Disease

Leisgmaniasis – Uruguay

Uruguay health officials reported the first human leishmaniasis case in a minor from Salta, according to a news release Wednesday. The sandfly vector was first found in the country in 2010 and canine infections had been reported prior to this human case.

Epidemic and emerging disease alerts in the Pacific

An increasing number of dengue positive cases (serotype unknown) has been reported in Nauru. From 25 October to 5 December 2018, 114 samples were tested in the laboratory using NS1Ag Combo and 42 were positives..

Diarrhoea outbreak in Yap State, Federated States of Micronesia: A total of 270 diarrhoea cases were reported from September 4th to November 30th, 2018. The Majority of cases are children under 4 years of age.

Three (3) imported cases of DENV-1 with travel history to Nauru were reported by Queensland Health (notifiable conditions data).

Eighteen (18) imported cases of dengue (4 cases of DENV-1, 1 case of DENV-2, 7 cases of DENV-4 and 6 cases of dengue serotype unknown) with travel history to Papua New Guinea were reported by Queensland Health (notifiable conditions data).

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Disease

Dengue Epidemic Intensifies on Reunion

Health officials in France reported an additional 428 biologically confirmed and probable dengue fever cases in one week. This brings the total laboratory confirmed or probable cases to 1816 since the beginning of the year. Fifty people required hospitalization for their illness since early January.

Disease

Dengue epidemic – Réunion

Officials with Sante Publique France are reporting a dengue fever epidemic on in the Indian Ocean, according to a recent news release (computer translated). Since the beginning of the year, 193 indigenous dengue cases have been reported, with the number doubling every week since the end of January. The majority of the cases have been reported from Saint Denis.

Disease

Cholera – Mozambique

On 27 October 2017, the Ministry of Health in Mozambique notified WHO of an outbreak of cholera. From 14 August 2017 through 11 February 2018, 1799 cases and one death (case fatality rate = 0.06%) of cholera were reported from the two provinces; Nampula (1580 cases) and Cabo Delgado (219 cases). Underreporting of the number of cases and deaths is likely.

Fiji: Dengue Fever

Fiji health officials have declared a dengue fever outbreak in the subdivisions of Nadi and Ba in the Western Division, according to local media reports. A total of 312 confirmed cases have been recorded and the Ministry of Health and Medical Services says the confirmed cases continue to rise.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Samoa

Samoa health officials are reporting an outbreak of dengue fever, serotype 2 (DEN-2) that was first detected in October. A cumulative total of 1,522 clinical and confirmed cases with 339 hospital admissions were recorded as of December 3rd. There have been 4 dengue related deaths recorded.

Disease

Dengue fever – Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso has been experiencing an epidemic of dengue fever since week 31 of 2017 (week ending on 6 August). WHO officially declared the outbreak on 28 September 2017.

In a period of about two weeks, the dengue case tally has gone from 2,298 (suspected, probable and confirmed) cases and nine deaths on Oct. 8 to 6,699 (suspected, probable or confirmed) cases and 13 deaths on Oct. 27 and officials say this is likely underestimated.

Plague outbreak update: Madagascar

In an update on the plague outbreak in Madagascar, UN officials now put the ever changing case tally in the epidemic that began on August 1 at 1,947 confirmed, probable and suspected cases of plague through Nov. 3. The death count has risen to 143.

Portugal: Legionnaires’ disease

A Legionnaires’ disease outbreak at a Lisbon hospital has now infected 26 patients and two hospital employees. The outbreak reported at São Francisco Xavier Hospital in Lisbon is already the largest in a hospital unit in Portugal and one of the largest in the world and more positive cases are expected.

An investigation into the cause of the outbreak has been opened.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Vietnam: Update

After a brutal dengue season earlier this year in Vietnam, the numbers of cases are steadily decreasing. Through Oct. 15, the country has reported 152,924 cases of dengue, including 30 deaths.

Cholera Outbreaks in Eastern and Southern Africa

More than 104,095 cholera/acute watery diarrhea (AWD) cases and 1562 deaths (Case Fatality Rate: 1.5%) have been reported in 12 of 21 countries of Eastern and Southern Africa Region (ESAR) since the beginning of 2017. These countries include; Angola, Burundi, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Disease

Madagascar – Plague

The number of plague cases continue to grow on the island nation of Madagascar. According to the Ministere de la Publique Monday, the case tally has exceeded 800 affecting 38 districts and 17 Regions of Madagascar. Of the 805 plague cases reported, 595 were pulmonary and 210 bubonic forms. In addition, they are now reporting 74 deaths.

Burkina Faso – Dengue Fever

The Burkina Faso Ministry of Health declared a dengue fever outbreak on Sep. 28 after seeing a dramatic increase in the incidence of the mosquito borne viral disease in the country, especially around the districts of Ouagadougou, the capital city since early August.

The World Health Organization says the weekly case incidence has been on the rise since the detection of the outbreak in week 31 (August 6), and is likely underestimated due to under-reporting from private clinics and health centres in peripheral zones.

Bhutan – Rabies

A rabies outbreak in Panbang, considered one of the major disease outbreaks in recent times, has been brought under control. As of October 11, 16 stray dogs were tested positive for rabies and died including seven cattle. Nine cattle bitten by rabid dogs are on observation.

