Disease

Cholera – Somalia – Update

The Ministry of Health of Somalia announced today 30 new cases of cholera and no deaths for the week ending Sept. 23, bringing the outbreak total to 6394, including 42 associated deaths (case-fatality rate 0.7%) since the beginning of the current outbreak in December 2017.

West Nile Virus – Europe

During the past week, European health officials reported 50 additional human West Nile virus (WNV) infections. The cases were reported from Greece (22), Romania (19), Hungary (7), Bulgaria (1) and the Czech Republic (1). EU neighbouring countries reported 30 cases, all in Serbia. 18 fatalities were reported by Greece (8), Romania (6), Serbia (3) and the Czech Republic (1).

The total human WNV cases reported year to date in Europe is 1,317 with Italy (495), Greece (283) and Romania (256) reporting the most. Cases so far exceed the total number in previous five years.

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Disease

Cholera – Nigeria – Update

The Borno State Ministry of Health reported an additional 125 suspected cases of cholera on Friday, including two new fatalities in Jere and Ngala local government areas (LGA). This brings the total number of suspected cholera cases in the state to 2,283, including 40 associated deaths.

Legionnaires’ disease outbreak in Lombardy region, Italy

In recent weeks, an increase in pneumonia cases were reported in the city of Brescia in Lombardy region. Other towns have also reported cases to include Carpenedolo, Montichiari, Asola and Remedello among others. According to officials with Regione Lombardia last week, more than 400 pneumonia cases have been reported, which 42 tested positive for the bacterium, Legionella.

Ukraine mushroom poisoning

The Ukraine Health Ministry reports that through Sep. 21, 174 people have been sickened and 11 have died. This has prompted warnings and advice to the public on the issue of ingesting mushrooms. The most effective advice that will completely save you from mushroom poisoning – refuse to consume wild mushrooms.

West Nile Virus – Romania

The Romania Ministry of Health reported an additional 19 meningitis / meningo-encephalitis with West Nile virus (WNV) have been confirmed in the past week, bringing the total cases for the year to 215.

Disease

Plague – Madagascar

In an update on the plague situation in Madagascar, the Ministry of Health is now reporting plague has affected eight districts in the country–Central Highlands, Ambalavao, Ambatofinandrahana, Ambositra, Ankazobe, Fandriana, Miarinarivo and Antisirabe. In these eight districts, 16 suspect cases have been reported in one month, including four fatalities.

West Nile Virus – USA

The Philadelphia Department of Public Health (PDPH) is reporting 11 human West Nile virus (WNV) cases since August, while the number of human West Nile virus (WNV) cases in Massachusetts has increased to 24 with the addition of ten additional cases reported Friday.

Disease

Cholera – Algeria

From 7 August to 6 September, 217 cases with cholera-like symptoms have been hospitalized, two of the patients died (CFR: 0.9%). Cases have been reported from seven provinces (Wilayas). Of these, 83 have been confirmed as Vibrio cholerae serogroup O1 Ogawa at the Institut Pasteur Algiers. More than half of the confirmed cases have been registered in Blida Province, followed by Algiers, Tipaza, Bouira, Médéa and Ain Defla.

A total of 21, including three private, water sources in the affected areas were tested for bacterial contamination, and 10 of these were deemed inappropriate for human consumption. One of the water sources tested positive for V. cholerae and was condemned for human consumption.

West Nile virus

European health officials reported an additional 150 human West Nile virus cases during the past week, bringing the total human cases to 948 this year. According to the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), the number of cases are up three-fold compared to previous years.

Anthrax – Uganda and Turkey

Uganda – More than 1,000 animals have died following the outbreak of anthrax in Arua District. Uganda Virus Research Institute (UVRI) in Entebbe laboratory analysis has confirmed the outbreak of the disease. 28 people were infected including two deaths.

Turkey – 

Turkey’s Diyarbakir Chamber of Medicine said a 10-year-old boy died from the eastern city of Bitlis reported as the first death due to anthrax. Some 130 people have been hospitalized due to suspicions of anthrax infection.

Anthrax outbreaks have hit Turkey due to 4,000 cattle imported from Brazil since greater Eid in August, with infected animals observed in Istanbul, the capital Ankara, as well as in several other cities.

Disease

West Nile Virus – Europe

European health officials are reporting a spike in locally transmitted West Nile virus (WNV) cases in southern and central parts of the continent. In fact, infections have sharply increased in 2018 as compared to the previous 4 years. A total of 401 autochthonous human WNV infections have been reported by European countries this year.

Typhoid – Zimbabwe

In a follow-up on the typhoid outbreak in Gweru City, Midlands Province in central Zimbabwe, the Zimbabwe Ministry of Health and Child Care reports a total of 1,460 suspected cases, including eight deaths (case fatality ratio 0.6%).

Measles – Ukraine – Update

In a follow-up on the measles outbreak in Ukraine, the Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine reports there was finally a significant decrease in the incidence of measles last week. According to health officials, the operational data in the 33rd week of 2018, 615 people were infected with measles while the total case count is nearly 30 000.

Disease

Ebola – DR Congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) Ministry of Health reported today (computer translated) that some 33 deaths are suspected linked to the latest Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in the country.

Greece – West Nile Virus

Greek health officials have reported 21 additional confirmed human West Nile virus (WNV) cases during the past week, bringing the country total to 43 in 2018. Of the total, 35 presented with neuro-invasive disease (WNND, encephalitis and/or meningitis and/or acute flaccid paralysis) and eight (8) cases with mild symptoms (febrile syndrome).

