Disease

Hepatitis A – Ohio, USA – Update

Ohio state health officials report the hepatitis A outbreak that started last year has grown to 2997 cases. This is the second most of any of the 24 states who battled or are currently battling an outbreak. Only Kentucky has reported more (4682).

Hepatitis A – Florida, USA – Update

The Florida Department of Health reported an additional 63 hepatitis A cases during the past week bringing the outbreak total since the beginning of 2018 to 1,921, with nearly 1400 cases reported in 2019 alone. Of this total, 18 fatalities have been recorded through Apr. 30.

Foot and Mouth Disease – China

The Chinese agriculture ministry on Tuesday confirmed an outbreak of O-type foot-and-mouth disease in cattle in Ruoqiang County, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. The disease was found in a herd of cattle transported to Xinjiang, with nine of the 286 cattle confirmed infected.

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Disease

Mayotte – Rift Valley Fever

The circulation of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) continues in Mayotte, according to state services in Mayotte. During the past week, 12 new animal foci and 5 new human cases have been reported, for a total of 104 animal foci and 122 human cases since the first cases occurred at the end of November 2018.

Foot and Mouth Disease – Zimbabwe

Gwenhoro Commercial Farm in Shurugwi has been hit by foot-and-mouth disease, a development which is likely to adversely affect livestock movement and production in the Midlands Province. An official from the Veterinary Services in the province, yesterday said more than 50 cattle have been affected.

Disease

Measles – Ukraine – Update

The measles outbreak in Ukraine has topped 30,000 cases early into 2019. According to the Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, 30,794 people – 13,825 adults and 16,969 children–have been affected through Mar. 14. In addition, a 9-year-old girl in the Rivne region died from complications of measles making her the 11th measles-related death.

Pork Tapeworm – Vietnam

An outbreak of the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium, has affected at least 209 children from Thanh Khuong Commune in the northern province of Bac Ninh, Vietnam.

Foot and mouth disease spreads to the whole of the Korean peninsula

In the wake of the South Korean government’s battle to prevent the spread of foot-and-mouth disease following an outbreak in three farmhouses in the cities of Anseong and Chungju earlier this year, North Korean livestock industry insiders have reported that Pyongyang is also struggling with a nationwide spread of the disease outbreak that began in the middle of January. Multiple sources across three regions of North Korea reported that foot-and-mouth outbreaks in their respective areas have led to the death of many work cattle on collective farms. The vast majority of collective farms lack appropriate supplies such as disinfectants and quicklime. They also lack an understanding of the disease itself and frequently expect the disease to resolve itself naturally while in quarantine.

Disease

Measles – Ukraine – Update

Ukraine health officials reported an additional 3,279 measles during the fourth week of the year (1,350 adults and 1,299 children), bringing the total to 11,757 people from December 28, 2018 to January 25, 2019. In addition, another measles fatality was reported, bring the total to six, including two children.

Deaths within 30 Days After Surgery

Around the world, 4.2 million people die every year within 30 days of undergoing surgery – with half of those deaths occurring in low- and middle-income countries, says a study in medical journal The Lancet. There is also a significant unmet need for surgery in these countries.

Researchers at the universities of Cape Town (UCT) and Birmingham say that if all patients who needed operations had them, the number of global postoperative deaths would increase to 6.1 million a year.

Foot and Mouth Disease – India

An outbreak of the highly contagious viral foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) has been reported in Andra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Neighboring States have put quarantine measures in place to prevent the spread of the disease.

Disease

Measles – Madagascar

From 4 October 2018 to 7 January 2019, 19 539 measles cases and 39 “facility-based” deaths have been reported by the Ministry of Public Health (MoH) of Madagascar. Cases were reported from 66 of 114 total districts in all 22 regions of Madagascar.

Foot and Mouth Disease – Algeria

More than 12,000 livestock have died in Algeria following an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease.

The Algerian Interior Ministry has classified the outbreak as a “major danger” after it spread to 28 states and killed thousands of livestock, causing markets to shut down for fear of selling infected meat. The crisis has been aggravated by the fact that livestock owners are still waiting for vaccines, which have been delayed until the end of the month.