About 185 people including students are undergoing rabies post exposure treatment at Panbang BHU. 371 dogs and 98 cats were vaccinated under Panbang Drungkhag.

Disease

Dengue Fever – Sri Lanka

As the Sri Lanka Health Ministry outlines plans to launch National Mosquito Control Week later this month, the total case count in the country has topped 150,000 cases, more than three times the numbers reported in 2016 at this time.

Cholera – Democratic Republic Congo

The World Health Organization on Saturday sounded the alarm over a cholera outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo which has already claimed 528 lives and reached “worrying proportions”.

The UN says cholera is a major public health problem in the country with millions of cases registered every year. Last year, the disease claimed 817 lives there, according to the WHO.

As of September 2, Congolese authorities had recorded 24,217 suspected cases. The outbreak has affected several cities and towns in the east, west and north, as well parts of the capital Kinshasa.

Disease

Texas, USA – Anthrax

The first Anthrax cases of 2017 have been confirmed in five cattle on a Crockett County premises, according to the Texas Animal Health Commission (TAHC) this week. The premises in Crockett County is located approximately 13 miles east of Ozona and has been quarantined.

Samoa – Dengue Fever

The Samoan Ministry of Health issued a dengue fever alert after two dozen cases were reported, including two suspected dengue-related deaths.

Disease

Australia: Viral gastroenteritis

NSW Health is urging the community to wash their hands and stay at home if affected by gastroenteritis, following an increase in viral gastroenteritis notifications and emergency department presentations in hospitals across the state. More than 1,900 people attended NSW emergency departments with gastroenteritis in the past week.

Dengue fever – Côte d’Ivoire

On 6 May 2017, the Ministry of Health (MoH) of Côte d’Ivoire notified World Health Organization (WHO) of a dengue fever outbreak in Abidjan, the capital city of Côte d’Ivoire.

Disease

Vietnam: High hepatitis numbers, Dengue in the Mekong Delta

Vietnam’s health ministry recently reported the viral hepatitis burden in the country of less than 100 million people. According to Xinhua report Monday, the southeast Asian nation currently has 7.8 million of hepatitis B patients and 991,000 hepatitis C cases.

Among the hepatitis B patients, over 51,000 suffer from cirrhosis and over 14,000 others from liver cancer; and among the hepatitis C patients, more than 13,000 suffer from cirrhosis, and nearly 6,000 from liver cancer.

Vietnam has reported nearly 60,000 dengue fever cases year-to-date and according to local media, dengue cases are up in the Mekong Delta.

Dengue fever has increased sharply this year among children aged between 10-15 in the Mekong Delta, especially in Can Tho city. Since the beginning of this year, dengue-related deaths have been reported in Dong Thap, Tien Giang and Tra Vinh provinces.

Romania measles update:

Between 1 January 2016 and 21 July 2017, the Romania National Center for Communicable Disease Control and Control has reported 8,246 measles cases and 32 deaths. Last week, the Health Ministry and the Interior Ministry started a vaccination campaign against measles. There are about 180,000 unvaccinated kids in Romania, according to the Health Ministry.

Swine Flu in Myanmar

A six-year-old boy died and 13 more people were infected in a new outbreak of H1N1 influenza in Myanmar, health authorities said Monday. News about the rise in H1N1 infection spread quickly in Yangon, with some people wearing masks on their faces.

Disease

Dengue fever – Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka’s dengue epidemic has gone over the 100,000 cases mark with the health ministry putting the tally at 101,698 as of today. This is more than 4-times higher than the average number of cases for the same period between 2010 and 2016.

Dengue Fever – Vietnam

Vietnam has seen in excess of 50,000 dengue fever cases in 2017 to date, including 15 deaths and the capital city of Hanoi has been struck hard in recent weeks by the mosquito borne viral disease, according the Strait Times. The report notes that in just the past week, 1,100 cases have been reported.

Kenya cholera update

In a follow-up on the cholera situation in Kenya, the World Health Organization (WHO) reports a total of 1216 suspected cases including 14 deaths (case fatality rate: 1.2%) have been reported since 1 January 2017.

The cholera outbreak has appeared in Kenya in two waves. The first cholera outbreak reported in 2017 was in Tana River County. The outbreak started on 10 October 2016 and was controlled by April 2017.

A second wave of cholera outbreaks started in Garissa County on 2 April 2017 and was reported later in nine other counties including Nairobi, Murang’a, Vihiga, Mombasa, Turkana, Kericho, Nakuru, Kiambu, and Narok. The outbreak is being reported in the general population and in refugee camps.

Nigeria Cholera Update

Seventeen persons have been confirmed dead in 1,617 reported suspected cases as a cholera outbreak continues to ravage Kwara State in North-central Nigeria.

Disease

Dengue fever – Sri Lanka

From 1 January to 7 July 2017, the Epidemiology Unit of the Ministry of Health (MoH) Sri Lanka reported 80 732 dengue fever cases, including 215 deaths.

Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus – China

On 19 June 2017, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China (NHFPC) notified WHO of five additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China. On 24 June 2017, the NHFPC notified WHO of 10 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China. On 30 June 2017, the NHFPC notified WHO of six additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China.