Disease

Yemen – Cholera death toll tops 1000

Since 27 April 2017, more than 151,400 suspected cholera cases and 1,054 associated deaths have been reported in 20 of the 23 governorates in Yemen, according to the World Health Organization country office in Yemen today.

New York City – Legionnaires Disease

The New York City (NYC) Health Department is investigating a cluster of seven cases of Legionnaires’ disease among persons who reside in the Lenox Hill area of Manhattan in the last 11 days. All persons were hospitalized, and there has been one death.

Ukraine – Botulism

The number of botulism cases reported in Ukraine during the past three months has risen to 62, according to the Deputy Minister of Health of Ukraine on European integration Oksana Sivak. Of this total, nine have died. Dried fish, both home prepared and commercially prepared has been linked to most of the botulism cases.

Italy – Measles

Through June 11, Italy has reported 2,988 confirmed measles cases in 2017. Of that number, 89 percent of those infected were unvaccinated.

About a month after the Italian government made childhood vaccines compulsory for the country’s schools, some regions in the country’s north are challenging the decree. The regional government in Veneto said on Tuesday that its lawyers were preparing to challenge the decree in Italy’s Constitutional Court, and that the legal challenge would be ready in around two weeks.

Disease

Legionnaires’ disease cases in Europe: Linked to Dubai travel

In recent months, there has been an increase in the number of cases of Legionnaires’ disease among European travelers returning from Dubai. As the source has not yet been identified, there could still be a risk for exposure to Legionella for persons visiting or living in Dubai.

Between 1 October 2016 and 23 May 2017, there have been 60 cases of Legionnaires’ disease reported to European Centres for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) with a history of travel to Dubai. The majority of cases stayed in commercial accommodation sites.

Thailand: Dengue Fever

Through May 22, Thailand health authorities have reported 11062 cases of dengue fever, dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS), accounting for 19 deaths across the country.

India: Zika Virus

Indian health officials have reported the country’s first local Zika virus infections this month in the westernmost state of Gujarat. The three laboratory-confirmed cases of Zika virus disease were reported in Bapunagar area of Ahmedabad District in the state. These cases show that there is circulation of the virus in India.

Disease

Melbourne, Australia: Legionnaires’ Disease

The Victoria Department of Health and Human Services has recently identified five cases of Legionnaires’ disease (Legionella pneumophila, serogroup 1) involving individuals who have spent time in the eastern half of Melbourne’s Central Business District (CBD) and/or Southbank. All five required treatment in hospital.

Tonga: Typhoid

The Tonga Ministry of Health has reported eleven typhoid cases since January, including five cases from the village of Veitongo. This has prompted health officials to temporarily ban kava drinking in public halls in an effort to get the outbreak under control.

Disease

Wild polio and vaccine derived polio in Nigeria

After more than two years without the detection of wild polio in Nigeria, the Government reported three laboratory confirmed wild poliovirus type one (WPV1) cases with onset between July and August 2016.

Legionnaires Disease – Minnesota, USA

The Minnesota Department of Health says that 23 people who live or work in Hopkins have contracted Legionnaires’ Disease.

According to that news release, seven cooling towers in that city are being investigated in connection to this outbreak. As of September 29, 2016, all of those cooling towers have been or are being remediated by their owners. Remediation is complex process and can consist of heating the water in the building’s system to 157°F, draining tanks, cleaning them, chlorination, and frequent re-testing.

Cholera in Yemen

War-torn Yemen is suffering from a cholera outbreak, the UN’s children agency and the World Health Organisation have said, posing a further threat to infants in the impoverished nation.

The WHO, citing Yemeni health ministry figures, said that eight cholera cases mostly involving children had been recorded in one neighbourhood of the rebel-held capital Sanaa.

The agency says nearly three million people in Yemen are in need of immediate food supplies, while 1.5 million children suffer malnutrition, including 370,000 enduring very severe malnutrition that weakens their immune system.

Disease

Legionnaires’ outbreak in Minnesota, USA

Minnesota health officials reported three additional Legionnaires’ disease cases in the city of Hopkins, bringing the outbreak total to 12. The Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) says two of the three new cases required hospitalization for their illnesses. The investigation into the source of the cases is ongoing.

Sudan – Water-Borne Disease Outbreak

An outbreak of water-borne disease has killed at least 19 people and sickened scores more in Sudan’s rain-ravaged states of Blue Nile and Kasala, a minister said Monday.

Since June, heavy rain and flooding have hit several states of Sudan, killing at least 100 people, destroying thousands of homes and submerging many villages.

“In the past three weeks, 19 people including children have died from water-borne diseases like diarrhoea,” Health Minister Bahar Idris Abu Garda told AFP.

Disease

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

On 18 April 2016, the National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) of China notified WHO of 17 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus, including 5 deaths.

Legionnaires Disease – Second Outbreak in Sydney, Australia

Three people have been diagnosed with Legionnaires’ disease since Anzac Day in the second outbreak to affect Sydney’s CBD this year.

NSW Health and the City of Sydney are inspecting 67 cooling towers in the area bounded by Margaret, Kent, King and George streets, where all three patients had spent time before their symptoms began.

Disease

Legionnaires Disease Outbreak in Sydney, Australia

NSW Health is urging anyone who has visited the Town Hall area in the Sydney CBD and has symptoms such as fever, chills, a cough and shortness of breath to see their doctor after an outbreak of legionnaires’ disease.

Four men are in hospital with the disease, which is thought to have been contracted from air-conditioning systems in central Sydney.

Cooling towers in the area are being inspected as outbreaks are often associated with contaminated air-conditioning systems in large buildings.

Legionnaires’ disease is a type of pneumonia caused by a bacterial infection of the lungs that can develop after someone breathes contaminated water vapour or dust.

