Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.5 earthquake hits the Kermedec Islands.

5.2 earthquake hits Haiti.

5.1 earthquake hits the Lombok region, Indonesia.

5.0 earthquake hits New Britain, Papua New Guinea.

5.0 earthquake hits Ascension Island.

Haiti

Following the earthquake of magnitude 5.9 that occurred 20km north of Port-de-Paix (North West) Saturday, 6 October at 8:10pm local time, and according to the last updated information from the DPC on September 7 October (10 A.M), the seism has caused the death of 12 people – 8 in Port-de-Paix (North-West department), 3 in Gros Morne (Artibonite department) and 1 in Saint Louis du Nord (North-West department) – and wounded 151 persons.

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Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

In the Atlantic Ocean: Tropical Storm Leslie is located about 990 mi…1590 km ene of Bermuda and about 1170 mi…1885 km w of the Azores with maximum sustained winds…50 mph…85 km/h. Present movement…ese or 110 degrees at 13 mph…20 km/h.

Tropical Storm Michael is located about 90 mi…145 km e of Cozumel Mexico and about 100 mi…155 km ssw of the western tip of Cuba with maximum sustained winds…70 mph…110 km/h. Present movement…n or 360 degrees at 7 mph…11 km/h.

In the Eastern Pacific Ocean: Hurricane Sergio is located bout 1300 mi…2090 km wsw of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…90 mph…150 km/h. Present movement…nw or 320 degrees at 5 mph…7 km/h.

In the Indian Ocean: Tropical cyclone 05a (Luban), located approximately 512 nm south- southeast of Masirah island, is tracking westward at 07 knots.

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Global Warming

UN Climate Change Report Makes Absolutely Harrowing Predictions For The Near Future

The nations of the world have a narrow path to preventing global temperatures from overshooting the most ambitious target in the Paris Agreement on managing climate change, a Nobel Peace Prize-winning United Nations panel said in a new report.

However, it would take an effort the likes of which the planet has never seen.

The much-anticipated assessment by the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change paints a bleak picture of humanity’s odds of averting a potentially catastrophic rise in global temperatures. That increase leaves the world at greater risk of sea level rise, drought, extreme weather events and species extinction.

Climate scientists gathered in Incheon, South Korea this month to assess the world’s odds of achieving the tougher of two temperature targets in the Paris Agreement.

The agreement aims to mobilize nations to take action to prevent global temperatures from rising by 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels by 2100. But it also calls on countries to pursue measures that would cap that rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

More than 91 researchers and editors from 40 countries were involved in the report and the document cites more than 6,000 scientific references. The report describes the future, saying that by 2040, the world could likely see even more severe food shortages and wildfires around the world, along with the widespread death of coral reefs.

Much of the report focused on greenhouse gas emissions; the authors concluded that should emissions continue at the current rate, the atmosphere will heat up by as much as 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit (1.5 degrees Celsius) above preindustrial levels by 2040. The result of this rise in temperature would be coastline flooding as well as worsening droughts and poverty.

The pledges nations made in the Paris agreement in 2015 are “clearly insufficient to limit warming to 1.5 in any way,” one of the study’s lead authors, Joerj Roeglj of the Imperial College in London, said.

To limit warming to the lower temperature goal, the world needs “rapid and far-reaching” changes in energy systems, land use, city and industrial design, transportation and building use, the report said. Annual carbon dioxide pollution levels that are still rising now would have to drop by about half by 2030 and then be near zero by 2050. Emissions of other greenhouse gases, such as methane, also will have to drop. Switching away rapidly from fossil fuels like coal, oil and gas to do this could be three to four times more expensive than the less ambitious goal, but it would clean the air of other pollutants. And that would have the side benefit of avoiding more than 100 million premature deaths through this century, the report said.

If immediate and drastic action is not taken it will take the planet into an unprecedented and potentially catastrophic climate future.

Wildfires

Wildfires – Portugal

Over 700 firefighters are battling a large wildfire in Portugal which has forced around 350 people to evacuate. The fire broke out overnight in Sunday in Sintra-Cascais Natural Park west of Lisbon. Seventeen firefighters have been injured trying to fight it, as well as one civilian. 300 people were evacuated from a campsite while another 47 were removed from their homes in the wooded area as a precaution.

Wildfires – California, USA

The Sun Incident fire consists of two fires are burning in Tehama County east of Red Bluff off of Hwy 36. 3 843 acres have been burned and a number of evacuations have been ordered. Containment is reported to be at 40 per cent.

Disease

Cholera – Somalia – Update

The Ministry of Health of Somalia announced today 30 new cases of cholera and no deaths for the week ending Sept. 23, bringing the outbreak total to 6394, including 42 associated deaths (case-fatality rate 0.7%) since the beginning of the current outbreak in December 2017.

West Nile Virus – Europe

During the past week, European health officials reported 50 additional human West Nile virus (WNV) infections. The cases were reported from Greece (22), Romania (19), Hungary (7), Bulgaria (1) and the Czech Republic (1). EU neighbouring countries reported 30 cases, all in Serbia. 18 fatalities were reported by Greece (8), Romania (6), Serbia (3) and the Czech Republic (1).

The total human WNV cases reported year to date in Europe is 1,317 with Italy (495), Greece (283) and Romania (256) reporting the most. Cases so far exceed the total number in previous five years.