Disease

Measles – Romania

In a follow-up on the measles situation in Romania, the Institutul Naţional de Sănătate Publică reported an additional 54 new confirmed cases in 9 counties and in Bucharest during the past week. In 2019 through Sept. 6, 2,614 cases, including five deaths have been reported, the most in the EU.

Polio – Global

The total number of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases on the globe has increased to 78 cases with the addition of five cases from Pakistan and Afghanistan during the past week.

Listeriosis – Spain

On 16 August 2019, Regional Health Authorities in Andalusia, Spain, reported an outbreak of listeriosis, caused by the bacteria Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes), associated with the consumption of a chilled roasted pork meat product manufactured in Spain by Magrudis Company Limited and sold under the brand name “La Mechá”. From 7 July through 13 September , a total of 222 confirmed cases linked to this outbreak have been reported in five regions of Spain.

Italy – Superbug NDM-1 outbreak reported in Tuscany

Health officials in Tuscany, Italy are reporting an outbreak of the antibiotic resistant superbug bacterium, New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase-1 (NDM-1) Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in hospitals since November 2018. Between November 2018 and August 31, 2019 the NDM bacteria were isolated in the blood of 75 patients. Infections vary from being asymptomatic to potentially life-threatening or fatal. The level of risk depends on which part of the body is affected by the infection, and the general health of the patient.

African Swine Fever – Japan

Japanese officials have culled 753 pigs in Saitama Prefecture north of Tokyo after detecting an outbreak of swine fever. The cull, which took place on Saturday, was necessary after it was determined that pigs raised in the prefecture for shipment to central Japan were infected. Saitama also decided to halt shipments from two other pig farms in the area of the outbreak.

Dengue Fever – Nepal

Six people have died of dengue and over 5096 diagnosed positive across Nepal since the outbreak was declared in May. The first outbreak of the disease in the Himalayan nation occurred in 2006 when 5 cases were identified.

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Disease

Listeriosis – Spain

An outbreak of listeriosis in Spain has sickened about 155 people to date, killing one, according to the health authorities. The Spanish Health Ministry said it was looking into another 523 suspected cases. The outbreak has primarily affected Andalusia in the Seville region.

Disease

Chagas – Venezuela

Health officials in Táchira state in western Venezuela have declared an alert due to an outbreak of the parasitic disease, Chagas disease. In the village of Puerto Nuevo, Libertador, the Health Corporation – Government of Tachira has reported 45 suspected Chagas disease cases, including five fatalities due to acute Chagas.

Listeriosis – Australia

On 2 March 2018, the Australian National Focal Point (NFP) notified WHO of an outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes infection (listeriosis) associated with the consumption of rockmelons (cantaloupe) from a single grower.

From 17 January 2018 through to 6 April 2018, 20 outbreak cases (19 confirmed and 1 probable) of listeriosis were reported. All of the cases were hospitalized and there have been seven deaths and one miscarriage associated with the outbreak.

Disease

Listeriosis – South Africa

In South Africa, the outbreak of listeriosis, a serious foodborne disease, has been ongoing since the start of 2017. Between 1 January 2017 through 14 March 2018, 978 laboratory-confirmed listeriosis cases have been reported to the National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) from all provinces.

Following the identification of the source of this outbreak, a food processing company, the incidence of cases has dropped dramatically after a mass recall of affected products.

Epicurve

Nigeria – Mystery Disease

An outbreak of a strange disease in Dungurawa community, Dawakin Tofa local government area of Kano state has killed at least 10 people mostly children below the age of nine.

Although the children showed signs thought to be malaria, this tested have been found to be negative. A diagnostic team from the local government has been sent to the village to determine the cause of the deaths.

Disease

Listeriosis – Australia

Three people have died and 12 others have fallen ill in a national listeria outbreak linked to contaminated rockmelons, and more cases are expected, Australian health authorities said. NSW Health said that all 15 victims are elderly and are spread nationally from Victoria to Tasmania.

The outbreak is linked to the melons, also called cantaloupes, from a grower in the eastern state of New South Wales, the state’s food authority confirmed on its website. The produce company, which has not been named, ceased operations and is investigating.

The disease causes flu-like symptoms and can lead to nausea, diarrhoea, and infection of the blood stream and brain. Listeria bacteria does not cause illness in most people but it can result in sickness and death for those with weaker immunity, such as the elderly, newborn babies and pregnant women.

Nigeria – Yellow Fever

Kebbi State has recorded 36 cases of yellow fever outbreak in 8 local government areas of the state.

