Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

7.3 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.7 Earthquake hits Fiji.

5.1 Earthquake hits New Britain, Papua New Guinea.

5.1 Earthquake hits Vanuatu.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Norwegian Sea.

Two 5.0 Earthquakes hit the Santa Cruz Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits eastern Xizang, China.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Gl sst mm 1

Tropical Depression 11w (Nangka), located approximately 289 nm west-southwest of Misawa, Japan, is tracking north-northeastward at 10 knots.

Tropical Storm Nangka kills 2, injures 38 in Japan — 550,000 told to flee.

Tropical Depression Halola is located about 03 nm east-southeast of Iwo To, and is tracking west-southwestward at 06 knots.

Tropical Storm Dolores is located about 380 mi…610 km WSW of Cabo San Lazaro Mexico with maximum sustained winds…45 mph…75 km/h. Present movement…WNW or 290 degrees at 10 mph…17 km/h.

Post-Tropical Cyclone Enrique is located about 1765 mi…2840 km W of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…35 mph…55 km/h. Present movement…SW or 225 degrees at 2 mph…4 km/h.

Invest 93L is an area of disturbed weather in the North Atlantic that has the potential for tropical development.

Invest 99E is an area of disturbed weather in the East Pacific that has the potential for tropical development.

NewsBytes:

Hertfordshire, England – Flash floods hit Hertfordshire homes after overnight storms. Roads were closed and firefighters were called to more than 141 incidents after heavy rain hit Hertfordshire.

Global Warming

Prediction of Mini Ice Age for the 2030s Challenged

Climate experts slammed a highly publicised report by a U.K. math professor that suggests Earth will experience a “mini ice age” during the 2030s due to an astounding 60 percent decline in solar activity.

Valentina Zharkova’s study, published last year in the The Astrophysical Journal and highlighted after a recent science conference in Wales, says the magnetic waves that cause sunspots exist in two divergent, and competing frequencies.

Zharkova wrote that the frequencies will cancel each other out within 15 years, leading to a significant reduction in the level of solar radiation that reaches the Earth.

She argues that the quieter sun is on track to cause a drop in global temperatures, similar to a mini ice age from 1645 to 1715 known as the Maunder Minimum.

Climate experts quickly pointed out that the brief cooling was pretty much limited to Europe and to a large extent due to a surge in volcanic eruptions, which caused ash and gas to filter the sun’s rays.

“Any reduction in global mean near-surface temperature due to a future decline in solar activity is likely to be a small fraction of projected anthropogenic (manmade) warming,” scientists wrote in a study published June 23 in the journal Nature.

“The effect is a drop in the bucket, a barely detectable blip, on the overall warming trajectory we can expect over the next several decades from greenhouse warming,” Michael Mann, professor of meteorology at Pennsylvania State University, told The Washington Post.

Zharkova is openly skeptical that human activity is the driving force behind the recent warming of the planet.

Wildlife

Seabird Numbers Have Plunged Worldwide Since 1950

Scientists say there has been a 70 percent drop in the populations of seabirds they have monitored around the world over the past 60 years, equivalent to the loss of about 230 million birds.

Writing in the journal PLOS ONE, the researchers from the University of British Columbia say that pollution, climate change, entanglement in fishing gear and the overfishing of species the birds rely on to eat are among the most important factors behind the sharp decline.

“Seabirds are particularly good indicators of the health of marine ecosystems,” said co-author Michelle Paleczny, in a statement.

”When we see this magnitude of seabird decline, we can see there is something wrong with marine ecosystems.”

The study is said to be the first to estimate the overall change in global seabird populations.

Ew150717c

Wildfires

Wildfires – Greece

Greek firefighters have battled large brush and forest fires on the outskirts of Athens and in the southern Peloponnese region, where flames forced the evacuation of at least three villages and two summer camps.

Strong winds fanned the forest fire in the Lakonia area, on the tip of the Peloponnese, on Friday. Attempts by a coastguard vessel and other boats to rescue scores of people trapped on a beach were hampered by rough seas.

Fires also broke out in Koropi, near Athens; at Malakasa, north of the capital; on the island of Evia; and in Argolida in southern Greece.

Wildfires – California, USA

A fast-moving brush fire in the Los Angeles area has shut down a major freeway and set cars on fire. The flames, swept by desert winds, burned on both sides of Interstate 15, the main connecting road between southern California and Las Vegas. Dozens of vehicles were abandoned as drivers ran to safety.