Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.7 Earthquake hits New Britain, Papua New Guinea.

5.5 Earthquake hits New Britain, Papua New Guinea.

5.5 Earthquake hits New Britain, Papua New Guinea.

5.2 Earthquake hits off the east coast of Kamchatka.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Bonin Islands off Japan.

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Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms

Quiet in the Atlantic – None of the reliable models for predicting genesis of Atlantic tropical cyclones is predicting development over the next five days.

In the Western Pacific:

Typhoon Rammasun is located approximately 289 nm east-southeast of Manila, Philippines.

The Philippines are bracing for the impact of Typhoon Rammasun, the islands’ first typhoon since the devastating strike by Category 5 Super Typhoon Haiyan in November 2013.

The main concern will be flash flooding and mudslides over Luzon and Samar, but wind damage also has the potential to be considerable, since the typhoon is passing over the most heavily populated part of Luzon. After crossing Luzon, Rammasun will have the opportunity to re-strengthen over the South China Sea before making a second landfall in China near Hainan Island on Friday.

NewsBytes:

USA – A strong line of damaging storms moved through western and central Pennsylvania Sunday evening and damage was reported in the town of Elizabeth, Pennsylvania. Strong storms also moved through Reading Centre, New York, and damage was reported, related to a possible tornado.

Canada – Manitoba flood: Rain, flood waters shut down oil industry. Oil workers go weeks without work, pay in Manitoba’s soggy oilfields. Wet weather and flooding in Manitoba is hitting the oil industry hard. Much of the province’s oil patch is in the same area, inundated with water from heavy rain and overland flooding that hit during the Canada Day weekend.

Australia – Tornado in Perth suburbs of Australia has claimed the lives of two people, cutting power to thousands of homes.

Brazil – The civil defence office in Brazil’s southern state of Rio Grande do Sul says floods caused by torrential rains have displaced more than 18,000 people across more than 100 cities. Most of those who fled their homes were being sheltered by relatives and friends. Others were finding refuge in sports arenas, schools and other public buildings. The federal government declared a state of emergency Thursday for more than 124 cities. The declaration allows federal funds to be sent to the flooded areas. The amount of these funds has not been disclosed. The rains have stopped, but the Uruguay River and its tributaries remain swollen.

Disease

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – update

On 3, 5, 6, 8 and 10 July 2014, the National IHR Focal Point for Saudi Arabia reported an additional 7 laboratory-confirmed cases of infection with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), and the death of a previously reported case.

On 10 July 2014, the National IHR Focal Point for the United Arab Emirates (UAE) reported 2 additional laboratory-confirmed cases of infection with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV).

Wildfires

Wildfires

Canada – record-breaking heat wave, wildfires grip B.C. with efforts to combat 63 wildfires being complicated by dry and windy weather throughout the province Monday.

In Metro Vancouver, temperatures were expected to stay as high as 30 degrees Celsius until later in the week. Environment Canada says temperatures in northern B.C. are 8 to 10 degrees Celsius above normal, and more heat records are expected to be broken this week. Record-high temperatures were measured in four communities on the weekend — Lytton, Pemberton, Lillooet and Kamloops — with the average high around 40.5C.

Close to two dozen support staff from Ontario were sent to Kamloops Monday to help manage the logistics of fighting fires in the coming days, as B.C. families were told to stay away from their homes. With lightning expected in many areas of the province, crews in all six B.C. fire centres remain on high alert. Nearly 70 people have been forced to leave as an uncontained wildfire rages in the Cariboo region west of Quesnel, B.C., but the Euchiniko Lakes blaze is not threatening any homes.

The fire, caused by lightning, grew significantly Sunday night and has scorched 20-square-kilometres of woodland 120 km west of Quesnel, since it was discovered last Tuesday. Although homes are not in immediate danger, an evacuation order was issued Sunday for two people at the Euchiniko Lake Ranch Lodge, while 66 members of the Kluskus Indian Reserve agreed to evacuate to Quesnel because of fears the flames could cut roads to the remote region.

Meanwhile, the eight-day-old Red Deer Creek fire, 61 km southeast of Tumbler Ridge, B.C., is now estimated to cover 38-square-kilometres and is uncontained, keeping three evacuated oil-and-gas camps shut down. Twenty-three of the province’s 63 fires are considered notable for their size, location or potential danger, and four, including the 62-square-kilometre Chelaslie River blaze in central B.C., are listed as interface fires threatening homes or properties.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Stromboli (Eolian Islands, Italy): Another lava overflow from the NE vent occurred this morning, starting around 10:00 local time. It followed a phase of increased activity from the summit vents. Being issued more towards the east from the vent itself, it took a through a gap between the N1 and N2 vents and traveled on the upper Sciara a bit more to the north compared to the previous lava flows. By the afternoon, it had already more or less stopped. Many rockfalls have been occurring on the Sciara during the whole day.

Etna (Sicily, Italy): The small effusive eruption continues with little variation. The northern branch of the lava flow slowly advances towards the Valle del Bove. Tremor fluctuates at moderately elevated levels.

Sinabung (Sumatra, Indonesia): No significant changes in activity have occurred, although some local media reported apparently stronger (rock-fall and pyroclastic flow) activity over the weekend: The extrusion of viscous lava from the volcano’s summit vent continues to feed the second lava lobe on the steep, upper SE slope of the volcano. As it slowly grows and advances, it continues to produce avalanches of rocks that break off its front and sides, which sometimes generate small to medium-sized pyroclastic flows with associated ash plumes that can rise to a few km.

Dukono (Halmahera): The volcano has been particularly active during the past days and been producing many strong explosions with lots of ash emitted. Ash plumes to 7,000-10,000 ft (2-3 km) altitude and drifting up to 100 km to the NE have been spotted frequently by VAAC Darwin on satellite imagery.

Kilauea (Hawai’i): (14 Jul) The summit of Kilauea began to slowly inflate over the past 48 hrs, and the lava lake within Halemaumau crater rose slightly, its level fluctuating in response to changes in spattering. The lava lake remains around 45m (147ft) below the crater rim. Seismic tremor was low but rose and fell over hours-long periods in response to variations in the intensity of spattering on the lava lake surface.

At the middle East Rift Zone, lava flows continued to erupt from the northeast flank of Puʻu ʻŌʻō cone, spreading to the north. These new flows, which began June 27th, are stalled out in a flat area but are slowly making progress downhill and towards the ocean. Gas emissions remained elevated all along the East Rift Zone.

Popocatépetl (Central Mexico): No significant changes in the currently low activity at the volcano have occurred recently. The continued slow lava extrusion at its summit crater manifests itself in sporadic small explosions, glow visible at night, and a more or less important degassing plume rising up to approx. 1 km above the volcano.

Fuego (Guatemala): Yesterday’s new lava flow was no longer active today. Explosive activity has been weak to moderate today.

Ubinas (Peru): Since some days ago, the volcano’s activity has changed from intermittent, sporadic explosions followed by more or less long-lasting quiet intervals to producing near-constant emissions of low steam and ash plumes.