Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

7.5 earthquake hits Fiji.

6.0 earthquake hits Ecuador.

5.8 earthquake hits Atacama, Chile.

5.6 earthquake hits the Panama – Columbia border.

5.5 earthquake hits Fiji.

5.3 earthquake hits south-eastern Iran.

5.3 earthquake hits Fiji.

5.0 earthquake hits the Mariana Islands.

5.0 earthquake hits south of Fiji.

5.0 earthquake hits the Kermedec Islands, New Zealand.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

In the Atlantic Ocean: Tropical Storm Florence is located about 925 mi…1490 km ene of the northern Leeward islands and about 985 mi…1590 km ese of Bermuda with maximum sustained winds…65 mph…100 km/h. Present movement…w or 275 degrees at 7 mph…11 km/h.

Tropical Depression Gordon is located about 30 mi…45 km s of Little Rock Arkansas with maximum sustained winds…10 mph…20 km/h. Present movement…n or 360 degrees at 5 mph…7 km/h.

In the Eastern Pacific Ocean: Hurricane Olivia is located about 1555 mi…2500 km e of Hilo Hawaii and about 1730 mi…2785 km e of Honolulu Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…125 mph…205 km/h. Present movement…wnw or 290 degrees at 15 mph…24 km/h.

In the Western Pacific Ocean: Tropical Depression Twenty-six located approximately 185 nm west-northwest of Utirik, is tracking westward at 13 knots.

In the Central Pacific Ocean: Hurricane Norman is located about 290 mi…470 km ne of Hilo Hawaii and about 405 mi…655 km ene of Honolulu Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…85 mph…140 km/h. Present movement…nw or 325 degrees at 8 mph…13 km/h.


Democratic People’s Republic of Korea – On 24 August, Tropical Storm Soulik caused extremely heavy rainfall, resulting in heavy flooding in Kangwon and South Hamgyong provinces. Munchon city was worst affected with 10 reported deaths, 60 persons missing and ongoing search and rescue activities. Over 58,000 people were reportedly displaced from both Munchon city and Kowon city. Many schools and health facilities were destroyed or damaged. The water supply system of Munchon city was destroyed leaving tens of thousands of people without access to safe drinking water. Agricultural land has been damaged or washed away.

Global Warming

Warming Urgency

A United Nations official warned that governments are not on track to meet a goal of the 2015 Paris agreement to cap global warming below 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 F) before the end of this century.

Patricia Espinosa, executive secretary of the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change, said governments as well as the private sector now need to act swiftly to avert the “catastrophic effects” of climate change.

Espinosa said of the recent deadly heat and resulting firestorms around the Northern Hemisphere, “It really does make the evidence clear that climate change is having an impact on the daily lives of people.”

Australia Signs Global Warming Declaration

Climate change is the single greatest security threat to the Pacific, and all countries must meet their commitments under the Paris climate agreement, the 18 countries of the Pacific Islands Forum said on Wednesday.

The first assertion of the strongly worded Boe Declaration says all Pacific nations, including Australia, “reaffirm that climate change remains the single greatest threat to the livelihoods, security and wellbeing of the peoples of the Pacific, and our commitment to progress the implementation of the Paris agreement.

“Leaders reaffirmed the importance of immediate urgent action to combat climate change and … called on countries, particularly large emitters, to fully implement their … mitigation targets, including through the development and transfer of renewable energy, in line with committed timeframes.”

Leaders of the Forum Islands countries also called for the US to return to the Paris agreement and the commitments it made under President Barack Obama.

Artificial Intelligence is greater concern than climate change or terrorism

Artificial Intelligence is a greater concern than antibiotic resistance, climate change or terrorism for the future of Britain, the incoming president of the British Science Association has warned.

Jim Al-Khalili, Professor of physics and public engagement at the University of Surrey, said the unprecedented technological progress in AI was ‘happening too fast’ without proper scrutiny or regulation.

Prof Al-Khalili warned that the full threat to jobs and security had not been properly assessed and urged the government to urgently regulate.


Outlaw Whaling

The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) announced that Japan killed more than 50 minke whales in an Antarctic marine protection area this year as it continued to ignore a ruling to halt its “research whaling.”

Fishing is restricted in that part of the Southern Ocean to protect marine life, including blue, humpback, minke and killer whales, along with emperor penguins and Weddell seals. WWF said that Japan killed a total of 333 minke whales off Antarctica this year, including 122 pregnant females.

In 2014, the International Court of Justice ruled that Japan should cancel all existing “scientific whaling” permits in the Southern Ocean. But the country continues to issue itself new permits, and plans to do so until 2027.



