Disease

Measles et al – Liberia

Sixty-one cases of measles have been confirmed in 13 counties of Liberia amid fresh outbreaks of Lassa fever, Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP), neo-natal tetanus, meningitis and yellow fever.

Four cases of Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) have been confirmed in four counties. To date, 31 cases have been reported. Of these, 26 cases have tested negative while test results for 5 are still pending.

Two cases of yellow fever have been confirmed in the Grand Cape Mount and River Gee counties. Forty-four of 48 suspected cases have tested negative while results from two are still pending.

9 suspected Lassa fever cases were reported from the Bong, Margibi, Montserrado and Nimba counties. To date, 116 suspected cases have been reported with 33 deaths.

Typhoid – El Salvador

El Salvador Minister of Public Health said that there is an epidemic outbreak of typhoid fever that has affected some 26 municipalities in the country. Deputy Minister Julio Tobles Ticas with the El Salvador Ministry of Health and Social Assistance (Minsal) was more specific saying they have registered 644 suspected cases of typhoid fever, to date.

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Disease

Brazil yellow fever update

The Brazil Ministry of Health updated on Wednesday (computer translated) the information passed by the state health departments on the situation of yellow fever in the country. During the monitoring period (from July 1, 2017 to March 27, 2018), 1,131 cases of yellow fever were confirmed in the country, of which 338 died.

Disease

Yellow fever: Brazil

The Brazil Ministry of Health will be extending yellow fever vaccination to the whole country. According to Health Minister, Ricardo Barros, vaccinations, which have already started in several states, will be gradual until the whole population is vaccinated by April 2019.

Disease

Listeriosis – Australia

Three people have died and 12 others have fallen ill in a national listeria outbreak linked to contaminated rockmelons, and more cases are expected, Australian health authorities said. NSW Health said that all 15 victims are elderly and are spread nationally from Victoria to Tasmania.

The outbreak is linked to the melons, also called cantaloupes, from a grower in the eastern state of New South Wales, the state’s food authority confirmed on its website. The produce company, which has not been named, ceased operations and is investigating.

The disease causes flu-like symptoms and can lead to nausea, diarrhoea, and infection of the blood stream and brain. Listeria bacteria does not cause illness in most people but it can result in sickness and death for those with weaker immunity, such as the elderly, newborn babies and pregnant women.

Nigeria – Yellow Fever

Kebbi State has recorded 36 cases of yellow fever outbreak in 8 local government areas of the state.

In order to prevent the disease from spreading or to counter the spread of the disease in these local government areas, a yellow fever reactive vaccination campaign has been scheduled to begin from 10th to 19th March, 2018.

Disease

Yellow fever – Brazil

During the first four weeks of 2018, a rapid increase in the number of confirmed human cases of yellow fever was observed in the states of Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, and Minas Gerais. From 1 July 2017 through 16 February 2018, 464 confirmed human cases of yellow fever have been reported in Brazil, including 154 deaths.

Cholera – Uganda

Cholera has killed 29 people in Hoima District, medical officers have confirmed. The cholera outbreak was last week confirmed to have hit Congolese refugees in Kyangwali settlement camp who fled from fighting in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). “We have registered 962 (Cholera) cases out of which 29 people have died,” said Dr Joseph Ruyonga, the Hoima district health officer on Tuesday.

Disease

Yellow fever: Brazil

The Brazil Ministry of Health has confirmed 545 yellow fever cases and 164 deaths in the period from July 1, 2017 to February 20 this year, according to a news release Wednesday (computer translated). This is up from 409 cases and 118 deaths one week ago – 136 new cases in the past week.

Nigeria: meningococcal meningitis

According to Nigerian health authorities yesterday, 31 meningitis C cases were reported in Niger State, including four fatalities.

Listeriosis – South Africa

The National Institute of Communicable Diseases (NICD) said 915 cases of the disease have been confirmed since January last year, up from the previous figures given last month of 61 deaths and 720 confirmed cases.

The government said the source of the outbreak was still unknown.

Disease

Lassa fever – Nigeria – Update

In a follow-up on the Lassa fever outbreak in Nigeria, nineteen new confirmed cases were recorded from seven States– Edo (3), Ondo (7), Bauchi (2), Nasarawa(1), Ebonyi(2) Kogi(2) and Taraba(2) with six new deaths in confirmed cases from four states Ondo (2), Edo(1), Bauchi (2), and Nasarawa (1).

