Volcanos

Global Volcanic Activity – New Activity for the week of 5 June – 11 June 2019

Colima | Mexico : Centro Universitario de Estudios e Investigaciones de Vulcanologia – Universidad de Colima reported that small explosions and intermittent steam-and-gas emissions, originating mainly from the NE side of the crater, continued to be recorded during 1-7 June. Weather conditions often prevented visual observations of the crater.

Etna | Sicily (Italy) : INGV reported that explosions at the fissure segment at 2,850 m elevation on the SE base of Etna’s New Southeast Crater (NSEC) declined in frequency and intensity during 3-4 June; explosions ceased on 5 June. The lava flow from the fissure was active only near the vent on 5 June and by the next day had ceased and began cooling. Sporadic ash emissions rose from Northeast Crater (NEC) and quickly dissipated on 6 June. The report noted that the NE edge of the NSEC cone had dropped several meters, likely in conjunction with a period of ash emissions on 30 May. In addition, a hot zone high on the SE flank of the cone that was established prior to the recent eruption was extensively covered with coloured fumarolic deposits by 6 June.

Great Sitkin | Andreanof Islands (USA) : AVO reported that a small steam explosion at Great Sitkin was detected in seismic data at 1318 on 7 June. The Aviation colour Code remained at Yellow and the Volcano Alert Level remained at Advisory.

Piton de la Fournaise : OVPF reported that a seismic crisis at Piton de la Fournaise began at 0603 on 11 June and was accompanied by rapid deformation. Tremor began at 0635, indicating an eruption, though inclement weather conditions prevented visual confirmation; a gas plume was recorded in webcam images. Scientists observed the eruption during a field visit around 0930, describing at least five active fissures on the SSE flank of Dolomieu Crater. Weather conditions continued to hinder visual observations. Three fissures at relatively lower elevations produced 30-m-high lava fountains and lava flows. Two higher-elevation fissures were no longer active. By 1530 only the lowest-elevation fissure remained active.

Sinabung | Indonesia : PVMBG reported that at 1628 on 9 June an eruption at Sinabung produced a dense black-gray ash plume that rose around 7 km above the summit, drifted W and SW, and generated pyroclastic flows that traveled 3.5 km SE and 3 km S. Roaring was heard at the Sinabung observation post. Continuous emissions were visible rising 500 m above the summit for a period on 10 June. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a scale of 1-4), with a general exclusion zone of 3 km and extensions to 5 km on the SE sector and 4 km in the NE sector.

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Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.6 earthquake hits the southern mid-Atlantic ridge.

5.2 earthquake hits Tonga.

5.0 earthquake hits Hokkaido, Japan,

5.0 earthquake hits south of the Mariana Islands.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the Indian Ocean: Tropical cyclone 02a (Vayu), located approximately 285 nm south- southeast of Karachi, Pakistan, is tracking north-northwestward at 03 knots.

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NewsBytes:

India – Tropical Cyclone VAYU formed over the eastern Arabian Sea (Indian Ocean) on 10 June and started moving north…It could reach southwestern Gujarat State on 13 June, with maximum sustained winds up to 150-160 km/h. Heavy rain with thunderstorms and strong winds are forecast over western coastal states over the next 24 hours. A strong wind and heavy rainfall warning is in effect for Kerala, Karnataka, Goa and Maharashtra States and a thunderstorm warning for Maharashtra States. Gujarat has already evacuated about 1.2 lakhs people from low lying areas to safer places and would complete the evacuation of 3 lakh people by 4 PM today. Similarly Diu has evacuated 8000 people and would complete the evacuation of over 10000 people by 4 PM.

Yemen – Torrential rain and flash flooding in recent weeks, culminating in widespread flooding in the second week of June, have affected thousands of families across Yemen. It is estimated that rains and floods have affected close to 70,000 people, including internally displaced people, in over 10 governorates. Hajjah Governorate is the most affected Governorate.

Colorado, USA – Rivers are raging at or near flood levels across Colorado, with plenty of snow yet to melt on many mountain ranges. With more runoff on the way and the rainy season approaching, communities are bracing for impact.

UK – Yellow weather warnings are in place throughout the UK until Thursday as torrential rain continues across parts of England, Scotland and Wales, and an Amber warning in the north east in place for tomorrow.

Greece – Heavy rainstorms and hail battered many parts of mainland Greece, including Attica. A sudden hailstorm that hit the rural region around Arta in western Greece in the afternoon seriously damaged kiwi and citrus crops, municipal authorities said. Though the storm lasted only half an hour, some crops were completely destroyed and next year’s produce may also be affected by the damage. Cities in central Greece were hit by hail and storms too, with roads and homes flooded. There was flooding in parts of Attica too, including Aghia Marina and Koropi.

Wildlife

Lightning strike kills two giraffes

Officials at a Florida wildlife park say two giraffes that died last month were killed by lightning.

Lion Country Safari posted Tuesday that recent pathology results confirmed that the giraffes died as a result of a lightning strike and that the deaths were instantaneous.

Officials at the facility in Palm Beach County say Lily and Jioni were in a pasture on May 3 when a severe thunderstorm quickly developed. The giraffes had access to numerous shelters in the multi-acre habitat if they chose to use them.

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Wildfires

Wildfires – California, USA

A brushfire in Santa Clarita, northwest of Los Angeles, took about an hour to stop, during which The Master’s College, a private liberal arts school, was evacuated, fire officials said. About 130 miles northwest of Santa Clarita, an afternoon fire broke out in rural San Luis Obispo County near the town of Shandon and quickly spread to 2,000 acres. The fire closed State Route 46 for several hours.

Meanwhile, Northern California’s largest wildfire of the season was 90 percent contained on Wednesday after burning more than 2,500 acres. The Sand Fire in Yolo County destroyed seven buildings but no homes. It began on June 8.

Disease

Ebola – Uganda

In a follow-up on the Ebola cases in Uganda, the World Health Organization is reporting a second fatality. The 50-year-old grandmother of the initial case, the 5-year-old boy, has died from Ebola Virus Disease (EVD). There are currently 3 cumulative confirmed cases since the date of identification of the index case.