Global Temperature Extremes

The week’s hottest temperature was 118 degrees Fahrenheit (47.8 degrees Celsius) in As Qaysumah, Saudi Arabia.

The week’s coldest temperature was minus 103.0 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 75.0 degrees Celsius) at Vostok, Antarctica.

Temperatures were tabulated from the more than 10,000 worldwide synoptic weather stations. The United Nations World Meteorological Organization sets the standards for weather observations, and provides a global telecommunications circuit for data distribution.


Wildfires – California

A wildfire erupted in forest land in Northern California on Wednesday, forcing the evacuation of dozens of homes and the closure of a stretch of an interstate highway near where a deadly blaze broke out in July, officials said. The Delta Fire was burning in timber and brush in the Shasta-Trinity National Forest in a canyon along the Sacramento River. The fire had spread to 2,000 acres (809 hectares) by Wednesday evening.

The California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection has responded to 4,587 fires that have destroyed 613,710 acres (248,359 hectares), compared with 4,425 fires that destroyed 233,936 acres (94,671 hectares) through the same period in 2017.


Hepatits A – Kentucky, USA

The hepatitis A outbreak in Kentucky, which started 10 months ago and has affected 71 percent of the state’s counties, has grown to 1,562 cases through late August. This includes 63 new cases reported the week ending Aug. 25. Fifty-six percent, or 881 people required hospitalization for their illness and 12 people died.

Resurgent Cholera – Nigeria

The government of Borno State in north-east Nigeria says 14 people have died and 380 others hospitalized following the latest cholera outbreak. Statistics from the Borno State Ministry of Health indicate the cholera outbreak in 8 local government areas (LGAs) of the State, which is also an active theatre of war between government forces and rebels.

Lumpy Skin Disease – Kenya

Livestock farmers in Baringo North sub-county have lost hundreds of animals to an outbreak of lumpy skin disease. The viral disease was first reported in Ayatya, Kinyach, Marigut, Barwessa, Bartabwa, Kabartonjo and Kaboskei two months ago.


Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity – Ongoing Activity for the week of 29 August -2 September 2018

Aira | Kyushu (Japan) : JMA reported that there were 14 events and 15 explosions at Minamidake crater (at Aira Caldera’s Sakurajima volcano) during 27 August-3 September, with ash plumes rising as high as 2.8 km above the crater rim and material ejected as far as 1.3 km. Crater incandescence was occasionally visible at night. The sulfur dioxide emission rate was 1,500 tons/day on 27 August. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a 5-level scale).

Ambae | Vanuatu : The Vanuatu Meteorology and Geo-hazards Department reported that at 2015 on 1 September explosions at Ambae’s Lake Voui generated ash plumes that rose 4-11 km above the crater rim. According to the Wellington VAAC the ash plumes were visible in satellite images rising as high as 10.7 km (35,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifting E; the ash quickly dissipated. Moderate ashfall was likely produced in areas NE and E. The Alert Level remained at 3 (on a scale of 0-5).

Dukono | Halmahera (Indonesia) : Based on satellite data, wind model data, and notices from PVMBG, the Darwin VAAC reported that during 29 August-4 September ash plumes from Dukono rose to altitudes of 1.8-2.1 km (6,000-7,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted N, NE, and E.

Ebeko | Paramushir Island (Russia) : Volcanologists in Severo-Kurilsk (Paramushir Island), about 7 km E of Ebeko, observed explosions during 24-31 August that sent ash plumes to 3-6 km (17,100 ft) a.s.l. A thermal anomaly was visible in satellite data during 24-25 and 30 August. Ash plumes drifted about 135 km SE, S, and SW during 24-25 and 27-30 August, producing ashfall on 29 and 30 August. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-colour scale).

Fuego | Guatemala : INSIVUMEH reported that heavy rain generated lahars during 29 August-1 September that descended Fuego’s El Jute (SE), Las Lajas (SE), Cenizas (SSW), Taniluyá (SW), Seca (W), Mineral, Honda, and Pantaleón (W) drainages. The lahars were hot, had a sulfur odor, and carried tree branches and blocks (2-3 m in diameter). On 1 September lahars disrupted roads between San Pedro Yepocapa (8 km NW) and Sangre de Cristo (8 km WSW), and from Finca Palo Verde and El Porvenir (8 km ENE). During 2-4 September explosions produced ash plumes that rose as high as 950 m above the crater rim and drifted 10-15 km W and SW. Avalanches of incandescent material were confined to the crater. Ashfall was reported in areas downwind including San Pedro Yepocapa, Sangre de Cristo, Panimaché I and II (8 km SW), Morelia (9 km SW), and Finca Palo Verde.