Yellow fever – Brazil Update

According to the Ministry of Health today, from July 1, 2017 to February 15 of this year, 409 cases of yellow fever were confirmed in the country, 183 in São Paulo, 157 in Minas Gerais, 68 in Rio de Janeiro and 1 in the Federal District. There were also 118 deaths throughout the country.

Wildlife

Scores of monkeys killed in Rio yellow fever panic

Fears of spreading yellow fever are behind the illegal killing of scores of monkeys in Rio de Janeiro, complicating efforts to fight the virus, authorities say.

Locals, mistakenly believing that the animals can spread yellow fever to humans, are blamed for the surge in killings.

Just this year, 238 monkeys have been found dead in Rio state, compared to 602 in all of 2017, said the city sanitation service, launching a campaign against the killings.

Of those, 69 percent showed signs of human aggression, mostly being beaten to death and some poisoned. Last year, the proportion found killed by humans was 40 percent.

The rest died of natural causes.

Monkey

Disease

Yellow Fever – Brazil

Sao Paulo closed its zoo and botanical gardens Tuesday as a yellow fever outbreak that has led to 70 deaths is picking up steam.

The big Inhotim art park, which attracts visitors from all over the world, also announced that all visitors would have to show proof of vaccination to be allowed in. The park said the measure was preventative and no case of yellow fever had been found there.

Cases of yellow fever have been rising in Brazil during the Southern Hemisphere summer rainy season, and health officials are planning to vaccinate millions of people in the coming weeks in the hopes of containing the outbreak.

Disease

Measles – Ukraine

In the first two weeks of 2018, The Ukraine Health Ministry (computer translated) has already put the case tally at 1285 adults and children (856).

The highest number of cases was recorded in Ivano-Frankivsk (275), Chernivtsi (274), Transcarpathian (194) and Odesa (157) oblasts. In the city of Kiev (Kyiv) during this period 84 patients were registered.

Yellow fever – Brazil

The government of Minas Gerais state in southeastern Brazil decreed Saturday a public health emergency situation in three regional state for six months because of yellow fever. The measure covers the regional health units of the municipalities of Belo Horizonte, Itabira and Ponte Nova – 94 cities in total. From July last year to the beginning of this year, 22 cases of the disease were confirmed in the state. According to the State Department of Health, of these, 15 resulted in death. During this period, 40 suspected cases were ruled out, and 46 cases were investigated in 24 municipalities.

Lassa Fever – Nigeria

A fresh case of Lassa fever in Lokoja claimed the life of a seven-month-old baby. The medical doctor, who was said to have had contact with the patient has apparently contracted the disease and has been placed on the danger list.

Disease

Yellow fever – Brazil

Between July and mid-October 2017, a total of 71 suspected yellow fever cases were reported in São Paulo State, Brazil.

From July to early November, 580 epizootics in non-human primates (NHPs) were reported in São Paulo State, with an increase in the number of cases reported from 10 September 2017. Of these, 120 were confirmed for yellow fever, 233 are under investigation, 74 were classified as undetermined, and 153 were ruled out.

These are the first human cases of yellow fever that have been reported in Brazil since June 2017. These cases, alongside the occurrence of epizootics in the urban area of São Paulo City and in municipalities that were previously considered not at risk for yellow fever, are a public health concern.

Measles – England

There is a measles outbreak reported in Leeds and Liverpool, according to the NHS yesterday. While they offer no specifics on cases and locations on their social media posts, NHS advises people to ensure they and their children are vaccinated.

Disease

Southeast Michigan hepatitis A outbreak – Update

In a follow-up on the hepatitis A outbreak reported in southeastern Michigan, the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) continues to see an elevated number of hepatitis A cases in the area. Since the beginning of the outbreak in August 2016 through Nov. 7, 2017, 495 cases have been recorded, including 19 deaths.

Nigeria – Yellow Fever – Update

Since the first case of yellow fever was reported in Ifelodun LGA in Kwara State, Nigeria in mid-September, the outbreak has expanded to a number of states, according to the Nigeria Center for Disease Control (NCDC). A yellow fever (YF) outbreak is currently active in Nigeria with three states recording confirmed cases (Kwara, Kogi, and Zamfara). 15 cases have now been confirmed.

Disneyland Park Linked to Legionnaire’s Disease Outbreak

Disneyland park in California has been connected to an outbreak of Legionnaire’s disease. The Legionnaire’s disease outbreak includes 12 people that were infected by the illness. Of these 12 people, nine had visited the Disneyland park in California. 10 of the 12 people were hospitalized after contracting the disease. The people infected by the disease were between the ages of 52 and 94.