In order to prevent the disease from spreading or to counter the spread of the disease in these local government areas, a yellow fever reactive vaccination campaign has been scheduled to begin from 10th to 19th March, 2018.

Disease

Yellow fever: Brazil

The Brazil Ministry of Health has confirmed 545 yellow fever cases and 164 deaths in the period from July 1, 2017 to February 20 this year, according to a news release Wednesday (computer translated). This is up from 409 cases and 118 deaths one week ago – 136 new cases in the past week.

Nigeria: meningococcal meningitis

According to Nigerian health authorities yesterday, 31 meningitis C cases were reported in Niger State, including four fatalities.

Listeriosis – South Africa

The National Institute of Communicable Diseases (NICD) said 915 cases of the disease have been confirmed since January last year, up from the previous figures given last month of 61 deaths and 720 confirmed cases.

The government said the source of the outbreak was still unknown.

Disease

Viral Winds

Scientists have for the first time determined that astounding numbers of viruses are being swept up from the Earth’s surface and blown around the world in the planet’s atmospheric circulation.

Researchers from Spain, Canada and the United States believe there are at least 800 million viruses per square meter from just above the surface to the stratosphere.

The global winds are spreading them, as well as bacteria, for thousands of miles, possibly from one continent to another.

The scientists say the bacteria and viruses become airborne after winds pick them up in dust and sea spray.

South Sudan declares end to cholera outbreak

A cholera outbreak was declared in South Sudan in June 2016 and resulted in 20,000 suspected cases and 436 deaths through Dec. 2017–the longest and largest cholera outbreak the country has seen. After not reporting any cholera cases in more than seven weeks, South Sudan declared the end of the outbreak this week.

Listeriosis: South Africa

The listeriosis outbreak in South Africa, of which the source still remains elusive, grew by 32 cases since last reported one week ago – the total is now 852 laboratory-confirmed listeriosis cases through Feb. 5 with 107 deaths.

Disease

Listeriosis: South Africa

South African health officials reported an additional 53 outbreak cases of Listeriosis since the last report putting the total to 820 laboratory-confirmed listeriosis cases that have been reported to the National Institute of Communicable Diseases (NICD) since 01 January 2017. The number of fatalities has risen to 82. The source of the outbreak remains elusive.

Disease

Listeriosis – South Africa – Update

The Listeriosis outbreak continues to spread and is causing widespread panic and leaving death in its wake. And yet The National Institute for Communicable Diseases is yet to determine the source of the food-borne Listeriosis outbreak that has reached 748 laboratory-confirmed cases.

On Friday the institute said 67 people had been confirmed dead from the outbreak gripping the country which surfaced early last month and affects all nine provinces.

The World Health Organisation has said South Africa’s Listeria outbreak, with nearly 750 confirmed cases, is believed to be the largest-ever outbreak of the bacterial disease listeriosis. The second largest outbreak of listeriosis was in 2011, when the United States had a total of 147 reported cases.

Disease

South Africa: listeriosis outbreak

The death toll from the listeriosis outbreak plaguing SA has nearly doubled in the past month, to 61 from 36, as SA grapples with an outbreak that experts say is the worst on record, worldwide.

The origin of the outbreak remains a mystery, though researchers have confirmed it probably has a single source.

Disease

Listeriosis – South Africa

A prohibition notice has been issued to an abattoir in the Tshwane area halting it from distributing meat after samples taken from it tested positive for listeria‚ the Gauteng health department confirmed on Saturday. Investigators were led to the abattoir after a food sample from a patient who was confirmed to have listeriosis tested positive for the pathogen.

Gauteng is the province most affected with listeriosis‚ with over 365 cases having been detected in the province‚ and 28 related deaths from the beginning of the year to date.

Disease

Malaria – Angola

Health officials in Uíge Province in northwestern Angola have reported 275,000 malaria cases for the first 11 months of 2017. In addition, 700 malaria-related deaths were recorded, primarily in children.

Listeriosis – South Africa

In a follow-up on the Listeriosis outbreak in South Africa, since the beginning of the year through Dec. 21, a total of 658 laboratory-confirmed listeriosis cases have been reported to National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD). In addition, the number of fatalities has risen to 61. Most cases have been reported from Gauteng Province (62%, 408/658).

Hepatitis E – Namibia

Officials with the Namibian Ministry of Health are reporting an hepatitis E outbreak in the capital city of Windhoek. 27 Cases have been reported with one death. The majority of hepatitis E cases during the current outbreak have reported in informal settlements where water and sanitation are compromised.