Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

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In the Western Pacific Ocean: Super Typhoon (ts) 31w (Yutu), located approximately 151 nm west-northwest of Tinian, is tracking westward at 10 knots.

NewsBytes:

Ghana – Hundreds of homes at Weija have been flooded following the spillage of the Weija Dam by the Ghana Water Company Limited (GWCL) in the Ga South Municipal Assembly in the Greater Accra Region. Victims of the spillage have been asked to relocate to safety, as the water level in the dam has reached 14.63 metres of which the GWCL intends to spill more water till the level reaches the safe operational level of 13.7metres.

Mexico – Hurricane Willa slammed into Mexico’s Pacific coast late yesterday, raking it with winds of 195kph that brought power outages, buffeted buildings, and dumped torrential rain on tourist resorts where thousands of people had moved to safety. Whipping palm trees, bending power lines and causing floods, the center of Willa struck the coast near the town of Isla del Bosque in the northwestern state of Sinaloa, where many coastal areas had been evacuated before the storm hit. Willa has since dissipated.

Global Warming

Climate Change is Pushing Tropical Cyclones Poleward

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Typhoons are becoming more destructive at northern latitudes, according to the first long-term study to document how the storms in East Asia are drifting toward the poles. As climate change expands the tropics and warms sea surface temperatures, those conditions are triggering cyclones to form further north, scientists say. That means devastating typhoons will increasingly threaten cities and towns once at the edge of the storms’ influence.

Sucking carbon dioxide out of the air could save us.

The Earth is warming so rapidly that most experts agree we’ll need to suck carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere in order to avoid the worst consequences of climate change.

A new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine lays out a range of options for how to do that. But the authors say developing these negative-emissions technologies requires large-scale investment from the government — and the funding has to come immediately.

That carbon would then get concentrated and stored, perhaps by injecting it into pores in deep underground rock, which is essentially where it came from in the first place. There’s not much limit to how much CO2 these potential technologies could capture and store.

Nature – Images

Interesting Images

World’s Deepest Volcanic Eruption Creates Nightmare Garden of Glass

Deep-sea researchers discovered a garden of glass on the bottom of the Pacific Ocean. Like a nightmarish Dale Chihuly exhibit, black tendrils of rapidly cooled lava poured out of an undersea volcano and hung frozen in the dark gallery of the Pacific, unable to fully crystallize in the cold water. The pillowy lava formations stretched out for 4.5 miles (7.3 kilometers), carpeting the floor of a trench nearly 3 miles (4.5 km) below the water’s surface.

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Wildfires

Wildfires – South Africa

Two raging wildfires in opposite sections of the Garden Route in the Western Cape are still burning out of control, with efforts beefed up in an attempt to stop them from spreading.

By Wednesday morning, two separate fires — both described as massive ‑‑ were reported along the Garden Route, one in the Tsitsikamma area, bordering the Garden Route National Park (GRNP), and the other in the Vermaaklikheid area in the Western Cape. The GRNP was forced to temporarily close the Otter Trail and evacuate hikers when the fire appeared to have jumped into the park.

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Disease

Anthrax – British Columbia, Canada

A diagnosis of naturally acquired anthrax has been confirmed in the death of 13 livestock on a farm near Fort St. John. The animals are thought to have contracted the disease from exposure to dormant anthrax spores in the soil of a feeding site, which is no longer being used.

Syphilis – Alaska

Alaska health officials report as of Oct. 22, 75 cases of infectious syphilis have been reported to the Alaska Section of Epidemiology (SOE) during 2018. This is the largest syphilis outbreak to have occurred in Alaska in at least four decades. Eighty-five percent of cases were in Anchorage and nearly nine out 10 were reported in men.

Hepatitis A – Kentucky, USA – Update

In a follow-up on the hepatitis A outbreak in Kentucky, state health officials report over 2,000 confirmed, probable and suspect cases of acute hepatitis A. As of mid-October, 2,159 cases have been reported, including 14 fatalities.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity – New Activity for the week of 17 October – 23 October 2018

Kerinci | Indonesia : Based on satellite images, ground observers, and wind model data, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 18-22 October ash plumes from Kerinci rose to an altitude of 4.3 km (14,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted N, W, WSW, and SW.

Kuchinoerabujima | Ryukyu Islands (Japan) : JMA reported that a very small eruption at Kuchinoerabujima’s Shindake Crater was recorded at 1831 on 21 October, with additional activity between 2110 on 21 October and 1350 on 22 October. Plumes rose 200 m above the crater rim. During an overflight on 22 October observers noted ash in the emissions, though no morphological changes to the crater nor ash deposits were seen. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a scale of 1-5).

Sarychev Peak | Matua Island (Russia) : KVERT reported that a thermal anomaly over Sarychev Peak was visible in satellite images on 15 October. Weather clouds obscured views on the other days during 12-19 October. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange.