Disease

Chikungunya Outbreak in the Philippines

Health officials M’lang, North Cotabato on the southern island of Mindanao have declared a chikungunya outbreak after some 50 people contracted the mosquito borne viral disease in the past week.

Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease in Vietnam

After reporting about 50,000 hand, foot and mouth disease cases in 2016, Vietnamese health officials with the General Department of Preventive Medicine are warning the public to take protective measures as more than 2100 cases have been seen in 57 localities so far in 2017.

More Bird Flu Cases in China

The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health today (February 16) received notification from the National Health and Family Planning Commission that 61 additional human cases of avian influenza A(H7N9), including seven deaths, were recorded from February 6 to 12.

New Antibiotic Discovered

A new antibiotic, produced by bacteria found on a species of African ant, found in Kenya is very potent against antibiotic-resistant ‘superbugs’ like MRSA according to scientists. Researchers at the University of East Anglia (UEA) and the John Innes Centre (JIC) discovered a new member of the Streptomyces bacteria family, isolated from the African fungus-growing plant-ant Tetraponera penzigi.

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Disease

Hand,Foot and Mouth Disease in Grenada

Grenada health officials reported this week on an outbreak of the childhood viral disease, hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD). Grenada’s Ministry of Health has received reports of twelve cases linked to daycare and preschool centres across the island.

Cholera strain likely present in Haiti for centuries

A non-virulent variant of the deadly Vibrio cholerae O1 strain has likely been present in Haitian aquatic environments for several hundred years, with the potential to become virulent through gene transfer with the toxigenic strain introduced by UN peacekeepers, according to research published today by scientists at the University of Florida’s Emerging Pathogens Institute.

Cholera in Ghana

The Central regional capital Cape Coast has recording new cases of the cholera disease, according to the Cape Coast Health directorate.

Some 10 people in the Cape Coast Metropolis have been diagnosed of cholera and are receiving treatment in the various health facilities in the region.

The victims mostly adults are said to have eaten contaminated food with element of faecal matter according to health experts.

Disease

Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease at USA Universities

Hand, foot, and mouth disease has hit the University of Illinois campus. College officials revealed more than 60 cases of the highly contagious rash have afflicted students since the fall semester began. The latest health scare on the Illinois campus came on the heels of a massive mumps outbreak earlier this semester.

Florida State University and a handful of other college campuses scattered about the United States have also been battling cases of the skin rash since the school year began.

Hand, foot, and mouth disease hit rural southern Ohio hard in late July. Children seemed to contract and spread the skin rash when visiting county fairs and street festivals, which occurred back-to-back in Vinton, Athens, Ross, and Jackson Counties. The rash peaked by early August but has now surfaced again in the same region.

Disease

Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease – USA

Florida – Over the past week, Florida State University Health Services has identified more than a dozen cases of hand, foot and mouth disease.

New Jersey – An outbreak of hand-foot-and-mouth disease has struck in at least four schools across New Jersey. The first outbreak seemingly came out of nowhere in late August: Fifteen football players from Don Bosco Prep in Ramsey had come down with coxsackievirus, also known as hand-foot-and-mouth disease, forcing the cancellation of the team’s final scrimmage. Thirteen days later, a similar eruption of HFMD struck 16 miles away at Pequannock High School, postponing the football team’s season-opener. And now this week comes news of the the latest developments: More sudden outbreaks of HFMD among soccer players at Kinnelon High and Hunterdon Central High, schools located 55 miles apart in different counties.

Disease

Hand, Foot Mouth Disease in Thailand

The Thailand Ministry of Health is advising the public, particularly those that work around young children, about handwashing and personal hygiene in light of increased numbers of the contagious viral disease, hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD).

According to the latest data from the Bureau of Epidemiology, Thailand has seen 25083 HFMD cases through July 4 from all 77 provinces. One fatality has been reported.

Disease

Yellow Fever – Democratic Republic Congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo has reported 1,044 suspected cases of yellow fever since March, including 71 deaths, up from three probable cases and 57 laboratory-confirmed a week ago, the World Health Organisation said on Thursday.

In the latest tally, 61 of the cases have been laboratory-confirmed in the Congo, formerly Zaire, following importation of the mosquito-borne virus from Angola, the United Nations health agency said in its latest weekly update on the outbreak.

“The majority of these cases in DRC are male and they are mainly aged 20 to 34 years. The male preponderance is likely to reflect the gender of workers returning from Angola,” it said.

Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease in Malaysia

Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) has reached outbreak proportions in Malaysia, forcing the authorities to take urgent measures to contain it.