Disease

Foot and Mouth Disease – South Africa

The Department of Agriculture has finally revealed the extent of the foot and mouth outbreak. Officials say it has affected more than 15, 000 cattle in Vhembe district in Limpopo and that the situation is worse than expected. The area has been quarantined and further assessments will be made to determine if cattle need to be culled.

The department has also expressed concerned about the money the country is losing over the halting of meat exports. Zimbabwe has joined Botswana, Eswatini and Namibia in banning the import of livestock products from South Africa.

Measles – Brazil

The Brazil Ministry of Health reported this week on the measles situation in the country. From the beginning of 2018, until January 8 of this year, 10,274 cases were confirmed in Brazil. 12 fatalities have been reported.

Currently, the country faces two outbreaks of measles: in Amazonas with 9,778 confirmed cases and in 355 cases in Roraima. The outbreaks that occurred last year are related to importation, since the genotype of the virus (D8), which is circulating in Brazil, is the same that circulates in Venezuela, a country with a disease outbreak since 2017.

Disease

Foot and Mouth Disease – South Africa

The department of agriculture, forestry and fisheries has quarantined an area in Vhembe in Limpopo, following positive laboratory results for foot-and-mouth disease in cattle in the district. The matter was reported to the World Organisation for Animal Health, resulting in SA’s foot-and-mouth-free status being temporarily suspended.

New Ebola-like Virus

Researchers have discovered a new Ebola-related virus in bats in China, a study says.

The potentially dangerous filovirus, known as Měnglà virus, comes from the Rousettus bat in Yunnan Province, China, and can lead to fatal fever diseases in humans, according to findings published Monday in Nature Microbiology.

While Měnglà shares some common characteristics to other filoviruses, it also has some differences. For one, it shares only 32 percent to 54 percent of its sequence of genes with other filoviruses. Plus, it also lives in different geographic locations.

And this new genus of filovirus fits right in between the Ebola and Marburg viruses on the evolutionary scale, the researchers said.

Disease

Classical Swine Fever – Japan

In a follow-up on the initial outbreak report of Classical Swine Fever (CSF) in Japan in September, the first in 26 years, the Ministry of Agriculture reports a sixth farm outbreak of the year. The outbreak was confirmed on a pig farm in the city of Seki in Gifu Prefecture. The outbreak affected nearly 7,500 fattening and breeding pigs.

Foot and Mouth Disease – Bhutan

The movement of live animals and dairy products including meat from Nichula gewog in Dagana is strictly banned from yesterday after an outbreak of foot and mouth diseases (FMD) in cattle were reported from the gewog. The first case was reported on December 22 from Chakramari in Gangtokha chiwog and Maula herd in Nichula gewog. The notification states that the source of the outbreak is suspected to be from across the border area (Assam, India) as cross-border grazing is a common practice along the border.

Disease

Measles – Ukraine – Update

Ukrainian health officials reported an additional 2,138 measles cases in the past week, up 15 percent from the week prior. During the week ending Nov. 24, 729 adults and 1,409 children were positive for measles. Since the beginning of 2018, the Center for Public Health of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine has reported 42,040 measles cases.

Foot and Mouth Disease – China

China’s agriculture ministry on Tuesday reported an outbreak of O-type foot-and-mouth disease on a pig farm in the country’s northwestern Xinjiang region

The outbreak in Yining county, in Ili prefecture, infected 108 of 331 pigs on the farm, killing 46, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said in a statement. The other 285 pigs have been culled.

Ebola – DR Congo – Update

Last weekend, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) reported a further 33 cases of the highly contagious disease, bringing the total number to 419. The World Health Organisation (WHO) identified three major ebola “red zones” as Kalunguta, Katwa and Beni – all of which located in the north east of the Congo.

Disease

Polio update: Nigeria, Niger and Papua New Guinea

In Nigeria, three new cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) cases were reported this week, bringing the total number of cVDPV2 cases in 2018 to eleven.

