Disease

Swine Flu – Nepal

Two children in Kanchanrup Municipality of Saptari district died of an unidentified disease on October 23 and 24 respectively. The victims suffered from a fever, nausea, headache and blood vomiting before they died.

The case comes just two months after four persons, including two children, died and more than 2,000 fell ill due to an outbreak of an influenza that was later confirmed as Swine flu (H1N1) and Hong Kong flu (H3N2).

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Disease

Scrub Typhus – Nepal

The Nepal Epidemiology and Disease Control Division reported that as of Aug. 1, there has been 105 scrub typhus cases reported in the country in just the past two months.

Scrub typhus, caused by the bacterium Orientia tsutsugamushi, which is transmitted by chiggers encountered in high grass and brush, is endemic in northern Japan, Southeast Asia, the western Pacific Islands, eastern Australia, China, maritime areas and several parts of south-central Russia, India, and Sri Lanka. More than 1 million cases occur annually. Scrub typhus kills at least 140,000 people a year in the Asia-Pacific.

Swine Flu – Michigan, USA

Michigan Michigan state and local health officials have identified two confirmed cases of influenza A in individuals with exposure to swine at the Fowlerville Family Fair in Livingston County. The fair took place July 23-28, and several pigs from the fair tested positive for swine flu on July 27.

Disease

Swine flu outbreak spreads in Namibia

The Namibian Ministry of Health and Social Services has advised the public to take precautions to avoid contracting the spreading influenza H1N1 or swine flu virus.

In a public notice issued on July 17, acting Permanent Secretary Petronela Masabane said the virus had spread across the country since the disease outbreak was reported early in June. The ministry said to date, 70 cases have been confirmed through laboratory tests, with 35 coming from the capital Windhoek while the rest came from six other local government areas.

Foot and Mouth Disease – Botswana

A leading regional livestock farmers association says efforts to control the foot and mouth disease (FMD) outbreak in Northern Botswana is being complicated by the presence of nearly 22 000 free-ranging stray cattle.

The outbreak, which has affected large areas of communal farmlands around the Lake Ngami area, was confirmed on June 10. The Ngamiland Farmers Association said that while farmers could account for their cattle and ensure they are vaccinated, large herds of stray cattle were roaming through the region and complicating disease control efforts.

Hand, Fit and Mouth Disease – Malaysia

The hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) outbreak has gone “beyond the danger level” in Penang, according to the state Health Committee. On Wednesday (July 18), a further 88 children had contracted the disease, with an earlier 127 cases reported on Tuesday (July 17). From January to July 18 (Wednesday), 2,170 cases had already been reported.

Disease

Swine Flu – Namibia

The Namibian Ministry of Health has confirmed the death of one person who succumbed to a fresh outbreak of swine flu, also known as the H1N1 virus. So far, seven people from the Windhoek local government area have been diagnosed and are being treated for the H1N1 virus. The ministry has since classified the outbreak as a seasonal influenza that has been recurrent in Namibia since the first swine flu outbreak in 2009.

Measles – Brazil

A measles outbreak is growing in Brazil after cases were imported from neighboring Venezuela where health services have collapsed. More than 460 cases of the disease have been confirmed in two Brazilian border states, the Health Ministry said Monday. There are also concerns that the outbreak has reached an isolated tribe that lives in the Amazon that has little resistance to such diseases.

Disease

Typhoid Fever – Pakistan

So far in 2018, three cases of extensively drug-resistant XDR typhoid fever were reported in travelers to Pakistan — one who returned to the United Kingdom, and two who returned to the United States. This has prompted the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to issue a Level 2 travel alert for travelers to the country.

Swine Flu – Indiana, USA

Indiana has reported the first human case of of H3N2 variant influenza in a resident with exposure to pigs since 2013. The State Health Department has issued a warning to take steps to prevent illness while visiting events where pigs are exhibited.

Polio – DR Congo and Somalia

The total circulating vaccine-derived polio cases (cVDPV) cases has risen to 13 globally after additional cases have been reported in the African countries of Somalia (one new case) and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (two new cases).

Disease

Switzerland reports swine influenza A(H1N1)v case

A 48-year-old Swiss male farm worker tested positive for swine influenza A(H1N1)v virus, the World Health Organization (WHO) reports.

Lassa Fever – Nigeria

For the first 28 days of 2018, Nigeria has reported a total of 297 suspected cases and 22 deaths (case fatality rate 7.4%). Cases have been reported from 13 active states (Anambra, Bauchi, Benue, Delta, Ebonyi, Edo, Imo, Kogi, Lagos, Nasarawa, Ondo, Plateau, and Taraba). Ten healthcare workers have been affected in four of the states.

Lassa Fever – Benin

In a follow-up on the Lassa fever outbreak in Benin, health officials put the outbreak case tally at 21, plus eight deaths since Jan. 8.

Disease

Maryland, USA – Swine Flu

The Maryland Department of Health reported 11 cases of influenza in pigs recently exhibited at The Great Frederick Fair. Preliminary tests show that the pigs are infected with influenza A, but it is not yet known if this strain is potentially transmissible to humans.

All swine at the Frederick County fairgrounds are under a quarantine order from the Department of Agriculture and will not be released until seven days after the last pig shows signs of influenza illness.

Pakistan – Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever

A Karachi man is the sixth recorded death due to Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) in Pakistan this year-to-date. Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever is a widespread disease caused by a tick-borne virus (Nairovirus) of the Bunyaviridae family. The CCHF virus causes severe viral hemorrhagic fever outbreaks, with a case fatality rate of 10–40%.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – United Arab Emirates

On 23 August 2017, the national IHR focal point of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) reported one additional case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) infection.