The Health Ministry has placed the country under the “alert level” following last week’s 1,379 cases nationwide with Selangor, Johor and Kuala Lumpur topping the list.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Between 13 and 14 March 2016, the National IHR Focal Point for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia notified WHO of 4 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection. One of these reported cases is linked to the MERS-CoV outbreak currently occurring in a hospital in Buraidah city.

Guillain-Barré syndrome – United States of America

On 10 March 2016, the National IHR Focal Point of the United States of America notified PAHO/WHO of 2 cases of Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) with confirmed Zika virus infection.

Elizabethkingia, Rare Blood Disease In Wisconsin & Michigan

After nearly four months of plaguing the state of Wisconsin, the dreaded disease Elizabethkingia outbreak has spread across Michigan, which is nearly 400 miles away from where the outbreak originated.

In a statement, the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) has confirmed that one of the 17 confirmed cases of Elizabethkingia in the state is related to the ongoing outbreak of the same disease in Wisconsin. The report adds that the disease is caused by the bacteria Elizabeth anopheles.

The state health department established the link between cases in two places separated by hundreds of miles away through the laboratory results of the patient’s blood culture isolates.

Of the 17 confirmed cases of Elizabethkingia in the same state, one has resulted in the death of an older adult in the West Michigan. The report adds that the first casualty due to the Elizabethkingia was an elderly with compromised immune system due to an underlying medical condition at the time of the infection.

Hand, Foot and Mouth outbreak in Limpopo, South Africa

There are fears that the hand, foot and mouth disease outbreak has spread to rural parts of Limpopo.

The disease, which is caused by the coxsackie virus and mostly affects children below the ages of fourteen, was first reported in Polokwane and the surrounding areas since mid-February.

The outbreak led to the early closure of some primary and pre-schools in Polokwane, to allow for cleaning and sterilisation of surfaces.

Some parents, outside Modjadjiskloof, now say their children are showing signs of having contracted the disease.

Disease

Hand, Foot, Mouth Disease in Oregon, USA

The Lane County Public Health Division in Florence, Oregon said Friday that 26 elementary to high school-age children have shown symptoms consistent with the disease.

Those symptoms include a fever, sore throat and poor appetite, accompanied by a rash appearing as small, pimply sores, typically on the hands, feet and in and around the mouth. The 26 cases all surfaced in the last two weeks.

Davis urged parents to disinfect surfaces in their houses repeatedly. Surfaces like table and countertops are breeding grounds for the type of viruses that cause the disease, especially among young children, Davis said. Doorknobs and children’s toys should also be disinfected.

Disease

Cholera – Tanzania

The Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MOHSW) of the United Republic of Tanzania has notified WHO of new foci of cholera outbreaks in the country. As of 13 October, 13 regions have been affected, namely Dar es Salaam, Morogoro, Pwani, Kigoma, Kilimanjaro, Iringa, Dodoma, Geita, Mara, Singida, Shinyaga, Mwanza and Zanzibar. As of 19 October, the cumulative number of cases is 4,835 cases, including 68 deaths. The region of Dar es Salam accounts for 72% of all reported cases (3,460). Zanzibar has reported 140 cases.

Hand, foot and mouth disease outbreak – USA

An outbreak of hand, foot and mouth disease has been reported at Princeton University, affecting 13 students, according to a University spokesman.

Disease

New Legionnaires’ Disease Outbreak in New York

New York City health officials are investigating seven cases of Legionnaires’ disease in the Bronx, about two months after an outbreak of the same type of pneumonia killed 12 people in the borough and sickened more than 100.

The new cluster is associated with the Morris Park section of the Bronx, and is unrelated to the earlier outbreak, which was centred in the South Bronx, city officials said Monday.

Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease in Jamaica

The Ministry of Education is reporting that there is now an outbreak of the hand, foot and mouth disease in several schools on the island.

Disease

Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease in Japan – Advisory

The Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) updated their travel notice for Japan after the World Health Organization (WHO) updated the hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) case count to 264,541 cases through Aug. 19, 2015.

While cases have steadily increased since mid-March, health officials say the cases have been in decline during the past several weeks.

HFMD is typically a benign and self-limiting disease. Most common in young children, it presents as fever, oral lesions and rash on the hands, feet and buttocks. The oral lesions consist of rapidly-ulcerating vesicles on the buccal mucosa, tongue, palate and gums. The rash consists of papulovesicular lesions on the palms, fingers and soles, which generally persist for seven to 10 days, and maculopapular lesions on the buttocks.

Dengue Fever in India

Delhi is witnessing its biggest outbreak of dengue cases in five years. The strains of the disease that have emerged as the more dominant subtypes this year involve rapid drops in platelet levels, leading to a rush at clinics, hospitals and blood banks. Doctors believe the coming four weeks could see a rise in cases as the temperatures haven’t dipped yet.