In neighboring Niger, two cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) are reported from Niger, genetically linked to a cVDPV2 in Jigawa, Nigeria.

On the Horn of Africa, three new cases of cVDPV3 were reported in the past week, as well as one cVDPV3 positive environmental sample, from Lower Juba, Middle Shabelle and Banadir, Somalia.

In Papua New Guinea, two new cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (cVDPV1) were reported in the past week, bringing the total number of cases in 2018 to 14.

STD’s on the Rise in San Diego, USA

Cases of three sexually transmitted diseases (STD), chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis, continue to rise in San Diego County, according to health officials.

Cases of infectious syphilis increased by 15.2 percent, from 981 cases in 2016 to 1,130 cases in 2017. Last year, the overall rate of early syphilis was 34.1 cases per 100,000 persons, a 14.4 percent increase from 2016. Chlamydia cases also increased by 10 percent—from 18,904 cases in 2016 to 20,801 cases in 2017. Cases of gonorrhea increased by 19.1 percent, from 4,992 cases in 2016 to 5,947 cases in 2017.

Foot and Mouth Disease – Beitbridge, Zimbabwe

The Veterinary Department last week announced a foot-and-mouth disease outbreak in Beitbridge at a hastily convened meeting in the district which came after officials, with police assistance, put down 18 heifers allegedly for unauthorised relocation from a red to a green zone.

Disease

Plague – Madagascar

An outbreak of plague in Madagascar has killed two people, a health official said on Tuesday, marking the official start of the season when the disease is considered to be at its deadliest. Last year more than 200 people were killed before epidemics of bubonic and pneumonic plague were brought under control in November.

Foot and Mouth Disease – Sierra Leone

About 500 animals, including small ruminants like goats and ship, have died in an outbreak of Foot and Mouth disease in Sierra Leone, report said Monday.The Ministry of Health says the highly contagious and infectious viral disease which affects animals spilled over from neighboring Guinea. It said three districts – Kono in the east and Kambia and Tonkolili in the north have been affected so far. All three districts share border with Guinea and Liberia.

Chikungunya – Sudan

The Sudan Federal Ministry of Health has reported more than 6,200 chikungunya cases in the current outbreak in Sudan’s northeastern state of Kassala. However, the health sector says the number of people affected is much higher than official numbers. Seven chikungunya related fatalities have been reported.

Disease

Cholera – Zimbabwe – Update

Reports from Zimbabwe say the death toll from cholera has now risen to 28. Meanwhile, the authorities are reporting three cases of the disease in the second city of Bulawayo. Bulawayo will be the seventh province to be affected by this cholera outbreak, which began in Harare early this month.

China – Foot and Mouth Disease

China’s Ministry of Agriculture reported on Friday an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in a herd of cattle that was transported to the Xinjiang region from Gansu province. The local government in Xinjiang then culled 47 cattle following the outbreak.

African swine fever spreads to Belgium

An outbreak of African swine fever terrorising pig farmers in Europe has dramatically escalated with the confirmation that the deadly infectious disease has spread to Belgium.

The discovery of the highly contagious disease in two wild boars found dead near the town of Étalle, in Gaume, has sparked calls for a mass cull of that species to protect western Europe’s pork industry.

The Dutch and French authorities have been put on high alert while Belgium’s farming minister, René Collin, has ordered a ban on hunting until mid-October, along with restrictions on the movement of animals across a territory of 63,000 hectares in the south of the country. Walkers have been asked to stay on footpaths and 67 farms are being tested for signs of an outbreak.

African swine fever was last seen in Belgium in 1985, and led to the culling of 30,000 pigs. It causes haemorrhaging and is incurable in pigs, although it is not dangerous for humans. Discovery of the disease in Europe’s second-largest farm in Romania last month resulted in the culling of 140,000 animals.

