Disease

Philippines – Bird Flu

The Philippines will cull at least 200,000 birds after confirming its first avian flu outbreak, but no animal-to-human transmission has been reported, officials said Friday.

Sudan – Foot and Mouth Disease

The Ministry of Animal Resources and Fisheries in Western Lakes State in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has confirmed the outbreak of Animal foot and mouth diseases in Manyiel cattle camp. 120, 000 heads of cattle, 19,000 goats and sheep, and 130 dogs are to be vaccinated against all forms of animals diseases.

Disease

Foot and Mouth Disease in Colombia

Mexico’s agriculture sanitation authority SENASICA said on Friday it has suspended all dairy imports from Colombia after new outbreaks of foot and mouth disease were detected in the Andean country.

Colombian authorities said two new outbreaks of the disease were discovered in the central Cundinamarca department, where there are six dairy processing plants authorized to export to Mexico. Earlier this month, Russia and Curacao, two of Colombia’s biggest beef buyers, suspended meat shipments from the Andean nation after an outbreak of the disease.

Germany reports increase in infectious diseases

The Robert Koch Institute (RKI) released the Infectious Disease Epidemiology Annual Report (computer translated) earlier this week and it shows an increase in infectious diseases in the country.

They say in the report that the increases have been influenced by the increase in incoming asylum seekers, as well as partly due to their increased disease screening.

However, the change in the case definitions of certain notifiable diseases in 2015 which was only step-wise implemented at local public health authorities also influences the number of cases e.g. for hepatitis B and hepatitis C.

Rising case numbers of Campylobacter enteritis, hepatitis E and whooping cough were observed in 2016.

For a large number of the vaccine-preventable diseases, e.g. tick-borne encephalitis, hepatitis A, chickenpox, disease mostly occurred in non-vaccinated patients, even though effective vaccination is available.

Other notable outbreaks were: a legionellosis outbreak in Bremen with a total of 24 cases, including 2 deaths; a botulism outbreak affecting 6 and an outbreak of 6 tularemia cases which occurred during grape harvesting and were associated with the consumption of contaminated grape juice.

According to the document, Infectious epidemiological yearbook of notifiable diseases for 2016 (computer translated), also shows increased incidences of adenoviral conjunctivitis, cryptosporidium, dengue fever, enterohemorrhagic E. coli, Haemophilus influenza and leprosy, among others.

Disease

India: Cutaneous anthrax outbreak

At least five men from Kodipunjuvalasa of Araku Valley Mandal in Visakhapatnam district in the state of Andhra Pradesh have contracted confirmed cutaneous anthrax, according to Indian media. The five patients were admitted to the hospital and treated Sunday with boils that developed on their hands and fingers. It is reported that they consumed the meat of a goat infected with anthrax.

India: H1N1 influenza in Maharashtra, Malaria in Andhra Pradesh

In Maharashtra State in west-central India is reporting an outbreak of H1N1 influenza, resulting in 260 deaths, according to local media. Despite recommendations earlier this year, state authorities have yet to procure the vaccine. In Andhra Pradesh state in India’s southeastern coast has reported 6,000 malaria cases.

Colombia – Foot and Mouth

Last Saturday, Colombia’s Agricultural and Livestock Institute (ICA) reported the detection of a foot-and-mouth disease outbreak in the department (state) of Arauca, the first since 2009. Since the news came, Chile, Peru, and Panama have suspended their meat imports, and Ecuador reported that it would strengthen sanitary controls.

Disease

China bird flu: 1st case in Shanxi Province

According to the Health and Family Planning Commission of Shanxi Province, a 66-year-old woman from Datong, Shanxi Province has contracted avian influenza A(H7N9), becoming the first such human case in the province. The patient is currently in serious but stable condition.

Foot and Mouth Disease Outbreak in Rwanda

The Ministry of Agriculture has banned livestock movement from Nyagatare District following an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in the area. The disease was first detected on Tuesday in some cows in Gabiro area. Local farmers supply more than 60 000 liters of milk per day to local milk processors. The ban will result in a substantial loss to the local milk and beef cattle industry.

Disease

Portugal hepatitis A outbreak

In a follow-up on the hepatitis A outbreak in Portugal, the outbreak that began earlier this year has grown to 242 cases, according to a local media report. This is up from 138 cases one month ago.

South Africa malaria update

In an update on the malaria situation in South Africa, in the Limpopo Province, malaria transmission is ongoing, mainly in Mopani and Vhembe Districts, with some increase in cases in adjacent areas of the northern Kruger National Park. However, the number of new cases of malaria in the province is starting to decline.

In Mpumalanga Province, a malaria outbreak has been declared in the Bushbuckridge area related to increased numbers of malaria cases.