By September 5, 1259 cases of dengue had been recorded. This is the highest since 2009, when 1512 cases were recorded. The Delhi Health Department has issued an advisory to all hospitals not to refuse admission to any dengue patient. The hospitals have also been asked to increase the number of beds made available for the treatment of dengue patients.

Disease

Plague – Madagascar

The Ministry of Health of Madagascar has notified WHO of an outbreak of plague. The first case was identified on 17 August in a rural township in Moramanga district. The case passed away on 19 August. As of 30 August, 14 cases, including 10 deaths, were reported. All confirmed cases are of the pneumonic form. Since 27 August, no new cases have been reported from the affected or neighbouring districts.

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Jordan

Between 30 and 31 August 2015, the National IHR Focal Point of Jordan notified WHO of 2 additional cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection, including 1 death. Both cases are associated with a MERS-CoV outbreak currently occurring in a hospital in Amman city.

Philippines reports increase of Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease

Health officials in the Philippines have seen a significant,in fact a three-fold increase in the number of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) cases reported during the first half of 2015, compared to the same period in 2014.

The Epidemiology Bureau of the Department of Health reported 563 HFMD cases through the end of June 2015, while only reporting 180 in the corresponding period in 2014.

HFMD is typically a benign and self-limiting disease. Most common in young children, it presents as fever, oral lesions and rash on the hands, feet and buttocks. The oral lesions consist of rapidly-ulcerating vesicles on the buccal mucosa, tongue, palate and gums. The rash consists of papulovesicular lesions on the palms, fingers and soles, which generally persist for seven to 10 days, and maculopapular lesions on the buttocks.

Hand, foot, and mouth disease is caused by viruses that belong to the Enterovirus genus (group). This group of viruses includes polioviruses, coxsackieviruses, echoviruses, and enteroviruses.

Disease

Warning of Hepatitis in Mexico

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is cautioning travellers visiting Mexico in the wake of a recent hepatitis A outbreak.

According to the CDC, as of May 1, more than two dozen cases of hepatitis A have been reported by U.S. travelers who visited Tulum, Mexico, a popular tourist destination, between Feb. 15 and March 20 of this year. As a result, the CDC is recommending that travelers headed south of the border get vaccinated for hepatitis A.

The organization also advises travelers to eat and drink safe foods and beverages as well as to practice good hygiene and cleanliness.

Health Warning in Hong Kong

The Hong Kong Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health today (May 14) called on the public to maintain vigilance against hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) and enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection, as the latest surveillance data shows that Hong Kong is entering the peak season for both.

“The CHP recorded an increasing number of institutional outbreaks of HFMD in the recent two weeks. There were nine and 10 institutional HFMD outbreaks in the week ending May 9 and the first four days (May 10-13) of this week respectively as compared with between zero and four outbreaks per week in previous months.”

As for EV71 infection in 2015, the CHP recorded 18 cases as of May 15, among which one patient developed a severe complication. Fifteen of the cases were recorded in recent four weeks.

“The summer peak season for HFMD and EV71 is usually from May to July. The local activity is expected to increase in the next few weeks.

Disease

Hand, foot and mouth disease in Asia

The number of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) cases in Asia so far this year sees one country reporting tens of thousands, and others reporting thousands of cases of the viral, typically childhood infection.

In China, the number of cases of HFMD in 2015 has exceeded 90,000 during the first two months of the year, a similar case count as seen in previous recent years, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) Western Pacific Region. China has also seen 10 HFMD fatalities to date.

Japan has reported in excess of 13,000 cases to date, a number higher than what has been seen in recent years. For example, for the period 12 March to 1 April 2015, there were 4,252 cases reported compared with 776 over the same reporting period in 2014. As of 28 March, there were 6,510 HFMD cases reported in Singapore for 2015. The situation in Singapore has prompted the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to issue a travel notice for travellers to the city-state today.

Vietnam has also reported a significant number of HFMD cases in 2015 to date. For the period 1 January to 22 March 2015, there were 9,334 cases of HFMD reported in Vietnam, including two deaths.

HFMD is typically a benign and self-limiting disease. Most common in young children, it presents as fever, oral lesions and rash on the hands, feet and buttocks. The oral lesions consist of rapidly-ulcerating vesicles on the buccal mucosa, tongue, palate and gums. The rash consists of papulovesicular lesions on the palms, fingers and soles, which generally persist for seven to 10 days, and maculopapular lesions on the buttocks.

Disease

South Africa – Hand, Foot, Mouth Disease

Pupils from two schools in Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal have been sent home after symptoms of Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD) arose. The number of infected children was not immediately available from the local authorities.