Disease

Legionnaires disease outbreak in Spain

Two new patients suffering from the deadly Legionnaires disease are being treated at a Spanish hospital.

They are being treated at the Hospital de Manzanares near Madrid, and bring to 222 the number of people affected since the outbreak began this month.

Two people have died in the outbreak so far. Five patients remain in intensive care, with two in serious condition.

Disease

New Legionnaires’ Disease Outbreak in New York

New York City health officials are investigating seven cases of Legionnaires’ disease in the Bronx, about two months after an outbreak of the same type of pneumonia killed 12 people in the borough and sickened more than 100.

The new cluster is associated with the Morris Park section of the Bronx, and is unrelated to the earlier outbreak, which was centred in the South Bronx, city officials said Monday.

Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease in Jamaica

The Ministry of Education is reporting that there is now an outbreak of the hand, foot and mouth disease in several schools on the island.

Disease

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Jordan

Between 26 and 28 August 2015, the National IHR Focal Point of Jordan notified WHO of 4 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection, including 1 death. All these cases are associated with a MERS-CoV outbreak currently occurring in a hospital in Amman city.

Circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus – Ukraine

In Ukraine, 2 cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (cVDPV1) have been confirmed, with dates of onset of paralysis on 30 June and 7 July 2015. Both are from the Zakarpatskaya oblast, in south-western Ukraine, bordering Romania, Hungary, Slovakia and Poland. One child was 4 years old and the other 10 months old at the time of onset of paralysis.

Ukraine had been at particular risk of emergence of a cVDPV, due to inadequate vaccination coverage. In 2014, only 50% of children were fully immunized against polio and other vaccine-preventable diseases.

Legionnaires Disease in Illinois, USA

Seven people have died and 32 sickened in a Legionnaires’ disease outbreak at a veterans home in Quincy, Illinois.

Disease

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 28 and 29 July 2015, the National IHR Focal Point for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia notified WHO of 2 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection.

Legionnaires Disease Outbreak – New York

Eight people in New York City have died and 86 have been infected in an outbreak of Legionnaires’ disease. The illness can cause high fevers and pneumonia.

But despite the current outbreak, most people in the region aren’t at any increased risk of getting Legionnaires’. The disease is not communicable between people, and only those with weakened immune systems or other health impairments tend to fall ill. In addition, most people who do get Legionnaires’ can be treated with antibiotics.

Disease

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 16 and 25 July 2015, the National IHR Focal Point for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia notified WHO of 8 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection, including 1 death.

Legionnaires’ Disease Outbreak Reported in South Bronx, NY

The New York City Health Department is investigating an outbreak of Legionnaires’ disease in the South Bronx. Thirty-one cases have been reported since July 10, including two possible deaths. The Health Department is also testing water from cooling towers and other potential sources in the area to determine the source of the outbreak.

New Yorkers with respiratory symptoms, such as fever, cough, chills and muscle aches, are advised to promptly seek medical attention.

Disease

Foot and Mouth Disease in Bunyala

An outbreak of foot and mouth disease has been reported in some parts of the Bunyala subcounty, Kenya. Livestock farmers in Bunyala have expressed fear of losing animals if steps are not taken to prevent the spread of the disease.

Legionnaires’ Disease: Hong Kong

Two additional cases have been reported in Hong Kong. Both cases had urine samples that tested positive for Legionella pneumophila.

Ebola Outbreak Will Continue For Some Time to Come

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Even though Ebola has been snuffed out of the news cycle these days, the epidemic continues to burn in West Africa. The world is, in fact, still facing the biggest Ebola epidemic ever, mainly concentrated in West Africa. To date, there have been more than 20,000 cases and 8,000 deaths in nine countries; that’s four times the combined total of every previous Ebola outbreak in history.

This epidemic has also outlasted every prior outbreak, leaving observers to wonder if and when the human-to-human chain of transmission will end.

Ebola will never, ever be eradicated. That’s not only because of the outrageous scale of the current epidemic, but because Ebola is a zoonotic disease meaning it lives in animals (most scientists think fruit bats) and only seldom makes the leap into the human population. This happens when unlucky brushes between species occur. Unless those animals are completely killed off (very unlikely), the virus can’t be wiped from the planet. We will always have to deal with Ebola.

But the hope is that we won’t always have to deal with Ebola at the current scale. To get a sense of the view from the ground, what challenges remain, and whether the end is in sight, the views of some of the leading Ebola doctors and researchers from around the world were canvassed.

They all emphasized that while we seem to have passed peak-Ebola, this epidemic is nowhere near over and getting near zero cases will require more than pouring dollars and doctors into the region — it’ll involve changing beliefs and behaviors in furthest corners of West Africa.

Ebola deaths 0

Disease

Brazil reports Chagas outbreak

Health officials in Amazon Province are reporting an outbreak of Chagas disease, in which up to 18 cases may be involved. It is suspected that the parasitic outbreak may be due to the handling and consumption of acai.

According to The Ministry of Health, the number of registered cases is above normal and in a short period of time, points to oral transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi (the causative protozoan disease) via the consumption of food contaminated with feces the vector.

Outbreaks of acute Chagas disease related to ingestion of contaminated food (sugar cane juice, acai, bacaba, among others) and isolated cases by extradomiciliary vector transmission is being seen especially in the Amazon.

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Legionnaires Disease in the Bronx

Wellness officials are investigating a spike in Legionnaires’ Disease in The Bronx. In December 2014, 11 circumstances of of the disease had been reported in The Bronx. wee above the typical 2 or 3.

Most persons get Legionnaires’ by inhaling bacteria, not from individual-to-individual contacts. The bacteria grows in warm environments, such as whirlpool spas, showers, faucets or industrial cooling towers.