There are a number of reasons for the increase in malaria transmission in recent weeks. The malaria areas of South Africa are prone to epidemics because of the seasonal nature of malaria in the region. The current situation is due to a combination of increased rainfall and temperatures, and reduced insecticide spray coverage in some areas has probably contributed.

Vector control by indoor spraying is expensive and labor-intensive, and the malaria control program has to adjust its spraying activities according to available budget, and because certain areas have been effectively cleared of malaria for a number of years. However, they still remain at risk of outbreaks if circumstances are favorable for the vectors.

Foot and Mouth Disease: Cambodia

Authorities in Svay Rieng province on Wednesday said the latest outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease had been brought under control by timely treatment, though their numbers on how many cows the contagious virus had infected varied wildly.

Meas Sok, chief of Svay Chrum district’s Chhoeuteal commune, said about 200 cows were infected beginning last month and that speedy vaccinations had since brought the number down to 30.

Disease

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

On 14 April 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of 15 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in mainland China.

Anthrax in Zimbabwe

In a follow-up to a report last week of a suspected anthrax outbreak among hippos in the Binga District of Zimbabwe, health officials the Ministry of Health and Child Care has recorded nine cases of suspected human cutaneous anthrax from the individuals who ate meat from dead hippos at Mlibizi in Binga.

Uganda – Foot and Mouth Disease Outbreak

The government has imposed a quarantine on Kalwanga parish, Katikamu North constituency in Luweero District following an outbreak of the food-and-mouth disease. As a result of the quarantine, no meat or animal products including milk and ghee are allowed out of the area.

Disease

Syphilis in Brazil

Government officials in the Federal District in Brazil say the syphilis situation has reached epidemic status and the exact reason for the rise is still unknown. In 2016 alone, 1,288 cases were reported in the federal capital.

Foot and Mouth Disease in Algeria

Following the outbreak of the disease in Algeria, Morocco immediately took preventive measures to protect the national herd, the office pointed out in a statement, adding that these measures include the strengthening of health surveillance of the national livestock population, in particular in border areas. A monitoring unit was set up to ensure the daily monitoring of the disease and its evolution in neighboring countries, the source said, adding that no case of FMD has been detected in Morocco.

Disease

Somalia: Cholera

The number of cholera cases reported by the Ministry of Health in Somalia has reached a cumulative 17 211 cases and 388 deaths with a case fatality rate of 2.25%, which is nearly 4 times as many as were recorded for the same period in 2016.

China – Foot and Mouth Disease

China’s Ministry of Agriculture reported on Thursday 37 pigs on a farm in the southern Guangdong province had been killed after contracting the O-type strain of foot-and-mouth disease. The ministry said that all pigs on the farm have been killed and the outbreak is under control.

New Zealand – Typhoid

Ten people are in hospital in Auckland after contracting typhoid and public health officials are investigating whether anyone else has been infected.

The Auckland Regional Public Health Service (ARPHS) has confirmed the outbreak and says it is tracing people who have been in contact with those who have been diagnosed with the disease and “following usual protocols” to stop it spreading further.

Shellfish sourced from sea beds contaminated by sewage have caused earlier outbreaks in New Zealand.

Disease

Measles in Italy

The number of measles cases recorded in Italy since the beginning of this year has increased considerably, a phenomenon that worries health authorities because of parents’ resistance to the vaccine. According to the Ministry of Health, 700 cases were registered in the first three months of 2017.

India – Foot and Mouth Disease

Foot-and-Mouth Disease (FMD) has affected Karani village on the outskirts of Tamil Nadu’s Tiruvallur district. It is feared that all of the village’s 500 cattle may be affected.

Disease

Hong Kong hepatitis A – update:

In a follow-up on the outbreak of hepatitis A cases among men who have sex with men (MSM) positive for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV-positive) in Hong Kong, The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health (DH) reports that retrospective investigations into previously reported cases further identified 11 hepatitis A cases among MSM from September 2015 to 2017 as of February 3, bringing the total to 24 cases affecting MSM aged from 22 to 51, with 20 who were known to be positive for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).

China reports dozens of additional H7N9 bird flu cases

The National Health and Family Planning Commission in China announced that 45 additional human cases of avian influenza A(H7N9) were recorded from January 30 to February 5. The 31 male and 14 female patients aged from 27 to 83 had their onset from January 16 to February 1.

Chad – Hepatitis E Outbreak

Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) reported Wednesday that hepatitis E outbreak is escalating across Am Timan, in the Salamat region of South-Eastern Chad and more help is needed.

