Earthquakes

Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes – Global

5.4 Earthquake hits Tarapaca, Chile.

5.4 Earthquake hits Kepulauan Mentawai, Indonesia.

5.2 Earthquake hits Easter Island.

5.1 Earthquake hits Kepulauan Mentawai, Indonesia.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Kashmir-Xizang border region.

5.1 Earthquake hits Seram, Indonesia.

5.1 Earthquake hits Easter Island.

5.1 Earthquake hits the Kermedec Islands off New Zealand.

5.1 Earthquake hits eastern Honshu, Japan.

5.0 Earthquake hits the Bouvet Island region.

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Storms and Floods

Tropical Storms

In the Atlantic Ocean

Tropical storm Chantal was located about about 215 mi (345 km) S of San Juan, Puerto Rico. Tropical storm conditions were expected across portions of Puerto Rico Tuesday night and early Wednesday. Tropical storm conditions are expected to reach the Dominican Republic this morning. Tropical storm conditions are expected in Haiti by late Wednesday. Tropical storm conditions are possible in the southeastern Bahamas, the Turks and Caicos and portions of the central Bahamas on Thursday. Chantal could hit Georgia, USA by the weekend.

In the Western Pacific

Typhoon Soulik was located approximately 546 nm southeastward of Kadena Air Base, Okinawa, Japan. Once the cyclone enters the Philippine Area of Responsibility, it will be named “Huaning,” the first cyclone to visit the country this month and the eight for the year. The cyclone will likely pass near extreme Northern Luzon before going to Taiwan.

In the Eastern Pacific

Post-Tropical storm Erick was located about 65 mi (100 km) WSW of Cabo San Lazaro, Mexico. Erick has degenerated into a remnant low. The last advisory has been issued on this system.

Other News:

Landslide at Antop Hill in Mumbai, India has claimed the lives of at least two people and critically injured one other. Four people are still reported to be trapped under the rubble, while at least three people have been rescued.

An EF-0 tornado touched down in Seneca County, Ohio, USA, yesterday. Some property damage occurred, but there were no injuries.

A sudden waterspout spun up in spectacular view in Florida’s Tampa Bay area Monday evening.

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Volcanos

Roundup of Global Volcanic Activity:

Tolbachik (Kamchatka): While the activity of lava effusion from the southern vent continues, the recent tremor measurements of KVERT have been showing a decreasing trend since mid June, after having been stable or even rising a bit since April. This means that the effusion rate is likely decreasing as well, but still, it is difficult to predict when the eruption will eventually end.

Chirpoi (Kuril Islands, Russia): A hot spot was again detected on MODIS satellite data, which suggests the presence of lava or hot gasses. However, visual satellite images showed no degassing plume, which would have confirmed possible activity at the volcano.

Sakurajima (Kyushu, Japan): A phase of strong activity started last Sunday. Following a week of almost no explosions, a series of relatively strong eruptions has started. On average, 4-5 explosions have occurred per day, with at least 5 stronger ones producing ash plumes to 10-12,000 ft (3-3.6 km) altitude.

Suwanose-jima (Ryukyu Islands): VAAC Tokyo reported a small ash plume from the volcano at 5,000 ft (1.5 km) elevation today. Likely, some stronger strombolian-type explosion has occurred at the volcano, whose activity is similar to Stromboli in Italy.

Veniaminof (Alaska Peninsula, USA): A significant increase in seismic activity has occurred today, which could suggest that the eruption is gaining strength. During the past days, it continued at low but steady levels with no major changes. AVO reported low-level volcanic tremor and a thermal anomaly as well as occasional observations of weak incandescence indicate continuing lava effusion. Explosive activity, if at all, is minor.

Popocatépetl (Central Mexico): The volcano has been a bit calmer today, but still emits an impressive steam plume with some ash most of the time as well as occasional smaller explosions. VAAC reported the plume height at 22,000 ft (7 km) altitude drifting SW.

Santa María / Santiaguito (Guatemala): Activity, currently low, has not changed significantly. There are occasional explosions of small to moderate size, that eject ash plumes up to 600 m above the crater. The lava flow on the south side of the Caliente lava dome also remained weakly active during the past days.

Pacaya (Guatemala): Mild strombolian activity persists at the volcano’s crater. Some explosions can be heard in up to 5 km distance.

Fuego (Guatemala): Activity remains generally stable with infrequent weak to moderate explosions, sometimes accompanied by shock waves felt in nearby villages. Plumes of fine ash rose to 600-800 m height above the crater and drifted for about 10 km before being dispersed, INSIVUMEH reported this morning in its daily update.

Telica (Nicaragua): The seismic swarm continues with high frequency of small earthquakes.

Momotombo (Nicaragua): Seismic activity has decreased again during the past days with fewer earthquakes.

Disease

Novel Coronavirus – Saudi Arabia – Update

International health experts began urgent talks on the Middle East coronavirus (MERS) on Tuesday amid concerns about larger numbers of milder infections possibly going undetected, the World Health Organization (WHO) said.

Eight of the latest infections in Saudi Arabia were reported to be in people not displaying any symptoms of the disease, which can cause coughing, fever and pneumonia, the WHO said. Half of them were female health workers, and the rest children under 15 who had contact with confirmed cases.

Saudi Arabia’s health ministry announced at the weekend that two more people had died of the virus, shortly before Islam’s Ramadan fast when many Muslim pilgrims visit.

Millions are also expected to travel to Mecca for the main pilgrimage, the haj, that will take place in October, although Saudi authorities have cut the number of visas this year, citing safety concerns over expansion work at the main mosque site.

MERS is related to SARS, or severe acute respiratory syndrome, because the virus that causes it is from the same coronavirus family. SARS emerged in China in 2002 and then spread around the world, killing about a tenth of the 8,000 people it infected.

Calls to Keep Deadly Disease Out of Britain

NPA has asked everyone in British agriculture to help keep a new pig disease out of Europe. Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea virus has been present in this country in a mild form for over 40 years. But new strains which have spread from China to the United States are wiping out whole generations of newly-born pigs — and there is no effective treatment. It is essential the new strains are kept out of Britain, says NPA. It is calling for everyone involved in farming to adopt a number of extra-precautionary measures for the time being.

NPA says that as a matter of principle no meat products should ever be allowed onto pig units, because of their potential to introduce serious diseases such as Foot and Mouth Disease, Classical Swine Fever, African Swine Fever, and perhaps the new virulent strains of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea.

If the new acute strains of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea virus spread to Britain they could have an impact every bit as bad as PMWS (Postweaning Multisystemic Wasting Syndrome) which arrived in Britain from mainland Europe about 13 years ago and contributed to a halving of the national herd, only coming under control in recent years, here and around the world, following the introduction of highly effective vaccines.

The current outbreak in the States, which is still spreading, is causing losses of up to 100 per cent of affected piglets and has been reported on over 200 units in 13 states since May. The virus from the outbreak in the States is said to be 99.4 per cent similar to an outbreak in China which has killed more than a million piglets since October 2010.

Wildfires

Wildfires USA

Nevada

Wildfires are cropping up all over the state, and one of the most recent blazes, the Bison Fire, has now prompted officials to declare a state of emergency.

As of Tuesday, July 9, the fire has burned more than 25,700 acres of private lands, Native American allotment lands and Bureau of Land Management (BLM) public lands. It’s currently at 25 percent containment and officials estimate complete containment by Sunday, July 14.

Arizona

Voluntary evacuations for roughly 100 homes in the town of Kearny were lifted Tuesday after firefighters achieved 5 percent containment on the lightning-caused wildfire burning in a riverbed south of the town on Tuesday.