Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

6.3 Earthquake hits Vanuatu.

5.4 Earthquake hits near the north coast of New Guinea, Papua New Guinea.

5.1 Earthquake hits southwest of Sumatra, Indonesia.

5.0 Earthquake hits southern Xinjiang, China.

5.0 Earthquake hits south of the Kermedec Islands.

5.0 Earthquake hits Fiji.

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Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms

In the Eastern Pacific:

Tropical Storm Fausto is located about 1265 mi (2040 km) SW of the southern tip of Baja California.

In the Western Pacific:

Typhoon Neoguri is located approximately 379 nm southwest of Sasebo, Japan.

Neoguri has claimed life of a person and urged more than 500,000 people to evacuate in Okinawa region of Japan. More than 50,000 households in Okinawa have lost power.

Japan Meteorological Agency issued an emergency storm surge warning early Tuesday for Miyako island and adjacent islets in Japan’s southernmost prefecture of Okinawa.

Neoguri is expected to make landfall at Kyushu area in southwest Japan on Thursday.

According to the US’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Typhoon Neoguri is expected to be the most powerful typhoon to hit Okinawa island in Japan in 15 years.

The typhoon was named by the Republic of Korea. Neoguri means “raccoon dog.”

Typhoon Neoguri has weakens to Category 3, but is still a major flood threat to Japan. The outer spiral bands of Typhoon Neoguri are lashing the large southern Japanese island of Kyushu as the storm heads north at 15 mph towards Japan.

NewsBytes:

USA – Severe storms in United States have claimed lives of at least five people and left hundreds of thousands of people without power in New York and Pennsylvania. Four people died in Smithfield, a town between Syracuse and Utica in New York state. Storm at a church summer camp near Manchester, Maryland claimed life of a boy and injured eight other children. The storms have also left about 72,000 homes and businesses without power, most in central and northern New York.

New Zealand – Severe storm brings hurricane-force winds and flooding to Northland. The storm snapped concrete power poles and felled massive trees from Cape Reinga to Kaiwaka.

Disease

Ebola virus disease, West Africa – update

WHO continues to monitor the Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. The current epidemic trend shows a mixed picture, as follows:

Liberia reported 16 new EVD cases and Sierra Leone, 34 new cases – since 3 July. These numbers indicate that active viral transmission continues in the community.

There has been a reduction in the number of new EVD cases reported in Guinea, with no new cases during the last 7 days.

WHO continues to encourage and support outbreak containment measures in the three countries.

Newcastle Disease in Sweden

A new outbreak of Newcastle disease has been confirmed in Swedish poultry, in the same area as the previous one.

The veterinary authority sent an Immediate Notification dated 4 July to the World Organisation for Animal Helath (OIE).

The report outlines a new outbreak of Newcastle disease, which started on 3 July at Motala in the county of Östergötlands in the south-east of the country.

The affected birds were housed 38-week-old laying hens in a flock of 16,300. There was a history of egg drop but no birds are reported to have shown signs of the disease. The flock has been destroyed.

African swine fever outbreak in Latvia

Latvia became the third EU state to report instances of African swine fever (ASF) after 13 wild boar and four farmed pigs tested positive for the disease.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Stromboli (Eolian Islands, Italy): (8 Jul) Similar as during the last times, activity is fluctuating. After a few hours of increased lava effusions, it dropped and the new lava overflow creased again yesterday evening.

Etna (Sicily, Italy): (8 Jul) no significant changes: lava continues to effuse from the new fissure vent at the eastern base of the NE crater. A small hornito has grown at the vent. Tremor continues to climb slowly. Emanuela visited the active lava flows yesterday:

Vulcano (Eolian Islands): (8 Jul) Some impressions from La Fossa crater during our recent visit to Vulcano Island.

Kilauea (Hawai’i): (7 Jul) Elevated eruption activity continues on the East Rift Zone of Kilauea – a low shield, topped by a perched lava pond, is growing over the active breakout point of the June 27 breakout, on the northeast flank of Puʻu ʻŌʻō. Overflows from the lava pond are spreading mostly toward the north and northeast, but are too short-lived to advance much beyond the shield’s base. Sulfur-dioxide emission-rates have been elevated since this June 27th flow.

At this summit of Kilauea, the eruption within Halemaumau crater continues and the summit lava lake has stabilized at ~34m (110ft). This large lava lake, now 160m (520ft) by 210m (690ft) wide, continues to produce intense glow at both sunset and sunrise in turn making for some excellent photo opportunities!

Seismic tremor levels have been low however, with an average of 15 to 20 earthquakes per week.