Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.4 Earthquake hits the Solomon Islands.

5.2 Earthquake hits Mindanao in the Philippines.

5.2 Earthquake hits the Pagan region in the North Mariana Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits near the east coast of Honshu, Japan.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm

Hurricane Guillermo is located about 680 mi…1095 km ESE of Hilo Hawaii and about 890 mi…1430 km ESE of Honolulu Hawaii with maximum sustained winds…75 mph…120 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 300 degrees at 10 mph…17 km/h.

Typhoon 13w (Soudelor), located approximately 196 nm west-northwest of Saipan, is tracking west-northwestward at 13 knots.

Tropical Depression 14w (Fourteen), located approximately 216 nm north of Chichi Jima, Japan, is tracking west-northwestward at 06 knots.

Tropical Cyclone (tc) 01p (onO), located approximately 548 nm northwest of Suva, Fiji, is tracking eastward at 02 knots.

Invest 95L is an area of disturbed weather in the North Atlantic that has the potential for tropical development.

Invest 92E is an area of disturbed weather in the East Pacific that has the potential for tropical development.


Myanmar Update – The death toll from flooding in Myanmar has climbed to 46, with more than 200,000 people affected, authorities said Monday. The flooding has affected residents in 11 of Myanmar’s 14 states and divisions. In addition to the damage to housing and farmland, infrastructure has been badly hit, with roads and rail lines cut in many areas and telecommunication links broken.

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India – At least 81 people lost their lives and more than 80 lakh people were affected in fresh floods due to excessive rains in worst affected Gujarat, Rajasthan, West Bengal and Odisha. While the death toll touched 48 in West Bengal, 28 died in Rajasthan and five in Odisha, a home ministry statement said on Sunday. A total of 36,90,627 people in 9,691 villages of 210 blocks in 12 districts in West Bengal have been affected due to floods, while a population of 40 lakh in Gujarat and 4,80,399 in Odisha. In West Bengal, 48 deaths have been reported from various parts of the state during the floods owing to lightening, wall collapse, electrocution, snake bite and drowning.


El Niño is coming

This year is set to be 0.1°C warmer on average than 2014, thanks to an unusually strong El Niño warming the Pacific Ocean and the world’s climate.

Last year was the hottest year in recorded history. It continued a trend of every year in the last decade being warmer than the one before. Nine of the ten hottest years in record happened in that same time period. This is despite all the things that traditionally make the world colder – less solar activity and more aerosols in the atmosphere – being dominant in the climactic system.

The odd year out was 1998. This corresponded with a strong El Niño. The phenomenon has a large-scale effect on sea surface temperatures, rainfall and air pressure. It starts when the sea surface temperatures in the central and eastern equatorial regions of the Pacific – to the east of Australia – rapidly increase. This weakens the trade winds that blow across the region, taking the brakes off a warm patch of water that is normally pushed into one area of ocean near Australia.

The water then heads east, towards the Americas, where it warms more of the Pacific. It also starts warming the atmosphere. This then has a knock on effect on local weather systems across the planet – generally warming the planet and leading to less rainfall in the southern hemisphere and more in the northern hemisphere.


Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Piton de la Fournaise (La Réunion): After less than 3 days, the eruption already ended Sunday morning. The volcano observatory reported that tremor and lava effusion ceased abruptly at 11:15. However, a new eruptive phase in the near future cannot be ruled out.

The access to the Enclos remains closed.