Disease

African Swine Fever – China

China reported its first outbreak of the deadly African swine fever (ASF) on Friday, as authorities in Liaoning province in the country’s northeast culled almost 1,000 hogs and rushed to control the highly contagious disease.

News of the infection will stoke concern about its spread in the world’s largest pig herd, and possibly to Japan, the Korean Peninsula and other parts of Asia. Cases have been recorded across Europe, Russia and sub-Saharan Africa, but it has never occurred in East Asia until now, according to the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO).

Some 913 hogs were slaughtered near Shenyang, capital of Liaoning, and the outbreak has been effectively contained, the Chinese provincial animal health bureau said.

West Nile Virus – Italy

Authorities in the northern Italian region of Veneto have diagnosed 19 with the mosquito-borne illness which can lead to meningitis or encephalitis in severe cases.

Disease

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Jordan

Between 7 and 10 August 2015, the National IHR Focal Point of Jordan notified WHO of 5 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection, including 2 deaths.

West Nile virus – Portugal

On 14 September 2015, the National IHR Focal Point for Portugal notified WHO of a confirmed human case of West Nile virus (WNV) infection. The patient is a 71-year-old male from the town of Almancil (Loulé municipality) – Algarve Region, Portugal with no recent history of travel. On 20 July, he was hospitalized with neurological symptoms.

Dengue Fever in Taiwan

The number of dengue fever cases in Tainan since the start of summer recorded a daily increase of 523, bringing the total to 10,157, a record high for the municipality in southern Taiwan, the city’s department of health said Friday.

Tainan is by far the worst-hit area of the country, with only two of the city’s 37 districts remaining free of the mosquito-borne disease. Its southern neighbour, Kaohsiung, has seen 1,277 cases.

Disease

West Nile virus – Brazil

On 9 December 2014, the Ministry of Health of Brazil reported a case of West Nile Virus (WNV) in the state of Piauí (PI). This is the first detection of a human case of WNV infection in Brazil.

West Nile virus is a mosquito-borne zoonotic arbovirus belonging to the genus Flavivirus in the family Flaviviridae. People who get WNV usually have no symptoms or mild symptoms. The symptoms include a fever, headache, body aches, skin rash, and swollen lymph glands. They can last a few days to several weeks, and usually go away on their own.

If West Nile virus enters the brain, however, it can be life-threatening. It may cause encephalitis, or meningitis.

Disease

Sydney measles outbreak spreads in NZ

AN outbreak of measles linked to a Sydney hip-hop dance festival has spread from Auckland to the New Zealand cities of Turangi and Taupo, with 10 cases confirmed.

West Nile Virus Killing Bald Eagles

An unprecedented wintertime outbreak of West Nile virus has killed more than two dozen bald eagles in Utah and thousands of water birds around the Great Salt Lake.

At least 27 bald eagles have died this month in the northern and central parts of Utah from the blood-borne virus, and state biologists reported that five more ailing eagles were responding to treatment at rehabilitation centres.

The eagles, whose symptoms included leg paralysis and tremors, are believed to have contracted the disease by preying on sick or dead water birds called eared grebes that were infected by the West Nile virus, said Leslie McFarlane, Utah wildlife disease coordinator.

Some 20,000 of the water birds have died in and around the Great Salt Lake since November in an outbreak that may be a record in North America, McFarlane said. Initial testing suggested an infectious bacterial disease such as avian cholera caused the deaths, but findings released on Tuesday showed West Nile virus was the culprit, McFarlane said.

The dead birds do not pose a risk to people, Utah Health Department epidemiologist JoDee Baker said in a statement. Yet Baker urged those who find sick or dead birds to avoid handling them.

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Disease

Novel coronavirus infection – update

Two healthcare workers are among six new novel coronavirus (nCoV) cases reported in Saudi Arabia since late yesterday, suggesting that the virus might have spread from infected patients to hospital staff members.

CDC Released West Nile Virus Data for USA

A total of 5,674 cases of West Nile virus disease in people, including 286 deaths, were reported to CDC from 48 states (excluding Alaska and Hawaii). Of all West Nile virus disease cases reported, 2,873 (51 percent) were classified as neuroinvasive disease (e.g., meningitis, encephalitis, or acute flaccid paralysis). The dates of illness onset (when the patients’ illness began) ranged from March through December 2012.

Disease

Syphilis outbreak in Houston and Harris County, Texas, USA. From January to August this year, there were 318 cases. Houston’s last syphilis outbreak occurred in 2007. Syphilis begins with a raised sore. Three weeks later, that goes away and a rash begins and after that, it can go internal, but still affects the brain, heart and skin. It is easily cured with a single shot of penicillin.

Ebola

Ebola virus outbreak in DR Congo continues. A total of 79 cases had been recorded, including 19 confirmed positive after laboratory analysis, 32 probable cases and 28 suspected cases, while 33 deaths were registered by September 25. The disease is transmitted by direct contact with blood, faeces and sweat, by sexual contact and by unprotected handling of contaminated corpses. There is no known cure. Currently, 167 people who have been in contact with the 79 reported cases are under surveillance.

Another 400 West Nile cases have been reported in U.S. during the past week according to the CDC.

Disease

The number of U.S. cases of West Nile virus rose by 19 percent in the latest week, slowing slightly from its earlier pace but still putting this year on track to be the worst outbreak since 2003. So far this year, 3,142 cases have been reported to federal health officials as of Sept. 18, up from 2,636 reported the week before.

An outbreak of measles has been reported from the Uganda-Kenya border region. 3 children have died, dozens more infected.