Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.6 Earthquake hits Hokkaido, Japan.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Banda Sea.

5.0 Earthquake hits Kepulauan Barbar, Indonesia.

5.0 Earthquake hits Taiwan.

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Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms

In the Eastern Pacific:

Tropical Storm Fausto forms about 1230 mi…1980 km SW of the southern tip of Baja California with maximum sustained winds…45 mph…75 km/h. Present movement…W or 280 degrees at 14 mph…22 km/h.

In the Western Pacific:

located approximately 107 nm west of Kadena AB, has tracked northward at 15 knots over the past six hours. Maximum significant wave height at 080600z is 40 feet.

Japan braced itself on Tuesday for one of its worst storms in recent years as typhoon Neoguri barrelled towards the southern Okinawa island chain, with the national weather agency issuing its highest alert and nearly half-a-million people urged to take shelter. The top-level warning means a threat to life, as well as the risk of storm surges, landslides and massive damage from the typhoon packing gusts of up to 155 miles per hour. The Japan Meteorological Agency issued the alert for Okinawa’s main island, home to around 1.2 million people, late on Monday, as well as the outlying Miyako islands.

The storm could reach the southern main island of Kyushu as early as Wednesday, with the weather agency warning that the amount of rainfall by Thursday could reach as much as 16 inches, posing a serious risk of landslides and flooding.

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Wildfires

Wildfires – California, Utah

The Monticello Fire in Yolo County forced the evacuations of a neighborhood of about 40 homes and burned about 7,000 acres as of Sunday. The fire grazed a number of homes in the Golden Bear Estates neighborhood Saturday, Cal Fire spokesman Daniel Berlant said, before being turned back by firefighters.

Crews are battling three large wildfires in southern Utah that were caused by lightning this week:

The Middle Ridge Fire is burning on 10,343 acres and is 30 percent contained. The fire is about 30 miles southwest of Panaca, Nevada and began on July 1. The fire received “significant rainfall” Sunday and crews hope to begin rehabilitation work on 5 miles of fire line on Monday.

The Cottonwood Fire is burning on 1,205 acres and is 60 percent contained. It is about 18 miles northeast of Panaca, Nevada and began on July 3. The press release stated high winds with gusts of up to 45 mph were observed in the area of the fire Sunday. Two firefighters working the blaze were treated for dehydration but are recovering.

The Greek Peak Fire is burning on 761 acres and is 80 percent contained. Two crews are still assigned to the fire but are expected to be released by the end of Monday. The press release stated the fire would be monitored daily starting on Tuesday. The fire is about 15 miles southwest of Enterprise Reservoir in Utah and it began July 2.

Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity

Etna (Sicily, Italy): The lava flow continues to advance slowly from the new fissure vent into the Valle del Leone. Tremor has been rising gradually overall, but is still low. 

Shiveluch (Kamchatka): Several small to moderate explosions occurred at the active lava dome during the past days. Ash plumes were reported to up to 27,000 ft (8 km) altitude.

Sakurajima (Kyushu, Japan): The volcano had a busy weekend with at least 6 explosions during 48 hours. The largest produced an ash plume to 12,000 ft (3.6 km) altitude.

Batu Tara (Sunda Islands, Indonesia): Explosive activity has been pronounced during the past days. Several ash plumes were spotted on satellite data, indicating relatively strong strombolian eruptions.

Sangeang Api (Indonesia): Activity continues at least intermittently. An ash plume at estimated 9,000 ft (2.7 km) altitude was observed Friday extending almost 100 km to the NW (VAAC Darwin).

Santa María / Santiaguito (Guatemala): According to INSIVUMEH, a “very strong and prolonged” earthquake occurred under the volcano this morning at 05:25 local time. Paintings in houses were bouncing and small landslides occurred in steep river bed sides. The earthquake also triggered small avalanches on the steep flanks of the active Caliente lava dome. Last night, an explosion with visible incandescent material occurred at 18:57. During the night, intermittent glow could be seen from the summit area of the dome. Incandescence was also observed from the upper eastern flank of the dome, where a blocky lava flow continues to be weakly active.

Fuego (Guatemala): The latest lava flow seems to have stopped. The volcano remained in its typical persistent type of activity, with intermittent mostly weak to moderate strombolian explosions. Incandescent material was ejected to 50-100 m and ash plumes rose up to 400 m above the summit. Strong jet-like degassing noises accompany the eruptions.

Ubinas (Peru): The volcano has been very calm except for one or very few small ash explosions during the past days.

Nyamuragira (DRCongo): The new eruption continues in the form of a lava lake in the summit caldera. No evidence of lava flowing on the flanks of the giant volcano is availabe. Thermal satellite data show the hot spot at the summit and a large SO2 plume from both Nyamuragira and neighbouring Nyiragongo, which also has a (very active) lava lake, are evidence of this. Unfortunately, the area of both volcanoes is still unsafe to travel to.