MSF identified the first hepatitis E cases five months ago and has treated 885 patients with Acute Jaundice Symptoms (AJS), with numbers increasing to an average of around 60 new cases a week. AJS, which commonly causes the yellowing of the skin and eyes, can indicate if a person has hepatitis E. Since September, 70 patients have confirmed cases of hepatitis E (HEV RDT+), 64 have been hospitalized, and 11 have died, including four pregnant women.

Foot and Mouth Disease in South Korea

The South Korean government has placed the country on highest alert as a second strain of foot-and-mouth disease was confirmed three days after a first outbreak was reported, officials said Thursday.

The A-type strain of foot-and-mouth disease was discovered at a Yeoncheon dairy farm, some 50 miles north of the capital Seoul, where at least 10 cows were found to have contracted the strain, according to food industry policy deputy minister Kim Kyeong-kyu.

After the O-type of the strain was detected southeast of the country, the Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs ministry raised the country’s alert status one level to the maximum. The ministry has since then issued a travel ban for all livestock in South Korea, while ordering tougher quarantine and sterilization protocols

Disease

Dengue Fever in Thailand

The Thailand Bureau of Epidemiology has reported nearly 2,300 dengue fever cases since the beginning of the year. The cases have been reported in 68 of the country’s 77 provinces. To date, two dengue related fatalities have been report. Songkla, Pattani, Narathiwat, Pattalung and Yala provinces have seen the highest morbidity rates to date.

Foot and Mouth Disease cases in South Korea

South Korea on Monday confirmed a case of foot-and-mouth at a dairy farm, the first discovery of the disease in the country in nearly a year. It also said there was another suspected case at a different location, although that was yet to be confirmed.

The confirmation comes as Asia’s fourth largest economy has been grappling with a nationwide spread of virulent bird flu virus, leading to the culling of over 30 million farm birds.

Disease

Foot and Mouth Disease in Zimbabwe

A fresh outbreak of Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) has been detected in the Esigodini area of Matabeleland South Province.

“I can confirm that there is an outbreak of FMD at Mpisi dip tank in Esigodini. We confirmed the presence of the disease on Thursday (last week). We don’t know where it is emanating from but it not that severe, it’s mild.” – Matabeleland South provincial veterinary officer Dr Mbuso Moyo said.

The first recent catastrophic FMD outbreak was reported on 27 April 2014 in Masvingo Province’s Mwenezi District and later spread to the Matabeleland region.

Disease

Foot−and−mouth outbreak in Okongo, Namibia

THE Okongo constituency in the Ohangwena region is experiencing a recurrence of foot−and−mouth disease (FMD), just four months after Namibia was declared FMD−free.

The villages affected include Oshikome, Ombongola, Okakango kaShapwa, Okanyandi East, Okanyandi West, Ohiki, Omufimba, Ondamayomunghete, Ombabi, Okalupalelona and Oshishogolo.

The governor noted that the disease is ‘imported’ from neighbouring Angola, where some Namibian cattle graze among buffaloes which are known carriers of FMD.

Anthrax outbreak in Maragua, Kenya

One person has been hospitalized while hundreds were treated and discharged in Murang’a county after eating meat infected with anthrax.

The department of Agriculture and Livestock on Wednesday issued a quarantine at Gikomora village to avoid the spread of the disease. The county government also dispatched veterinary officers to vaccinate all livestock in the village for free.

This was after villagers consumed 5 cows suspected to have been infected with the deadly disease. By Tuesday night, 10 people had been put under surveillance after developing symptoms related to the disease.

Disease

More Scarlet Fever Cases in UK

There have been a record number of new cases since September 2015, with 600 being reported each week.

In total, there have been 6157 new cases of scarlet fever affecting all of the country.

Foot and Mouth Disease in South Korea

An additional outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease has been confirmed in South Korea, rekindling concerns that the livestock disease may further spread widely, the government said Friday.

Pigs at a swine farm in Nonsan in the central region of South Chungcheong Province tested positive for the highly contagious disease that affects cloven-hoofed animals, according to the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs.

The quarantine authorities have culled some 400 affected animals, and placed a travel ban on animals and vehicles, the ministry added.

The latest outbreak came just three days after an infection was confirmed at a nearby farm in Nonsan on Tuesday.

The animal disease has been spreading in South Chungcheong Province as two outbreaks of FMD were also confirmed in the neighboring towns of Gongju and Cheonan last month.

Disease

Foot and Mouth Disease in India

Less than a week after Bareilly reported an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) which killed more than a dozen head of cattle, 26 cattle in the Pinahat area of Agra are suspected to have died of the disease.

Lassa Fever Outbreak in Nigeria – Update

Three persons have been confirmed dead with over 200 others currently under observation following the outbreak of Lassa fever in Rivers State, the Commissioner for Health in the state, Dr. Theophilus Odagme has said.