Swine Flu – Maryland, USA

The Maryland Department of Health has identified the influenza virus strain H3N2v in seven Maryland residents who had close contact with pigs at the Charles County Fair. None of the infected individuals has developed serious illness or been hospitalized.

Disease

Swine Flu – India

Swine flu has claimed 44 lives in Madhya Pradesh with five patients each succumbing to the deadly H1N1 virus in Bhopal and Indore districts since July 1 this year, a senior official said today. So far, 226 positive cases of swine flu have been reported from different districts of Madhya Pradesh.

Disease

Nepal – Flood-Related Viral Outbreak

After going through the worst flooding in decade which has claimed lives of almost 150 people and left 90,000 homes destroyed, Nepal yet again seems to be facing with another shamble as an epidemic viral outbreak has taken hold of hundreds of flood- affected people in several districts of the country.

The viral outbreak has affected the lives of flood victims, who are now suffering from health problems like fever, cold, diarrhea, headache and skin infections.

Mozambique – Anthrax

Sporadic cases of the bacterial disease, anthrax, is responsible for the deaths of three animals at the Karingani Game Reserve in southwestern Mozambique, according to Dr Américo Da Conceicao, National Director, Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Maputo, Mozambique last week. Two African elephants and one greater kudu (a woodland antelope) fell victim to Bacillus anthracis, the agent of anthrax.

India – Swine Flu

With one more swine flu death reported in Indore on Friday, the death toll of the dreaded disease reached three on Saturday. Meanwhile, after one more patient tested positive of swine flu on Saturday, the total number of affected patients rose to 17 in city.

Disease

Swine Flu in Odisha, India

The first death of the year caused by swine flu in Odisha was reported on Saturday.

According to reports, a middle-aged patient died at a private hospital located in the Unit-IV area of the capital city. While the identity of the deceased and the hospital is yet to be established, the death has triggered panic among residents of the city where six persons tested positive for H1N1, the virus that causes the avian influenza, on Friday. So far 24 swabs in the State have tested positive with the virus of this deadly disease.

Disease

Swine Flu in Myanmar

Myanmar, also known as Burma, has asked the United Nations health agency for assistance in combating an outbreak of swine flu that has killed 13 people and infected about 50 others, mainly around the country’s largest city of Yangon. People across the former Burmese capital have donned surgical masks to ward off infection, and officials warned people to avoid crowded venues such as shopping malls. Swine flu is a respiratory disease caused by the H1N1 virus. Infection occurs through contact with pigs or through the air between people. A 2009 outbreak killed about 285,000 people, mainly in Africa and Southeast Asia.

More Bird Flu Outbreaks in South Africa

Two months after the initial outbreak‚ further cases of H5N8 avian influenza have been reported on a farm in Mpumalanga.

The South African Poultry Association (SAPA) and the Poultry Disease Management Agency (PDMA) said this was reported by Astral Foods Limited (Astral) on a farm owned by the company in Standerton in the Lekwa District Municipality.

H5N8 is a rapidly spreading viral disease that can infect many types of birds. It exists naturally in many birds and can be transmitted through contact with infected animals or ingestion of infected food or water.

The latest incident brings the number of outbreaks on commercial farms over the past few weeks to five.

Disease

Ohio, USA – Swine Flu

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), eleven human infections with novel influenza A viruses were detected in Ohio during the week of July 16.

All 11 persons were infected with influenza A (H3N2) variant (H3N2v) viruses and reported exposure to swine in a fair setting during the week preceding illness onset. Ten of the 11 patients were children less than 18 years of age and one patient was an adult aged 50-64 years. None were hospitalized and all have fully recovered from their illness.

No human-to-human transmission has been identified. Swine influenza A (H3N2) viruses were identified from respiratory samples collected from pigs at the same fair.

Disease

Vietnam: High hepatitis numbers, Dengue in the Mekong Delta

Vietnam’s health ministry recently reported the viral hepatitis burden in the country of less than 100 million people. According to Xinhua report Monday, the southeast Asian nation currently has 7.8 million of hepatitis B patients and 991,000 hepatitis C cases.

Among the hepatitis B patients, over 51,000 suffer from cirrhosis and over 14,000 others from liver cancer; and among the hepatitis C patients, more than 13,000 suffer from cirrhosis, and nearly 6,000 from liver cancer.

Vietnam has reported nearly 60,000 dengue fever cases year-to-date and according to local media, dengue cases are up in the Mekong Delta.

Dengue fever has increased sharply this year among children aged between 10-15 in the Mekong Delta, especially in Can Tho city. Since the beginning of this year, dengue-related deaths have been reported in Dong Thap, Tien Giang and Tra Vinh provinces.

Romania measles update:

Between 1 January 2016 and 21 July 2017, the Romania National Center for Communicable Disease Control and Control has reported 8,246 measles cases and 32 deaths. Last week, the Health Ministry and the Interior Ministry started a vaccination campaign against measles. There are about 180,000 unvaccinated kids in Romania, according to the Health Ministry.

Swine Flu in Myanmar

A six-year-old boy died and 13 more people were infected in a new outbreak of H1N1 influenza in Myanmar, health authorities said Monday. News about the rise in H1N1 infection spread quickly in Yangon, with some people wearing masks on their faces.

Disease

Canada reports first human case of H3N2v influenza – Swine Flu

On Dec. 16, WHO was notified of a confirmed human case of influenza A(H3N2) variant virus in Canada.

Typhoid in Zimbabwe – Again

A suspected typhoid outbreak is feared to have hit Harare amid reports that one person has died so far, while nine others have been hospitalised. Thirty more people have been treated and discharged.