Karymsky | Eastern Kamchatka (Russia) : KVERT reported that an ash plume from Karymsky was identified in satellite images drifting about 40 km S on 25 August. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-colour scale).

Kilauea | Hawaiian Islands (USA) : HVO reported a break in visible lava activity at Kilauea’s Fissure 8 during 26-31 August. On 1 September incandescence at Fissure 8 was evident in the afternoon; spattering from a small area produced lava flows that slowly covered the 15 x 65 m crater floor by the evening. Lava continued to fill the Fissure 8 crater on 3 September. The Volcano Alert Level remained at Watch and the Aviation colour Code remained at Orange.

Mayon | Luzon (Philippines) : PHIVOLCS reported that at 0653 on 27 August a short-lived degassing event at Mayon produced a light-brown ash plume that rose 200 m above the summit rim and drifted NE. During 28 August-3 September white steam plumes rose as high as 1 km and drifted in multiple directions. Crater incandescence was visible nightly. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a 0-5 scale) and PHIVOLCS reminded residents to stay away from the 6-km-radius Permanent Danger Zone and the 7-km Extended Danger Zone on the SSW and ENE flanks.

Reventador | Ecuador : During 29 August-3 September IG reported a high level of seismic activity at Reventador, including explosions, long-period earthquakes, harmonic tremor, and signals indicating emissions. Steam, gas, and ash plumes rose as high as 600 m above the crater rim and drifted NE, NW, and W. Crater incandescence was visible.

Rincon de la Vieja | Costa Rica : OVSICORI-UNA reported two distinct, two-minute-long eruptions at Rincón de la Vieja beginning at 0434 and 1305 on 31 August. Weather conditions prevented webcam views and estimates of plume heights.

Sabancaya | Peru : Observatorio Vulcanológico del Sur del IGP (OVS-IGP) and Observatorio Vulcanológico del INGEMMET (OVI) reported that explosions at Sabancaya averaged 25 per day during 27 August-2 September. Hybrid earthquakes were infrequent and of low magnitude. Gas-and-ash plumes rose as high as 3 km above the crater rim and drifted 50 km SE, E, and NE. The MIROVA system detected six thermal anomalies, and on 2 September the sulfur dioxide gas flux was high at 3,970 tons/day. The report noted that the public should not approach the crater within a 12-km radius.

Sangay | Ecuador : Based on satellite images and wind model data, the Washington VAAC reported that during 28 August-3 September ash emissions from Sangay rose to 5.8-6.7 km (19,000-22,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted over 45 km in multiple directions. A thermal anomaly was sometimes visible.

Santa Maria | Guatemala : INSIVUMEH reported that during 1-4 September weak explosions at Santa María’s Santiaguito lava-dome complex generated ash plumes that rose 600-700 m and drifted SW. Avalanches of material descended the SE flanks of the lava dome. Ashfall was reported to the south in Monte Claro.

Semeru | Eastern Java (Indonesia) : Based on analysis of satellite images and wind model data, the Darwin VAAC reported that on 4 September a discrete eruption at Semeru generated an ash plume that rose to an altitude of 4.3 km (14,000 ft) a.s.l. and drifted W.

Sheveluch | Central Kamchatka (Russia) : KVERT reported that a thermal anomaly over Sheveluch was identified in satellite data during 25 and 28-30 August; cloudy weather prevented views of the volcano on the other days during 24-31 August. The Aviation colour Code remained at Orange (the second highest level on a four-colour scale).

Sierra Negra | Isla Isabela (Ecuador) : IG reported that the eruption at Sierra Negra that began on 26 June was divided into two main phases. The first and most energetic phase lasted one day (26 June) and was characterized by the opening of five fissures and lava flows traveling as far as 7 km from the vents. Lava was only produced from fissure 4 during the 57-day-long second phase (27 June-23 August), with lava reaching the sea on 6 July and expanding the coastline. By 25 August the lava flows in total covered an area of 30.6 square kilometers. Activity continued to decline the last week of August with decreased seismicity, gas emission, and no surficial activity visible.

Turrialba | Costa Rica : OVSICORI-UNA reported that at 1340 on 30 August an event at Turrialba produced an ash plume that passively rose 200 m above the crater rim and drifted SW. Gas-and-ash emissions became continuous during 31 August-1 September, with plumes rising 200 m and drifting SW and W.