Disneyland says that it was able to track the Legionnaire’s disease outbreak to two of its 18 cooling towers at the park. These towers were closed down and disinfected to clear them of the disease.

Disease

Yellow Fever – Brazil

The discovery of one dead monkey infected with yellow fever on the north side of Brazil’s largest city has prompted São Paulo health authorities to launch a massive vaccination campaign.

The virus responsible for the disease has been blamed for at least 261 Brazilian deaths since December, almost entirely in the southeast of the country.

The mosquito-borne disease originated in Africa and was discovered to be back in Brazil after hundreds of dead monkeys were found infected in the country’s Atlantic rainforest late last year.

Yellow fever is one of the world’s most deadly tropical diseases, causing symptoms such as muscle aches and fever, progressing to liver damage and kidney failure.

Typhoid – North Korea

A typhoid outbreak that began in June in the North Korean province of Ryanggang, on the China border, has the country’s health officials struggling to contain the spread of the diseas While there is scant detail on the outbreak, the report notes that typhoid related deaths are increasing among the older people.

The outbreak is attributable to the North’s poor water supply, sewerage system and the Yalu River as many local residents in Ryanggang Province drink the water from the river without boiling it.

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

On 8 and 15 September 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of two additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China.

Trichinosis – Russia

At least 17 people, including several children have contracted the parasitic infection, trichinosis, after eating smoked brown bear cub in Kataiga village in the Tomsk region of Russia. Local hunters gifted the meat to villagers. Some meat was smoked, some salted. In total, 29 cases of poisoning were detected in the region.

Trichinellosis, or trichinosis is a parasitic disease caused most commonly by the roundworm Trichinella spiralis. If someone ingests undercooked or raw meat with the encysted larvae, the stomach acid releases the larvae which mature to adults in the intestine.

African Countries Should Prepare For Black Death – WHO

South Africa is among nine countries identified by the World Health Organisation as priority areas to be prepared for the plague as the deadly disease spreads through Madagascar. Madagascar, which has travel and trade ties to South Africa, has experienced a large outbreak of plague, also known as the “black death”, since August.

The disease has claimed 124 lives in Madagascar since August 1, according to reports, and about 1200 suspected, probable and confirmed cases have been recorded so far.

WHO said countries should remain prepared – because of their travel and trade links with Madagascar. The list included Ethiopia, Kenya, Mauritius, Mozambique, Réunion, Seychelles, South Africa and Tanzania.

Disease

Europe: Typhoid outbreak

European health officials have reported a typhoid outbreak that has sickened at least four people since the summer that has been linked to the European Rainbow gathering that took place in Tramonti di Sopra, Friuli-Venezia Giulia region, Italy, from 23 July to 21 August 2017.

To date, French authorities have reported three cases and Germany has reported one case. European authorities say additional cases are possibly associated with this event.

Yellow Fever Case in Nigeria

The Federal Government has confirmed a case of Yellow Fever in a young girl in Oke Owa Community, Ifelodun Local Government Area of Kwara State. Officials have begun an investigation in the affected area and surrounding communities and a vaccination campaign is being planned.

Disease

Brazil announces end of yellow fever outbreak

The Brazilian Ministry of Health announced Wednesday the end of the yellow fever outbreak. The last case was registered in June. The outbreak that started in Dec 2016 accounted for 777 confirmed cases and 261 deaths. The southeastern region was the hardest hit seeing the vast majority of cases. Nearly 37 million yellow fever vaccine doses were dispensed.

Cholera Outbreak in the Philippines

More than 100 people have been sickened by cholera in a barangay, or village near the beaches in the municipality of Oas in Albay province, according to an Abante report. One individual has died. The outbreak began Saturday when residents of the area started reported symptoms of vomiting and diarrhea.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 13 and 30 August 2017, the National IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported 12 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), including one death and, and one death from a previously reported case.

Foot and Mouth Disease – Zimbabwe

The government of Botswana announced on Thursday that it has donated a vaccine for Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) to neighbouring Zimbabwe in order to assist the country to tackle the current disease outbreak. Botswana, once an avid exporter of beef to the European Union (EU) faced serious challenges with several outbreaks of FMD over the last couple of years, greatly jeopardizing the growth of the country’s beef sector. Most of the previous FMD outbreaks in Botswana started in the northern and northwestern regions of the country, where it shares a border with Zimbabwe.