Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.7 Earthquake hits Tonga.

5.4 Earthquake hits Luzon in the Philippines.

5.1 Earthquake hits central Alaska.

Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms – Roundup of Tropical Storms:

Tropical storm 09w (Chan-Hom), located approximately 321 nm northwest of Andersen AFB, is tracking northwestward at 15 knots.

Tropical storm 10w (Linfa), located approximately 295 nm north-northwest of Manila, Philippines, is tracking northward at 05 knots.

TYropical storm Linfa blowing across the Philippines’ mountainous north has caused floods and knocked out power in several towns. Officials said there were no immediate reports of casualties. They said government rescue teams were deployed to evacuate villagers in some of the 11 towns flooded in La Union province, where wide areas also lost power.

The storm had sustained winds of 85 kilometers (53 miles) per hour and gusts of 100 kph (62 mph).

Tropical storm 11w (Nangka), located approximately 181 nm northwest of Ujelang, is tracking westward at 11 knots.

Invest 95E and 96E remain areas of disturbed weather in the East Pacific which have the potential for tropical development.

NewsBytes:

Tibet – Flash floods triggered by heavy rainfall in Tibet’s Chigdril County in the Golog region has claimed the lives of at least two persons.

Malaysia – More than 30 houses have been damaged by a thunderstorm in Kampung Kubang Golok, Malaysia. The heavy storm blew away the roofs of the houses, forcing the occupants to flee.

Environment

Massive Heat Wave Creates Subcontinental Inferno

Meteorologists in South Asia say that the recent heat that baked the region was only one factor in the high number of fatalities the brutal conditions caused.

Official death figures exceeded 3,000 across India and Pakistan before the onset of the southwest monsoon brought cooling and wet relief to many areas by late June.

A freak combination of low barometric pressure, oppressive humidity and an unusual lack of wind created the Indian subcontinent’s most deadly heat wave in three decades.

The Indian Meteorological Department said even coastal residents, who typically get relief from sea breezes late in the day, suffered into the night when those cooling winds did not kick in.

“We don’t know what is driving those circulation patterns which are producing some kind of descending motion and maintaining the warm conditions,” said Indian climate expert R. Krishnan.

The U.N.’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has long warned that heatwaves will become more extreme in South Asia.

Environment

Global Temperature Extremes

The week’s hottest temperature was 125.0 degrees Fahrenheit (51.7 degrees Celsius) at Palm Springs, California, USA.

The week’s coldest temperature was minus 113.4 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 80.8 degrees Celsius) at Russia’s Vostok Antarctic research station.

Temperatures were tabulated from the more than 10,000 worldwide synoptic weather stations. The United Nations World Meteorological Organization sets the standards for weather observations, and provides a global telecommunications circuit for data distribution.

Wildfires

Wildfires – Spain and Portugal

More than 1,350 residents were evacuated in Spain’s northeastern region of Aragon as a wildfire spread through a pine forest amid a lingering heat wave, a local official said Sunday.

Five villages were evacuated as flames devoured hills that are 375 kilometers (230 miles) northeast of Madrid, said Javier Lamban, the president of Aragon. The evacuees, who included residents of a retirement home, were transferred to nearby towns.

About 500 firefighters and almost 100 pieces of equipment, including aircraft, were fighting the flames Sunday, which were being fanned by windy conditions and were creating a large plume of smoke.

The fire, which broke out Saturday afternoon, has already burned close to 8,000 hectares (19,770 acres) of forest in a remote area, according to Ministry of Agriculture and Environment spokesman Modesto Lobon.

Also, the fire department in the northeastern region of Catalonia said it was combating a wildfire that had broken out in Cardedeu, 40 kilometers (25 miles) north of Barcelona, and had destroyed two houses and several cars, although no one was injured.

Disease

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

The Philippines confirmed a second case of the deadly Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) corona virus today in a 36-year-old foreigner who showed symptoms of the disease after arriving in Manila on June 19 from Dubai.

The first case discovered in the Philippines was in January, a Filipino nurse working in Saudi Arabia who survived the disease.