Disease

India: Kerala battles leptospirosis outbreak

Kerala state health officials issued a health advisory recently due to rising leptospirosis cases and deaths in the southern state. The Health minister said there are 123 suspected leptospirosis (rat fever) cases and 71 confirmed cases, including 19 fatalities (seven confirmed). The outbreak is attributed to the ongoing monsoon floods.

Foot and Mouth Disease – Malawi

The Malawian government has banned the movement and slaughter of all cloven-hoofed animals following an outbreak of foot and mouth disease in the Lilongwe local government area. In a statement released on September 4, the Ministry of Agriculture said 217 FMD cases have been confirmed in five districts.

Zimbabwe – Typhoid

The Zimbabwean government says the typhoid outbreak in the Midlands city of Gweru has spread to two neighbouring cities and triggered a surge in new cases. At least 10 people have died and 1,500 others have been infected since the outbreak hit Gweru early last month.

Disease

Swine flu outbreak spreads in Namibia

The Namibian Ministry of Health and Social Services has advised the public to take precautions to avoid contracting the spreading influenza H1N1 or swine flu virus.

In a public notice issued on July 17, acting Permanent Secretary Petronela Masabane said the virus had spread across the country since the disease outbreak was reported early in June. The ministry said to date, 70 cases have been confirmed through laboratory tests, with 35 coming from the capital Windhoek while the rest came from six other local government areas.

Foot and Mouth Disease – Botswana

A leading regional livestock farmers association says efforts to control the foot and mouth disease (FMD) outbreak in Northern Botswana is being complicated by the presence of nearly 22 000 free-ranging stray cattle.

The outbreak, which has affected large areas of communal farmlands around the Lake Ngami area, was confirmed on June 10. The Ngamiland Farmers Association said that while farmers could account for their cattle and ensure they are vaccinated, large herds of stray cattle were roaming through the region and complicating disease control efforts.

Hand, Fit and Mouth Disease – Malaysia

The hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) outbreak has gone “beyond the danger level” in Penang, according to the state Health Committee. On Wednesday (July 18), a further 88 children had contracted the disease, with an earlier 127 cases reported on Tuesday (July 17). From January to July 18 (Wednesday), 2,170 cases had already been reported.

Disease

Poliovirus – Papua New Guinea

The National Department of Health of Papua New Guinea and the World Health Organization (WHO) today confirmed that the strain of poliovirus first detected in a child from Morobe Province in April is now circulating in the same community. On 22 June 2018, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention confirmed that the same virus was also isolated from stool specimens of two healthy children from the same community. Papua New Guinea has not had a case of wild poliovirus since 1996, and the country was certified as polio-free in 2000.

Anthrax – South Dakota, USA

For the first time this year, anthrax has been reported in cattle in South Dakota. State Veterinarian Dr. Dustin Oedekoven has confirmed that 8 cows died from a herd of 87 unvaccinated cattle in Clark County.

Measles – Chad

Since the start of the year, 400 cases, including 14 deaths, were reported as of 20 May. Three districts have reached the epidemic threshold. A measles outbreak has been declared on 30 May in five districts of Chad (Bokoro, Gama, Ati, Am dam and Goz Beida), where 474 cases and 18 deaths have been reported. Health authorities on 8 June declared a measles epidemic after 540 cases and 23 deaths were recorded. The disease has erupted in 89 districts, 10 of which have reached the epidemic level.

Dysentery, Bilharzia – Zambia

The Zambian government says 17 cases have been confirmed following the recent outbreak of dysentery at a girls-only technical school in the Lusaka Metropolitan Province. Although 84 suspected cases are still under management, the government says the dysentery outbreak has largely been contained.

Meanwhile, the local disease surveillance unit is investigating a possible bilharzia outbreak in the Lukwipa area of the Rufunsa district. The investigations have just started.

India – Foot and Mouth Disease

Outbreak of foot and mouth disease in the bovine animals of Sonawari belt of Bandipora districts has caused distress among the farmers of the area with dozens of animals affected.

The diseases broke out two months ago and since then no official from the animal husbandry department has reached out to those affected. People say the veterinary centres are under staffed and lack medicines for such kind of diseases.