases, dengue, chikungunya and Zika, according to the Fast Index Survey for Aedes aegypti (LIRAa) of 2016 released by the Health Minister, Ricardo Barros yesterday.

Brazil health officials have reported 251,051 suspected cases of chikungunya fever, of which 134,910 were confirmed. In the same period last year, there were 26,763 suspected cases and 8,528 confirmed cases. Chikungunya related deaths stand at 138, according to health officials.

There were 208,867 probable cases of Zika fever nationwide by October 22, representing an incidence rate of 102.2 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. The autochthonous, or local transmission of the virus in the country was confirmed as of April 2015, with laboratory confirmation in Bahia. The Ministry of Health has made notification of Zika cases in February this year compulsory. The Southeast Region had 83,884 probable cases of the disease, followed by the Northeast (75,762); Midwest (30,969); North (12,200) and South (1,052).

Health officials report 1,458,355 dengue cases through Oct. 22. This is a decrease of 5.5% from the 2015 total during the same period in 2015 (1,543,000). Considering the regions of the country, the Southeast and Northeast present the highest number of cases, with 848,587 cases and 322,067 cases, respectively. Next are the Midwest (177,644), South (72,114) and North (37,943).

Disease

Zika Virus – Vietnam

In an update of the Zika virus situation in Vietnam’s southern city of Ho Chi Minh, health officials report 27 additional confirmed cases in the past week, bringing the total cases to 65. According to a VN Express report, the virus has now spread to 17 out of the city’s 24 districts.

Chicken Pox in Kenya

The Health ministry has confirmed an ongoing outbreak of chickenpox in Mombasa and Nairobi. According to the ministry’s department of disease surveillance, Mombasa County has had the disease since January, with about 500 cases being reported. In September, the cases increased to about 1,200, with majority of the patients being young children.